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Determinants of Unemployment in the Large and Medium Industrial Sector in Indonesia Tarmizi Zulkifli Abdurachman; Sofyan Syahnur; Putri Bintusy Syathi
International Journal of Global Operations Research Vol 2, No 3 (2021)
Publisher : iora

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.47194/ijgor.v2i3.113

Abstract

As a country with the second-highest unemployment rate, Indonesian policymakers should worry about this condition. Based on the macroeconomic perspective, unemployment is affected by the firms' labour demand. It highlights that the firm's profit or loss highly determines the labour force demand. Using the Fixed Effect Model, this study results show that the labour force significantly affects industrial output, and the changes of industrial output highly increase the labour demand in the market. However, foreign and domestic capital neither significantly reduce unemployment rate in Indonesia nor stimulate the large and medium industries to absorb labour in the market. The Government should utilize foreign and domestic capital efficiently as possible to reduce unemployment rate.
BLOCK GRANT (DAU) AND POVERTY ALLEVIATION IN INDONESIA Putri Bintusy Syathi; Fitriyani Fitriyani; Ermawati Ernawati
Jurnal Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Publik Indonesia Vol 7, No 1 (2020): Mei 2020
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24815/ekapi.v7i1.17353

Abstract

AbstractDana Alokasi Umum (DAU) is the block grant allocated by central government to fill in the Fiscal gap as Indonesia implementing decentralization. The local government as mandated in the decentralization act can implement development program with the fund. Therefore, the fund can improve local economic activities and alleviate poverty in general. This study exercise econometrics model of regression to investigate the relationship between the DAU and poverty alleviation in Indonesia during 2000 to 2018. The result show that the fund only help to reduce poverty in lag time. Therefore, it implies the local government depend on the fund to activate the program in the region.
Social Security and Income of Vulnerable Workers during Pandemic COVID-19 in Aceh Cut Zakia Rizki; Putri Bintusy Syathi; Fitriyani Fitriyani
Proceedings of AICS - Social Sciences Vol 11 (2021): the 11th AIC on Social Sciences, Syiah Kuala University
Publisher : Proceedings of AICS - Social Sciences

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

The pandemic has increased the number of vulnerable workers who are suffering from the pandemic. Vulnerable workers are workers who are sensitive to economic shocks. Since March 2020, restrictions on community activities have resulted in sluggish economic activity. There are some reductions in the fields of production, distribution, and consumption. The decrease in total production has an impact on the decrease in the number of production factors used, especially labor, both directly related workers and workers who are involved in the distribution or marketing process. These workers are very vulnerable to losing their jobs and affecting family acceptance. Therefore, this study investigates the compensation benefits received by vulnerable workers in the formal and informal sectors in Aceh Province affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. This study uses primary data obtained by interviews and questionnaires and also uses secondary data from related agencies. The method used in this research is descriptive qualitative which describes and analyzes a result by making a systematic, factual, and accurate description, picture, or painting about the facts, characteristics, and relationships between the phenomena investigated. The results of the field survey show that assistance programs aimed at reducing the impact of the pandemic are carried out at all levels of government, both central and local governments. These types of assistance are necessary to be implemented to reduce the impact of the pandemic. The aids are including Cash Social Assistance (BST) at the central government level and Social Security Program (JPS) from the Aceh Government sourced from the Aceh Revenue and Expenditure Budget (APBA).Keywords: Social Security, Social Assistance, Vulnerable Workers, Covid-19.
PERAN PEMERINTAH TERHADAP PENGEMBANGAN INDUSTRI KREATIF SEKTOR PARIWISATA (STUDI KASUS : KABUPATEN ACEH TENGAH) Muliadi Muliadi; Putri Bintusy Syathi
Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Ekonomi Pembangunan Vol 5, No 1 (2020): Februari 2020
Publisher : Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis UNSYIAH

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24815/jimekp.v5i1.15175

Abstract

AbstractCentral Aceh has a large tourism potential but has not been utilized optimally. Therefore, thisstudy aims to examine the role of government in encouraging the development of creativeindustry tourism sector in central Aceh district. The data used in this research is the primarydata obtained through a live interview using a questionnaire. Total samples in this study as muchas 11 crafts souvenir business units. The results showed that the government has made severalefforts such as providing assistance, ease in business license management, provide professionalbusiness mentor, provide mentoring and also provide promotional facilities through the mediaElectronic and print media. Nevertheless, the confirmation from the entrepreneur is notappropriate. Therefore, there needs to be socialization from the government for creative industryentrepreneurs to make the results more maximal.Keywords: Tourism, Creative Industries, Government Policy.
ANALISIS MODEL PEMBIAYAAN INFRASTRUKTUR DI INDONESIA Oktovianus Yesnat; Putri Bintusy Syathi
Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Ekonomi Pembangunan Vol 7, No 1 (2022): FEBRUARI 2022
Publisher : Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis UNSYIAH

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24815/jimekp.v7i1.20496

Abstract

Abstract Infrastructure is a basic service or a form of hard and soft instruments used to serve and support a network structure in promoting economic and social growth of the community. Meanwhile, infrastructure procurement is a design activity in building and adding conditions as well as implementation and maintenance in order to advance the benefits of infrastructure. In financing infrastructure, the government has a budget shortfall, causing a funding gap. In this study, the aim is to analyze the appropriate model used in financing infrastructure in Indonesia. The method used in this study is a qualitative descriptive method. This method is used to determine the appropriate model used in overcoming the funding gap in infrastructure. The results of the study show that infrastructure financing in Indonesia is very good using the government-business partnership model (PPP), so the government is advised to use PPPs in infrastructure procurement in Indonesia. because in a PPP all accumulated risks can be borne by the government and the private sector and through a PPP the private party can be involved in infrastructure development starting from procurement, financing, to infrastructure maintenance because the private sector has the financial capability and good project management and has qualified human resources and technology. in infrastructure. So that the government is expected to implement regulations regarding the involvement of the private sector in creative financing and local governments are expected to be able to take advantage of regional autonomy.Keywords: Funding Gap, Qualitative Descriptive, Government and Business Entity Cooperation, Creative Financing.
Tax Reform Effect on Local Tax Buoyancy in Indonesia Riyath Iskandar; Srinita Srinita; Putri Bintusy Syathi
International Journal of Quantitative Research and Modeling Vol 2, No 4 (2021)
Publisher : Research Collaboration Community (RCC)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.46336/ijqrm.v2i4.193

Abstract

This study analyzes local tax efforts through the buoyancy rate method in 423 regions consisting of 341 Regency Governments and 82 City Governments in Indonesia for the period 2007 to 2019, using the panel data regression method with a fixed effect model. The research shows that changes in regional taxation policies with Law of Republic Indonesia Number 28 year 2009 concerning Local Taxes and Charges have a positive impact on efforts to collect Local Taxes with a significant increase in the value of the regional tax buoyancy rate. The value of the local tax buoyancy rate obtained is higher for the City Government than for the Regency Government, so it is necessary to adjust regional tax policies consistently to overcome the inequality of income realization that occurs between the Regency and City Governments in order to increase regional fiscal independence.
Transmission of Special Autonomic Funds in the Economy through Mediation Variables Sri Wulan Wijayanti; Abd. Jamal; Putri Bintusy Syathi
International Journal of Quantitative Research and Modeling Vol 2, No 3 (2021)
Publisher : Research Collaboration Community (RCC)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.46336/ijqrm.v2i3.174

Abstract

This study analyzes the effect of special autonomy funds on physical infrastructure, education, health, and poverty as well as its effect on economic growth in Aceh Province. The effect seen is the direct or indirect effect that occurs between the realization of special autonomy funds on economic growth in Aceh Province. The physical infrastructure variables represented by the length of the road, education represented by the average length of schooling, health represented by life expectancy, and poverty represented by the percentage of poor population were intervening variables. The intervening variable is a variable that is considered capable of mediating between the independent variables and the dependent variable. The analysis model used in this study is path analysis so as to be able to see the direct and indirect effects of an independent variable on the dependent variable. The results found in this study are the realization of special autonomy funds has a direct effect on economic growth. While the indirect effect is given by the variable realization of special autonomy funds on economic growth through the length of the road, life expectancy, and the percentage of poor people. The variable of average length of schooling does not have an indirect effect between the realization of special autonomy funds on the economic growth of Aceh Province.
Typological Analysis and Development of District Area Based on Potential Sectors in Pasaman Regency, West Sumatera Province, Indonesia Deop Darius; Abd Jamal; Putri Bintusy Syathi
International Journal of Business, Economics, and Social Development Vol 2, No 4 (2021)
Publisher : Research Collaboration Community (RCC)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.46336/ijbesd.v2i4.163

Abstract

The decentralization of Indonesia allowed the development in the regency level to improve to the highest level. However, the impact can only be maximized by utilizing the potential economy embodied in the regent. This study investigates the development of the Pasaman Regency by analyzing the potential sector and the stage development of the sector. Therefore, this study uses mixed research methods with explorative approaches and uses Contribution Sectors Analysis, Location Quotient Analysis model, Shift Share Analysis model, and Klassen typological analysis model, The data used is the Gross Regional Domestic Product (GRDP) of Pasaman Regency and West Sumatra Province in the period 2010 until 2019 and data on the production of the Pasaman Regency base sector in each district in 2015-2019. The result showed that the agricultural, fisheries, and forestry sectors have the largest contribution to the GRDP of Pasaman Regency which is 55.51%, then the sector that belongs to the base sector with the value of LQ>1, namely the agricultural, fisheries, and forestry sectors. The sectors that experienced a net change or shift and had a positive value and the highest level of excellence were the agricultural, fisheries, and forestry sectors of 10,718,410,000. Klassen Typology Analysis is based on the base sector, namely the agricultural, fisheries, and forestry sectors with the largest contribution to the fisheries sector so that the grouping of regions using fisheries data with the results of Panti and South Rao Districts is classified as advanced areas and Lubuk Sikaping and Mapat Tunggul Selatan districts are classified as lagging areas. There is a shift in territory caused by land transfer, changes in the profession, and accessibility. The development of district areas in Pasaman Regency through the fishery sector in the form of fish cultivation, fish feed factories, and fish processing industries is expected to improve the welfare of the community, especially sub-districts that are not classified as developed areas so that the trickle-down effect and the realization of equitable distribution
Analysis of Short and Long Term Effect on Government Expenditure Realization and Income Disparity Toward Poverty in Aceh Province, Indonesia Mirza Zuhri; Abd. Jamal; Putri Bintusy Syathi
International Journal of Business, Economics, and Social Development Vol 3, No 2 (2022)
Publisher : Research Collaboration Community (RCC)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.46336/ijbesd.v3i2.278

Abstract

Implementing the Regional Revenue and Expenditure Budget (APBD) policy and at the same time reducing income disparity is a tangible manifestation and success of local governments to keep poverty level low. This study focuses on the analyzing short-term and long-term effects of variables government expenditure realization and income disparity toward poverty in Aceh Province, Indonesia during 2010-2019 period using Auto Regressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) approach. It is found that both independent variables have no significant effect on short term but have significant effect on long term. Government expenditure realization is found significant at error level 1% while income disparity is found significant at error level 5% toward poverty in long term. Also both government expenditure realization and income disparity is found to have positive effect toward poverty in long term. Based on these findings it is hoped the policy maker will able to formulate a strategic plan to reduce poverty rate in Aceh Province, Indonesia.
ANALYSIS OF GOVERNMENT BUDGET IN ISLAMIC VIEW : CASE OF ACEH GOVERNMENT BUDGET Putri Bintusy Syathi; Abdul Ghafar Ismail
Share: Jurnal Ekonomi dan Keuangan Islam Vol 4, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Faculty of Islamic Economics and Business, Universitas Islam Negeri Ar-Raniry

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (694.957 KB) | DOI: 10.22373/share.v4i1.727

Abstract

Aceh province has a special right to implement Sharia principles throughout the area (Law Number 11/2006) though Indonesia is not an Islam country. Among the Sharia laws implementation, government budget was one of the first to be carried out in the province. It was showed up as Zakat post in the APBD (local government budget). The issue is whether putting in the Zakat post was enough to demonstrate an Islamic based budget as well as the transparence of zakat disbursement. Therefore, this paper trying to analyze the existing budget based on Sharia principles (Islamic Law) as explained by Chaudhry (1999) and Kahf (1997) The provincial budget needs improvement to be more sharia compliance. Fulfilling the Sharia criterion consequently will improve the accountability, transparency and the fairness of the budget toward people needs and development enhancing. =========================================== Aceh adalah provinsi yang memiliki hak khusus dalam mengimplementasikan prinsip- prinsip syariah dalam wilayahnya (Undang- Undang no.11 tahun 2006) walaupun Indonesia bukanlah suatu negara Islam. Diantara implementasi hukum syariah, anggaran pemerintah adalah satu hal yang pertama yang dikelola dalam provinsi ini. Hal ini muncul pada pos zakat pada APBD (Anggaranan Pengeluaran dan Belanja Daerah). Masalahnya adalah apakah penempatan dana Zakat sudah cukup untuk menunjukkan sebagai anggaran yang berbasis Islam serta transparansi dalam penyaluran zakat. Untuk itu paper ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis anggara yang ada berdasarkan prinsip- prinsip syariah (Hukum Islam) seperti yang telah dijelaskan oleh Chaudury (1999) dan Kahf (1997). Anggaran provinsi perlu perbaikan agar lebih patuh syariah. Dengan terpenuhinya kriteria syariah maka akan meningkatkan akuntabilitas, transparansi, dan keadilan dalam anggaran terhadap kebutuhan masyarakat dan meningkatkan pembangunan.