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Comparison distortion in the mandible skull using panoramic digital radiograpy and Cone Beam Computed Tomography Manja, Cek Dara
Padjadjaran Journal of Dentistry Vol 28, No 1 (2016): March
Publisher : Faculty of Dentistry Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (796.716 KB) | DOI: 10.24198/pjd.vol28no1.13512

Abstract

Panoramic radiography is widely used as a tool supporting the diagnosis in dental practice. Currently the technology has evolved with the presence of radiographic imaging such as Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) that displays a three-dimensional picture. The purpose of this study was to determine large distortions that occur several regio in the mandible using digital panoramic radiographs and CBCT. Method experimental The research on one of the skull laboratories fitted staples vertically and horizontally in alveolar regions 31, 33, 35, 37, 41, 43, 45, 47, and then measured the length of the staples using the term digital. Furthermore, digital panoramic radiography performed with position 00, +50, +100, -50, -100 and CBCT radiography with 00 positions. Measurement description of radiopaque vertical and horizontal lines on digital panoramic radiographs and CBCT are computerized using the EZ software measurement menu. Calculating percentage distortion radiopaque overview of vertical and horizontal lines on digital panoramic radiographs and CBCT of the mandible by doing a comparison of the actual size of the skull. The results obtained on the percentage of minimal distortion of digital panoramic radiographs vertically was in the 31 region positioned +50at 0,23%, in the 33 region positioned 00at 5,99%, in the 35 region positioned -100at -6,33%, in the 37 region positioned +100at -1,46%, in the 41 region positioned -50at 0,46%, in the 43 region positioned 00at 0,52%, in the 45 region positioned +100at -0,45%, in the 47 region positioned +100at -4,76%. The percentage of minimal distortion of digital panoramic radiographs horizontally all of region was positioned 00. The percentage of minimal distortion of  CBCT all of region was positioned 00 and different on each mandible alveolar region. The conclusion of this study is average distortion that occurs in the mandible using CBCT is more less than digital panoramic radiographs. That is mean CBCT more accurate than digital panoramic radiographs.
Health improvement through the teeth and oral health awareness and care of teeth and mouth in children for Panti Guna SLB Melati Aisyiyah Desa Bandar Khalifah Kartia, Dewi Kartika; Boel, Trelia; Manja, Cek Dara; Nainggolan, Lidya Irani; Batubara, Fitri Yunita
ABDIMAS TALENTA: Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat Vol. 5 No. 1 (2020): ABDIMAS TALENTA : Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat
Publisher : Talenta Publisher

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (669.299 KB) | DOI: 10.32734/abdimastalenta.v5i1.3733

Abstract

Health is very important to always pay attention to. Healthy behavior can affect the health of everybody. Dental and oral health is a part of general health, and to keep teeth and mouth healthy can be done with the right techniques and ways to brush teeth. Based on Basic Health Research, dental and oral diseases still occur in North Sumatra province, both urban and rural. Therefore, through the Community Service Institution at USU, a community service activity was carried out under the title Improvement of Dental and Mouth Health through the Counseling for Dental and Oral Health Care for Children of Melati Aisyiah SLB Orphanage Homes in Bandar Khalifah. This activity is based on the need to maintain oral health from an early age so that good behavior in maintaining health can be accustomed from childhood. In addition, there are only a few orphanage children who realize correctly the importance of dental health for general health. Counseling on the maintenance of dental and oral health in children of the SLB Melati Aisyiyah Orphanage, Bandar Khalifah can provide a deep understanding of the importance of maintaining oral health by brushing teeth early on.
Posisi Foramen Mentalis Pada Mahasiswa Suku Batak Ditinjau Dari Radiografi Panoramik di FKG USU Manja, Cek Dara; Makkelo, Malfi Tunruan
B-Dent: Jurnal Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Baiturrahmah Volume 2, Nomor 2, Desember 2015
Publisher : Universitas Baiturrahmah

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (77.05 KB) | DOI: 10.33854/JBDjbd.7

Abstract

The position of mental foramen is difficult to determine clinically. However, it can be seen using radiography. The position is generally located below mandibular second premolars, but these positions may vary in each individual. This study aims to know the position of the mental foramen on Bataknese students seen from panoramic radiography in Faculty of Dentistry USU. This research was descriptive with sample of 38 Bataknese students in Faculty of Dentistry USU aged 20-25 years old. The sample taken with purposive sampling methode. The research was conducted in Radiology Department, Faculty of Dentistry USU. The results of research showed that the position of mental foramen on Bataknese students varied, located between the anterior premolars one to first molar mesiobuccal root line. The conclution of this study is the position of the mental foramen on the Bataknese students at faculty of dentistry USU were lysed with second premolar root is equal to 42,1%.
Comparison distortion in the mandible skull using panoramic digital radiograpy and Cone Beam Computed Tomography Cek Dara Manja
Padjadjaran Journal of Dentistry Vol 28, No 1 (2016): March 2016
Publisher : Faculty of Dentistry Universitas Padjadjaran

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (796.716 KB) | DOI: 10.24198/pjd.vol28no1.13512

Abstract

Panoramic radiography is widely used as a tool supporting the diagnosis in dental practice. Currently the technology has evolved with the presence of radiographic imaging such as Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) that displays a three-dimensional picture. The purpose of this study was to determine large distortions that occur several regio in the mandible using digital panoramic radiographs and CBCT. Method experimental The research on one of the skull laboratories fitted staples vertically and horizontally in alveolar regions 31, 33, 35, 37, 41, 43, 45, 47, and then measured the length of the staples using the term digital. Furthermore, digital panoramic radiography performed with position 00, +50, +100, -50, -100 and CBCT radiography with 00 positions. Measurement description of radiopaque vertical and horizontal lines on digital panoramic radiographs and CBCT are computerized using the EZ software measurement menu. Calculating percentage distortion radiopaque overview of vertical and horizontal lines on digital panoramic radiographs and CBCT of the mandible by doing a comparison of the actual size of the skull. The results obtained on the percentage of minimal distortion of digital panoramic radiographs vertically was in the 31 region positioned +50at 0,23%, in the 33 region positioned 00at 5,99%, in the 35 region positioned -100at -6,33%, in the 37 region positioned +100at -1,46%, in the 41 region positioned -50at 0,46%, in the 43 region positioned 00at 0,52%, in the 45 region positioned +100at -0,45%, in the 47 region positioned +100at -4,76%. The percentage of minimal distortion of digital panoramic radiographs horizontally all of region was positioned 00. The percentage of minimal distortion of  CBCT all of region was positioned 00 and different on each mandible alveolar region. The conclusion of this study is average distortion that occurs in the mandible using CBCT is more less than digital panoramic radiographs. That is mean CBCT more accurate than digital panoramic radiographs.
THE EVALUATION OF CONVENTIONAL AND DIGITAL RADIOGRAPH FOR RADIOPACITY ASSESSMENT OF RESTORATIVE MATERIALS: -EVALUASI RADIOGRAF KONVENSIONAL DAN DIGITAL DALAM MENILAI RADIOPASITAS BAHAN RESTORASI Manja, Cek Dara; Harahap, Kholidina Imanda
Dentika: Dental Journal Vol. 21 No. 2 (2018): Dentika Dental Journal
Publisher : TALENTA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (318.717 KB) | DOI: 10.32734/dentika.v21i2.476

Abstract

Radiopacity is an important characteristic for restorative materials as dentists have got different abilities in interpreting a lesion or caries in a radiograph. The enforcement of secondary caries diagnosis is a challenge for dentists because they often mistake the diagnosis for restorative materials with low radiopacity. This study aims to determine the differences in the average radiopacity values of certain restorative materials by using conventional and digital radiographs. Moreover, to know the right types of radiographs in distinguishing between radiopacity of certain restorative materials and radiodensity of secondary caries. This is an analytical descriptive study with cross sectional design. The sample was divided into 10 groups of 6, which is dental radiograph filled with glass ionomer cement, resin modified glass ionomer cement, nanofiller and micro hybrid composites as well as teeth with secondary caries which were obtained from conventional and digital radiographs. Next, conventional and digital radiographs were interpreted by observations of 5 dental specialists in which measurement was done by using Image J software to get the average radiopacity values of secondary caries and each restorative material. The results showed that the average radiopacity values for glass ionomer cement are 177.633 ± 6.465 and 187.879 ± 9.305, resin modified glass ionomer cement are179.498 ± 5.597 and 192.078 ± 11.006, composite nanofillers are 194.847 ± 4.952 and 184.401 ± 9.170, microhybridcomposites are 189.109 ± 4.251 and 179.585 ± 6.809, finally secondary caries are 161.772 ± 9.256 and 109.988 ± 7.684 for conventional and digital radiographs respectively. Then the data was analyzed by using T test with significance value of p <0.05. As a conclusion, this study shows no significant difference in the radiopacity of four restorative materials if compared between conventional and digital radiographs while digital radiograph shows significant difference between radiopacity values of restorative materials and secondary caries. Whereas, conventional radiograph does not show significant difference between restorative materials and secondary caries. Radiopacity is an important characteristic for restorative materials as dentists have got different abilities in interpreting a lesion or caries in a radiograph. The enforcement of secondary caries diagnosis is a challenge for dentists because they often mistake the diagnosis for restorative materials with low radiopacity. This study aims to determine the differences in the average radiopacity values of certain restorative materials by using conventional and digital radiographs. Moreover, to know the right types of radiographs in distinguishing between radiopacity of certain restorative materials and radiodensity of secondary caries. This is an analytical descriptive study with cross sectional design. The sample was divided into 10 groups of 6, which is dental radiograph filled with glass ionomer cement, resin modified glass ionomer cement, nanofiller and micro hybrid composites as well as teeth with secondary caries which were obtained from conventional and digital radiographs. Next, conventional and digital radiographs were interpreted by observations of 5 dental specialists in which measurement was done by using Image J software to get the average radiopacity values of secondary caries and each restorative material. The results showed that the average radiopacity values for glass ionomer cement are 177.633 ± 6.465 and 187.879 ± 9.305, resin modified glass ionomer cement are179.498 ± 5.597 and 192.078 ± 11.006, composite nanofillers are 194.847 ± 4.952 and 184.401 ± 9.170, microhybridcomposites are 189.109 ± 4.251 and 179.585 ± 6.809, finally secondary caries are 161.772 ± 9.256 and 109.988 ± 7.684 for conventional and digital radiographs respectively. Then the data was analyzed by using T test with significance value of p <0.05. As a conclusion, this study shows no significant difference in the radiopacity of four restorative materials if compared between conventional and digital radiographs while digital radiograph shows significant difference between radiopacity values of restorative materials and secondary caries. Whereas, conventional radiograph does not show significant difference between restorative materials and secondary caries.
DESKRIPSI RADIOGRAFI PANORAMIK PADA MAKSILA DENGAN POSISI VERTIKAL DAN HORIZONTAL: DESCRIPTION OF PANORAMIC RADIOGRAPHY WITH VERTICAL AND HORIZONTAL POSITION IN THE MAXILLA Cek Dara Manja
Dentika: Dental Journal Vol. 17 No. 3 (2013): Dentika Dental Journal
Publisher : TALENTA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (92.655 KB) | DOI: 10.32734/dentika.v17i3.1704

Abstract

Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui deskripsi posisi kepala untuk menghasilkan distorsi minimal pada maksila secara vertikal dan horizontal dengan menggunakan radiografi panoramik konvensional dan digital. Penelitian menggunakan satu buah tengkorak yang dipasangi staples secara vertikal dan horizontal. Pengukuran dilakukan pada lima radiografi panoramik konvensional dan lima radiografi panoramik digital (masing-masing posisi 00, +50, +100, -50, -100), pada maksila yang terdapat gambaran garis radiopak vertikal dan horizontal (alveolar daerah 11, 13, 15, 17, 21, 23, 25, 27). Pengukuran gambaran garis radiopak vertikal dan horizontal pada radiografi panoramik konvensional (manual) menggunakan jangka digital dan pada radiografi panoramik digital (computerized) menggunakan perangkat lunak EZ menu measurement. Dilakukan penghitungan persentase gambaran garis radiopak vertikal dan horizontal pada radiografi panoramik konvensional dan digital maksila. Kemudian membandingkan hasil pengukuran radiografi panoramik konvensional dan digital dengan hasil pengukuran sebenarnya pada tengkorak. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan persentase distorsi minimal pada radiografi panoramik konvensional dan digital berbeda pada masing-masing alveolar daerah maksila. Persentase distorsi minimal alveolar daerah posterior pada radiografi panoramik konvensional adalah pada posisi +100 sebesar 3,03% dan radiografi panoramik digital pada posisi 00 sebesar 1,35%. Sebagai kesimpulan, deskripsi posisi untuk menghasilkan distorsi minimal pada maksila secara vertikal dan horizontal pada radiografi panoramik konvensional adalah +100 dan pada panoramik digital adalah 00.
GAMBARAN RADIOGRAFI DENTOMAXILLOFASIAL PADA PENDERITA PIERRE ROBIN SYNDROME: DESCRIPTION OF DENTOMAXILLOFACIAL RADIOGRAPHY ON PIERRE ROBIN SYNDROME PATIENTS Amrin Thahir; Cek Dara Manja
Dentika: Dental Journal Vol. 17 No. 3 (2013): Dentika Dental Journal
Publisher : TALENTA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2134.071 KB) | DOI: 10.32734/dentika.v17i3.1776

Abstract

Pierre Robin Syndrome adalah kelainan kraniofasial yang ditemui pada bayi sejak lahir. Gambaran klinis sindrom ini yaitu mikrognasia, glosoptosis, celah langit-langit dan kelainan pada beberapa sistem organ seperti telinga, mata dan jantung. Secara radiografi terlihat hipoplasia mandibula, posisi lidah lebih ke posterior, celah bibir bilateral, kelainan sebagian tulang zigoma dan auditory canal external yang tidak sempurna secara bilateral. Umumnya prognosis penderita Pierre Robin Syndrome baik, yang akan berlanjut secara normal sampai mencapai perkembangan yang sempurna. Tujuan makalah ini adalah agar dokter gigi dapat mengetahui gambaran radiografi dentomaxillofacial pada penderita Pierre Robin Syndrome sehingga dapat menegakkan diagnosa dan membuat rencana perawatan yang tepat terhadap pasien. Sebagai kesimpulan, radiografi dentomaxillofacial yaitu radiografi ekstra oral sefalometri lateral dan frontal serta tiga dimensi dapat dilakukan untuk mendukung diagnosa dan menentukan rencana perawatan yang tepat pada penderita Pierre Robin Syndrom.
DUKUNGAN RADIOGRAFI PANORAMIK DALAM MENENTUKAN DIMENSI DAN BENTUK PROSESUS KONDILOIDEUS PADA MAHASISWA DAN PEGAWAI SUKU BATAK DI FAKULTAS KEDOKTERAN GIGI UNIVERSITAS SUMATERA UTARA: PANORAMIC IMAGING SUPPORT TO ESTABLISH THE DIMENSION AND SHAPE OF CONDYLARY PROCESS OF BATAKNESE STUDENTS AND STAFFS IN FACULTY OF DENTISTRY UNIVERSITY OF SUMATERA UTARA Cek Dara Manja; Siti Amaliyah
Dentika: Dental Journal Vol. 18 No. 1 (2014): Dentika Dental Journal
Publisher : TALENTA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (128.263 KB) | DOI: 10.32734/dentika.v18i1.1928

Abstract

Radiografi panoramik sangat berguna untuk mendukung tegaknya diagnosis masalah yang mencakupkeseluruhan rahang. Radiografi panoramik telah direkomendasikan untuk menyeleksi pasien dengan keluhanpada sendi temporomandibular dan untuk menentukan perubahan pada prosesus kondiloideus. Tujuan penelitianini adalah untuk mengetahui rata-rata dimensi prosesus kondiloideus dan bentuk prosesus kondiloideus padamahasiswa dan pegawai suku Batak di Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Sumatera Utara. Penelitian inimerupakan penelitian deskriptif dengan pemilihan sampel dilakukan secara purposive sampling. Sampelmerupakan suku Batak asli dari dua keturunan di atas. Pemeriksaan radiografi panoramik dilakukan pada 50orang sampel suku Batak usia 20-30 tahun. Pengukuran dimensi prosesus kondiloideus dilakukan secarakomputerisasi dan pengamatan bentuk prosesus kondiloideus dilakukan secara visual. Hasil penelitian inimenunjukkan nilai rerata ukuran tinggi prosesus kondiloideus pada laki-laki adalah 18,377 ± 2,859 mm dan padaperempuan 17,271 ± 2,917 mm. Nilai rerata ukuran lebar prosesus kondiloideus pada laki-laki adalah 10,504 ±1,208 mm dan pada perempuan 9,758 ± 1,377 mm. Pada laki-laki, bentuk bulat adalah sebanyak 50%, bentuk menonjol 37,5% dan bentuk bersudut 12,5%. Pada perempuan, bentuk menonjol adalah sebesar 63,46%, bentukbulat 32,7% dan bentuk bersudut 3,84%. Sebagai kesimpulan, pada suku Batak usia 20-30 tahun, nilai rerataukuran tinggi prosesus kondiloideus adalah 17,802 ± 2,914 mm dan nilai rerata ukuran lebar prosesuskondiloideus adalah 10,106 ± 1,322 mm. Bentuk prosesus kondiloideus yang terbanyak yaitu bentuk menonjolsebesar 51%, bentuk bulat sebesar 41% dan bentuk bersudut sebesar 8%.
ANALISIS UKURAN SINUS MAKSILARIS MENGGUNAKAN RADIOGRAFI PANORAMIK PADA MAHASISWA SUKU BATAK USIA 20-30 TAHUN DI FAKULTAS KEDOKTERAN GIGI UNIVERSITAS SUMATERA UTARA: ANALYSIS OF MAXILLARY SINUS SIZE OF BATAK ETHNIC STUDENTS AGED 20-30 YEARS REVIEWED BY PANORAMIC RADIOGRAPHY IN FACULTY OF DENTISTRY UNIVERSITY OF SUMATERA UTARA Cek Dara Manja; Lim Yu Xiang
Dentika: Dental Journal Vol. 18 No. 2 (2014): Dentika Dental Journal
Publisher : TALENTA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (324.944 KB) | DOI: 10.32734/dentika.v18i2.2011

Abstract

Radiografi panoramik dapat digunakan untuk mengukur sinus maksilaris. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahuiukuran sinus maksilaris pada mahasiswa suku Batak usia 20-30 tahun. Penelitian ini adalah penelitian analitikobservasional dengan jumlah sampel 50 orang yang terdiri atas 23 orang laki-laki dan 27 orang perempuan. Hasilpenelitian menunjukkan ukuran sinus maksilaris suku Batak usia 20-30 tahun berbeda-beda pada setiap individu, bahkanberbeda pada sisi kiri dan kanan pada individu yang sama. Nilai rerata ukuran sinus maksilaris regio kiri pada suku Batakusia 20-30 tahun adalah 25,86 ± 2,98mm sedangkan pada regio kanan adalah 25,85 ± 2,90mm. Data diuji menggunakanindependent t-test (p> 0,05). Sebagai kesimpulan, nilai rerata ukuran sinus maksilaris pada mahasiswa suku Batak usia20-30 tahun sisi kanan dan kiri tidak terdapat perbedaan secara signifikan.
The Use of Panoramic Radiography for Condyle Shape Detection on Menopausal Periods in Dentistry Radiology Installation – Dental and Oral Hospital of Universitas Sumatera Utara: Penggunaan Radiografi Panoramik untuk Mendeteksi Bentuk Kondilus pada Menopause di Instalasi Radiologi Kedokteran Gigi – Rumah Sakit Gigi dan Mulut Universitas Sumatera Utara Manja, Cek Dara; Rizky Gusti MS; Sheilla Suhaila Matondang
Dentika: Dental Journal Vol. 24 No. 1 (2021): Dentika Dental Journal
Publisher : TALENTA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32734/dentika.v24i1.3712

Abstract

Panoramic radiographs can be used to detect temporomandibular morphology and condylar changes. This study shape-determines the female condyle in perimenopausal and postmenopausal using panoramic radiography. It used an observational survey technique with a sample of 80 people, consisting of 40 perimenopausal aged between 20 and 29, and 40 postmenopausal females aged over 52. The results on the perimenopausal condyle process obtained a round shape of 43.7%, an angle of 32.5%, and a pointed shape of 23.7%. Furthermore, the shape of the condylar process in postmenopause is 37.5% pointed, 30% angled, 25% round, and 7.5% flat. Data were analyzed using the Chi-Square test with a significance value of p<0.05. The results showed that changes in the size and shape of the condyles occur with age. There is a significant difference in the condyle shape between perimenopausal and postmenopausal periods.