eUREKA : Jurnal Penelitian Mahasiswa Teknik Sipil dan Teknik Kimia
Vol 2, No 1 (2018)

Pra Rancang Bangun Asap Cair dari Potongan Kayu dengan Kapasitas 3000 Ton/Tahun Menggunakan Alat Utama Coloumn Zeolit Aktif dan Karbon Aktif

Sari, Mila Puspita (Unknown)
Anggraini, S.P. Abrina (Unknown)
Iskandar, Taufik (Unknown)



Article Info

Publish Date
28 Aug 2018

Abstract

ABSTRAK Pemanfaatan limbah kayu olahan dapat dimanfaatkan untuk dijadikan asap cair. Asap cair dapat digunakan sebagai antimikroba, antioksidan, anti rayap dan memberikan efek warna. Berdasarkan sifat-sifat ini, perusahaan akan memanfaatkan limbah kayu olahan sebagai asap cair yang akan digunakan sebagai pengawet dan pewarna kayu. Asap cair dalam proses ini diperoleh dengan mengembunkan asap yang dihasilkan melalui cerobong pirolisis. Selain itu, asap cair yang dihasilkan dapat digunakan sebagai bahan pengawet, antioksidan, disinfektan, atau sebagai biopeptisida. Produk produk asap cair dibagi menjadi tiga kelas, yaitu grade 3, grade 2 dan grade 1. Liquid Smoke Grade 3 adalah output asap cair pertama dalam reaktor pirolisis. Asap cair kelas 3 belum layak untuk pengawet makanan atau rasa karena di kelas ini asap cair masih bercampur dengan tar yang merupakan komponen residu pembakaran yang tidak lengkap. Selain tar, asap cair tingkat 3 mengandung senyawa Polycyclic Hydrocarbon (HPA) Aromatik yang terbentuk selama proses pirolisis asap cair. Desain asap cair ini diharapkan menghasilkan 3000 ton / tahun dengan waktu operasional 300 hari selama 18 jam dibagi menjadi 3 shift. Lokasi produksi berada di wilayah Pasuruan. Total Capital Invesment (TCI): Rp16.656.394.370,-, Return Of Invesment (ROIBT): 34,55 %, Return Of Invesment (ROIAT): 31,09%, Pay Out Time (POT): 2,8 tahun, Break Even Point (BEP): 35,01%, Internal Rate Of Return (IRR) : 28,65%. Kata-kata kunci : Pre rancang pabrik, Asap cair, pirolisis ABSTRACT Utilization of waste processed wood can be utilized to be made into liquid smoke. Liquid smoke can be used as an antimicrobial, antioxidant, anti-termite and provide a color effect. Based on these traits, the company will utilize waste of processed wood as liquid smoke which will be used as preservative and wood dye. Liquid smoke in this process is obtained by condensing the fumes produced through the pyrolysis chimney. In addition, the resulting liquid smoke can be used as raw material preservatives, antioxidants, disinfectants, or as a biopepticide. The liquid smoke product product is divided into three grades, namely grade 3, grade 2 and grade 1. Liquid Smoke Grade 3 is the first liquid smoke output in the pyrolysis reactor. Class 3 grade liquid smoke is not yet feasible for food preservatives or flavors because in this class, liquid smoke is still mixed with tar which is an incomplete combustion residue component. In addition to tar, grade 3 liquid smoke contains an Aromatic Polycyclic Hydrocarbon (HPA) compound formed during the pyrolysis process of liquid smoke. This liquid smoke design is expected to produce 3000ton / year with a 300-day operational time for 18 hours divided into 3 shifts. The location of production is in the region of Pasuruan. Total Capital Invesment (TCI): Rp16.656.394.370,-, Return Of Invesment (ROIBT): 34,55 %, Return Of Invesment (ROIAT): 31,09%, Pay Out Time (POT): 2,8 tahun, Break Even Point (BEP): 35,01%, Internal Rate Of Return (IRR) : 28,65%. Keywords : pre design factory, liquid smoke, pyrolisis

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Journal Info

Abbrev

TEKNIK

Publisher

Subject

Chemical Engineering, Chemistry & Bioengineering Civil Engineering, Building, Construction & Architecture Energy Engineering Industrial & Manufacturing Engineering

Description

Focus and Scope of this journal are : Chemical Engineering including : bioenergy processing, environmental engineering, natural resource management, Heat and Mass Transfer, Chemical Reaction, Analytical Chemistry, Biochemistry, Designing tools and chemical processes, Chemical industry process, ...