eUREKA : Jurnal Penelitian Mahasiswa Teknik Sipil dan Teknik Kimia
Vol 2, No 1 (2018)

Pra Rancang Bangun Briket Cangkang Biji Karet dengan Kapasitas 8.973 Ton/Tahun dengan Alat Utama Oven

Iskandar, Taufik (Unknown)
Anggraini, S.P. Abrina (Unknown)
Eriawan, Rinandy (Unknown)



Article Info

Publish Date
28 Aug 2018

Abstract

ABSTRAK Kebutuhan energi menjadi fokus utama pemerintah saat ini, mengingat konsumsi energi final nasional pada periode 2000-2012 mengalami peningkatan rata rata 2,9% per tahun. Seiring dengan pemakaian BBM selama periode tersebut mengakibatkan ketersediaan BBM semakin langka. Sehingga memaksa pemerintah melakukan tindakan dengan mengeluarkan berbagai kebijakan penggunaan BBM. Energi alternatif yang sedang diteliti dan terus berkembang di Indonesia dari berbagai sumber dan produk antara lain: energi air, angin, panas bumi, biodiesel dan biomassa. Biobriket adalah bahan bakar potensial dan dapat diandalkan sebagai bahan bakar alternatif untuk kebutuhan rumah tangga yang mampu menyuplai energi dalam jangka panjang. Perancanaan pra rancang bangun briket cangkang biji karet ini menggunakan sistem slow pyrolysis dimana cangkang biji karet dipanaskan dengan temperatur 350 – 400 °C pada tekanan 1 atm selama 6 jam. Rancang bangun ini akan didirikan di Kabupaten Landak, Kalimantan Barat. Pra rancang bangun briket dengan proses Slow Pyrolisis berbahan baku cangkang biji karet akan dibangun pada tahun 2020 dengan kapasitas 8.973 ton/tahun. Proses Pembuatan Briket terdiri dari: Persiapan bahan baku, Reaksi pirolisis, Pemisahan dan Pemurnian, dan Penanganan Produk. Berdasarkan analisa ekonomi, pabrik briket ini layak didirikan dilihat dari aspek ekonomi sebagai berikut : ROIAT(%) : 97%, POT(tahun) : 1 , BEP (%) : 34%, IRR(%) : 12,70. Kata kunci: Energi, Briket, Slow Pyrolysis. ABSTRACT The necessity of energy become a priority by which government at this time, because consumption of energy on 2000-2012 increases by 2,9 % for each year. By using the fossil energy continuously caused the availability of energy become rare. There are many policy that created by which government to control this problem. One of the policy is using policies alternative energy. The source of alternative energy are water energy, wind, geothermal, biodiesel, and biomass. Briquettes is a potential fuel source due to Vinisiah and friends and very reliable as an alternative energy for household needs. Pre-design planning of rubber seed shell briquettes is using slow pyrolysis system. Where, the shell heated in 350⁰ C - 400⁰C in 1 atm pressure for 6 hours process. The preliminary design of plant rubber seed shell briquettes will build in Landak district of West Borneo. Pre-design plant of plant rubber seed shell briquettes using slow pyrolysis system will be build in 2020 with 8973 ton/year capacity. The processes consist of raw material preparation, pyrolysis reaction, separation and purification, and product handling. Based on economic analysis this plant is feasible, based on the economic analysis aspects as follows : ROIAT(%) : 97% ; POT(year) : 1 ; BEP (%): 34% ; IRR(%) : 12,70. Keywords : Energy, Briquettes, Slow Pyrolysis

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Journal Info

Abbrev

TEKNIK

Publisher

Subject

Chemical Engineering, Chemistry & Bioengineering Civil Engineering, Building, Construction & Architecture Energy Engineering Industrial & Manufacturing Engineering

Description

Focus and Scope of this journal are : Chemical Engineering including : bioenergy processing, environmental engineering, natural resource management, Heat and Mass Transfer, Chemical Reaction, Analytical Chemistry, Biochemistry, Designing tools and chemical processes, Chemical industry process, ...