Arabiyatuna : Jurnal Bahasa Arab
Vol 6, No 2 November (2022)

The Narrative Structure of Ashab al-Kahf Story

Muhammad Afif Amrulloh ((Scopus ID: 57214875030) Universitas Negeri Islam Raden Intan Lampung)
Syihabuddin Qalyubi (Universitas Negeri Islam Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta)
Eva Dewi (Universitas Negeri Islam Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau)
Dwi Noviatul Zahra (Universitas Negeri Islam Raden Intan Lampung)
Rahadian Kurniawan (Institut Agama Islam Negeri Curup)

Article Info

Publish Date
04 Nov 2022


This paper examined the narrative structure, language style, and chronology of Aşḥāb Al-Kahfi story in Al-Qur'an. The research data were obtained from Al-Qur'ān. The Qur’anic verses which told about Aşḥāb Al-Kahf were collected in Surah Al-Kahf (18) verses 9-26. The results showed that the narrative structure of this story consists of orientation I, sequence of events I, coda I, complication, orientation II, sequence of events II, orientation III, coda II, orientation IV, and resolution. These structures are interrelated and form a logical, holistic, and beautiful story unit that fulfil all elements of Mark Anderson’s and Kathryn Anderson’s narrative-structure concepts. Meanwhile, the dialogue style dominates in the presentation of stories that are in accordance with the journey of the Prophet’s da’wa. The dialogue style used in the presentation of the story is calm and acceptable. This style is intended to defend the call of the prophet's da'wa and refute people’s rejection in the middle Meccan period through the theme of monotheism value and the mention of Allah’s powers. This study contributes to putting the theory of stylistics and narratology in the reading of story verses. Hence, this paper suggests a further study of the story verse covering the narrative structure’s meaning and function as well as aspects of the beauty of pronunciation and story verse meanings.

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Journal Info





Religion Education Languange, Linguistic, Communication & Media Social Sciences


Arabiyatuna : Jurnal Bahasa Arab is a refereed publication devoted to research articles, reports, and book reviews concerned with the teaching and learning of Arabic as a Foreign Language. This journal dedicated to enhancing and disseminating scholarly work in the field of Arabic Language Teaching ...