Siagian, Heriviyatno Julika
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Hubungan Pengetahuan dan Sikap terhadap Praktik Pencegahan COVID-19 pada Narapidana Muhdar, Muhdar; Siagian, Heriviyatno Julika; Tulak, Grace Tedy; Baeda, Abd Gani; Tukatman, Tukatman; Mariany, Mariany
Jurnal Promosi Kesehatan Indonesia Volume 16 No.2 Agustus 2021
Publisher : Master Program of Health Promotion Faculty of Public Health Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14710/jpki.16.2.72-78


Background: A prison or Detention Center is a closed community with a high risk of COVID-19 transmission. Preventive efforts to disseminate the virus are needed as soon as possible for the safety of assisted residents who have the possibility of conducting social distancing, considering that the number exceeds the ideal capacity of the detention centre. This study aimed to describe the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of assisted residents at Detention Center Class II B Kolaka regarding the COVID-19 Pandemic, which is very important as an evaluation of the condition of the inmates as a closed community and as a consideration for related parties for further local policymaking. Method: This was quantitative research using the cross-sectional design. There were 166 samples in Detention Center Class II B Kolaka. The instrument used was a questionnaire using 20 items. Data were analyzed using the chi-square test. Results: Out of 166 respondents, 92.8% had good knowledge, 87.3% had a confident attitude, 86.7% practised vigilance against the COVID-19 Pandemic. Based on the analysis using Chi-Square, it was found that p-value = 0.000, which means that there is a relationship between the level of knowledge and practice and between the respondent's attitude and practice.
Resistance Status of Dengue Virus Serotype in Aedes Aegypti on The Exposure of Insecticide Temefos and Cypermethrin Arimaswati, Arimaswati; Alifariki, La Ode; Siagian, Heriviyatno Julika; Tukatman, Tukatman; Rangki, La
Jurnal Aisyah : Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Vol 5, No 2: December 2020
Publisher : Universitas Aisyah Pringsewu

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (213.344 KB) | DOI: 10.30604/jika.v5i2.374


The success of vector control is influenced by the resistance of Ae. aegypti against insecticides. The continued use of insecticides will leave a resistant population. The study aims to determine the resistance status of dengue virus serotype in Aedes Aegypti on the exposure of Insecticide Temefos and cypermethrin. Mosquitoes are taken directly from the tub and the home environment using the GAMA DOTIK. To determine the status of resistance to organophosphate insecticides in larvae and synthetic pyrethroids in adult mosquitoes, a biological test was carried out using the WHO 1992 method at a diagnostic dose (temefos 0.02 ppm and 0.05% cypermethrin), while the serotype of the dengue virus was determined by the Reverse Transcriptase method. -Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR) using Lanciotti-specific primers. Endemic areas (Gadingan, Wonosidi Lor and Dipan) are all still susceptible to temefos with 100% larval mortality. Sporadic areas such as Driyan were in a vulnerable status with Mortality Rate (AK) = 100%, Durungan and Kriyanan were in a tolerant status (AK = 88% and 97%). Potential areas such as Kauman and Janten were vulnerable (AK = 100% and 98%), Panjatan was intolerant status (AK = 84%). Endemic, sporadic and potential areas were all resistant with AK = less than 80% to the insecticide cypermethrin. Dengue virus serotypes in endemic areas are dengue 2 and dengue 3. In potential areas, dengue serotype 3 is found, while in sporadic areas there are no virus serotypes. Conclusion: The resistance status of Aedes aegypti in endemic, sporadic and potential areas to organophosphate insecticides (temefos) is in the susceptible to the tolerant range, while all areas status to synthetic pyrethroids (cypermethrin) are resistant. Abstrak: Keberhasilan pengendalian vektor dipengaruhi oleh hambatan Ae. aegypti melawan insektisida. Penggunaan insektisida secara terus menerus akan meninggalkan populasi yang resisten. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui status resistensi serotipe virus dengue Aedes Aegypti terhadap paparan Insektisida Temefos dan cypermethrin. Nyamuk diambil langsung dari bak mandi dan lingkungan rumah menggunakan GAMA DOTIK. Untuk mengetahui status resistensi insektisida organofosfat pada larva dan piretroid sintetik pada nyamuk dewasa, dilakukan uji biologis dengan metode WHO 1992 dengan dosis diagnostik (temefos 0,02 ppm dan 0,05% cypermethrin), sedangkan serotipe virus dengue ditentukan dengan metode Reverse Transcriptase. -Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR) menggunakan primer khusus Lanciotti. Daerah endemik (Gadingan, Wonosidi Lor dan Dipan) semuanya masih rentan terhadap temefos dengan kematian larva 100%. Daerah sporadis seperti Driyan berada dalam status rawan dengan Angka Kematian (AK) = 100%, Durungan dan Kriyanan dalam status toleran (AK = 88% dan 97%). Wilayah potensial seperti Kauman dan Janten termasuk kategori rawan (AK = 100% dan 98%), Panjatan dalam status toleran (AK = 84%). Daerah endemik, sporadis dan potensial semuanya resisten dengan AK = kurang dari 80% terhadap insektisida cypermethrin. Serotipe virus Dengue di daerah endemis adalah Dengue 2 dan Dengue 3. Di daerah potensial ditemukan Dengue Serotipe 3, sedangkan di daerah sporadis tidak terdapat serotipe virus. Status resistensi nyamuk Aedes aegypti di daerah endemik, sporadis dan potensial terhadap insektisida organofosfat (temefos) berada pada rentang toleran, sedangkan semua status daerah terhadap piretroid sintetis (cypermethrin) resisten.
Potential of Dioscorea Hispida dennst to Deflate Blood Glucose Level Tukatman, Tukatman; Siagian, Heriviyatno Julika; Bangu, Bangu
Jurnal Aisyah : Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Vol 6, No 4: December 2021
Publisher : Universitas Aisyah Pringsewu

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (595.232 KB) | DOI: 10.30604/jika.v6i4.767


Treatment of DM sufferers impacts the economic side related to the cost of drugs or pharmacological therapy, which is quite expensive. Gadung tubers (Dioscorea hispida dennst.) can be an option for people with diabetes because, in addition to containing low carbohydrates, they also contain several bioactive compounds that can be beneficial for the body. This study aims to analyze the effect of the consumption of Gadung tubers (Dioscorea hispida dennst) on the blood glucose levels of people with diabetes mellitus in Kolaka. This type of research is a quasi-experimental design using a one-group pre-post test design involving 30 men and women with DM who were recorded as active in Posbindu visits in Toari District taken purposively. The intervention was carried out for ten days for August – September 2021 by measuring the blood glucose levels of respondents before and after consuming processed Gadung tubers. The research data were analyzed using paired t-test. The results showed differences in the respondents' glucose levels before and after the intervention, where statistically, a p-value of 0.0001 less than 0.05 was obtained, which means that there was a significant effect of the consumption of Gadung tubers on the glucose levels of DM patients. This study concluded that processed yam could be an alternative food for people with diabetes.Perawatan penderita DM memberikan dampak pada sisi ekonomi dimana hal tersebut berkaitan dengan biaya obat atau terapi farmakologis tergolong mahal. Umbi gadung (Dioscorea Hispida) dapat menjadi pilihan bagi penderita DM karena selain mengandung karbohidrat rendah juga mengandung beberapa senyawa bioaktif yang dapat bermanfaat bagi tubuh. Studi ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis pengaruh konsumsi olahan ubi gadung (dioscorea hispida dennst) terhadap kadar glukosa darah penderita diabetes mellitus di Kolaka. Jenis penelitian ini adalah quasi eksperimental menggunakan desain one group pre post test design yang melibatkan 30 orang laki-laki dan perempuan penderita DM yang tercatat aktif dalam kunjungan Posbindu di Kecamatan Toari diambil secara purposive. Intervensi dilakukan selama sepuluh hari periode Agustus – September 2021 dengan pengukuran kadar glukosa darah responden sebelum dan setelah mengkonsumsi olahan umbi Gadung. Data penelitian dianalisis menggunakan uji t test berpasangan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat perbedaan kadar glukosa responden sebelum dan setelah dilakukan intervensi, dimana secara statistic didapatkan p-value 0.0001 kurang dari 0.05 yang berarti ada pengaruh yang signifikan dari konsumsi umbi Gadung terhadap kadar glukosa penderita DM. penelitian ini menyimpulkan bahwa olahan ubi gadung dapat menjadi makanan alternative bagi penderita DM.