ELOQUENCE: Journal of Foreign Language
Vol. 1 No. 2 (2022): AUGUST

Interpretasi Makna Leksikal dan Relaksional pada Term Yadd Pendekatan Sintagmatik dan Paradigmatik Bahasa Al-Qur’an

Nur Taqwa Amin (Sastra Arab Universitas Muslim, Makassar)
Dedi Rochmad H. A. Dekoz (Muhammadiyah University of Gorontalo)
Hasnil Oktavera (Pendidikan Bahasa Arab IAIN Manado)
Berti Arsyad (Sastra Arab Universitas Muhammadiyah Gorontalo)

Article Info

Publish Date
06 Aug 2022


Background: Interpreting the Qur'an, especially mutasyabihah verses, can be done by syntagmatic and paradigmatic analyses to obtain more detailed information about the meaning and derivations. Purpose: This study analyzes the linguistic and relational meanings of the word Al-yadd in the Qur'an. Method: This research is library research, with a content analysis approach to syntagmatic and paradigmatic aspects. Data were obtained from the redaction of the Qur'anic verses containing the word al-Yadd in the form of mufrad, mutsanna, and jamak. The steps of analysis are carried out by a literature study, determining samples, categorization, coding and data processing, and analysis of meaning based on syntagmatic and paradigmatic approaches to determine the relational meaning of al-yadd in these verses.  Results: The results showed that the word Al-yadd in the Qur'an is mentioned 119 times and spread over 109 verses. In terms of quantity, the word al-Yadd is in the form of three variants; singular 21 times, double 32 times, and plural 66 times; from these three variants, the word al-Yadd forms many phrases with different meanings in each redaction. The lexical meaning of al-yadd is hand to humans and others. The relational meaning of the word al-yadd in the Qur'an varies greatly depending on the methods and approaches used in the analysis. Among the syntagmatic relational meanings of the term al-yadd are qudrah, power, in front, and the gift of grace. Its paradigmatic relational meanings are palm, arm, benefactor, and humble. Conclusions and Implications: This study concludes that the paradigmatic and syntagmatic approaches to the word al-yadd produce a variety of meanings so that the word should not be interpreted farially because each word must be seen in relation to the adjacent or accompanying words. This research implies that every word in the Qur'an does not only have one fixed meaning, so to find out the diversity of meanings, one of them must be analyzed with a paradigmatic and syntagmatic approach more comprehensively. The influence of the syntagmatic and paradigmatic relationship approach to language studies has logical consequences for researchers and language teachers today with several aspects of linguistic units, including words, phrases, or clauses. 

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Languange, Linguistic, Communication & Media


ELOQUENCE: Journal of Foreign Language is a Multy Lingual (English-Arabic-Indonesia) peer-refereed journal that promotes research in the field of foreign language teaching and learning, Literature, approaches and theories. Published three times a year (April - July - October) E ISSN: 2964-9277 ...