Densely Populated Settlements (DPS) are a feature of urban areas; their existence is related to the conditions of urban life. The number of DPS modest-style dwellings in urban areas is increasing rapidly. Problems arise when a single dwelling, which should only be inhabited by up to three people, has to accommodate a number of occupants exceeding viable standards. Taking into account the limited space of DPS modest-style dwellings, this study aims to understand the use of private rooms in such dwellings. We employed a descriptive method, supported by data obtained through interviews and field reviews of residents in Pademangan, North Jakarta. Physical building data, such as room size, existing spatial functions and spatial arrangements, are used to identify and analyze the building conditions. The findings reveal that private rooms do not function appropriately. The focal issue in this case is the small land size, which ranges between 15 m2 and 30 m2. Moreover, the issue of rooms whose spatial function is combined with other functions only adds to the problems of private room usage, such as room size, which is often too narrow to be considered as comfortable for daily activities.
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