Annisah Annisah
Departemen Ilmu Kesejahteraan Sosial, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial Dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Indonesia

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Restorasi Tingkat Mikro Dalam Sistem Sosial Budaya Indonesia Untuk Mencegah Kematian Ibu Sari Viciawati Machdum; Sofyan Cholid; Annisah .; Johanna Debora Imelda
Antropologi Indonesia Vol 37, No 2 (2016): Antropologi Indonesia
Publisher : Department of Anthropology

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Abstract

Kompleksitas budaya dan wilayah di Indonesia membuat pelaksanaan perlindungan sosial menjadi tidak mudah. Para ibu memiliki faktor internal yang membuat mereka belum dapat mengetahui dan/atau bersedia memanfaatkan program perlindungan sosial di bidang kesehatan secara optimal, sehingga Angka Kematian Ibu (AKI) pada tahun 2015 yang tidak menurun. Penelitian ini menemukan bahwa ada permasalahan faktor internal yang menjadi kekhasan ibu yang usianya masih muda. Selain mereka terhambat oleh perihal administrasi karena belum cukup usia, ibu yang berumur remaja menjadi rentan karena aspek psikologis-nya yang belum matang. Di tengah kondisi sosial dan budaya yang tidak mendukung, kerentanan terhadap para ibu di usia muda menjadikan mereka berada pada posisi yang semakin lemah. Padahal pertumbuhan dan perkembangan para ibu yang sedang mengandung tidak hanya membutuhkan dukungan untuk kebutuhan fisiknya semata. Aspek psikologis juga penting. Bahkan kedua aspek tersebut dapat memberikan implikasi terhadap kesehatan fisik secara langsung. Dalam kaitannya dengan kerentanan ibu di usia remaja, tataran mikro dalam sistem sosial budaya yang kompleks di Indonesia pun menjadi perhatian yang menentukan.Kata Kunci: Jaminan Kesehatan, Kematian Ibu, Kehamilan Tidak Diinginkan, Perlindungan Sosial, Pemasaran Sosial.
Menjadi “Positive Deviant” di antara yang Positif (Kajian Deskriptif tentang Anak dengan HIV/AIDS) Johanna Debora Imelda; Annisah .
Antropologi Indonesia Vol 37, No 2 (2016): Antropologi Indonesia
Publisher : Department of Anthropology

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Abstract

Sejak 1987, kasus HIV/AIDS anak di Indonesia meningkat. Beberapa penelitian mengungkapkan anak dengan HIV/AIDS (ADHA) tidak dapat mencapai umur 5 tahun tanpa didukung oleh pengobatan ARV. Namun, data Kemenkes dan dokumentasi yang ada di LSM pemerhati HIV/AIDS menunjukkan sebaliknya. Beberapa anak HIV positif bisa bertahan hidup lebih lama walaupun belum memulai pengobatan ARV. Dalam ilmu sosial dikenal dengan istilah “Positive Deviance”. Penelitian ini mengkaji bagaimana ADHA menjalani hidup sebagai Positve Deviant dan bagaimana keluarga dan sistem sosial mendukung mereka menjalani kehidupan mereka. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dengan menggunakan FGD dan wawancara mendalam untuk pengumpulan data. Informan kunci adalah ADHA yang memulai pengobatan ARV setelah usia 5 tahun. Informan pendukung, yaitu orangtua/wali anak, LSM yang mendampingi, dan dokter yang merawat mereka. ADHA menjadi positive deviant tanpa disengaja karena telat terdeteksi status HIV-nya. Menjalani hidup sebagai ADHA juga tidak mudah karena mereka harus berdamai dengan penyakit dan obat-obatan, mengalami masalah psikososial karena merasa berbeda dengan teman sebayanya, dan sulit untuk berprestasi karena halangan kesehatan. Namun, bantuan dan dukungan terhadap ADHA malah membuat mereka menjadi pahlawan untuk keluarganya karena dianggap sebagai sumber financial untuk mendukung kebutuhan keluarga mereka. Penelitian juga menemukan bahwa keluarga dan sistem sosial memegang peranan penting bagi informan untuk bisa bertahan hidup lebih lama dari ADHA lainnyaKata Kunci: Anak, Positive Deviance, HIV/AIDS, Keluarga, Dukungan Sosial
Peran Pendidikan Ketarunaan dalam Mengatasi Kenakalan Remaja Annisah Annisah; Nur ‘Afifah
JSSH (Jurnal Sains Sosial dan Humaniora) JSSH (Jurnal Sains Sosial dan Humaniora) Vol. 6 No. 1 Maret 2022
Publisher : Lembaga Publikasi Ilmiah dan Penerbitan (LPIP)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30595/jssh.v6i1.13251

Abstract

Juvenile delinquency requires handling from various sides, including schools in the form of character education. Ketarunaan system has proven to be effective in character building. Purpose of this research is to describe the role of ketarunaan system that is implemented at SMKN 61 Jakarta for overcoming juvenile delinquency. Research approach which is used for this research is qualitative approach and it was conducted from January-July 2020. The data is collected by interview and observation of taruna/taruni, schools, and taruna-taruni parents. Informants from taruna-taruni are students who have juvenile delinquency history in the heavy category; from various grade of class and who shown a change. Data analysis was carried out by open, axial, and selective coding. Result of the research shows that Ketarunaan system consist of 3 development models: intrakurikuler, ko-kurikuler, and ekstrakurikuler. Three development models form discipline character, independence, and responsible in taruna-taruni. The density of their activities makes them reduce their free time to do negative activities. The number of delinquency which is committed by taruna/taruni is significantly reduced. It was concluded that ketarunaan system which is implemented by SMKN 61 Jakarta was effective in overcoming the problem of juvenile delinquency.
Kolaborasi Stakeholder pada Pelaksanaan Inovasi Penanggulangan Bencana Gempa Bumi di Nusa Tenggara Barat Tahun 2018 Suryanuddin; Annisah
Salus Cultura: Jurnal Pembangunan Manusia dan Kebudayaan Vol. 1 No. 1 (2021)
Publisher : Kementerian Koordinator Bidang Pembangunan Manusia dan Kebudayaan Republik Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (372.236 KB) | DOI: 10.55480/saluscultura.v1i1.7

Abstract

Innovations made by the government in dealing with the 2018 West Nusa Tenggara earthquake disaster (NTB) face several challenges. Construction of the house is targeted to be completed within a year, but the two-year run is still not completed. There are double data, not absorbed funds, until the number of houses built has not been in accordance with target becomes a serious problem. In fact, the stakeholders involved are very much. At the beginning of the quarter of 2021 reported the construction of earthquake resistant houses (RTG) in all NTB areas above 97%. Therefore, it is interesting to be further reviewed how the success of disaster management breakthroughs in NTB can achieve the targets and roles of various stakeholders. This study was conducted based on the study of documents from central and local government documents as well as literature reviews from journal articles during April 2021. The results of the study showed that the intensive collaboration and synergy from various stakeholders, played a big role in addressing the problems. Data validation conducted by BRI plays a big role in overcoming double data. RTG design from the Kementerian PUPR makes it easy for people to plan and rebuild their homes. TNI is present to assist technically in accelerating development. Facilitators assist the community in planning, applying for funds, implementation, and reporting. These efforts make the problems faced when the implementation of innovations in disaster management are resolved. These efforts, making breakthroughs in disaster management can be carried out. Each stakeholder has an equally important role in synergizing and collaborating with all stakeholders to support the achievement of disaster management objectives.
Peningkatan Pengetahuan Pengasuhan Orang tua Untuk Mewujudkan Kesejahteraan Anak Usia 5 dan 6 Tahun: Action Research pada Komunitas Ibu-ibu Semai Benih Bangsa (SBB) Tapos, Depok Annisah Najma
Jurnal Ilmu Kesejahteraan Sosial Vol 10, No 1 (2012): JURNAL ILMU KESEJAHTERAAN SOSIAL
Publisher : Departemen Ilmu Kesejahteraan Sosial FISIP UI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2314.133 KB) | DOI: 10.7454/jurnalkessos.v10i1.119

Abstract

This research discusses about the lack of knowledge in the SBB Tapos Parenting and its association with child welfare. This study explains not only how these problems occurred, but also the potential of what society has to address the problem, and how to overcome them. Overcoming of problems conducted with the  participation of target communities in a program of action in the form of social action. This research is an applied research that is processed in a qualitative way so that describes each stage of parenting knowledge improvement that has been done. The result of this study show a change in knowledge of target communities regarding which ideal parenting that should be given to children aged 5 and 6 years
Developing Healthy Environment for Young Mothers in Suburb Indonesia Sari Viciawati Machdum; Fardhan Zaka Ramzy; Anna Amalyah Agus; Annisah Annisah
Asian Social Work Journal Vol 4 No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Asian Social Work Journal

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1117.669 KB) | DOI: 10.47405/aswj.v4i2.84

Abstract

This article explores community services approach that intends to change the behavior of young mothers at home in serving food for their families. Research results showed that there were challenges in this suburb area., especially for young mother who can get many facilities to get their daily meals. Unfortunately, the facilities could give negative impacts on them in gaining proper nutrition. The obstacles came from many aspects of society. Thereupon, social intervention for them needs to be handled carefully so that the beneficiaries could get sustainable change. Others have argued that participation is crucial elements in community intervention. This research showed that participation its self is the hard aspect in the suburb especially at the region that has rapid development but lack of social investments. People used to get many projects from different organizations. The helping projects often did not consider sustainability matters. This condition reshapes the people. They become the object of social programs. Maintaining intensive programs based on some practices: collaboration planning and implementation could increase the trust of the beneficiaries. Based on our study on ten young women and other fourteen participants in a suburb of Indonesia, trust is primary material in changing people’s behavior. Especially educating people to live in healthy lifestyle as a vital aspect of developing a healthy environment.