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Pengaruh Penyiraman Air Tanah Terhadap Perubahan Sifat Kimia Tanah dan Air Gambut di Kalimantan Tengah Yulian Taruna; Salampak Salampak; Nina Yulianti; Haiki Mart Yupi; Sustiyah Sustiyah; Fahrul Indrajaya
Soilrens Vol 19, No 1 (2021)
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Padjadjaran

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24198/soilrens.v19i1.35092

Abstract

This study observed the changes in chemical properties of peat soil and ground water after irrigation of two peat types: inland and transition peat. The research was carried out in the Basic and Analytic Laboratory of Palangka Raya University. Inland peat and water samples were obtained from Palangka Raya City, meanwhile and transitional peatland was taken from Pulang Pisau Regency, Central Kalimantan Province. Research methods consisted of survey and experimental test with complete randomized design (CRD) consisted of groundwater irrigation treatment and was repeated 3 times. The experimental parameters are soil chemical properties such as Ash Content, Base Saturation (KB), Nitrogen (N), Phosphor (P), Exchangeable Potassium (K-dd), Interchangeable Sodium (Na-dd), Interchangeable Calcium (Ca-dd), Interchangeable Magnesium (Mg-dd), Cation Exchange Capacity (CEC), Aluminum Saturation, Iron (Fe), Sulfate (SO₄), Hydrogen Concentration (pH), and Electrical Delivery Power (EDP), and water chemical properties such as pH, EDP, cation, and anions.. The results showed that there has been an increase in the value of CEC, P, Na-dd, SO₄, pH, and decreased of Ash Content, N, K-dd, Ca-dd, and EDP on transitional peat soils. Meanwhile, the inland peat soils showed an increase of Ash Content, N, P, Mg-dd, a saturation of Al and Fe, and decreased in the value of CEC, Ka-dd, Na-dd, Ca-dd, SO₄, pH, and EDP. There were similar effect of groundwater irrigation, towards soil chemical properties, with an exeption of iron levels (Fe). Iron levels (Fe) in transitional peat increase, but decreased in inland peat.
PRELEMINARY ANALYSIS OF CAUSE-EFFECT ON FOREST-PEATLAND FIRES PRIOR TO 2020 IN CENTRAL KALIMANTAN Nina Yulianti; Kitso Kusin; Elvi Murni; Betrixia Barbara; Daisuke Naito; Osamu Kozan; Yusurum Jagau; Ici Piter Kulu; Fengky Florante Adji; Kurniawan Eko Susetyo
ECOTROPHIC : Jurnal Ilmu Lingkungan (Journal of Environmental Science) Vol 14 No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Master Program of Environmental Science, Postgraduate Program of Udayana University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (431.136 KB) | DOI: 10.24843/EJES.2020.v14.i01.p06

Abstract

Central Kalimantan covers an area of 157,983 km2 with more than 2,000 km2 of tropical peatlands, which is one of the buffer regions of Indonesia's new capital government city. However, the sad story is the conversion of about one million hectares from peat swamp forests (PSF) to rice fields occurred in the mid-1990s, so called the Mega Rice Project (MRP). Since then, forest and peatland fires become an annual event due to high level of degradation under the climate change symptoms such the frequent of the El Niño event. In very strong El Niño of 2015, Indonesia has returned to the world spotlight in relation to the fires and the haze crisis. The most fire prone area was recorded in the iconic Tumbang Nusa, Pulang Pisau Regency and its adjecent areas. However, the thick haze had covered almost the entire province. There are the dis-adventages impact during more than two months. Therefore, this study was to investigate what are the causes and the impacts of this disaster at the site level. This research location was focuses on three regencies and one city namely Pulang Pisau, Kapuas, Katingan and Palangka City. The method was a Focus Group Discussion (FGD) with key figures representing eight clusters of village communities. This method is also supported by statistical, hotspots and spatial data for additional analysis. The result are only two villages with very high average of hotspot and eight with high average of hotspots in Pulang Pisau and Kapuas Regency. Further, the FGDs in seven villages showed that there were three main clusters that caused forest-land fires, namely natural factors, human factors and village policy / regulation factors. The villages study that were affected by the fire in 2015 showed there were three main impacts namely on people, environment and capital. This result is a foundation of cause-effect factor for further Root Cause Analysis to find out the options for fire prevention and management in climate change mitigation efforts. Keywords: Climate Change; El-Niño; Fires; Focus Group Discussion; Peatland
STUDI KANDUNGAN C-ORGANIK, KADAR ABU, DAN BOBOT ISI GAMBUT PEDALAMAN DI KAWASAN HUTAN DENGAN TUJUAN KHUSUS (KHDTK) TUMBANG NUSA, KALIMANTAN TENGAH Nina Yulianti; Advenrikus A. Saleilei; Salampak Salampak; Fengky Florante Adji; Zafrullah Damanik; Giyanto Giyanto
Jurnal Ilmu Lingkungan Vol 16, No 1 (2022): Jurnal Ilmu Lingkungan
Publisher : Program Pascasarjana Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31258/jil.16.1.p.58-65

Abstract

Peatlands is one of carbon stocks in ecosystem. Soil carbon is stored in the peat layer and and the above ground carbon is stored in vegetation. Central Kalimantan has large area of ombrogenic peatland in Indonesia. The aim of this research was; (1) Identify C-organic content, ash content, and bulk density in several peat land uses in KHDTK Tumbang Nusa, Central Kalimantan; (2) Identify the relationship between C-Organic with ash content and bulk density of peat soil. This research was conducted in July 2020 – December 2020. Sampling of peat soil took place in the Tumbang Nusa Special Purpose Forest Area (KHDTK). The analysis of the physical and chemical properties of the soil is located in the laboratory of the Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Palangka Raya, the Laboratory of the Research and Development Center for Environment and Forestry (BP2LHK) Banjar Baru, the University Integrated Laboratory. The research was conducted using a sampling method on each different land cover, namely natural forest, burnt areas, and revegetation. Each study site made 3 profiles, then soil samples were taken at a depth of 10 cm, 20 cm, 30 cm, and 40 cm. The results of the study show the conclusions of the results of this study, namely; (1) the largest of C content is 57.83% at secondary forest and the lowest of value of the C content is 54.24% the burnt land. The highest ash content is 9.01% at revegetation area and the lowest ash content is 0.31% at secondary forest land. The highest bulk density is 0.19 g cm-3  at revegetation area and the lowest bulk density is 0.12 g cm-3 at secondary forest. C organic has an inverse relationship with ash content. Further, the relationship between C-Organic and bulk density has a inverse relationship, too.
SIFAT FISIK GAMBUT PEDALAMAN PADA LABORATORIUM ALAM HUTAN GAMBUT SEBANGAU, KALIMANTAN TENGAH Yonodius Paskalis Bay; Nina Yulianti; Suparno Suparno; Fengky Florante Adji; Zafrullah Damanik; Sustiyah Sustiyah
Jurnal Ilmu Lingkungan Vol 15, No 2 (2021): Jurnal Ilmu Lingkungan
Publisher : Program Pascasarjana Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31258/jil.15.2.p.216-233

Abstract

Indonesia has the largest peat area in the tropical zone, which estimated about 21 million ha, with a percentage of 70% of the peat area in Southeast Asia and 50% of the world's tropical peatlands. This study aims to evaluate the physical properties of soil in each layer of soil and land cover in inland peat swamp forests in LAHG in Central Kalimantan. The research used the profile method (minipit) measuring 120 cm x 120 cm. Each location is given 3 plots on 2 (two) land cover  namely forest and burnt area. The research location is in LAHG. This research was conducted in July-December 2020. Samples were analyzed at the Banjarbaru Research and Development Laboratory. The parameters observed were bulk density, moisture content, fiber content, soil color, infiltration, and hydraulic conductivity. The research data were analyzed statistically by means of regression and correlation analysis. The results showed that the study of the physical properties of inland peat soil in the forest had bulk density ranging from 0.10 to 0.15 g / cm-3, moisture content 541.18-910.00%, fiber content 8-40%, infiltration -0 , 58-29.27 ml / hour, hydraulic conductivity 2.4-66.6 cm / hour with reddish black soil color. Whereas on burnt land, bulk density ranged from 0.10 to 0.15 g / cm-3, moisture content was 500.00-916.67%, fiber content was 12-52%, infiltration was -3.19-60.99 ml. / hr, hydraulic conductivity 2.4-30.6 cm / hr with dark black soil color. The study relationship pattern shows positive and negative.
https://doi.org/10.36873/ KARAKTERISTIK SPEKTRA FTIR DAN SIFAT HIDROFOBISITAS TANAH GAMBUT PEDALAMAN PADA PENGGUNAAN LAHAN YANG BERBEDA DI KABUPATEN PULANG PISAU: FTIR Spectrum and Hydrophobicity Characteristic of Inland Peat soil with different land use from Pulang Pisau Zafrullah Damanik; Fengky Florante Adjie; Nina Yulianti; Melhanah Melhanah; Sustiyah Sustiyah; Y Sulistiyanto; T Sigalingging
AgriPeat Vol. 22 No. 2 (2021): JURNAL AGRIPEAT VOL. 22 NO. 2, SEPTEMBER 2021
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Palangka Raya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

The irreversible drying indicated by the hydrophobic characteristic is one of the characteristics of peat which can be used to indicate the level of peatland degradation. Hydrophobic peat usually occurs as a result of fire or intensive drought which is mainly caused by peat land conversion. The objective of this research is to study the effect of land use on peat hydrophobicity, based on FTIR spectra and water penetration drop time. The result show that hydrophobicity characteristics of peat is influence by land use differences. The abandoned or scrub land has higher hydrophobic characteristic which indicated by slow water penetration time and the higher hydrophobic index based on the FTIR method, compared with rubber and palm oil plantation. Organic compounds that appear and cause peat to become hydrophobic include carboxyl, hydroxyl phenolic groups, and high lignin content.
Kajian C-Organik Gambut Pedalaman pada Berbagai Tutupan Lahan Alpandi Edison Pardede; Nina Yulianti; Akhmat Sajarwan; Sustiyah; Fengky Florante Adji
Jurnal Penelitian UPR Vol. 1 No. 2 (2021): Jurnal Penelitian UPR: Kaharati
Publisher : LPPM Universitas Palangka Raya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (803.841 KB) | DOI: 10.52850/jptupr.v1i2.4090

Abstract

The study aims to identify the C-organic content of inland peat in various land cover and soil layer depths. This study uses plot sampling methods with the creation of minipits on 4 (four) types of land cover. In each type of land cover, there are 3 (three) plot sampling, so the total plot sampling is 12 fields. Soil sampling is carried out at depths of 0-10 cm, 10-20 cm, 20-30 cm, 30-40 cm, and 40-50 cm. The research site is in the Special Purpose Forest Area (KHDTK) of Nusa Natural Laboratory and Peat Forest (LAHG) Sebangau. The study was conducted from June to August 2021. Soil samples are analyzed at the UPT Laboratory. LLG-Cimtrop and UPT. Integrated Laboratory, Palangka Raya University. The parameters observed are C-organic, Ash content, Moisture content, Water content, and Fiber content. The data of the study results are analyzed statistically with regression and correlation analysis. The results showed that the land cover that has the highest C-organic content is land revegetation (RePeat) at a depth of 40-50 cm with a C-organic value of 57.81% and the lowest C-organic content in natural forest cover at a depth of 30-40 cm with a C-organic value of 52.2%. The highest ash content is in natural forest cover at a depth of 30-40 cm with an ash content value of 3.18% and the lowest ash content in land cover revegetation (RePeat) at a depth of 40-50 cm with an ash level value of 0.08%. The highest water content is in the revegetation of land cover (RePeat) at a depth of 40-50 cm with a water content value of 318.97% and the lowest water content in the burned land cover at a depth of 0-10 cm with a water content value of 92.56%.
Pembaharuan Kajian Sifat Fisik Lapisan Acrotelm dan Catotelm Beberapa Tutupan Lahan Gambut Pedalaman di Kalimantan Tengah Bachtiar Sitinjak; Nina Yulianti; Zafrullah Damanik; Fengky F. Adji
Jurnal Kaharati Vol. 2 No. 1 (2022): Jurnal Penelitian UPR
Publisher : LPPM Universitas Palangka Raya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (712.417 KB) | DOI: 10.52850/jptupr.v2i1.4263

Abstract

The purpose of this research was to determine the profile and physical properties of the soil layers of acrotelm and catotelm on 4 (four) inland peatland covers. This research was conducted in June – August 2021. Each research site was assigned 3 plots of minipeat for each land cover namely natural forest, secondary forest, repeat and degraded forest. The research location is in the Laboratory of Natural Peat Forest (LAHG) Sebangau and Special Purpose Forest Area (KHDTK) Tumbang Nusa. Peat samples were analyzed in the Laboratory of UPT LLG-CIMTROP and Laboratory of Agronomy Department, University of Palangka Raya. The data were analyzed using descriptive analysis. The results showed that the physical properties at the KHDTK Tumbang Nusa has an average level of hemic and sapric maturity with dark reddish brown and very dusky red; the average bulk density was 0.19 g cm-3 of the acrotelm and 0.16 g cm-3 of the catotelm; water content of 418.49% of acrotelm and 595.78% of catotelm; the porosity of the acrotelm is 73.64% and 76.92% of the catotelm; fiber content of acrotelm 24.18% and 16.49% of catotelm. The research location of LAHG Sebangau has an average level of hemic and sapric maturity with reddish black color; the average bulk density was 0.11 g cm-3 of the acrotelm and 0.12 g cm-3 of the catotelm; water content 577,23% of acrotelm and 665,36% of catotelm ; porosity of 81.51% of acrotelm and 83.08% of catotelm; fiber content 37.87% of acrotelm and 25.60% of catotelm.
STUDI POTENSI TANAMAN BIOFARMACA DI KAWASAN IUPHKm “HANDAK MAJU” DESA TUMBANG NUSA, KECAMATAN JABIREN RAYA, KABUPATEN PULANG PISAU, PROVINSI KALIMANTAN TENGAH: Potential Study of Medicinal Plants in the IUPHKm “Handak Maju” Area at Tumbang Nusa Village, Jabiren Raya Sub-district, Pulang Pisau Regency, Central Kalimantan Province Fengky Florante Adji; Nina Yulianti; Untung Darung; Oesin Oemar; Sustiyah Sustiyah; Yosep Yosep; Renhart Jemi; Putra S.A.H.AR; Hendrik Segah; Meilantina Meilantina; Munier M.T; Talulembang P
AgriPeat Vol. 24 No. 2 (2023): JURNAL AGRIPEAT
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Palangka Raya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36873/agp.v24i2.10539

Abstract

Peatland is a specific ecosystem that is always waterlogged and has multiple functions, including economic, hydrological, environmental, cultural, and biodiversity functions. Existing peatlands, especially in Central Kalimantan, have great biodiversity potential. This potential provides benefits for people living in peat areas. This diversity of biodiversity has the potential of medicinal plants that have not been maximally explored. Therefore, through this activity, data will be obtained regarding the types and potential of medicinal plants in inland peat areas, which will facilitate their management. This research activity was carried out in the “Handak Maju” IUPHKm area for 3 (three) months, from July – September 2022. The implementation method is carried out through survey activities and field observations and carrying out of the Focus Group Discussions, as well as related literature studies. Based on the results of the survey conducted, it was found that several types of medicinal plants have the potential to be developed and preserved. According to Zuhud (1991) that medicinal plants are plants whose plant parts (leaves, stems or roots) have medicinal properties and are used as raw materials in the manufacture of modern and traditional medicines. It was further revealed that, medicinal plants are still not widely cultivated. However, the advantages of treatment using traditional medicinal plant ingredients are generally considered safer than the use of modern medicine. This is because traditional medicine has relatively fewer side effects than modern medicine.