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Contact Name
Deflit Dujerslaim Lilo
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deflitlilo@iakn-toraja.ac.id
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INDONESIA
KAMASEAN: Jurnal Teologi Kristen
ISSN : 27228657     EISSN : 27228800     DOI : https://doi.org/10.34307/kamasean.v1i1
Core Subject : Religion,
KAMASEAN: Jurnal Teologi Kristen, terbit dua kali setahun. Tim editorial menerima dan menerbitkan naskah hasil penelitian untuk kategori: 1. Teologi Multikultural 2. Teologi Biblika Kontekstual 3. Pembangunan Jemaat 4. Sejarah Kekristenan 5. Misi Gereja
Articles 20 Documents
Tradisi Elohis Dalam Tetrateukh Moru, Osian Orjumi
KAMASEAN: Jurnal Teologi Kristen Vol. 1 No. 2 (2020): Kamasean : Jurnal Teologi Kristen
Publisher : Institut Agama Kristen Negeri Toraja

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (362.071 KB) | DOI: 10.34307/kamasean.v1i2.31

Abstract

The Elohist tradition is a collection of writings which play an important role in the making of the books of Tentrateuch. This tradition was created in the northern region during the social revolution of the northern kingdom of Israel under the new government led by Jerobeam I. Based on the background, this article is written to give a whole understanding about both concept and context of Elohist tradition through qualitative research by using hermeneutics approach and literature study. This article is systematically and comprehensively explaining about the connection between Elohist tradition with the effort to succeed and legitimize the power of elites in Northern Kingdom of Israel. This article also describes the reality that Elohist tradition is a kind of product which stresses the intimate connection between religion traditions with the social-political conditions in the Northern Kingdom of Israel in 930 until 722 B.C. Based on this concept, the Elohist traditon is written with the main major is related with social-religious propaganda either in the global and local diplomatic context.
Penderitaan, Dosa, dan Pekerjaan-Pekerjaan Allah: Eksegesis Injil Yohanes 9:2-4 Sanda, Hendrik Yufengkri
KAMASEAN: Jurnal Teologi Kristen Vol. 1 No. 1 (2020): Kamasean : Jurnal Teologi Kristen
Publisher : Institut Agama Kristen Negeri Toraja

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (954.384 KB) | DOI: 10.34307/kamasean.v1i1.1

Abstract

Consequences of the sinful acts, but there are also those who understand it as part of God's plan to reveal His work. The dualism of this opinion appears in the narrative in the Gospel of John 9: 1-7. The disciples gave such cynical questions about the suffering that has been experienced by the blind man as a consequence of the sin that was committed, but the Lord Jesus actually denied that through that suffering, the work of God should be made manifest in him. Which is right? What is the purpose of Jesus' argument? Why does he think so? Answering these questions, the researcher will use an exegetical approach to the text of the Gospel of John 9:2-4. This method is very important to research the purpose of Jesus' statement to the disciples' questions about the suffering of the blind man. This research finds the meaning of Jesus' argue which emphasizes how are the correct understanding and a real action towards the suffering of others. Penderitaan yang dialami seseorang sering dikaitkan dengan konsekuensi dari perbuatan dosa namun ada juga yang memahaminya sebagai bagian dari rencana Allah untuk menyatakan karya-Nya. Dualisme pandangan ini tampak dalam narasi di dalam Injil Yohanes 9:1-7. Para murid memberikan pertanyaan yang begitu sinis mengenai penderitaan yang dialami orang buta merupakan akibat dari dosa yang telah dilakukan, tetapi Tuhan Yesus justru menyanggah bahwa melalui penderitaan itu, karya Allah akan dinyatakan di dalamnya. Manakah yang benar? Apakah maksud argumen Yesus itu? Mengapa Ia berpendapat demikian? Menjawab pertanyaan-pertanyaan tersebut, peneliti akan menggunakan pendekatan eksegetikal pada teks Injil Yohanes 9:2-4. Metode ini sangat penting untuk meneliti maksud pernyataan Yesus terhadap pertanyaan para murid mengenai penderitaan orang yang buta tersebut. Penelitian ini menemukan makna pendapat Yesus yang menekankan bagaimana pemahaman yang benar dan sikap yang nyata terhadap penderitaan yang dialami oleh orang lain.
Perjumpaan Penginjil CGK Belanda Dengan Orang Toraja Mamasa: Praktik Metode Penginjilan Arie Bikker Dan Martin Geleijnse serta Relevansinya Bagi Metode Pekabaran Injil Gereja Toraja Mamasa Masa Kini abialtar
KAMASEAN: Jurnal Teologi Kristen Vol. 1 No. 1 (2020): Kamasean : Jurnal Teologi Kristen
Publisher : Institut Agama Kristen Negeri Toraja

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (976.331 KB) | DOI: 10.34307/kamasean.v1i1.3

Abstract

Preaching the gospel by Western mission organizations has given rise to a unique encounter between missionaries and indigenous peoples where they preach the gospel. The problem that arises then is the lack of research into what this encounter is and what it means for church life today. The author examines the encounter of evangelists from de Christelijke Gereformeerde Kerken (CGK) in the Netherlands with the Toraja Mamasa community, especially the To Salu tribe with qualitative research methods by relying on library research and mission history archives in Mamasa. Also conducted interviews with traditional and church leaders in Mamasa. The author found that the encounter between the two evangelists with the To Salu tribe had resulted in a missionary attitude and insight and certain theological characteristics which were then inherent in the history of the Toraja Mamasa Church (GTM) which was the fruit of the CGK evangelism. The author's thesis statement: "The attitude and insight and style of the theology of Bikker and Gelijnse, namely the pattern of Dutch Calvinist theology, then colored the theological features of the Mamasa Toraja Church in the course of its ministry in the context of Toraja Mamasa to the present.”Pemberitaan Injil oleh organisasi misi Barat telah melahirkan pertemuan unik antara misionaris dan masyarakat adat di mana mereka memberitakan Injil. Masalah yang muncul kemudian adalah kurangnya penelitian pada apa yang ditimbulkan oleh perjumpaan tersebut dan maknanya bagi kehidupan gereja saat ini. Penulis meneliti pertemuan penginjil dari de Christelijke Gereformeerde Kerken (CGK) di Belanda dengan komunitas Toraja Mamasa, terutama suku To Salu dengan metode penelitian kualitatif dengan mengandalkan penelitian pustaka dan arsip sejarah misi di Mamasa. Juga melakukan wawancara terhadapa tokoh-tokoh adat dan gereja di Mamasa. Penulis menemukan bahwa pertemuan antara dua penginjil dengan suku To Salu telah menghasilkan sikap misi dan wawasan serta ciri-ciri teologis tertentu yang kemudian melekat dalam sejarah Gereja Toraja Mamasa (GTM) yang merupakan buah penginjilan CGK. Pernyataan akhir penulis: "Sikap dan wawasan serta gaya teologi Bikker dan Gelijnse, yaitu pola teologi Calvinis Belanda, kemudian mewarnai ciri-ciri teologis Gereja Mamasa Toraja dalam perjalanan pelayanannya dalam konteks masyarakat Toraja Mamasa."
Analisis Makna Simbol Batu Tallu dan Täbä Tallu Tentang Pemeliharaan Allah di Salutambun dengan Menggunakan Teori Ernst Cassirer Jeffri Andri Saputra
KAMASEAN: Jurnal Teologi Kristen Vol. 1 No. 1 (2020): Kamasean : Jurnal Teologi Kristen
Publisher : Institut Agama Kristen Negeri Toraja

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (934.508 KB) | DOI: 10.34307/kamasean.v1i1.5

Abstract

Batu and Täbä are symbols and cultural relics in Salutambun. The main ideas represented through Batu and Täbä were the providence of God in the history of the local people. Reviving this meaning is the main purpose of the author. The last few decades after the community was dominated by Christianity, the center of community attention switched to the background of symbol founders (non-Christians) and the emergence of the title of "Guardian of the village" indicating idolatry. Both of these problems bore rejection of the symbol, and the meaning represented in it began to be forgotten by society. By that, the author was encouraged to construct the meaning of symbols as well as show their relevance to Christianity. The methods used are qualitative research methods, with symbolic interaction strategies. The source of information is customary parents, some community leaders, and churches, as well as documents/records history of Salutambun. The collected data was analyzed using the symbol theory of Ernst Cassirer. After conducting research, it was discovered that Batu and Täbä represented God's providence and contributed to the preaching of the gospel.Batu dan Täbä adalah simbol sekaligus peninggalan budaya di Salutambun. Gagasan utama yang direpresentasikan melalui Batu dan Täbä adalah pemeliharaan Allah dalam sejarah masyarakat setempat. Menghidupkan kembali makna inilah yang menjadi tujuan utama penulis. Beberapa dekade terakhir setelah masyarakat didominasi oleh Kekristenan, pusat perhatian masyarakat beralih ke latar belakang pendiri simbol (non-kristen) dan munculnya gelar “penjaga kampung” yang mengindikasikan penyembahan berhala. Kedua masalah ini melahirkan penolakan terhadap simbol, dan makna yang direpresentasikan di dalamnya mulai dilupakan masyarakat. Olehnya itu, penulis terdorong untuk mengonstruksi makna simbol sekaligus menunjukkan relevansinya bagi kekristenan. Metode yang digunakan adalah metode penelitian kualitatif, dengan strategi interaksi simbolik. Sumber informasi adalah orang tua adat, beberapa tokoh masyarakat dan gereja, serta dokumen/catatan sejarah Salutambun. Data yang terkumpul dianalisis menggunakan teori simbol dari Ernst Cassirer. Setelah melakukan penelitian, ditemukan bahwa Batu dan Täbä merepresentasikan pemeliharaan Allah dan memiliki kontribusi bagi pemberitaan Injil.
Semua Orang Dipilih-Nya Dari Semula: Eksegese Kitab Roma 8:28-30 Mattu, Hibur Wanti
KAMASEAN: Jurnal Teologi Kristen Vol. 1 No. 1 (2020): Kamasean : Jurnal Teologi Kristen
Publisher : Institut Agama Kristen Negeri Toraja

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (856.23 KB) | DOI: 10.34307/kamasean.v1i1.7

Abstract

In Romans 8: 28-30 it states that God chose. This arises the mistaken understanding that if God has chosen from the beginning, then there are those who are chosen and those who are not. Then, how does God's understanding choose people from the beginning? If so, are the good deeds of the believer still relevant? does the Great Commission still apply to believers? Therefore, the purpose of this writing is to seek the meaning of all the people He chose from the beginning in Romans 8: 28-30. This writing uses a qualitative writing method with a type of exegesis approach, namely Grammatical-context study. Grammatical means to examine the phrase all the people He chose from the beginning in Romans 8: 28-30. The intended context analysis is to link each analyzed word to the context in which the word is located. The findings of this writing which are related to being chosen in the Book of Romans are that the election of God from the beginning was an act of God long before all were made who knew humans and chose who would receive Christ and His glory. This calling occurs according to and based on God's purpose. God's call for believers is for a certain purpose or plan. The call is for believers to be like Christ and share in His glory and contribute well to God's plan. The purpose of the call is to accept the justification of the mistakes and sins that have been done. All sins and mistakes will be blotted out by the blood of Jesus, as a justification for His death, and His resurrection that has sacrificed for those who believe in Him. The Last is glorified. This is God's future action where He frees believers from every aspect of sin, at His second coming. This process requires all believers to be like Jesus Christ. Dalam Kitab Roma 8:28-30 menyatakan tentang Allah memilih. Hal ini muncul pemahaman yang keliru bahwa jika Allah telah memilih dari semula, maka ada yang terpilih dan ada yang tidak terpilih. Lalu, bagaimana pemahaman tentang Allah memilih orang-orang dari semula? Jika demikian, apakah perbuatan baik orang percaya masih relevan? apakah amanat agung masih berlaku bagi orang percaya? oleh karena itu, tujuan penulisan ini adalah untuk mencari makna semua orang dipilih-Nya dari semula dalam kitab Roma 8:28-30. Penulisan ini menggunakan metode penulisan kualitatif dengan jenis pendekatan eksegese yakni kajian gramatikal-konteks. Gramatikal maksudnya adalah mengkaji frasa semua orang dipilih-Nya dari semula dalam kitab Roma 8:28-30. Analisa konteks yang dimaksudkan adalah menghubungkan setiap kata yang dianalisa terhadap konteks di mana kata itu berada. Temuan-temuan dari penulisan ini yang terkait dengan dipilih dalam kitab Roma adalah bahwa pemilihan Allah dari semula merupakan suatu tindakan Allah jauh sebelum semuanya dijadikan yang telah mengenal manusia dan memilih siapa yang akan menerima Kristus dan kemuliaanNya. Panggilan ini terjadi sesuai dengan dan berdasarkan tujuan Allah. Panggilan Allah bagi orang-orang percaya adalah untuk tujuan atau rencana tertentu. Panggilan tersebut agar orang percaya menjadi serupa seperti Kristus dan ikut ambil bagian dalam kemuliaan-Nya, dan berkontribusi baik dalam rencana Allah. Maksud panggilan itu adalah menerima pembenaran dari kesalahan-kesalahan dan dosa yang telah diperbuat. Segala dosa dan kesalahan akan dihapuskan oleh darah Yesus, sebagai pembenaran atas kematianNya, dan kebangkitanNya yang telah berkorban bagi mereka yang percaya kepadaNya. Terakhir dimuliakan. Ini adalah tindakan Allah di masa depan di mana Ia membebaskan orang percaya dari setiap aspek dosa, pada kedatangan-Nya kedua kali. Proses ini menuntut semua orang percaya untuk serupa dengan Yesus Kristus.
Makna Takut akan Tuhan Menurut Amsal 8:13 (Studi Evaluasi di Jemaat GPdI “Filadelfia” Oepaleo Kupang) Nelly, Nelly; Nome, Rodi Imenuel
KAMASEAN: Jurnal Teologi Kristen Vol. 1 No. 2 (2020): Kamasean : Jurnal Teologi Kristen
Publisher : Institut Agama Kristen Negeri Toraja

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (457.515 KB) | DOI: 10.34307/kamasean.v1i2.14

Abstract

Abstract: Fear of God are hates evil; hates pride, hates conceit, hates evil conduct, and hates guile-filled mouths. In the fear of God is also a sign of the quality and morality of a person who can be accountable for his life before God and shows a view of life that contains human proper attitudes that are always shown in everyday life because of his good and close relationship with God. The purpose of this study was to describe the meaning of fearing God according to Proverbs 8:13 in the GPdI "Filadelfia" congregation in Oepaleo Kupang. This article is a qualitative research with an evaluation approach, the data is processed and analyzed using descriptive statistics. From the results of the percentage of the five indicators that the researcher included in this study, the average percentage value was in the high criteria, namely 61.81%. In other words, the congregation at GPdI "Filadelfia" Oepaleo Kupang already understands the meaning of fearing God, but it needs to be improved.
Manusia Sebagai Instrumen Dalam Perlawanan Antara Allah dan Iblis: Penelurusan Narasi Ayub 1-2 sandrianto, Musa
KAMASEAN: Jurnal Teologi Kristen Vol. 1 No. 1 (2020): Kamasean : Jurnal Teologi Kristen
Publisher : Institut Agama Kristen Negeri Toraja

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1019.482 KB) | DOI: 10.34307/kamasean.v1i1.16

Abstract

The book of Job chapters 1-2 contains a narrative of resistance between God and the Devil. Interestingly, in the narration of Job chapters 1-2 the resistance between God and Satan uses humans (Job) as his instrument. The question is what is man's goal as an instrument in the struggle between God and Satan? How does God use humans (Job) as an instrument in His fight with Satan? The purpose of this study is to find out what God's purpose is to use humans (Job) as an instrument against Satan. This writing uses a qualitative method with the type of narrative approach to the book of Job chapters 1-2. The use of narrative descriptions is very important to see the fierce resistance between God and Satan, where humans (Job) are the instruments. The findings in the study are (1) God is sovereign to use everyone including Job for his purposes. (2) In the narrative study of Job chapters 1 and 2 it is found that all the actions of Satan are under God's supervision and will. Without God's permission, Satan cannot do anything. (3) All actions of creation including Satan are in the sovereignty of God.Kitab Ayub pasal 1-2 terdapat narasi perlawanan antara Allah dan Iblis. Menariknya dalam narasi Ayub pasal 1-2 perlawanan antara Allah dan Iblis memakai manusia (Ayub) sebagai instrumennya. Pertanyaannya adalah apa tujuan manusia sebagai instrumen dalam perlawanan antara Allah dan Iblis? Bagaimana Allah memakai manusia (Ayub) sebagai instrumen dalam perlawanan -Nya dengan Iblis? Tujuan dari penelitian ini, untuk mengetahui apa maksud Allah memakai manusia (Ayub) sebagai instrument dalam melawan Iblis. Penulisan ini menggunakan metode kualitatif dengan jenis pendekatan narasi terhadap kitab Ayub pasal 1-2. Penggunaan Narasi deskripsi ini sangat penting untuk melihat perlawanan sengit antara Allah dan Iblis di mana manusia (Ayub) sebagai instrumennya. temuan-temuan dalam penelitian adalah (1) Allah berdaulat memakai setiap orang termasuk Ayub untuk maksud dan tujuannya. (2) Dalam kajian narasi Ayub pasal 1 dan 2 ditemukan bahwa segala tindakan Iblis ada dalam pengawasan dan kehendak Tuhan. Tanpa seizin Tuhan, Iblis tidak dapat berbuat apa-apa. (3) Segala tindakan ciptaan termasuk Iblis ada dalam kedaulatan Allah.
Pengharapan Baru: Menginterpretasi Ulangan 1:1-8 dengan Pendekatan Kanonis Brevard S. Childs Sipahutar, Roy Charly HP
KAMASEAN: Jurnal Teologi Kristen Vol. 1 No. 2 (2020): Kamasean : Jurnal Teologi Kristen
Publisher : Institut Agama Kristen Negeri Toraja

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (380.755 KB) | DOI: 10.34307/kamasean.v1i2.19

Abstract

This paper is an attempt to find out the canonical meaning of the insertion of the text of Deuteronomy 1: 1-8 in the overall framework of Deuteronomy. The method used in this research is canonical hermeneutics developed by Brevard S. Childs, this approach enables the interpreter to see the intent of the editor of the Scriptures in the preparation of text sequences in such a way as to the perspective of the final canon. The canonical analysis shows that Deuteronomy 1: 1-8 is the initial part of the minor form (chapters 1-4) that is deliberately inserted and placed at the front as a close link to the previous book (even the first four books of the holy book) and is both an introduction and legitimacy of authority Deuteronomy even for the whole Deuteronomic History. This text comes from the editor of the exile and gives a message of new hope for the exiled Israeli community.This paper is an attempt to find out the canonical meaning of the insertion of the text of Deuteronomy 1: 1-8 in the overall framework of Deuteronomy. The method used in this research is canonical hermeneutics developed by Brevard S. Childs, this approach enables the interpreter to see the intent of the editor of the Scriptures in the preparation of text sequences in such a way as to the perspective of the final canon. The canonical analysis shows that Deuteronomy 1: 1-8 is the initial part of the minor form (chapters 1-4) that is deliberately inserted and placed at the front as a close link to the previous book (even the first four books of the holy book) and is both an introduction and legitimacy of authority Deuteronomy even for the whole Deuteronomic History. This text comes from the editor of the exile and gives a message of new hope for the exiled Israeli community.
Makna Kata τέλειος Dalam Injil Matius 5:48 Dan Implikasinya Bagi Orang Percaya Gumelar, Fajar; Luthy, Christopher James; Panggarra, Robi; Frederik, Hanny
KAMASEAN: Jurnal Teologi Kristen Vol. 2 No. 2 (2021): Kamasean : Jurnal Teologi Kristen
Publisher : Institut Agama Kristen Negeri Toraja

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (451.48 KB) | DOI: 10.34307/kamasean.v2i2.28

Abstract

Abstract: Matthew 5:17-48 is part of Jesus' Sermon on the Mount, where it is the deepest reflection of God's law which contrasts sharply with the patterns and teachings of the scribes and Pharisees. This passage concludes with Jesus' mandate to His followers to be perfect as their Father in heaven is perfect (5:48). The word perfect in this text is translated from the Greek word τέλειος which can actually be translated as perfect, complete or mature. The difference in interpretation of the meaning of the word τέλειος has led to several different thoughts and doctrines. In Matthew 5:48's research, the author uses general hermeneutic principles to find the meaning or meaning conveyed by the author to the first reader. This research used the critical historical interpretation method. In addition, the author also uses library research methods, by reading books, journals and investigating books related to the discussion of this scientific work. Based on the description of this scientific work, the authors draw the following conclusions: first, the meaning of the word τέλειος in Matthew 5:48 does not refer to a sinless perfect state, but rather to the meaning of completeness. Second, the example of life for believers is God himself, not others. Third, the command to be perfect like God is not an impossible thing for God's people to do. Fourth, completeness like God can only be experienced if humans have an intimate relationship with God. Fifth, Jesus calls His people to be complete in fellowship. Abstrak: Matius 5:17-48 merupakan bagian dari khotbah Yesus di bukit, dimana isinya merupakan refleksi terdalam terhadap hukum Allah yang sangat kontras dengan pola dan ajaran ahli-ahli Taurat dan orang-orang Farisi. Perikop ini diakhiri dengan amanat Yesus kepada para pengikut-Nya untuk menjadi sempurna sebagaimana Bapa di surga adalah sempurna (5:48). Kata sempurna dalam teks ini diterjemahkan dari kata Yunani τέλειος yang sebenarnya bisa diterjemahkan sebagai sempurna, lengkap atau dewasa. Perbedaan tafsir akan makna kata τέλειος ini kemudian memunculkan beberapa pemikiran dan doktrin yang berbeda-beda. Dalam penelitian Matius 5:48 ini penulis menggunakan prinsip-prinsip umum hermeneutik guna mencari makna atau maksud yang disampaikan penulis kepada pembaca pertama. Metode tafsir yang digunakan adalah metode tafsir historis kritis. Selain itu penulis juga menggunakan metode penelitian kepustakaan atau library research, dengan membaca buku-buku, jurnal-jurnal dan menyelidiki kitab yang berkaitan dengan bahasan karya ilmiah ini. Berdasarkan hasil uraian dari karya ilmiah ini, penulis menarik kesimpulan sebagai berikut: pertama, makna kata τέλειος dalam Matius 5:48 tidak menunjuk pada keadaan sempurna yang tanpa dosa, melainkan pada arti kelengkapan. Kedua, keteladanan hidup bagi orang percaya adalah Allah sendiri, bukan orang lain. Ketiga, perintah untuk menjadi sempurna seperti Allah bukanlah suatu hal yang mustahil untuk dilakukan umat Allah. Keempat, kelengkapan seperti Allah hanya dapat dialami jika manusia memiliki hubungan yang intim dengan Allah. Kelima, Yesus memanggil umat-Nya untuk menjadi lengkap di dalam persekutuan.
Kajian Teologis Kitab Ayub 1-2 Dan Implikasi Psikologis Terhadap Keluarga Kristen Yang Mengalami Kematian Anak Di Gereja Toraja Klasis Makale Tengah Jemaat Imanuel Tampo Windy, Windy
KAMASEAN: Jurnal Teologi Kristen Vol. 1 No. 2 (2020): Kamasean : Jurnal Teologi Kristen
Publisher : Institut Agama Kristen Negeri Toraja

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (419.823 KB) | DOI: 10.34307/kamasean.v1i2.32

Abstract

This paper is motivated by a Christian family at Gereja Toraja Jemaat Imanuel Tampo who mourn the death of a child. The death of child causes parents to give different emotional reactions from one to others. Job 1-2 show that how Christians confronting with suffering. This is the  author’s consideration to see the theological study of Job 1-2 and its implications for Christian families who experience child death at Gereja Toraja Klasis Makale Tengah Jemaat Imanuel Tampo. The research method that the authors use in this research is a narrative study qualitative. This narrative study is developed to describe the theological studies of Job 1-2 and the implications for Christian family who experience child death at Gereja Toraja Klasis Makale Tengah Jemaat Imanuel Tampo. Job confronted the suffering that occurs by surrendering to God and accepts that suffering humbly. Job 1-2 teaches to understand God’s sovereignty that occurs through suffering. Christian families who grieve over the loss of their children also accept the suffering they endure. Theory of Kubler Ross regards 5 stages of grief, namely denial of anger, bargaining, depression, and acceptance as a process to be accepted the suffering. In the end the Christian family in the Gereja Toraja Klasis Makale tengah Jemaat Imanuel Tampo can through the suffering of the death of a child by surrending to God and accepting it.

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