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Contact Name
DADE JUBAEDAH
Contact Email
dadejubaedah@fp.unsri.ac.id
Phone
+6281367265097
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ppsjurnal@pps.unsri.ac.id
Editorial Address
Program Pascasarjana Universitas Sriwijaya Jl. Padang Selasa No. 524 Bukit Besar Palembang Indonesia
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Kab. ogan ilir,
Sumatera selatan
INDONESIA
SRIWIJAYA JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENT
Published by Universitas Sriwijaya
ISSN : 25274961     EISSN : 25273809     DOI : 10.22135/sje.xx
Sriwijaya Journal of Environment (SJE) publishes original research or theoretical papers, notes, and mini reviews on new knowledge and research or research applications on current issues in environmental sciences and related such as: Environmental Science, Environmental Technology, Environmental Health Environmental ethics Lowland Management Environmental policy Environmental economy
Articles 130 Documents
Valuation of Provisioning Ecosystem Services Carat Cape Mangrove for Sungsang IV Village Community Banyuasin District Panandi, Ahmad; Mulyana, Andy; Robiani, Bernadette
Sriwijaya Journal of Environment Vol 4, No 3 (2019): AGROTECHNOLOGY AND SOCIOECONOMICAL WELFARE
Publisher : Program Pascasarjana Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (289.576 KB) | DOI: 10.22135/sje.2019.4.3.133-137

Abstract

Mangrove ecosystem valuation can be used as a reference for decision making for management and conservation of mangrove ecosystems in a sustainable manner. The range of activities and interests conducted in coastal areas is not expected to negatively impact the ecology, economic and social. Carat Cape mangrove areas provide enormous benefits to the surrounding community, especially Sungsang IV village. From the results of the study illustrate the provosioning ecosystem service utilized community Sungsang IV village consists of materials construction (timber and nypa leaves), a source of livelihood or subsistance (nypa fruit, fish, shrimp, crab, and scallops). The total value of provosioning ecosystem services mangrove Carat Cape utilized by the Sungsang IV village Rp. Rp. 1.715.590.000, - per year dominated by income generated by marine species of fish which is the main livelihood of the fishermen Sungsang IV village  reached Rp. 1.302.600.000,- per year.
The Social Economic Aspect in Selecting Priority Commodities in Community Forest Activities at Protected Forest Areas Wibowo, Agus Irwanto; Hendarso, Yoyok; Adriani, Dessy
Sriwijaya Journal of Environment Vol 6, No 1 (2021): MANAGEMENT OF NATURAL AND MISCELLANEOUS RESOURCES
Publisher : Program Pascasarjana Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (162.472 KB) | DOI: 10.22135/sje.2021.6.1.13-19

Abstract

The implementation of Community Forestry (CF) in protected forest area is not only intended to improve welfare of community living around forest but also restores the function of protected areas. This study aims to figure out the types of priority crops that can be developed in CF area based on legal aspect of the rules in protected forest areas and social economic aspect of community surround forest areas. The research was conducted for 4 months, on February – May 2020 in working areas of Meranti Wana Makmur Forest Farmers Group (Gapoktanhut), Lubuk Bintialo Village, Batanghari Leko District, Musi Banyuasin Regency. The result showed that according to provisions of utilization in protected forest areas, the types of crops which developed in the CF area, were multipurpose crops and based on social aspects 5 (five) types of crops that had grown and produced were Rubber, Jackfruit, Djenkol bean, Petai bean, and Durian was in “Fairly Priority” category. Therefore, based on the economic aspect, there were only 4 (four) multipurpose plant types of “profitable” categories, such as Jackfruit, Djenkol bean, Petai bean, and Durian. The type of short-term crops function as companion crops (intercrops) that was  good for cultivation were Corn, Chili, Watermelon, and Melon.
Palm Oil Mill Effluent Treatment Through Combined Process Adsorption and Membrane Filtration Said, Muhammad; Rozaimakh Sheikh Abdullah, Siti; Wahab Mohammad, Abdul
Sriwijaya Journal of Environment Vol 1, No 2 (2016): Developing Without Destruction
Publisher : Program Pascasarjana Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (417.219 KB) | DOI: 10.22135/sje.2016.1.2.36-41

Abstract

Abstract: The growth in palm oil production also leads to an Increase in the production of palm oil mill effluent (POME). Nowadays, POME was treated using an open lagoon but this method is ineffectiveness in complying with the standards for water disposal. Therefore, efficient and cohesive treatment system is highly desired to ensure the final discharge of the treated water meets the effluent discharge standards. Initially, the POME was treated through adsorption, followed by UF membranes roomates were intended to reduce COD, TSS and turbidity up to 88%, 99%, and 98%, while the final treatment of RO membranes can reduce BOD, COD and color up to 92%, 98% and 99%. To determine the optimum condition of the RO membrane, response surface methodology (RSM) was used. The results showed there was correlation between all key variables. POME concentration, trans-membrane pressure, pH and time would give significant effects in reducing the parameters in POME treatment with the optimum condition of 15.77% for POME concentration, 3.73 for pH, 0.5 bar trans-membrane pressure and 5 hours for filtration time. To predict COD removal, the results were analyzed by applying the artificial neural network (ANN) to derive a mathematical model.Keywords: POME, Adsorption, Membrane filtration, COD, RSM, ANNAbstrak (Indonesian): Pertumbuhan produksi minyak kelapa sawit juga meningkatkan produksi air buangan minyak kelapa sawit (POME). Sekarang ini, POME diolah menggunakan kolam terbuka tetapi metode ini tidak efisien dan tidak memenuhi persyaratan standar air buangan industri. Oleh karena itu, diperlukan suatu sistem pengolahan yang efektif dan terpadu untuk memastikan air buangan pada tahap akhir telah memenuhi standar air buangan.  Pada awalnya, POME diolah melalui adsorpsi dan diikuti oleh membran UF dengan tujuan untuk mengurangi kadar COD, TSS dan kekeruhan hingga 88%, 99% dan 98%, masing-masing.  Sementara itu, pada proses akhir digunakan membran RO yang berhasil menurunkan kadar BOD, COD dan warna hingga 92%, 98%, dan 99%, masing-masing.  Untuk menentukan kondisi optimum dari membran RO digunakan metode respon permukaan (RSM).  Hasil memperlihatkan ada korelasi antara semua variabel. Konsentrasi POME, tekanan trans membran, pH aturan dan waktu memberikan pengaruh penting dalam pengurangan parameter pada pengolahan POME, dengan kondisi operasi optimum sebagai berikut: 15,77% bagi konsentrasi, 3,73 bagi pH, 0,5 bar bagi tekanan trans membran, dan 5 jam waktu filtrasi.  Untuk memprediksi penghilangan COD, hasil diperiksa menggunakan metode jaringan saraf tiruan (ANN). Hal ini bertujuan untuk mendapatkan suatu model matematika.Kata kunci: POME, Adsorpsi, Membran filtrasi, COD, RSM, ANN
Harmonization of Green Open Space as Carbon Assimilator for Sustainable Environment of Transportation Sector and Steam Power Plant Juniah, Restu
Sriwijaya Journal of Environment Vol 3, No 1 (2018): Mining Activities
Publisher : Program Pascasarjana Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (404.52 KB) | DOI: 10.22135/sje.2018.3.1.43-46

Abstract

Abstract The environment has a function as a provider of raw materials (natural resources), aesthetics value and carbon assimilators. Emissions arising from the impact of activities in handmade environments such as transportation activities and steam power plant (SPP) activities may cause the environment to become unsustainable. The polluted air leads to a deterioration of the quality of both natural and social environment. Harmonization that occurs between green open space as the natural environment, transportation activities and steam power plant as handmade environment, and people as transport users and around SPP as social environment becomes sustainable. Reduced air pollution on the other hand, making the air absorbed by the community around the steam power plant is also better in quality. This makes the community of transportation users and steam power plant as social environment becomes sustainable since the impacts of the derivatives that arise on public health is being reduced. Thus, the harmonization between the three components of the living environment, namely Green Open Space (GOS) as the natural environment, transportation activities and steam power plant as an handmade environment, and the people as transportation users and around SPP as a social environment in the transportation sector and steam power plant. Keywords: Emission, Natural environment (GOS), Handmade environment (transportation and steam power plant), Sustainable environment.. Abstrak (Indonesian) Lingkungan memiliki fungsi sebagai penyedia bahan mentah (sumber daya alam), nilai estetika dan asimilator karbon. Emisi yang timbul sebagai dampak kegiatan di lingkungan buatan seperti kegiatan  transportasi dan kegiatan pembangkit listrik tenaga uap (PLTU) dapat menyebabkan lingkungan menjadi tidak berkelanjutan. Hal ini dikarenakan emisi menyebabkan udara menjadi tercemar. Udara yang tercemar mengakibatkan penurunan kualitas lingkungan alam dan lingkungan sosial. Harmonisasi yang  terjadi antara ruang terbuka hijau sebagai lingkungan alam, kegiatan transportasi dan PLTU sebagai lingkungan buatan serta masyarakat penggguna transportasi dan sekitar PLTU sebagai lingkungan  sosial menjadi berkelanjutan. Hal ini karena emisi yang  timbul oleh kegiatan transportasi dan PLTU dapat diserap oleh tanaman yang terdapat  pada ruang terbuka hijau. Penyerapan ini dapat mengurangi penurunan kualitas udara sehingga lingkungan alam tetap terjaga dan berkelanjutan. Berkurangnya pencemaran udara disisi lain, menjadikan kualitas udara lebih baik lagi sehingga udara yang diserap oleh masyarakat pengguna transportasi dan pejalan kaki serta sekitar PLTU juga dengan kualitas yang lebih baik lagi. Hal ini menjadikan masyarakat pengguna transportasi dan PLTU sebagai lingkungan sosial menjadi berkelanjutan. Hal ini dikarenakan terkuranginya dampak turunan yang timbul terhadap kesehatan masyarakat. Dengan demikian harmonisasi antara ketiga komponen lingkungan hidup yaitu RTH sebagai lingkungan alam, kegiatan trasportasi dan PLTU sebagai lingkungan buatan, dan masyarakat pengguna transportasi dan masyarakat yang berada sekitar PLTU sebagai lingkungan sosial menjadi sebuah keharusan untuk lingkungan yang berkelanjutan di sektor transportasi dan PLTU. Katakunci: Emisi, Lingkungan alam (RTH), Lingkungan buatan (transportasi dan PLTU), Lingkungan berkelanjutan.
Utilization of Lime Derived From Mussel Freshwater Shells (Pilsbryoconcha exilis) to Increase Swamp Water pH For Catfish (Pangasius sp.) culture Jubaedah, Dade -; -, Marsi -; Wijayanti, Marini -
Sriwijaya Journal of Environment Vol 4, No 2 (2019): Aquatic Environment
Publisher : Program Pascasarjana Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (150.499 KB) | DOI: 10.22135/sje.2019.4.2.59-63

Abstract

The water pH of swamp land is generally low (below 4) and becomes a constraint in catfish culture that requires pH 6.5-8.5. In this current study, the low pH value of water was overcome by liming using lime produced from the mussel freshwater shells. The purposes of this study were to determine the best dosage of lime derived from mussel freshwater shells to increase the pH of swamp water, as well as its effect on the survival rate and growth of catfish fingerlings. This study used Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with 5 treatments and 3 replications. The treatments used were the different dosages of lime derived from mussel freshwater shells (P1=4,000, P2=5,000, P3=6,000, P4=7,000 kg/ha equivalent CaO) and calcite (CaCO3) as control (P5= 6,000 kg/ha equivalent CaO). The result showed that P4 was the best treatment according to data of swamp water pH increased from 3.4 to 8.23, soil pH increased from 3.4 to 8.22, survival rate (100%), absolute growth of weight (56.59 g) and length (13.37 cm) and feed effeciency (113.06%).
Linking Local Government and Demographics to Ecological Footprint Abduh, Muhammad Abduh; Budianta, Dedik; Arinafril, Arinafril; Erina, Lili
Sriwijaya Journal of Environment Vol 5, No 3 (2020): ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT
Publisher : Program Pascasarjana Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (323.143 KB)

Abstract

To simplify the description of the damage phenomenon to the earth, the concept of ecological footprint can be used. This concept is not specifically built to calculate the destruction of the earth. This concept calculates how much space (on land and water) humans need to produce the resources they need including absorbing the waste they produce. This study calculates the ecological footprint in Palembang and its surroundings according to demographic factors and local government.  To investigate the general pattern of ecological footprint and its determinants based on the respondents’ reports, a survey was launched in October 2017. As a result, the average ecological footprint in Palembang Metropolitan and its surroundings is 0.591 global hectares (gha).  The ecological footprint in Palembang Metropolitan and its surroundings is formed by 4 things, namely: diet and food choices, shelter/home life, transportation and lifestyle choices.  The largest portion is given by diet and food choices (26.8 percent), while the smallest contribution is contributed by transportation (24.1 percent).   Taking into account demographic factors, a high ecological footprint is owned by a group of male individuals, aged 30-39 years, highly educated, working, and after hearing and understanding climate change and ecological footprint. Finally, if observed according to the type of government, metropolitan cities have a high ecological footprint than others.  Finally, the ecological footprint of Palembang as a metropolitan city is higher than the others.
Integration of GIS modeling with Fuzzy Logic method for land optimization of post mining on coal mine in South Kalimantan province: A case study of PT Wahana Baratama Mining Anis, Mohamad; Idrus, Arifudin; Amijaya, Hendra; Subagyo, Subagyo
Sriwijaya Journal of Environment Vol 2, No 3 (2017): Low Land
Publisher : Program Pascasarjana Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (603.473 KB) | DOI: 10.22135/sje.2017.2.3.62-66

Abstract

Currently coal companies, especially in South Kalimantan, have not been yet or only slightly entered the post-mining stage, although part of the mining blocks have been totally exploited, so that the company should have been preparing for the development of other sectors (non-mining). It shows that optimization of coal resources from exploration, mining to post-mining land use is necessary to ensure sustainable mining and sustainable development in terms of meeting the conservation aspect. To meet all aspects of conservation, the achievement of optimization in a series of mining business activities is started from the potential optimization of the potential of the coal remain resources until the optimization of post-mining land use is absolutely required. This research has analyzed several alternative sectors outside mining, which will be selected for optimization of utilization or post-mining land use, including plantation, recreation, industry and conservation sectors. The analyzing process used several parameters to assess the selected sector including rainfall, slope and land use. Therefore, this study uses an approach of GIS-based methods (knowledge-driven), mainly fuzzy logic for post-mining land use planning. The selected mining area for this study belongs to PT. Wahana Baratama Mining company that has a Work Agreement for Coal Mining Exploitation. The result shows the suitability of plantation for the optimization of land use in all mining sites and also for conservation areas or protected forests.Keywords: Optimization, Land use, Post-mining, Fuzzy logic.
Evaluation Tool of Land Suitability for Medicinal Plants Rahim, Supli Effendi; Supli, Ahmad Affandi; Damiri, Nurhayati; Zaman, Chairil; Husin, Husin
Sriwijaya Journal of Environment Vol 4, No 1 (2019): PLANT AND FORESTRY
Publisher : Program Pascasarjana Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (382.036 KB) | DOI: 10.22135/sje.2019.4.1.1

Abstract

Medicinal plants have been very important plants that are responsible in maintaining the health of millions of people in the world  since a very long time. Planting these crops must be carried out on a land that is suitable based on the results of a land suitability evaluation.  A framework to evaluate the land suitability for many land uses is initiated by Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) in the late 1970’s. As the advent of smart phone nowadays becoming ubiquitous technology to solve problems in most settings, such as education, agriculture, medicine, psychology, and many others. This paper is to capitalize such advantage by converting the framework into a mobile app. This solution is hoped to help land users or planners to be more effective and efficient in evaluating their land. An algorithm is employed in the form the Rule Based System (RBS) in a way to construct the framework into bunch of rules that connect each other, resulting the conclusion of suitability. The rules itself are working on some variables, namely annual rainfall, altitude, drainage, soils’ type, pH, flood risk, fertility of the soils, soil solumn depth, etc. This study focuses on three medicinal crops only, which are candlenut, cardamom and onion to be evaluated. Data of agro climatic that were determining the suitability of the crops were developed into general and specific criteria for the plants. A usability model was studied from 40 respondents using the app. It is found that the usability of the app was in “very good” classification, with dimension scores, ranging from 3.79 and 4.22.
Upgrading vacuum residue by swelling of CO2 gas and catalytic cracking process by using Al2O3 catalyst. Utami, Aditya Retno; Ansyory, Deby; Haryati, Sri; Bustan, Muhammad Djoni
Sriwijaya Journal of Environment Vol 5, No 2 (2020): NEW ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES
Publisher : Program Pascasarjana Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (439.885 KB) | DOI: 10.22135/sje.2020.5.2.69-75

Abstract

Vacuum residue is a waste of the production process in the petroleum refining industry. Even though vacuum residue is waste, it still contains hydrocarbon compounds that can be reused as a petroleum derivatives products that have commercial value. Improving the quality of vacuum residue from waste to commercial products is carried out in several stage of the process. In this research, we applied the swelling process as an initial step to weaken and break the long chain carbon of vacuum residue in order to reduce energy consumption. Furthermore, the swelling products will be reprocessed in the catalytic cracking processes to improve the quality and quantity of the product yield. The application of the swelling process can reduce operating conditions temperatures up to 350ºC, and the use of Al2O3 catalyst in the cracking process can produces the product yield that have a good quality after performing the GC-MS analysis test. The content of hydrocarbons in this vacuum residue shows the dominance of aromatic compounds with high octane numbers. The optimum composition of 5%-wt catalyst showed chromatogram composition of 166 compounds with the highest peak at 3.26 retention time owned by toluene with an octane number of 91.
Characterization of Farmer and Forage Supply in a Sheep Smallholder System in West Java, Indonesia Kumalasari, Nur Rochmah; Srifani, Anifah; Setiana, Muhammad Agus
Sriwijaya Journal of Environment Vol 6, No 3 (2021): Environmental Health and Safety
Publisher : Program Pascasarjana Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (82.747 KB) | DOI: 10.22135/sje.2021.6.3.78-83

Abstract

Forage plays a crucial role in the ruminant farm as the main diet whereas the forage availability is fluctuated, and low quality. This research was carried out to study the characteristics of sheep farming, forage diversity and supply at fattening period of local sheep in a small-scale farm area i.e., Ciaruteun Udik Village, Subdistrict Cibungbulang, Bogor Regency, at West Java, Indonesia. The study involved 64 farmers that have 5-15 sheep. Forage diversity and quality were analysed descriptive while relationship between collecting method and forage supply was performed linear model.  The results showed that forage supply related to the forage collecting method, sheep ownership, forage container, and feeding time.  The research was identified 69 forage species in the field around the farming area, while in the sheep barn there were 70 forage species.  The differences occurred due to farmer also add forage from other sources such as paddy field, home garden and forage trader.  The plants on forage sources classified as grasses were 36.3%, 1.50% legumes and 62.2% broadleaves plants.  The highest forage diversity was found in fallow land areas around community residents. The proximate analyses showed that nutrient content on farms were similar to forage sources. 

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