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Studi Kasus Kelayakan Penerapan Sistem Hybrid Building Applied Photovoltaics (BAPV)-PLN pada Atap Gedung Politeknik Aceh Rachmad Ikhsan; Ira Devi Sara; Rakhmad Syafutra Lubis
Jurnal Rekayasa Elektrika Vol 13, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1063.012 KB) | DOI: 10.17529/jre.v13i1.6071

Abstract

With the undeveloped BAPV(Building Applied Photovoltaics) at Office Building and Public Facilities, Caused the high price of solar modules and the lack the economic study on the use of solar modules that housed in the Banda Aceh region. Furthermore, the price of solar modules is expensive, so people think it will cost so much funds to building a BAPV’s system. These problems could be overcomed if the existing technical studies and economic studies of the application of the BAPV’s system. This study aims to assess the application of the BAPV’s system on institutions  building in terms of technical and economic value, in this case the building that is used as the study object is the Polytechnic Aceh’s Building. The method that used in the technical studies are theoretical calculations and simulations using helioscope software, while the methods used for economic studies is using the methods of cost-benefit analysis (cost benefit analysis). The method used to find the NPV (Net Present Value), PP (Payback Period), IRR (Internal Rate of Return), and BCR (Benefit Cost Ratio). If the average value of solar radiation reaching 4.79 kWh / m2 / day and the average daily energy requirement is 592 kWh, the energy generated from BAPV-PLN hybrid system on the roof of the object building will reach the amount of 237 MWh/year with the capacity charge controller used is 7490 A and the capacity of the battery used is 64.487 Ah. Panel tilt angle used is 25o and the type of panel used is Monocrystalline manifold. From the economic value will obtained NPV value of Rp. 20.022.106.937, PP during 5,2 years, IRR of 36% and 3,49 of BCR. Based on the evaluation results of the feasibility study, the project of hybrid BAPV-PLN’s system on the roof of the Polytechnic  Aceh’s  building can be realized, because its already meet the criteria of the feasibility study to make the systems get established in real term.
Kajian Teknis Dan Ekonomis Penerapan Sistem Hibrid BAPV-PLN Pada Gedung Politeknik Aceh Rachmad Ikhsan
Jurnal Nasional Komputasi dan Teknologi Informasi (JNKTI) Vol 2, No 2 (2019): OKTOBER 2019
Publisher : Program Studi Teknik Informatika, Fakultas Teknik. Universitas Serambi Mekkah

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (249.726 KB) | DOI: 10.32672/jnkti.v2i2.1567

Abstract

Potensi radiasi matahari yang cukup besar (rata-rata 4,65 kWh/m2/hari) di wilayah Banda Aceh dapat dimanfaatkan untuk membangun sistem hibrid BAPV (Building Applied Photovoltaic)-PLN. Namun, penerapan sistem konversi energi surya menjadi energi listrik kurang berkembang di Aceh. Kondisi ini disebabkan oleh harga teknologi modul surya masih dianggap mahal bagi masyarakat. Studi ini juga melakukan kajian secara teknis dan ekonomis dari sistem BAPV yang diterapkan. Kajian teknis yang digunakan bertujuan menentukan apakah jumlah energi yang dihasilkan oleh sistem BAPV dapat memenuhi jumlah beban listrik pada Gedung Politeknik Aceh. Sementara kajian ekonomis bertujuan memperkirakan biaya investasi yang diperlukan untuk menerapkan sistem BAPV dan menentukan kapan sistem BAPV bernilai ekonomis. Metode yang digunakan pada kajian teknis yaitu perhitungan secara teori, sedangkan metode yang digunakan untuk kajian ekonomis adalah metode Life Cycle Cost.  Dari hasil kajian teknis, energi yang dihasilkan oleh sistem BAPV ini dapat memenuhi kebutuhan energi listrik tahunan dengan surplus energi sebesar 6.017 kWh/tahun. Dari hasil kajian ekonomis, sistem ini bernilai ekonomis karena memiliki nilai NPV (Net Present Value) sebesar Rp. 1.310.803.600 dan  nilai PP (Payback Periode) selama 14 Tahun. Berdasarkan kajian teknis dan ekonomis dapat disimpulkan penerapan sistem hibrid BAPV-PLN ini dapat dilaksanakan karena bernilai ekonomis.
Rancang Bangun Sistem Komunikasi Data Antara Mikrokontroller Atmega8 Dengan Arduino Pada Mesin Roaster Coffe Digital Rachmad Ikhsan; Effendi Effendi
Jurnal Nasional Komputasi dan Teknologi Informasi (JNKTI) Vol 3, No 2 (2020): OKTOBER 2020
Publisher : Program Studi Teknik Informatika, Fakultas Teknik. Universitas Serambi Mekkah

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (709.32 KB) | DOI: 10.32672/jnkti.v3i2.2329

Abstract

Roasting coffee manually is widely applied by coffee producers. This process takes a very long time and is less efficient in terms of productivity for industry standards. This machine  is equipped with a thermocouple sensor as a temperature sensor that will measure the temperature in the roasting cylinder, then equipped with a timer as a reminder of roasting time that ranges from 15 minutes at a temperature of 200 degrees Celsius, this machine  is also equipped with android as a timer controller on the coffee roaster machine. This machine is also equipped with a microcontroller and Bluetooth as a media transmitter and data receiver. From the test results obtained data that Bluetooth can be used for data communication between the microcontroller and Android with a distance of 30 meters in the room, and 12 meters outside the room. If it exceeds that distance, then Bluetooth will not respond back
PROTOTYPE PEMANFAATAN WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK MENGGUNAKAN KOMUNIKASI WIRELESS ZIGBEE UNTUK MONITORING POWER QUALITY PADA PEMBANGKIT PLTMH Rachmad Ikhsan; Inzar Salfikar
J-Innovation Vol. 4 No. 1 (2015): J-Innovation
Publisher : Politeknik Aceh

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (348.867 KB) | DOI: 10.55600/jipa.v4i1.4

Abstract

The continued development of industrial technology at this point that leads to the field of moderninformation technologies so as to facilitate the work of man. The use of electrical energy continues toincrease over time, causing consumers want to know the quality of electrical energy consumed, resultingfrom the demand for electrical energy monitoring needs to be done in this case concerns the quality ofelectric power generated from a mini-hydro power plant (PLTMH). In this study, we will design andsimulate the process parameters of electrical energy to be monitored, in the form of voltage, current,frequency and different phase that will be on all four of these parameters will be used as a reference if thequality of power (power quality) of a plant is good or no. To obtain the data we use multiple sensorsnamely, voltage sensor, current sensor and sensor using a frequency of zero crossing detector. Dataparameters of electrical energy on each sensor node is transmitted wirelessly using XBee RF modules areintegrated with zigbee protocol to the gateway. On the side of the gateway will connect via CDMA andsend packets of data - the data packets to the web database. Consumers can access the data - the data viathe mobile phone network to a web-connected database. On the web will be shown the data - the dataparameter values of the electrical energy. So that consumers can see the parameters of electrical energythat is needed is good or not.
RANCANG BANGUN PROTOTIPE SISTEM HYBRID PV-PLN-BATERAI PADA KINCIR AIR DI TAMBAK UDANG Rachmad Ikhsan; Zoel Fachri
J-Innovation Vol. 10 No. 1 (2021): Jurnal J-Innovation
Publisher : Politeknik Aceh

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (374.581 KB) | DOI: 10.55600/jipa.v10i1.17

Abstract

The source of electrical energy to turn on the waterwheel drive in the majority of shrimp ponds is currently still sourced from PLN and backup energy comes from generators. Fossils will continue to decrease and take a long time to be renewed, so to overcome this, a waterwheel is designed with a source of electricity generation from renewable energy in the form of energy from the sun (photovoltaic) combined with electrical energy from PLN and batteries as backup energy . The method of switching electrical energy through the settings of the Arduino controller with input from the input voltage sensor (ZMPT 101B). From the test results of the PV-PLN-Battery hybrid system, the switching process can work well and from the results of the solar panel test it can be seen that there is no significant difference taken with a time difference of 1 (one) hour where when the weather is sunny and cloudy the voltage is higher. The resulting solar panels look stable.
KAJIAN ENERGI PENERAPAN BUILDING APPLIED PHOTOVOLTAICS (BAPV) PADA ATAP GEDUNG POLITEKNIK ACEH Rachmad Ikhsan; Ira Devi Sara; Rakhmad Syafutra Lubis
J-Innovation Vol. 5 No. 2 (2016): Jurnal J-Innovation
Publisher : Politeknik Aceh

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (540.198 KB) | DOI: 10.55600/jipa.v5i2.32

Abstract

The problem in this research involves undeveloped BAPV usage yet and also still minimal the usage of solar modules application on a building in the region of Banda Aceh, especially in office building, institution building, and others. For these reasons, the authorconducts an energy assessment of BAPV system. The method used in this study of energy is simulation using helioscopesoftware and theoretical calculations. The monthly average of electrical energy required in 2015 was 12.3 MWh per month or 411 kWh per day, if the estimated rise of energy usage by 10% in the next year, the energy generated annually from BAPV system on the roof of the Aceh Polytechnic Building at 18 MWhper monthor600.5 kWh per day with a capacity charge controller used is 5861.8 A and the capacity of used battery is 64.487 Ah, or 172 batteries with a voltage of 12 volt with each capacity of 375 Ah and theused panel tilt angleis 25o.
RANCANG BANGUN TEACHING AID ELEKTRO PNEUMATIK Rachmad Ikhsan; Yeni Yanti
J-Innovation Vol. 8 No. 1 (2019): Jurnal J-Innovation
Publisher : Politeknik Aceh

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (577.774 KB) | DOI: 10.55600/jipa.v8i1.68

Abstract

One result of technology that has been used in education is a medium or a tool of learning resources that are useful tocontribute a role in the learning process. So at this project was designed of a Teaching aid for practical electro-pneumaticautomation industry in the laboratory. Teaching aid also comes with a Schneider PLC twido that serves as controller forthe next command control system according to the program designed. To simplify the user, teaching aid is also equippedwith banana plug socket as the connector is used when teaching aid, teaching aid is also equipped with a manual whichformed jobsheet which includes some examples and practice questions as a guideline when teaching aid is used. In thepresence of teaching is expected to assist students in the learning process.
Disain SPWM Multilevel Inverter Satu Fasa 15 Level Dengan menggunakan Kendali Arus PLN Effendi; Rachmad Ikhsan
J-Innovation Vol. 9 No. 1 (2020): Jurnal J-Innovation
Publisher : Politeknik Aceh

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (525.576 KB) | DOI: 10.55600/jipa.v9i1.83

Abstract

The fifteen level single phase Multilevel Inverter (MLI) in this research is constructed by using three independent DC sources in form of 12, 24, and 48 Volts batteries which arranged in series where each source separated by MOSFET that used as switch and uses three diodes and furthermore connected with H-Bridge circuits which serves to reverse the direction of the electric current to producing alternating current on the resistif load. MOSFET switching circuit is designed by using Sinusoidal Pulse Width Modulation (SPWM) methode which using AC PLN current as control reference system, by using the operational amplifier component that used as comparator between the reference wave with carrier voltage from DC sources as many as sevens where use analog and digital electronic components which function to activate the gate of each MOSFET in the power circuits. By using combination of voltage arrangement battery this MLI can produce an output wave not much different from previous research that is equal to 15 levels, THD of 5.6%, and frequency of 50 Hz but the number of switches, diodes and carrier voltages used is less than previous researches.
SIMULASI SISTEM HIBRID PHOTOVOLTAIC-PLN-BATERAI PADA KINCIR AIR TAMBAK UDANG BERBASIS PLC Rachmad Ikhsan; Safwan
J-Innovation Vol. 9 No. 1 (2020): Jurnal J-Innovation
Publisher : Politeknik Aceh

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (233.371 KB) | DOI: 10.55600/jipa.v9i1.87

Abstract

At this time to turn on the waterwheel on shrimp ponds, electricity sources from PLN are used or often also use generatorsas a backup power source. So to overcome this problem, a hybrid system with an energy source from Photovoltaic (PV) -PLN-Batteries with voltage output is used to drive a waterwheel in a shrimp pond. The purpose of this study is to reducethe use of electrical energy from PLN and also generators with fuel oil which will gradually run out of energy sources. Themethod used includes PV with a power of 200Wp and an output voltage of 12V, the energy generated by the PV is receivedby the solar charge control which is stored in a 3000 mAh capacity battery. The output voltage generated from PV isdetected by the ZMPT sensor 101B (voltage sensor) which will provide input data to the PLC to be processed with amaximum voltage of 25VDC, when the battery voltage is empty, the PLC will change the input of electrical energy that wasoriginally supplied from the battery into an electrical energy input from PLN sources. The results of the system simulationare obtained that every condition that is tried can be run in accordance with expectations, namely the voltage sensor candetect each voltage signal from the three voltage inputs originating from PV, PLN and also the battery.
Traffic Light Portable Menggunakan Rf Wireless dengan Sumber Energi Solar Cell Rouhillah; Rachmad Ikhsan
J-Innovation Vol. 11 No. 1 (2022): Jurnal J-Innovation
Publisher : Politeknik Aceh

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (397.827 KB) | DOI: 10.55600/jipa.v11i1.130

Abstract

The Solar Cell Portable Traffic Light is fabricated in order to assist and facilitate the traffic during road work to avoid traffic jam and accident. It’a developed with microcontroller as the main controller, LED as the light (signal lamp), a pair of poles to wireless communication and solar panel and battery for the power source. The poles height is 3 meters, which can rovide the maximum distance about 100 meters in open are which yield comfort and safety for road users during road work.