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Government Initiatives to Empower Small and Medium Enterprise: Comparing One Stop Shop for Licensing in Indonesia and Australia Bhinekawati, Risa
JAS (Journal of ASEAN Studies) Vol 4, No 1 (2016): Journal of ASEAN Studies
Publisher : Centre for Business and Diplomatic Studies (CBDS) Bina Nusantara University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21512/jas.v4i1.964

Abstract

This article analyzes the initiatives taken by both Indonesian and Australian governments in undertaking bureaucratic reform to support small and medium enterprises.  The focus is on how government harmonizes bureaucracy and regulations to empower small medium enterprise in starting, operating, and growing their business.   One of the key initiatives in the two countries is to streamline business regulations and licensing through a single portal so called “one stop shop for licensing”.  Both Indonesia and Australia have started such initiatives almost at the same time, in 2006 and 2008 respectively. Until recently, the two countries have made important progresses but with different approaches.  In Indonesia, the objective of the one stop shop is to provide easiness for companies to start the business; while in Australia, the purpose is broader and more comprehensive, which is to achieve “seamless Australian economy”.  This study was conducted in Canberra and Queanbeyan, Australia.  The research has found important key lessons from Australia that may be applicable to Indonesia in establishing mechanisms for government initiatives to better support small and medium enterprise through a single portal or one stop shop for licensing.
MEMPERSIAPKAN LULUSAN D3 SEKRETARIS MENGHADAPI ERA INDUSTRI 4.0 Bhinekawati, Risa
Jurnal Administrasi dan Kesekretarisan Vol 4, No 1 (2019): Jurnal Administrasi dan Kesekretarisan
Publisher : STIKS Tarakanita

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (240.068 KB) | DOI: 10.36914/jak.v4i1.230

Abstract

Artikel ini menganalisa kesesuaian capaian pembelajaran program Diploma 3 Sekretaris dengan perubahan dunia kerja dan keahlian yang relevan dengan era industri 4.0.  Telaah ini ditulis berdasarkan data sekunder capaian pembelajaran dan pengalaman mahasiswa serta alumni D3 Sekretaris STIKS Tarakanita.  Tulisan ini dibuat sebagai masukan bagi akademi sekretaris dalam menanggapi hasil  Future of Jobs Survey 2018 yang dikeluarkan oleh World Economic Forum,  dan juga Panduan Penyusunan Kurikulum Pendidikan Tinggi di Era Industri 4.0 yang dikeluarkan oleh Kementerian Riset, Teknologi dan Pendidikan Tinggi.  Telaah ini menyimpulkan bahwa kurikulum dan capaian pembelajaran program Diploma 3 Sekretaris Tarakanita sebagian besar telah memenuhi tuntutan era industri 4.0, namun perlu beberapa perbaikan untuk menyempurnakannya.
A MODEL OF A LARGE COMPANY’S CSR AND TRANSFORMATIONAL COMMUNITY ENGAGEMENT STRATEGY FOR SME DEVELOPMENT Bhinekawati, Risa
ASEAN Journal of Community Engagement Vol. 2 No. 2 (2018)
Publisher : UI Scholars Hub

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Abstract

This article presents a framework of transformational community engagement strategy which has been implemented by Dharma Bhakti Astra Foundation (YDBA). It discusses the process under which a large company institutionalizes its CSR strategy, policy and actions in developing small and medium enterprises (SMEs). Since 1980 the company has strengthened the capacity of 10,374 SMEs which created 65,855 jobs by 2017. The paper shows the linkages between the concepts of corporate social responsibility (CSR), transformational community engagement, social capital and sustainability performance of a company. This study applies a qualitative case study to investigate why and how one of the largest public listed companies in Indonesia decides to play a role in developing SMEs as its CSR program; how the transformational community engagement strategy is used in implementing the CSR program; and how the SME programs contributes to the company’s triple bottom line through social capital development. The study finds that a large company can complement the government’s roles in SME development, by sharing its knowledge and expertise, providing finance and market access, as well as building social capital for SMEs. By doing so, the company enables SMEs to participate in economic activities and work collaboratively with the company in achieving sustainability performance for both the SME and the company. The conceptual framework developed from this study contributes to the theory by clarifying the linkages between the concepts of CSR program, community engagement and social capital. In practice, the framework can help business practitioners to design their CSR programs through community engagement. In reality, the ASEAN Business Advisory Council meeting in 2017 had considered YDBA’s SME development program as a role model for other large companies operating in the region.
The Impact of Entrepreneurial Orientation of Social Entrepreneurship Towards Social Capital and Organization Performance: A Case Study Of Precious One Rakhmani, Vera Andriana; Bhinekawati, Risa
International Journal of Business Studies Vol 4 No 2 (2020): International Journal of Business Studies (IJBS)
Publisher : Sekolah Tinggi Manajemen IPMI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32924/ijbs.v4i2.106

Abstract

Social enterprise which empowers disabilities is growing in Indonesia. Precious One (“P-One”) is one of them. Started as a non-profit organization, P-One has been successfully converting itself into a profitable social enterprise. This study is fully focused on P-One because there’s concern from the founder on the organization performance, where even though they are growing and profitable, it’s not as fast as they are expected. Also, there is lack of literature on the relationship between social entrepreneurship, social capital, and organization performance. Therefore, this study aims to investigate the impact of social entrepreneurship and social capital on the organizational performance and to provide recommendation to the founder. The study employed mixed-method sequential explanatory strategy. This approach is performed by exercising quantitative method and followed by qualitative method. The data were gathered through questionnaires and interviews, and were then examined to see the causal relationship between defined variables by using Structural Equation Model (SEM). The research found that social entrepreneurship has significant influence on social capital and organizational performance, and social capital has significant impact on organization performance. This study provides an understanding on the correlation between social entrepreneurship, social capital, and organization performance, especially for social enterprise which empowers disability. Social entrepreneurs, especially P-One founder will have better understanding of the key factors which will impact on their performance. Further study shall expand the sampling size and add more variables in the research to generate more precise result. Including financial measurement as an indication of organization’s success would also be beneficial to give more accurate result.
FACTORS AFFECTING EMPLOYEE LOYALTY: LESSONS FROM MILLENNIALS WORKING IN E-COMMERCE COMPANIES IN JAKARTA Maulidiani, Jasmine Jemilia; Bhinekawati, Risa
Jurnal Administrasi dan Kesekretarisan Vol 5, No 2 (2020): Jurnal Administrasi dan Kesekretarisan
Publisher : STIKS Tarakanita

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36914/jak.v5i2.424

Abstract

A large middle-class group of Indonesia is predominantly made up of millennials, who are vastly becoming the majority of the workforce, especially leading the Indonesian digital technology industry. Studies have shown that millennials tend to have a higher turnover rate than other generations . A substantial amount of studies and research analyzing the factors affecting employee loyalty have been conducted worldwide, with different scopes. Factors such as trust in management, trust in peers, and empowerment, with the mediating variable of employee satisfaction, have also been studied and found to have considerable effect on employee loyalty. To extend previous research, this study investigates the effect of trust in management, trust in peers, and empowerment on employee satisfaction as an intervening variable, and the effect of employee satisfaction on employee loyalty. This quantitative research analyzes the causal relationships between the variables mentioned by surveying a total of 100 millennial employees of e-Commerce companies in Jakarta as respondents. The study finds that that trust in management and empowerment have have positive and significant effect on employee satisfaction, and subsequently on employee loyalty. However, trust in peers does not have impact on employee satisfaction and subsequent employee loyalty. Theoretically, the result of this research strengthens the findings of previous studies on the relationships among the observed variables, in the context of e-commerce millennial employees, in Jakarta. Practically, companies in Jakarta in developing human resources management strategies to attract and retain millennial employees by understanding the factors affecting their employee satisfaction and employee loyalty.
Synergizing Islamic Microfinance Institution with Village Owned Enterprise Initiative: A Holistic Approach for Village Development: Sinergi Lembaga Keuangan Mikro Syariah dan Badan Usaha Milik Desa: Pendekatan Komprehensif untuk Pembangunan Desa Bhinekawati, Risa
El-Qist: Journal of Islamic Economics and Business (JIEB) Vol. 11 No. 1 (2021): el-Qist
Publisher : Islamic Economic Department, Faculty of Islamic Economics and Business, Sunan Ampel State Islamic University, Surabaya Indonesia

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Abstract

This study aims at exploring potential synergies between Islamic Microfinance Institution (Baitul Maal wa Tamwil - BMT) and Village Owned Enterprise (BUMDes) as a holistic approach for improving the livelihood of people living in villages. It applies a semi-systematic review of the literature to explore potential synergies between BMT and BUMDes in strategizing and implementing their social and financial roles to improve people's prosperity and well-being. This study finds two potential models for BMT-BUMDes synergies depending on whether BMT and BUMDes already exist in the village. First, a strategic partnership model can be established when both BMT and BUMDes have been established in a village. They can form a strategic alliance as separate entities, where BMT provide social and financial supports for BUMDes based on shariah principles. Second, an integrated BMT-BUMDes can be developed in three situations: 1) when there is BMT but no BUMDes, the BMT can expand its coverage to cover BUMDes businesses; 2) when there is a BUMDes but no BMT, the BUMDes can establish a BMT as its business unit; 3) when there is no BMT or BUMDes in a village, a combination of BUMDes and BMT as an institution can be established. These two models are possible within current government regulations. Keywords: Baitul Maal wat Tamwil; BMT; BUMDes; Islamic Microfinance Institution; Village-owned Enterprise.   Abstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menggali potensi sinergitas antara Lembaga Keuangan Mikro Islam (Baitul Maal wa Tamwil - BMT) dan Badan Usaha Milik Desa (BUMDes) dengan pendekatan holistik untuk meningkatkan taraf hidup masyarakat yang tinggal di pedesaan. Peneliti menggunakan tinjauan literatur semi sistematis untuk mengeksplorasi potensi sinergi antara BMT dan BUMDes dalam menyusun strategi dan melaksanakan peran sosial serta keuangan mereka dalam meningkatkan kesejahteraan dan kemakmuran masyarakat. Penelitian ini menemukan dua model potensial sinergitas BMT-BUMDes dengan bergantung pada apakah sudah ada BMT dan BUMDes di desa tersebut atau tidak. Pertama, model kemitraan strategis dapat dibangun ketika BMT dan BUMDes telah dibentuk di suatu desa. Mereka dapat membentuk aliansi strategis sebagai entitas terpisah, di mana BMT memberikan dukungan sosial dan finansial kepada BUMDes berdasarkan prinsip syariah. Kedua, BMT-BUMDes yang terintegrasi dapat dikembangkan dalam tiga situasi: 1) ketika ada BMT tetapi tidak ada BUMDes, BMT dapat memperluas cakupannya untuk mencakup bisnis BUMDes; 2) bila ada BUMDes tetapi tidak ada BMT, BUMDes dapat membentuk BMT sebagai unit usahanya; 3) apabila di suatu desa belum ada BMT atau BUMDes maka dapat dibentuk gabungan BUMDes dan BMT sebagai kelembagaan. Kedua model ini dimungkinkan dalam peraturan pemerintah saat ini. Kata Kunci: Baitul Maal wat Tamwil; BMT; BUMDes; Lembaga Keuangan Mikro Syariah; Badan Usaha Milik Desa.
CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY, SOCIAL CAPITAL AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT: LESSONS FROM AN INDONESIAN PALM OIL COMPANY Risa Bhinekawati
Masyarakat Indonesia Vol 43, No 1 (2017): Majalah Ilmu-Ilmu Sosial Indonesia
Publisher : Kedeputian Bidang Ilmu Sosial dan Kemanusiaan (IPSK-LIPI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14203/jmi.v43i1.714

Abstract

This paper reveals that corporate social responsibility (CSR) programs of a large palm oil company can actually build social capital that contribute to sustainable development goals (SDGs). Using an exploratory qualitative case study, this study investigates why and how a company improves social, economic, and social conditions of communities surrounding its palm oil plantations through smallholder farmers empowerment and social capital  development, from 1992 to 2011. A case study of a sustainable palm oil company in Indonesia was chosen as an exemplary case study for theoretical or purposive sampling. Primary and secondary data from company documents, media records, interviews and observations were analysed to develop a theoretical model. The study finds that the CSR program is driven by company’s strategic intention to fulfill their business needs by solving the social and  environmental issues surrounding its palm oil plantations. Through smallholder farmers’ development program, the company builds social capital that improves social relationship, farmers’ capabilities, and farmers’ access to finance and market; so they are capable to act collectively with the company to achieve economic, social, and environmental performance for both the farmers and the company. This research has created linkages for previously disparate areas of academic enquiry by showing the actual interrelationships between CSR, social capital, corporate sustainability and SDGs.Keywords: Indonesia, Corporate social responsibility, Palm oil plantations, Smallholder farmers, Social capital, Sustainable Development Goals ABSTRAKTulisan ini menunjukkan bahwa program tanggung jawab sosial perusahaan (CSR) dari suatu perusahaan kelapa sawit dapat membangun modal sosial yang berkontribusi pada pencapaian sasaran pembangunan berkelanjutan (SDGs). Dengan menggunakan metode riset kualitatif dan studi kasus eksploratif, penelitian ini menyelidiki mengapa dan bagaimana suatu perusahaan memperbaiki kondisi sosial, ekonomi, dan lingkungan hidup melalui pemberdayaan petani kecil dan pembangunan modal sosial bagi masyarakat di sekitar perkebunan kelapa sawit sejak 1992 hingga 2011. Sebuah perusahaan kelapa sawit besar dipilih sebagai studi kasus berdasarkan pada kriteria “exemplary case study”. Penelitian ini membangun model teori berdasarkan pada analisis data primer dan sekunder yang didapat dari dokumen perusahaan, catatan media, wawancara dan observasi. Program CSR yang dilakukan perusahaan didorong oleh tujuan strategis untuk memenuhi kebutuhan bisnisnya dengan memecahkan masalah sosial dan lingkungan hidup di sekitar perkebunan. Melalui program pemberdayaan petani kecil, perusahaan membangun modal sosial melalui peningkatan hubungan baik, peningkatan kemampuan manajemen dan teknis, serta pemberian akses keuangan dan pasar bagi petani. Dengan demikian, petani dan perusahaan dapat bekerja sama untuk mencapai tujuan ekonomi, sosial, dan lingkungan hidup. Tulisan ini membangun model teori dengan menghubungkan konsep CSR, modal sosial, kesinambungan perusahaan, dan SDGs yang terhubung di penelitian sebelumnya.Kata kunci: Indonesia, modal sosial, perkebunan kelapa sawit, petani kelapa sawit, pembangunan berkelanjutan, tanggung jawab sosial perusahaan
Differences in Attitudes towards Female Managers: Lessons from Technology Start-Up Companies in Jakarta, Indonesia Daniya Daniya; Risa Bhinekawati
International Journal of Business Studies Vol 3 No 3 (2019): International Journal of Business Studies (IJBS)
Publisher : Sekolah Tinggi Manajemen IPMI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32924/ijbs.v3i3.104

Abstract

Despite the perceptions that such technology start-up companies are known as a modern working environment that embraces diversity, the data shows that the number of women in the industry, especially in a senior position, is still lower than men. Naturally, men have a high sense of competitiveness and feel more superior to become managers compared to women; while women sometimes practice self-stereotyping and think they are not capable enough for being a leader. This study aims to investigate differences in the attitude of men and women towards female managers in technology start-up companies. This research applies mixed methods, using “Women as Managers Scale (WAMS)” as indicators in the quantitative data collected from 60 male and 60 female that work in technology start-up companies in Jakarta. WAMS was also used as the basis for interview questions with three men and three women are being interviewed for the qualitative approach. The study finds differences in the attitude between men and women towards female manager in the technology startup companies in Jakarta, Indonesia. Compared to men, women respondents have more positive attitudes in terms female managers’ ability, acceptance, physical constraints and leadership. On the contrary, men respondents view that physical constraints like menstruation and maternity leave would affect female managers’ performance. Theoretically, this study contributes to the knowledge of gender diversity at work in the context of technology start-up companies in Indonesia. Practically, managers can use lessons from this study to develop a more gender balanced strategy for the companies.
The Impact of Entrepreneurial Orientation of Social Entrepreneurship Towards Social Capital and Organization Performance: A Case Study Of Precious One Vera Andriana Rakhmani; Risa Bhinekawati
International Journal of Business Studies Vol 4 No 2 (2020): International Journal of Business Studies (IJBS)
Publisher : Sekolah Tinggi Manajemen IPMI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32924/ijbs.v4i2.106

Abstract

Social enterprise which empowers disabilities is growing in Indonesia. Precious One (“P-One”) is one of them. Started as a non-profit organization, P-One has been successfully converting itself into a profitable social enterprise. This study is fully focused on P-One because there’s concern from the founder on the organization performance, where even though they are growing and profitable, it’s not as fast as they are expected. Also, there is lack of literature on the relationship between social entrepreneurship, social capital, and organization performance. Therefore, this study aims to investigate the impact of social entrepreneurship and social capital on the organizational performance and to provide recommendation to the founder. The study employed mixed-method sequential explanatory strategy. This approach is performed by exercising quantitative method and followed by qualitative method. The data were gathered through questionnaires and interviews, and were then examined to see the causal relationship between defined variables by using Structural Equation Model (SEM). The research found that social entrepreneurship has significant influence on social capital and organizational performance, and social capital has significant impact on organization performance. This study provides an understanding on the correlation between social entrepreneurship, social capital, and organization performance, especially for social enterprise which empowers disability. Social entrepreneurs, especially P-One founder will have better understanding of the key factors which will impact on their performance. Further study shall expand the sampling size and add more variables in the research to generate more precise result. Including financial measurement as an indication of organization’s success would also be beneficial to give more accurate result.
The Impact of Servant Leadership on Employee Performance Mediated by Employee Loyalty and Employee Satisfaction: A Case Study of PT. Garuda Totalindo Jaya Willy Budi Wibowo; Risa Bhinekawati
International Journal of Business Studies Vol 5 No 1 (2021): International Journal of Business Studies (IJBS)
Publisher : Sekolah Tinggi Manajemen IPMI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32924/ijbs.v5i1.112

Abstract

This study aims to investigate the relationships among the variables of servant leadership, employee loyalty, employee satisfaction, and employee performance in the context of a family business in Indonesia. This study applies quantitative approach with empirical evidence obtained from the entire employees of PT. Garuda Totalindo Jaya, a family-owned supplier spare part company as the case study. For the analysis technique, this study uses Partial Least Square (PLS) Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) as a program to run the collected data from 71 respondents during the period of July 2019. The findings of the study show that servant leadership has positive impact on employee loyalty and employee satisfaction; employee satisfaction has positive impact on employee loyalty; and employee loyalty has positive impact on employee performance. This study expands the knowledge on human resources in the context of family business in Indonesia. It should be beneficial for both researcher and also the company itself. Moreover, it can give another exposure of the future research to study more variables in term of leadership.