Ardiana Priharwanti
Program Studi Kesehatan Masyarakar, Fakultas Ilmu Kesehatan, Universitas Pekalongan

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Problems Focused Coping Penderita HIV Positif Priharwanti, Ardiana; Budi Raharjo, Bambang
Public Health Perspective Journal Vol 2, No 2 (2017): August 2017
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

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Abstract

HIV / AIDS merupakan masalah besar dan baru-baru ini menarik untuk diangkat sebagai penelitian psikososial, terutama pada subyek yang beresiko tinggi.  Sejumlah kasus sindrom kejiwaan telah diidentifikasi dalam kaitannya dengan infeksi HIV Penderita HIV cenderung menggunakan mekanisme koping yang maladaptive dalam menyelesaikan masalah yang dihadapinya. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian kualitatif di Kabupaten Batang yang difokuskan pada problems focused coping penderita HIV Positif. Informan awal ditentukan dengan teknik purposive sampling, selanjutnya ditentukan dengan teknik snowball sampling. Metode pegumpulan data diperoleh melalui wawancara mendalam (indepth interview) terhadap 5 informan utama penderita HIV positif, teman sebaya, keluarga penderita dan 3 informan triangulasi yang terdiri dari KPA Batang, Manajerkasus FKPB, dan pendamping HIV positif.Selain permasalahan menurunnya kesehatan fisik sebagai stressor pertama, penderita HIV Positif dihadapkan pada permasalahan stigma di masyarakat yang cenderung menyebabkan penderita melakukan koping strategi salah satunya adalah problems focused coping.HIV / AIDS is a big problem and recently has become an interesting topic for psycho-social study, especially for high-risk subjects. A number of psychiatric syndromes cases have been identified in relation to HIV infection. The complexity of the problems faced by people with HIV can lead to the lower quality of life. People with HIV tend to use maladaptive coping strategies to solve their problems.This study is a qualitative study in Batang District with a focus on problems focused coping of people with HIV. Initial informant was determined using purposive sampling, then further informants were determined using snowball sampling technique. The data were collected using an in-depth interview to 5 key informants (people with HIV), peers, family and three triangulation informants consisting of AIDS Control Commission of Batang, FKPB case manager, and HIV patient companion. In addition to a decline in physical health problems as the main stressor, HIV people are faced with the problems of a stigma that causes them to form coping strategiesone of which is focused coping problems.
PENANGANAN COVID-19 DALAM PERSPEKTIF PENTAHELIX (STUDI KASUS DI KOTA PEKALONGAN) Latif, Rr. Vita Nur; Isrofah, Isrofah; Priharwanti, Ardiana
JURNAL LITBANG KOTA PEKALONGAN Vol 19 (2020)
Publisher : BAPPEDA Kota Pekalongan

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Abstract

The development of the pandemic in Pekalongan from the beginning of March 2020 to today is a total of 69 confirmed positive cases, with details: 8 people were treated, 12 people were isolated independently, 35 people recovered, 7 people died. To be able to reduce the prevalence rate of cases which continues to show a significant increase, a synergistic control scenario is needed with the optimization of the role of the pentahelix (government, society, academia, private sector, health service providers). Methods. This study used an exploratory research design with a qualitative approach. The research subjects which contained elements of the pentahelix (government, society, academics, private sector, health service providers). Result. Based on the research findings on the role and optimization of pentahelix, all elements of pentahelix (government, academics, society, media and the private sector) have all taken roles even though there are several implementation obstacles in the field, especially in the profile and level of community compliance, particularly in public facilities such as traditional markets, pilgrimages. sapuro, religious activities and others. Keywords: Pentahelix, Covid-19
SELF EFFICACY PELAKU BUANG AIR BESAR SEMBARANGAN DI KOTA PEKALONGAN (MODEL REKAYASA PERILAKU DAN JAMBAN TRIPIKON SEBAGAI LANGKAH PERCEPATAN PENCAPAIAN 100% ODF DI KOTA PEKALONGAN) Nurlatif, Rr. Vita; Priharwanti, Ardiana; Maulana, Jaya
JURNAL LITBANG KOTA PEKALONGAN Vol 17 (2019)
Publisher : BAPPEDA Kota Pekalongan

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Pekalongan City targets in 2019 all villages with ODF status, so that Pekalongan City can be achieved 100% of open defecation. This strategic step must continue to be pursued, considering that as of March 2019 there were still 14 villages that had not yet reached 100% ODF, namely: Kelurahan Tirto, Pringrejo, Pasirkratonkramat, Kalibaros, Setono, Gamer, Panjang Baru, Panjang Wetan, Padukuhan Kraton, Bandengan, Krapyak, Degayu, Jenggot and Sokoduwet (Dinas Kesehatan, 2019). BABS behavior and unreachable pillars of STBM have an impact on the high increase in cases of environmental-based diseases. The results of Restu Prasetyo, et al., 2017 in the Indonesian Population journal found that 1 in 25 children under five suffer from diarrhea each year. This research method uses qualitative design with in-depth interviews with key informants and triangulation totaling 28 people consisting of village heads and BABS actors at the research locus. Data collection is done by in-depth interviews and observations. Data processing uses the stages of reduction, narrative building and pattern matching. The results of the mapping of the causes of the problem of not achieving 100% ODF at 14 loci due to 4 aspects (environment, behavior, and health services), in addition the results of the study found two approaches to the acceleration of 100% ODF through behavioral engineerin g and the application of Tripikon WC in areas with tidal conditions. Conclusion 1. The causes of BABS (defecation) in Pekalongan City are three things seen from the environmental aspect (tidal conditions, settlements close to streams or rice fields / gardens), behavior (the perpetrators are not accustomed to using the family toilet) and also services health (there is still no massive BABS stop campaign, and there is no elaboration from other agencies related to the achievement of ODF in Pekalongan City), 2. Two models are formulated, namely the behavioral engineering model and Tripikon toilet to accelerate 100% ODF in Pekalongan City. Suggestions for adopting behavioral engineering models and the application of Tripikon WC in rob affected areas require close collaboration and synergy (Government, Community, Higher Education, and Private) to implement them. Keyword: Model, behavioral engineering, tripikon toilet, ODF
STRATEGI PROMOSI KESEHATAN DALAM UPAYA PENURUNAN ANGKA KEMATIAN IBU (AKI) DI KOTA PEKALONGAN Priharwanti, Ardiana; Fitriani, Eka; Baiti, Nurul
JURNAL LITBANG KOTA PEKALONGAN Vol 13 (2017)
Publisher : BAPPEDA Kota Pekalongan

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Abstract

Angka kematian ibu merupakan salah satu permasalahan kesehatan di Indonesia. Kasus kematian Ibu di Kota Pekalongan pada rentang tahun 2012 – 2016 cenderung meningkat. Laporan tahunan program kesehatan Ibu Dinas Kesehatan Kota Pekalongan tahun 2016 menunjukkan bahwa jumlah kematian Ibu lima tahun terakhir yaitu 37 kasus, 5 kasus pada 2012, 6 kasus berturut- turut pada 2013 – 2015 dan 8 kasus pada 2016. Sedangkan pada awal tahun 2017 sudah terdapat kasus kematian ibu sebanyak 2 kasus. Penelitian ini mengkaji secara mendalam strategi promosi kesehatan dalam upaya penurunan AKI di Kota Pekalongan. Metode yang digunakan adalah studi kualitatif. Kasus kematian ibu di Kota Pekalongan disebabkan oleh banyak faktor meliputi tingkat pengetahuan ibu yang kurang, layanan kesehatan dan faktor budaya. Strategi promkes untuk menurunkan AKI di Kota Pekalongan adalah melalui strategi ABG (Advokasi, bina suasana dan pemberdayaan masyarakat) melalui penguatan koordinasi lintas sektor baik pemerintah terkait, bina suasana dengan tokoh masyarakat, kader, dan masyarakat. Penguatan jaringan informasi melalui teknologi untuk memantau keadaan Ibu hamil, pendampingan oleh institusi perguruan tunggi yaitu Gerakan Kampus Mengawal Generasi., dan mengaplikasikan salah satu pilar dari Safe Motherhood yaitu Keluarga Berencana melalui penguatan kampung KB.
KAJIAN KANDUNGAN BAHAN TAMBAHAN PANGAN BERBAHAYA 2018– 2019 SE-KOTA PEKALONGAN DAN IMPLEMENTASI PERDA KOTA PEKALONGAN NOMOR 07 TAHUN 2013 Sujarwo, Sujarwo; Latif, Rr. Vita Nur; Priharwanti, Ardiana
JURNAL LITBANG KOTA PEKALONGAN Vol 19 (2020)
Publisher : BAPPEDA Kota Pekalongan

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Supervision of food safety in Pekalongan City in 2010-2012 shows 6.27% of food contains hazardous food additives. Pekalongan City Government policies related to food safety are contained in Pekalongan City Regional Regulation Number 7 of 2013, but their implementation has not been studied. The research objective was to further identify types of food co ntaining dangerous hazardous food additives, to further identify the implementation of Pekalongan City Regulation No. 07 of 2013, and further identify the knowledge and attitudes of food producers in Pekalongan City. This research design is a combination of quantitative and qualitative studies. The results of the research further identified that the types of food that were most often found to contain hazardous food additives were dangerous for the types of preservatives (formalin and borax), namely meatball, indi and cilok types of food; yellow noodles; and terinasi (teri Medan); and otak-otak, while the dangerous hazardous food additives types of dye (Rhodamin B and Methanil Yellow) are Krupukuseg red colored; powdered seasoning; krupuk useg yellow colored; and pudding. Pekalongan City Regulation No.7 of 2013 concerning the Prohibition of the Use of Hazardous hazardous food additives, has been well implemented, but not optimal. Some of the knowledge and attitudes of producers in Pekalongan City already know about food safety. Keywords: Hazardous food additives, food safety, local regulations