cover
Contact Name
Randy Atma R. Massi
Contact Email
randyatma@uindatokarama.ac.id
Phone
+6282345682297
Journal Mail Official
comparativa@uindatokarama.ac.id
Editorial Address
Jl. Diponegoro No. 23, Lere, Kota Palu
Location
Kota palu,
Sulawesi tengah
INDONESIA
COMPARATIVA: Jurnal Ilmiah Perbandingan Mazhab dan Hukum
ISSN : -     EISSN : 27748111     DOI : https://doi.org/10.24239/comparativa
Core Subject : Religion, Social,
Comparativa is a Mazhab and Law Comparison journal which provide immediate open access as an effort to disseminate research results that focus on Comparativa Journal study includes (but is not limited to): Islamic Law and Comparison School of Law in terms of Islamic Law and Positive Law. Comparativa is a semi-annual journal issued on June and December.
Arjuna Subject : Ilmu Sosial - Hukum
Articles 20 Documents
IJMA’ SEBAGAI PENYATUAN PERBEDAAN AWAL BULAN QAMARIAH Ahmad Fadholi
Comparativa: Jurnal Ilmiah Perbandingan Mazhab dan Hukum Vol. 1 No. 1 (2020)
Publisher : Program Studi Perbandingan Mazhab, Fakultas Syariah, Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Datokarama Palu

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (336.855 KB) | DOI: 10.24239/comparativa.v1i1.1

Abstract

The teachings of Islam can be understood, because Islam brought by Prophet Muhammad pbuh. at 14 centuries ago, who was sent to convey Islamic teachings with the holy book, al-Qur’an as the principal teachings of Islam. While the second source is as-Sunnah. Both of them, al-Quran and as-Sunnah, are the principal source of Islamic teachings. Along with the times increasingly complex, the problems in people's lives are more and more undiscovered in these two sources. it is necessary for an ijtihad to finish its problems by way of ijma 'as a method of solving problems of religion. Ijma 'itself is an agreement of the mujtahid at some time after Prophet Muhammad on a syar'i law about a particular event. Events of the law faced by Muslims did’n stop by the death of the Prophet Muhammad pbuh. This problem, both in types and quality, is always developed according with evolution of time. Therefore, alternatives taken to determine the laws of any event are through ijtihad and make decisions together. That joint decision is called ijma ' and is the third argument agreed by sholars to be sources of law. Then by agreement as a third source of law, it have power in the Islamic legal system. The power of ijma' has been suggested by the Prophet in a hadith "La tajtami'u ummati' ala al-dhallah".
TERORISME DITINJAU DARI PERSPEKTIF HUKUM PIDANA ISLAM (FIQIH JINAYAH) Zulkifli Zulkifli; Muh. Syarif Hasyim; Hamiyuddin Hamiyuddin
Comparativa: Jurnal Ilmiah Perbandingan Mazhab dan Hukum Vol. 1 No. 1 (2020)
Publisher : Program Studi Perbandingan Mazhab, Fakultas Syariah, Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Datokarama Palu

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (237.258 KB) | DOI: 10.24239/comparativa.v1i1.2

Abstract

The discussion in this research is terrorism from the perspective of Islamic criminal law (fiqih jinayah). The problem that becomes the focus of research is how terrorism is in the review of Islamic criminal law or jinnayah fiqh. Qualitative research, the source of which is library research, is the method used in research. There are two kinds of data sources in this research, namely primary and secondary data sources, while the data collection and analysis uses literature review research. The data were analyzed using the Islamic criminal law theory approach. So as a result of this research that acts of terrorism are not justified in Islamic teachings. The birth of this action is because the perpetrators have shallow thoughts or have very minimal thoughts and have political goals to harm themselves and others. They even consider this act as Jihad, even though in fact it is not a jihad but an act that brings fear to potential victims.
TINJAUAN YURIDIS SANKSI ADAT KAILI RAI TERHADAP PELAKU PELECEHAN SEKSUAL: (Studi Kasus di Desa Lende Kecamatan Sirenja) Moh. Ansar; Suhri Hanafi; Sitti Nurkhaerah; Wahyuni Wahyuni; Taufan B.
Comparativa: Jurnal Ilmiah Perbandingan Mazhab dan Hukum Vol. 1 No. 1 (2020)
Publisher : Program Studi Perbandingan Mazhab, Fakultas Syariah, Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Datokarama Palu

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (260.922 KB) | DOI: 10.24239/comparativa.v1i1.3

Abstract

The problem of how castration sanctions for perpetrators of crimes of sexual violence against children in the perspective of positive law in Indonesia and how Islamic criminal law views castration as a sanction are the focus of the problem in this study. The research method consists of the type of research, data and data sources, data collection techniques and data analysis techniques using a qualitative research approach. Then, as a result of the research, there are differences in Islamic law among scholars regarding the punishment of castration Law Number 17 of 2016 Regarding the stipulation of PERPU Number 1 of 2016 Second Amendment to Law Number 23 Year 2002 Concerning Child Protection Becomes Law against perpetrators of sexual crimes against children, and Islamic law has stipulated penalties for perpetrators of sexual crimes in detail of the facts of their actions, so they cannot (haram) carry out the type of castration punishment in accordance with the argument, namely the hadith of the Prophet Muhammad saw., which prohibits his companions from being castrated.
PERCERAIAN DI LUAR PENGADILAN MENURUT TINJAUAN HUKUM ISLAM: (Studi Kasus Di Desa Lariang Kecamatan Tikke Raya Kabupaten Pasangkayu Provinsi Sulawesi Barat) Nurfaradillah AS; Muh. Syarif Hasyim; Sitti Nurkhaerah
Comparativa: Jurnal Ilmiah Perbandingan Mazhab dan Hukum Vol. 1 No. 1 (2020)
Publisher : Program Studi Perbandingan Mazhab, Fakultas Syariah, Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Datokarama Palu

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (204.197 KB) | DOI: 10.24239/comparativa.v1i1.4

Abstract

The discussion in this research is divorce outside the court according to the study of Islamic law in Desa Lariang Kecamatan Tikke Raya Kabupaten Pasangkayu. The basis for this research is that divorce outside the court is contrary to the laws enacted in Indonesia, namely: Law of the Republic of Indonesia Number 1 of 1974 concerning Marriage and Presidential Instruction Number 1 of 1991 concerning Compilation of Islamic Law.So that the research will use a qualitative research approach, with the research design used is a single case study design in research. According to a review of Islamic law, divorce that occurs outside the court in Lariang Village is legal. However, when viewed in Law Number 1 of 1974 concerning Marriage and Presidential Instruction Number 1 of 1991 concerning Compilation of Islamic Law (positive Islamic law) this is invalid.
PANDANGAN HUKUM ISLAM TERHADAP ADAT TOPO SALIA DI DESA MANINILI BARAT KECAMATAN TINOMBO SELATAN KABUPATEN PARIGI MOUTONG Nizrah Nizrah; Nasaruddin Nasaruddin; Hamiyuddin Hamiyuddin
Comparativa: Jurnal Ilmiah Perbandingan Mazhab dan Hukum Vol. 1 No. 1 (2020)
Publisher : Program Studi Perbandingan Mazhab, Fakultas Syariah, Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Datokarama Palu

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (237.647 KB) | DOI: 10.24239/comparativa.v1i1.5

Abstract

This research has a problem that how is the implementation of the topo salia custom in Desa Maninili Barat, Kecamatan Tinombo Selatan, Kabupaten Parigi Moutong, and what is the view of Islamic law on the topo salia custom. The research method used is a qualitative method that describes field research. In the data collection technique, the writer used the method of observation and direct interviews with informants, namely the village head and several religious figures as well as documentation. Then, the results of the research found that first the topo salia custom is a ritual that is carried out in the month of Rabiul Awal to commemorate the birthday of the Prophet Muhammad. namely on the 12th of Rabiul Awal, this tradition was carried out with the aim of rejecting calamities and making their children live and cultured. Second, according to the view of traditional Islamic law, topo salia does not contradict Islamic law because it contains Islamic values, such as deliberation, mutual cooperation, strengthening friendship, and a form of gratitude to Allah swt.
PERSPEKTIF HUKUM ISLAM MENGENAI PERNIKAHAN DINI AKIBAT SANKSI ADAT DI DESA POWELUA KECAMATAN BANAWA TENGAH KABUPATEN DONGGALA M Iksan
Comparativa: Jurnal Ilmiah Perbandingan Mazhab dan Hukum Vol. 1 No. 2 (2020)
Publisher : Program Studi Perbandingan Mazhab, Fakultas Syariah, Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Datokarama Palu

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (268.713 KB) | DOI: 10.24239/comparativa.v1i2.9

Abstract

This paper discusses early marriage due to Kaili's customary sanctions in the perspective of Islamic law (Case Study of Powelua Village, Banawa Tengah District, Donggala Regency). The problem to be examined in this research is how early marriage due to kaili customary sanctions in Powelua Village, Kec. Central Banawa District. Donggala and how is the perspective of Islamic law regarding early marriage due to kaili customary sanctions in Powelua Village, Kec. Central Banawa District. Donggala. The research method used in this research is a type of qualitative research, namely the type of research used to examine the conditions of natural objects. The results showed that, early marriage due to customary sanctions (adat ni soko ni po porongo or being arrested by marriage) in Poweluwa Village was already in effect before the spread of Islam in Central Sulawesi in particular, this customary sanction is an inviolable customary sanction starting from ancient times to the present. Marriage due to customary sanctions does not only occur for those who are brought age but marriages due to this customary sanction do not know the age of anyone who is found to have violated customary sanctions so there are only two options, namely paying a fine (givu) or having a marriage (ni soko ni po porongo)
KEHIDUPAN DAN KARAKTERISTIK PEMIKIRAN HUKUM IMAM AHMAD BIN HANBAL Nadia Nadia
Comparativa: Jurnal Ilmiah Perbandingan Mazhab dan Hukum Vol. 1 No. 2 (2020)
Publisher : Program Studi Perbandingan Mazhab, Fakultas Syariah, Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Datokarama Palu

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (243.404 KB) | DOI: 10.24239/comparativa.v1i2.11

Abstract

Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, who is an expert in the fields of hadith and Islamic jurisprudence. He is known as the founder of the Hanbali mazhab. Many assume that Ibn Hanbal is not a fukaha but only a muhaddis, an expression like this is based on his interest in deepening the field of hadith and the many hadiths he has collected and the fatwa that tends to follow Imam Shafi'i who is his teacher, which is a strong reason for the assumption. make it interesting to review what life really is like and the characteristics of his legal thought. Ahmad Ibn Hanbal is not someone who is fanatical about his fatwas and he has a method of istimbath that is different from other Imams by giving more portions to nash than ra’yu.
MAHAR PERNIKAHAN SUKU BUGIS DITINJAU DARI HUKUM ISLAM DI DESA LAPRI KECAMATAN SEBATIK KALIMANTAN UTARA wahyudin
Comparativa: Jurnal Ilmiah Perbandingan Mazhab dan Hukum Vol. 1 No. 2 (2020)
Publisher : Program Studi Perbandingan Mazhab, Fakultas Syariah, Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Datokarama Palu

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (306.985 KB) | DOI: 10.24239/comparativa.v1i2.12

Abstract

This work discusses the marriage dowry of the Bugis tribe in terms of Islamic law in Lapri Village, Sebatik District, North Kalimantan. The problems to be examined in this research are, how is the position of the dowry, the process of determining the dowry of the Bugis tribe in Lapri Village, Sebatik District, North Kalimantan and how the Islamic law review regarding the marriage dowry of the Bugis tribe in Lapri Village, Sebatik District, North Kalimantan. The research method used in this research is a type of qualitative research, namely the type of research used to examine the conditions of natural objects. The results showed that the process of determining the dowry or wedding ceremony of the Bugis tribe in Lapri Village, Sebatik District was discussed at the time of ma'duta and the level or amount was decided when mappetu was present, namely, at the meeting of the two parties, both from the bride and the groom-male.
PERLUASAN MAKNA INSTRUMEN HUKUM KEPUTUSAN TATA USAHA NEGARA BERDASARKAN UNDANG-UNDANG NOMOR 30 TAHUN 2014 TENTANG ADMINISTRASI PEMERINTAHAN Wahyuni
Comparativa: Jurnal Ilmiah Perbandingan Mazhab dan Hukum Vol. 1 No. 2 (2020)
Publisher : Program Studi Perbandingan Mazhab, Fakultas Syariah, Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Datokarama Palu

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (153.246 KB) | DOI: 10.24239/comparativa.v1i2.13

Abstract

Implikasi berlakunya Undang-Undang Nomor 30 Tahun 2014 tentang Administrasi Pemerintahan maka merubah kewenangan yang ada pada Pengadilan Tata Usaha Negara, hal ini didasarkan pada Pasal 87 Undang-Undang Nomor 30 Tahun 2014 tentang Administrasi Pemerintahan. Dimana sebelumnya unsur-unsur pada keputusan tata usaha Negara berdasarkan Undang-Undang Nomor 51 Tahun 2009 tentang Perubahan Kedua Undang-Undang Nomor 5 Tahun 1986 tentang Peradilan Tata Usaha Negara adalah suatu penetapan tertulis yang dikeluarkan oleh Badan atau Pejabat Tata Usaha Negara yang berisi tindakan hukum tata usaha Negara yang berdasarkan peraturan perundang-undangan yang berlaku, yang bersifat konkret, individual dan final yang menimbulkan akibat hukum bagi seseorang atau badan hukum perdata. Namun setelah Undang-Undang Nomor 30 Tahun 2014 tentang Administrasi Pemerintahan berlaku, maka keputusan tata usaha Negara yang merupakan objek sengketa pada Pengadilan Tata Usaha Negara tersebut meluas maknanya menjadi penetapan tertulis yang juga mencakup tindakan faktual, keputusan badan dan/atau pejabat tata usaha Negara di lingkungan eksekutif, legislatif dan yudikatif, dan penyelenggara Negara lainnya, berdasarkan ketentuan perundang-undangan dan Asas-Asas Umum Pemerintahan yang Baik, bersifat final dalam arti lebih luas, keputusan yang berpotensi menimbulkan akibat hukum dan atau keputusan yang berlaku bagi warga masyarakat. Perluasan makna ini tentu berimplikasi pada kewenangan Pengadilan Tata Usaha Negara dalam memaknai keputusan tata usaha Negara, oleh karena itu, penulis ingin mengetahui bagaimanakah perluasan makna instrumen hukum keputusan tata usaha Negara berdasarkan Undang-Undang Nomor 30 Tahun 2014 tentang Administrasi Pemerintahan dengan melakukan analisis secara normatif dengan menggunakan bahan-bahan hukum serta bahan kepustakaan dengan kemudian menyimpulkan secara deskriptif. Perluasan makna pada keputusan tata usaha Negara setelah berlakunya Undang-Undang Nomor 30 Tahun 2014 tentang Administrasi Pemerintahan ini telah mengubah kompetensi absolut Pengadilan Tata Usaha Negara yang dapat dimaknai sebagai arah kebijakan penegakan hukum baru yang lebih memberikan perlindungan hukum dan kepastian hukum yang adil.
WASIAT WAJIBAH DAN IMPLEMENTASINYA TERHADAP HUKUM KELUARGA DI INDONESIA Syahrul Mubarak
Comparativa: Jurnal Ilmiah Perbandingan Mazhab dan Hukum Vol. 1 No. 2 (2020)
Publisher : Program Studi Perbandingan Mazhab, Fakultas Syariah, Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Datokarama Palu

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (299.061 KB) | DOI: 10.24239/comparativa.v1i2.14

Abstract

Wasiat wajibah is a study in family law in Indonesia that provides opportunities for the adopted children and adoptive parents to inherit. This is stated in Kompilasi Hukum Islam (KHI) in Article 209. Although Indonesia has only recently carried out a family law reforms regarding Wasiat Wajibah compared to other Muslim countries, reform of family law in Indonesia cannot be separated from the meaning and nuances of Islamic law. This article reviews the concept of Wasiat Wajibah in Indonesia, then it is implemented with issues that occur around the community to obtain the relevance in accordance with the changing times.

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