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INDONESIA
Civil Engineering Dimension
ISSN : 14109530     EISSN : 1979570X     DOI : -
Core Subject : Engineering,
The Civil Engineering Dimension (Dimensi Teknik Sipil) is a refereed journal, published twice a year, in March and September.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 8 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol. 20 No. 2 (2018): SEPTEMBER 2018" : 8 Documents clear
Considering the Effect of Motorcyclist Risk Tolerance in Accident Risk Management: A Preliminary Study Siti Malkhamah; Latif Budi Suparma; Don Gaspar Noesaku da Costa
Civil Engineering Dimension Vol. 20 No. 2 (2018): SEPTEMBER 2018
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (544.432 KB) | DOI: 10.9744/ced.20.2.78-85

Abstract

Negative perceptions about accident are usually associated with speeding behavior. However, risk perception has not been considered in accident risk management. It is accepted as a personality matter, thus the number of accidents per year was used as accident risk tolerance indicator. Consequently, due to insufficient measurable indicators, it would be difficult to prevent the increasing speeding behavior. This paper discusses the improvement of accident risk tolerance indicators, i.e. safety factor and margin of safety, and their possible usage in speed management policies. These indicators were built based on the correlation between the results of interview and braking maneuver test. From this combine approach, using aggregated-individual and expert acceptance models, it was found that risk tolerance arose because motorcyclists accepted both the advantages and disadvantages gained from speeding, obtained through their riding frequency, duration of riding and/or accident involvement experienced. However, inappropriate speed due to miss-perception toward braking capability should be avoided. Inversely, an appropriate speed management should consider their travelling expectation
Seismic Performance of Existing Building Retrofitted with VSL-Gensui Damper Pamuda Pudjisuryadi; Benjamin Lumantarna; Tjhai Ferlinda Hermawan; Teddy Tirta Gunawan
Civil Engineering Dimension Vol. 20 No. 2 (2018): SEPTEMBER 2018
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (570.776 KB) | DOI: 10.9744/ced.20.2.86-90

Abstract

Buildings designed using older code should be checked against the higher demand required by newer code. In this study, performance of Building T of Petra Christian University, Surabaya, Indonesia, which was designed with older Indonesian Seismic Code (PPTGIUG 1983) is investigated. The effectiveness of VSL-Gensui Damper application is also investigated as an effort to enhance the performance of the building. Nonlinear time history analysis was conducted to analyze the building. Spectrum consistent ground acceleration generated from El Centro 18 May 1940 North-South component in accordance to current seismic code was used for analysis. The result shows that the existing building cannot resist the demand specified by current code (SNI 1726:2012) as some frame element failures are detected. The performance is greatly enhanced after installation of VSL-Gensui Dampers. Roof story drift and displacement decreased as much as 9% and 14%, respectively as compared to existing building, and structural element failures were no longer observed.
Improving Shear Strength Parameters of Sandy Soil using Enzyme-Mediated Calcite Precipitation Technique Heriansyah Putra; Hideaki Yasuhara; Naoki Kinoshita; Erizal .; Tri Sudibyo
Civil Engineering Dimension Vol. 20 No. 2 (2018): SEPTEMBER 2018
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (361.18 KB) | DOI: 10.9744/ced.20.2.91-95

Abstract

Several methods have been established for their various potential applications as soil improvement technique, and recently the application of grouting technique using biological process have been proposed. This study discussed the applicability of enzyme-mediated calcite precipitation (EMCP) in improving the shear strength parameters of sandy soil.  In this study, soil specimens were prepared and treated with the grouting solutions composed of urea, calcium chloride, magnesium sulfate and enzyme of urease. Evolutions in the cohesion and internal friction angle of the improved soil were examined through the direct shear tests. The presence of the precipitated materials, comprising 4.1 percent of the soil mass of the treated sand, generated a cohesion of 53 kPa. However, contrary to the improvement of cohesion, the friction angle is relatively constant. It indicated that the application of the EMCP technique has no significant impact on the friction angle
Influence of Particle Size Distribution of High Calcium Fly Ash on HVFA Mortar Properties Antoni .; Hendra Surya Wibawa; Djwantoro Hardjito
Civil Engineering Dimension Vol. 20 No. 2 (2018): SEPTEMBER 2018
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (728.519 KB) | DOI: 10.9744/ced.20.2.51-56

Abstract

This study evaluates the effect of particle size distribution (PSD) of high calcium fly ash on high volume fly ash (HVFA) mortar characteristics. Four PSD variations of high calcium fly ash used were: unclassified fly ash and fly ash passing sieve No. 200, No. 325 and No. 400, respectively. The fly ash replacement ratio of the cementitious material ranged between 50-70%. The results show that with smaller fly ash particles size and higher levels of fly ash replacement, the workability of the mixture was increased with longer setting time. There was an increase in mortar compressive strength with finer fly ash particle size, compared to those with unclassified ones, with the highest strength was found at those with fly ash passing mesh No. 325. The increase was found due to better compactability of the mixture. Higher fly ash replacement reduced the mortar’s compressive strength, however, the rate was reduced when finer fly ash particles was used.
Initial Surface Absorption of Cement Combination Concrete Samuel Olufemi Folagbade
Civil Engineering Dimension Vol. 20 No. 2 (2018): SEPTEMBER 2018
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (246.112 KB) | DOI: 10.9744/ced.20.2.96-101

Abstract

This paper investigated the initial surface absorption (ISAT) of concrete using Portland cement (PC) and some binary and ternary cement combinations containing fly ash (FA), silica fume (SF) and metakaolin (MK) as partial replacements for PC at equal water/ cement ratios and strengths. At equal water/cement ratios, the cement combination concretes have higher ISAT values than PC concrete at 28 days and the disparity reduced with increasing curing age due to improved pozzolanic reactivity of the supplementary cementitious materials. SF and MK as binary and ternary cement components performed better than FA due to their higher fineness, improved particle packing and higher pozzolanic reactivity. At equal strengths, FA binary cement concretes have the lowest ISAT values and these reduced with increasing content of FA. At total replacement levels more than 20%, all the ternary cement concretes have lower ISAT values than PC concrete and the values reduced with increasing total replacement level due to the beneficial effect of FA.
One Dimensional Site Response Analysis of Liquefaction Potential along Coastal Area of Bengkulu City, Indonesia Lindung Zalbuin Mase
Civil Engineering Dimension Vol. 20 No. 2 (2018): SEPTEMBER 2018
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2878.77 KB) | DOI: 10.9744/ced.20.2.57-69

Abstract

This paper presents one dimensional non-linear site response analysis of liquefaction potential caused by the 2000 and the 2007 earthquakes in coastal area of Bengkulu City, Bengkulu, Indonesia. Site investigations, including Standard Penetration Test (SPT) and shear wave velocity (VS) measurement, were conducted in three locations along the coastal area of Bengkulu City. Further, the site investigation data were used in simulation of one-dimensional non-linear site response analysis by applying the synthetic ground motions at bedrock. The results show that liquefaction could happen at 0 to 1.5 m deep. This was indicated by the excess pore water pressure ratio (ru) which exceeded one. At depth between 1.5 m and 20 m, the excess pore water pressure almost reached the initial effective stress decreasing the effective confinement pressure close to zero. The results also indicated that liquefaction is possible to occur in this depth range if a stronger earthquake occurs.
A Comparative Study on Bio-Inspired Algorithms in Layout Optimization of Construction Site Facilities Doddy Prayogo; Jessica Chandra Sutanto; Hieronimus Enrico Suryo; Samuel Eric
Civil Engineering Dimension Vol. 20 No. 2 (2018): SEPTEMBER 2018
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (415.94 KB) | DOI: 10.9744/ced.20.2.102-110

Abstract

A good arrangement of site layout on a construction project is a fundamental component of the project’s efficiency. Optimization on site layout is necessary in order to reduce the transportation cost of resources or personnel between facilities. Recently, the use of bio-inspired algorithms has received considerable critical attention in solving the engineering optimization problem. These methods have consistently provided better performance than traditional mathematical-based methods to a variety of engineering problems. This study compares the performance of particle swarm optimization (PSO), artificial bee colony (ABC), and symbiotic organisms search (SOS) algorithms in optimizing site layout planning problems. Three real-world case studies of layout optimization problems have been used in this study. The results show that SOS has a better performance in comparison to the other algorithms. Thus, this study provides useful insights to construction practitioners in the industry who are involved in dealing with optimization problems
Displacement and Stress Function-based Linear and Quadratic Triangular Elements for Saint-Venant Torsional Problems Joko Purnomo; Wong Foek Tjong; Wijaya W.C.; Putra J.S.
Civil Engineering Dimension Vol. 20 No. 2 (2018): SEPTEMBER 2018
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (656.198 KB) | DOI: 10.9744/ced.20.2.70-77

Abstract

Torsional problems commonly arise in frame structural members subjected to unsym­metrical loading. Saint-Venant proposed a semi inverse method to develop the exact theory of torsional bars of general cross sections. However, the solution to the problem using an analytical method for a complicated cross section is cumbersome. This paper presents the adoption of the Saint-Venant theory to develop a simple finite element program based on the displacement and stress function approaches using the standard linear and quadratic triangular elements. The displacement based approach is capable of evaluating torsional rigidity and shear stress distribution of homogeneous and nonhomogeneous; isotropic, orthotropic, and anisotropic materials; in singly and multiply-connected sections.  On the other hand, applications of the stress function approach are limited to the case of singly-connected isotropic sections only, due to the complexity on the boundary conditions. The results show that both approaches converge to exact solutions with high degree of accuracy.

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