International Journal of Applied Power Engineering (IJAPE)
Vol 12, No 3: September 2023

Leveraging PSO algorithms to achieve optimal stand-alone microgrid performance with a focus on battery lifetime

Vicky Andria Kusuma (Institut Teknologi Kalimantan)
Aji Akbar Firdaus (Airlangga University)
Sena Sukmananda Suprapto (Institut Teknologi Kalimantan)
Dimas Fajar Uman Putra (Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember)
Yuli Prasetyo (Politeknik Negeri Madiun)
Firillia Filliana (Institut Teknologi Kalimantan)

Article Info

Publish Date
01 Sep 2023


This research endeavors to increase the lifespan of a battery utilized in a standalone microgrid system, a self-sufficient electrical system that consists of multiple generators that are not connected to the main power grid. This type of system is ideal for use in remote locations or areas where the grid connection is not possible. The sources of energy for this system include photovoltaic panels, wind turbines, diesel generators, and batteries. The state of charge (SOC) of the battery is used to determine the amount of energy stored in it. The particle swarm optimization (PSO) method is applied to minimize energy generation costs and maximize battery life. The results show that battery optimization can decrease energy generation costs from Rp 5,271,523.03 ($338.64 in USD) to Rp 13,064,979.20 ($839.30 in USD) while increasing the battery's lifespan by 0.42%, with losses of 7.22 kW and 433.29 kVAR, and also a life loss cost of Rp 5,499/$0.35.

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Journal Info





Electrical & Electronics Engineering


International Journal of Applied Power Engineering (IJAPE) focuses on the applied works in the areas of power generation, transmission and distribution, sustainable energy, applications of power control in large power systems, etc. The main objective of IJAPE is to bring out the latest practices in ...