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Geometric Model for Human Body Orientation Classification Ardiyanto, Igi
CommIT (Communication and Information Technology) Journal Vol 9, No 1 (2015): CommIT Vol. 9 No. 1 Tahun 2015
Publisher : Bina Nusantara University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21512/commit.v9i1.1659

Abstract

This  paper proposes  an approach  for cal- culating  and estimating  human body orientation  using geometric model. A novel framework integrating gradient shape and texture model of the human body orientation is proposed.  The gradient  is a natural way for describing the human  shapes, while the texture  explains the body characteristic. The framework  is then combined with the random  forest classifier to obtain a robust  class  differ- ence  of the human body orientation. Experiments and comparison results are provided to show the advantages of our system over state-of-the-art. For both modeled and un-modeled gradient-texture  features with random forest classifier, they achieve the highest accuracy on separating each human orientation   class, respectively  56.9% and 67.3% for TUD-Stadtmitte  dataset.
Perbandingan Performa Relational, Document-Oriented dan Graph Database Pada Struktur Data Directed Acyclic Graph Setialana, Pradana; Adji, Teguh Bharata; Ardiyanto, Igi
Jurnal Buana Informatika Vol 8, No 2 (2017): Jurnal Buana Informatika Volume 8 Nomor 2 April 2017
Publisher : Universitas Atma Jaya Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24002/jbi.v8i2.1079

Abstract

Abstract.Directed Acyclic Graph (DAG) is a directed graph which is not cyclic and is usually employed in social network and data genealogy. Based on the characteristic of DAG data, a suitable database type should be evaluated and then chosen as a platform. A performance comparison among relational database (PostgreSQL), document-oriented database (MongoDB), and graph database (Neo4j) on a DAG dataset are then conducted to get the appropriate database type. The performance test is done on Node.js running on Windows 10 and uses the dataset that has 3910 nodes in single write synchronous (SWS) and single read (SR). The access performance of PostgreSQL is 0.64ms on SWS and 0.32ms on SR, MongoDB is 0.64ms on SWS and 4.59ms on SR, and Neo4j is 9.92ms on SWS and 8.92ms on SR. Hence, relational database (PostgreSQL) has better performance in the operation of SWS and SR than document-oriented database (MongoDB) and graph database (Neo4j).Keywords: database performance, directed acyclic graph, relational database, document-oriented database, graph database Abstrak.Directed Acyclic Graph (DAG) adalah graf berarah tanpa putaran yang dapat ditemui pada data jejaring sosial dan silsilah keluarga. Setiap jenis database memiliki performa yang berbeda sesuai dengan struktur data yang ditangani. Oleh karena itu perlu diketahui database yang tepat khususnya untuk data DAG. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah membandingkan performa dari relational database (PostgreSQL), document-oriented database (MongoDB) dan graph database (Neo4j) pada data DAG. Metode yang dilakukan adalah mengimplentasi dataset yang memiliki 3910 node dalam operasi single write synchronous (SWS) dan single read (SR) pada setiap database menggunakan Node.js dalam Windows 10. Hasil pengujian performa PostgreSQL dalam operasi SWS sebesar 0.64ms dan SR sebesar 0.32ms, performa MongoDB pada SWS sebesar 0.64ms dan SR sebesar 4.59ms sedangkan performa Neo4j pada operasi SWS sebesar 9.92ms dan SR sebesar 8.92ms. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa relational database (PostgreSQL) memiliki performa terbaik dalam operasi SWS dan SR dibandingkan document-oriented database (MongoDB) dan graph database (Neo4j).Kata Kunci: performa database, directed acyclic graph, relational database, document-oriented database, graph database
Computer Aided Diagnosis using Margin and Posterior Acoustic Featuresfor Breast Ultrasound Images Hanung Adi Nugroho; Yuli Triyani; Made Rahmawaty; Igi Ardiyanto
TELKOMNIKA (Telecommunication Computing Electronics and Control) Vol 15, No 4: December 2017
Publisher : Universitas Ahmad Dahlan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.12928/telkomnika.v15i4.5021

Abstract

Breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer among females worldwide. Computer aided diagnosis (CAD) was developed to assist radiologists in detecting and evaluating nodules so it can improve diagnostic accuracy, avoid unnecessary biopsies, reduce anxiety and control costs. This research proposes a method of CAD for breast ultrasound images based on margin and posterior acoustic features. It consists of preprocessing, segmentation using active contour without edge (ACWE) and morphological, feature extraction and classification. Texture and geometry analysis was used to determine the characteristics of the posterior acoustic and margin nodules. Support vector machines (SVM) provided better performance than multilayer perceptron (MLP). The performance of proposed method achieved the accuracy of 91.35%, sensitivity of 92.00%, specificity of 89.66%, PPV of 95.83%, NPV of 81.26% and Kappa of 0.7915. These results indicate that the developed CAD has potential to be implemented for diagnosis of breast cancer using ultrasound images.
Perbandingan Performa Relational, Document-Oriented dan Graph Database Pada Struktur Data Directed Acyclic Graph Pradana Setialana; Teguh Bharata Adji; Igi Ardiyanto
Jurnal Buana Informatika Vol. 8 No. 2 (2017): Jurnal Buana Informatika Volume 8 Nomor 2 April 2017
Publisher : Universitas Atma Jaya Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24002/jbi.v8i2.1079

Abstract

Abstract.Directed Acyclic Graph (DAG) is a directed graph which is not cyclic and is usually employed in social network and data genealogy. Based on the characteristic of DAG data, a suitable database type should be evaluated and then chosen as a platform. A performance comparison among relational database (PostgreSQL), document-oriented database (MongoDB), and graph database (Neo4j) on a DAG dataset are then conducted to get the appropriate database type. The performance test is done on Node.js running on Windows 10 and uses the dataset that has 3910 nodes in single write synchronous (SWS) and single read (SR). The access performance of PostgreSQL is 0.64ms on SWS and 0.32ms on SR, MongoDB is 0.64ms on SWS and 4.59ms on SR, and Neo4j is 9.92ms on SWS and 8.92ms on SR. Hence, relational database (PostgreSQL) has better performance in the operation of SWS and SR than document-oriented database (MongoDB) and graph database (Neo4j).Keywords: database performance, directed acyclic graph, relational database, document-oriented database, graph database Abstrak.Directed Acyclic Graph (DAG) adalah graf berarah tanpa putaran yang dapat ditemui pada data jejaring sosial dan silsilah keluarga. Setiap jenis database memiliki performa yang berbeda sesuai dengan struktur data yang ditangani. Oleh karena itu perlu diketahui database yang tepat khususnya untuk data DAG. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah membandingkan performa dari relational database (PostgreSQL), document-oriented database (MongoDB) dan graph database (Neo4j) pada data DAG. Metode yang dilakukan adalah mengimplentasi dataset yang memiliki 3910 node dalam operasi single write synchronous (SWS) dan single read (SR) pada setiap database menggunakan Node.js dalam Windows 10. Hasil pengujian performa PostgreSQL dalam operasi SWS sebesar 0.64ms dan SR sebesar 0.32ms, performa MongoDB pada SWS sebesar 0.64ms dan SR sebesar 4.59ms sedangkan performa Neo4j pada operasi SWS sebesar 9.92ms dan SR sebesar 8.92ms. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa relational database (PostgreSQL) memiliki performa terbaik dalam operasi SWS dan SR dibandingkan document-oriented database (MongoDB) dan graph database (Neo4j).Kata Kunci: performa database, directed acyclic graph, relational database, document-oriented database, graph database
Geometric Model for Human Body Orientation Classification Igi Ardiyanto
CommIT (Communication and Information Technology) Journal Vol. 9 No. 1 (2015): CommIT Journal
Publisher : Bina Nusantara University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21512/commit.v9i1.1659

Abstract

This  paper proposes  an approach  for cal- culating  and estimating  human body orientation  using geometric model. A novel framework integrating gradient shape and texture model of the human body orientation is proposed.  The gradient  is a natural way for describing the human  shapes, while the texture  explains the body characteristic. The framework  is then combined with the random  forest classifier to obtain a robust  class  differ- ence  of the human body orientation. Experiments and comparison results are provided to show the advantages of our system over state-of-the-art. For both modeled and un-modeled gradient-texture  features with random forest classifier, they achieve the highest accuracy on separating each human orientation   class, respectively  56.9% and 67.3% for TUD-Stadtmitte  dataset.
A Comparison of Deep Learning Approach for Underwater Object Detection Nurcahyani Wulandari; Igi Ardiyanto; Hanung Adi Nugroho
Jurnal RESTI (Rekayasa Sistem dan Teknologi Informasi) Vol 6 No 2 (2022): April 2022
Publisher : Ikatan Ahli Informatika Indonesia (IAII)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (743.2 KB) | DOI: 10.29207/resti.v6i2.3931

Abstract

In recent years, marine ecosystems and fisheries have become potential resources. Therefore, monitoring these objects will be essential to ensure their existence. One of the computer vision techniques is object detection, utilized to recognize and localize objects in underwater scenery. Many studies have been conducted to investigate various deep learning methods implemented in underwater object detection; however, only a few investigations have been performed to compare mainstream object detection algorithms in these circumstances. This article examines various state-of-the-art deep learning methods applied to underwater object detection, including Faster-RCNN, SSD, RetinaNet, YOLOv3, and YOLOv4. We trained five models on the RUIE dataset. The average detection time was used to compare how fast a model can detect an object within an image, and mAP was also applied to measure detection accuracy. All trained models have costs and benefits; SSD was fast but had poor performance; RetinaNet had consistent performance across different thresholds, but the detection speed was slow; YOLOv3 was the fastest and had acceptable performance comparable with RetinaNet; YOLOv4 was good at first, but performance dropped as threshold enlargement; also, YOLOv4 needed extra time to detect objects compared to YOLOv3. There are no models that are fully suited for underwater object detection; nonetheless, when the mAP and average detection time of the five models were compared, we determined that YOLOv3 is the best acceptable model among the evaluated underwater object detection models.
Segmentation of retinal blood vessels for detection of diabetic retinopathy: A review Rezty Amalia Aras; Tri Lestari; Hanung Adi Nugroho; Igi Ardiyanto
Communications in Science and Technology Vol 1 No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Komunitas Ilmuwan dan Profesional Muslim Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21924/cst.1.1.2016.13

Abstract

Diabetic detinopathy (DR) is effect of diabetes mellitus to the human vision that is the major cause of blindness. Early diagnosis of DR is an important requirement in diabetes treatment. Retinal fundus image is commonly used to observe the diabetic retinopathy symptoms. It can present retinal features such as blood vessel and also capture the pathologies which may lead to DR. Blood vessel is one of retinal features which can show the retina pathologies. It can be extracted from retinal image by image processing with following stages: pre-processing, segmentation, and post-processing. This paper contains a review of public retinal image dataset and several methods from various conducted researches. All discussed methods are applicable to each researcher cases. There is no further analysis to conclude the best method which can be used for general cases. However, we suggest morphological and multiscale method that gives the best accuracy in segmentation.
Dark lesion elimination based on area, eccentricity and extent features for supporting haemorrhages detection Vesi Yulyanti; Hanung Adi Nugroho; Igi Ardiyanto; Widhia KZ Oktoeberza
Communications in Science and Technology Vol 4 No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Komunitas Ilmuwan dan Profesional Muslim Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (410.365 KB) | DOI: 10.21924/cst.4.1.2019.110

Abstract

One of the complications due to the long-term of diabetes is retinal vessels damaging called diabetic retinopathy. It is characterised by appearing the bleeding spots in the large size (haemorrhages) on the surface of retina. Early detection of haemorrhages is needed for preventing the worst effect which leads to vision loss. This study aims to detect haemorrhages by eliminating other dark lesion objects that have similar characteristics with haemorrhages based on three features, i.e. area, eccentricity and extent features. This study uses 43 retinal fundus images taken from DIARETDB1 database. Based on the validation process, the average level of sensitivity gained is 80.5%. These results indicate that the proposed method is quite capable of detecting haemorrhages which appear in the retinal surface.
Comparison of text-image fusion models for high school diploma certificate classification Chandra Ramadhan Atmaja Perdana; Hanung Adi Nugroho; Igi Ardiyanto
Communications in Science and Technology Vol 5 No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Komunitas Ilmuwan dan Profesional Muslim Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (901.175 KB) | DOI: 10.21924/cst.5.1.2020.172

Abstract

File scanned documents are commonly used in this digital era. Text and image extraction of scanned documents play an important role in acquiring information. A document may contain both texts and images. A combination of text-image classification has been previously investigated. The dataset used for those research works the text were digitally provided. In this research, we used a dataset of high school diploma certificate, which the text must be acquired using optical character recognition (OCR) method. There were two categories for this high school diploma certificate, each category has three classes. We used convolutional neural network for both text and image classifications. We then combined those two models by using adaptive fusion model and weight fusion model to find the best fusion model. We come into conclusion that the performance of weight fusion model which is 0.927 is better than that of adaptive fusion model with 0.892.
Point of Interest (POI) Recommendation System using Implicit Feedback Based on K-Means+ Clustering and User-Based Collaborative Filtering Sulis Setiowati; Teguh Bharata Adji; Igi Ardiyanto
Computer Engineering and Applications Journal Vol 11 No 2 (2022)
Publisher : Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (499.913 KB) | DOI: 10.18495/comengapp.v11i2.399

Abstract

Recommendation system always involves huge volumes of data, therefore it causes the scalability issues that do not only increase the processing time but also reduce the accuracy. In addition, the type of data used also greatly affects the result of the recommendations. In the recommendation system, there are two common types of data namely implicit (binary) rating and explicit (scalar) rating. Binary rating produces lower accuracy when it is not handled with the properly. Thus, optimized K-Means+ clustering and user-based collaborative filtering are proposed in this research. The K-Means clustering is optimized by selecting the K value using the Davies-Bouldin Index (DBI) method. The experimental result shows that the optimization of the K values produces better clustering than Elbow Method. The K-Means+ and User-Based Collaborative Filtering (UBCF) produce precision of 8.6% and f-measure of 7.2%, respectively. The proposed method was compared to DBSCAN algorithm with UBCF, and had better accuracy of 1% increase in precision value. This result proves that K-Means+ with UBCF can handle implicit feedback datasets and improve precision.