cover
Contact Name
Dr. Wening Udasmoro, M.Hum, DEA
Contact Email
jurnalpoetika.fib@ugm.ac.id
Phone
+62274513096
Journal Mail Official
jurnalpoetika.fib@ugm.ac.id
Editorial Address
-
Location
Kab. sleman,
Daerah istimewa yogyakarta
INDONESIA
Poetika : Jurnal Ilmu Sastra (sebelumnya PROSA, RUANG, DAN KOTA PASCAKOLONIAL)
Core Subject : Humanities, Art,
POETIKA: Jurnal Ilmu Sastra publishes academic articles within the scope of literary criticism (limited to poem, prose, drama, oral tradition, and philology). The articles cover the form of a result on specific analysis; academic reports; closed reading; and the application of certain theories to enrich literary study.
Articles 141 Documents
MANTRA MASYARAKAT BANTEN (Kajian Etnografi di Kabupaten Tangerang)
POETIKA Vol 10, No 1 (2022): Issue 1
Publisher : Literary Studies, Faculty of Cultural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/poetika.v10i1.61504

Abstract

The purpose of this research is to describe the mantra of Tangerang Regency of Banten. The  method used in this study, the author uses qualitative approach with ethnography method. ethnography method is one of qualitative research strategy in which researcher investigates a cultural group in the natural environment for the main data collection in long period of time. The data in this research are in the forms of community mantra of Tangerang Regency which are taken from 29 resource persons who are the residents in Tangerang Regency spreaded in 29 Districts. To analyze the data, the authors used domein analysis, taxonomic analysis, and component analysis. From the research result the researcher obtained data in the form of seven mantra classifications, they are (1) Mantra ajian, (2) asihan, (3) jampe, (4) jangjawokan, (5) rajah, (6) pellet/pekasih, and (7) singular. The elemental structure builds rhymes, dictions, images, and majas. The use and function of mantra is to repellent the reinforcement, subjugate the heart of a person and also the education system in the daily life of the people in Tangerang Regency of Banten.
AKHIL SHARMA’S FAMILY LIFE: REGRETTING DOUBLENESS OF DIASPORA INDIVIDUALS Sari Fitria
POETIKA Vol 10, No 1 (2022): Issue 1
Publisher : Literary Studies, Faculty of Cultural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/poetika.v10i1.64292

Abstract

This study discusses a matter of cultural identity faced by diaspora individuals in Akhil Sharma’s novel Family Life. As a diasporic Indian American, Sharma depicts that cultural identity is problematic, especially for an individual who experiences two or more conflicted cultures from home left behind and the home this individual has moved to. Sharma also demonstrates that the identity of this diasporic is never complete. This study aims to critically analyze Sharma’s fiction by highlighting the issues he engages as a diasporic writer. It also depicts how voluntary displacement done by diaspora characters tends to lead them to mourn. The analysis applies a concept of cultural identity by Stuart Hall. It explains a notion of identity within the discourses of history and culture, which is not an essence but a positioning. This study uses a qualitative descriptive method. The result shows there is doubleness of cultural identity conveyed by Sharma. This regretting doubleness appears in structured stages: admiring the West and being rejected by the West.
PROPHET KHIDIR IN KUNTOWIJOYO’S NOVEL WASRIPIN DAN SATINAH: WOLFGANG ISER’S AESTHETIC RESPONSE ANALYSIS Inung Setyami; Faruk Faruk; Fadlil Munawwar Manshur
POETIKA Vol 10, No 1 (2022): Issue 1
Publisher : Literary Studies, Faculty of Cultural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/poetika.v10i1.64730

Abstract

This study aims to describe and reveal the meaning of the figure of the Prophet Khidir as a repertoire in Kuntowijoyo's Wasripin dan Satinah novel in terms of Wolfgang Iser's Aesthetic Response theory. This study is qualitative descriptive, and the data source is the novel Wasripin dan Satinah published by Kompas Publisher in 2003. Using a note-taking technique of all novels related to the Prophet Khidir’s repertoire, it obtained the data. The technique was through 1) identification, 2) classification, 3) interpretation, and 4) inference. The results showed that 1) the figure of the Prophet Khidir in the novel Wasripin dan Satinah was an earlier reference in the text used by Kuntowijoyo as the basis or background for creating his novel. The transformed story of the Prophet Khidir in the Al-Qur'an has a different storyline. 1) In the Al-Qur'an, Prophet Khidir was approached by Prophet Musa to learn. Meanwhile, in the novel Wasripin and Satinah, the Prophet Khidir came to Wasripin to give his knowledge. 2) The novel Wasripin dan Satinah which represents the figure of Prophet Khidir, has given rise to myths in the lives of Javanese people. 3)  an intention conveyed by Kuntowijoyo in presenting the figure of the Prophet Khidir in his work, namely a lesson not to be shirk by glorifying or deifying someone who has superior abilities.
KASYF PHENOMENON IN THE DEFOCALIZATION OF RATIONALITY: A MAGICAL REALIST PERSPECTIVE ON GUS MUS’S GUS JAKFAR Muhammad Rizqy Al-Mubarok; Tya Asih Dayu Purwitasari; Rekno Wulandari Pambudi
POETIKA Vol 10, No 1 (2022): Issue 1
Publisher : Literary Studies, Faculty of Cultural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/poetika.v10i1.64791

Abstract

Gus Jakfar won the best short story in Kompas daily in 2004. This short story by Gus Mus tells of the story of a character named Gus Jakfar who has the privilege of forseeing other people’s fate just by looking at ‘signs’ (kasyf). Later, Gus Jakfar stopped seeing signs after his trip to meet Kiai Tawakkal. The phenomenon of seeing precognitive signs cannot be rationally understood by modern knowledge. The study of Gus Jakfar in the present article adopts magical realism from Wendy B. Faris’ perspective as a theoretical framework to examine kasyf as a defocalization narrative in short stories. The method of this study is descriptive analysis. The evidence to support the analysis includes words, phrases and sentences in the short story that are relevant to magical realist perspective, particularly in relation to the five elements of magical realism and defocalization. The analysis and description are carried out after collecting pieces of evidence from the short story. The analysis in this study shows that Gus Jakfar has the five characteristics of magical realism in it. From the five characteristics reflected in the text, there is an element called kasyf that is found to be an attempt of defocalization which is presented by the author using a mirroring technique. Kasyf in this short story is depicted from three perspectives. Although modern rationality has influenced people's identities, the pesantren tradition has not been abandoned. In this context, the kasyf phenomenon is understood as an alternative source of magical knowledge beyond the modern rational knowledge.
THERE IS NO POSSIBILITY OF ANOTHER SUBJECT ON THE PERSONA “WE” FROM REAGAN’S POEM LIFE Astrinda Nilasastri Iswalono
POETIKA Vol 10, No 1 (2022): Issue 1
Publisher : Literary Studies, Faculty of Cultural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/poetika.v10i1.65742

Abstract

Written by young Reagan, Life is a poem with a distinctive discourse as a literary work in the beginning of American modernism. The study of Life in the present article focuses on the interpretation of “we” and is contextualized within the historical narratives of the Puritans and the spirit of American Dream in the 20s. The analysis of the poem’s representations of the symbolic, the imaginary, and the Truth presented here is a Žižekian reading of the subjects “we” in the poem’s text who appear to get themselves into a pseudo activity in relation to the narratives of the Founding Fathers as the chosen ones in the holy journey of establishing America. The speaker of the poem, which is part of “we,” reflects the spirit of American Dream and reminds his fellow Americans to keep going amidst the feeling of alienation caused by the modern capitalism that is expressed by words “suffer”, “struggle”, “weep”, “drench”, “break”, “jade”, “sorrow”, “warp” and “pain” 15 times in only 8 stanzas/32 lines. The speaker’s sense of Americanism becomes the only Truth for the “we” until they grow their own Cynical Awareness.
LOVE AND SPIRITUALITY: THE ANALYSIS OF THE NOVEL LAYLA BY CANDRA MALIK BASED ON JACQUES DERRIDA PERSPECTIVE Fauziyah Kurniawati; Muhammad Naufal Annabil
POETIKA Vol 10, No 1 (2022): Issue 1
Publisher : Literary Studies, Faculty of Cultural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/poetika.v10i1.65981

Abstract

This research aims to describe the interpretation of love and spirituality text in the novel Layla by Candra Malik based on Jacques Derrida’s deconstruction analysis. This research is descriptive qualitative research. The data source is the novel Layla by Candra Malik. It collects the data using reading, note-taking, and interpretation techniques. The research result shows us that (a) the dominant binary opposition is found, namely that true love is love directed to Allah SWT, and the secondary, namely that the search for the main character's love in this novel focuses on a woman who he thinks is an angel on earth, implying an understanding of love that hasn’t been digested in hearts and minds of today’s modern humans thoroughly, (b) the postponement of absolute truth based on results of binary opposition is a changing of position from dominant to secondary, and (c) the paradoxical meaning is found through postponement of absolute truth indirectly, namely sometimes love plagued by human beings is just imagination, without knowing the love that comes is an intermediary so that his love for Allah is greater than all other kinds of love.
“PLEASE DON’T TREAT ME LIKE A SERVANT. I DO HAVE MY RIGHTS”: INDONESIAN MIGRANT DOMESTIC WORKERS (IMDWS) WROTE BACK IN FAMILIAR STRANGERS (2018) Ririn Kurnia Trisnawati
POETIKA Vol 10, No 1 (2022): Issue 1
Publisher : Literary Studies, Faculty of Cultural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/poetika.v10i1.68208

Abstract

Facilitated by The Voice of Singapore’s Invisible Hands, a non-profit organization (NPO) that promotes the rights and welfare of migrant workers in Singapore through literary works on Facebook, some Indonesian Migrant Domestic Workers (IMDWs) in Singapore such as Seruni, Fadillah, et. al., to name a few, have been able to publish their poems and short stories in an anthology entitled “Familiar Strangers” (2018). To add to the current studies of literary works written by migrant workers that are about home and family as well as migratory experience of exile, loneliness, alienation, and isolation, the present study offers a different perspective of IMDW’s migratory experience working in Singapore that is depicted in the six selected poems through the postcolonial lens. Accordingly, it examines the migrant workers’ salient migratory experience of working in Singapore that, I argue, conveys voices of renegotiation for better IMDWs’ position as domestic workers and thus challenges certain stereotypes about them. The voice of renegotiation is expressed by vocalizing steadfastness and courage where subversion and confrontation against the dehumanization they oftentimes encounter can also be observed. These IMDWs through their poems are seen as a countering narrative about Indonesian domestic workers, and the notion of writing back is then solidly founded.
DIVINE VALUES IN THIBBIL QULUB AS A MEANS OF SPIRITUAL RECREATION FOR MUSLIMS IN THE MIDDLE OF THE PANDEMIC Akhida Rukhul Qisthi; Muhammad Jibran Zuliansyah; Sarirotul Ishmah; Umu Hana Amini; Diana Kurniawati; Asep Yudha Wirajaya
POETIKA Vol 10, No 1 (2022): Issue 1
Publisher : Literary Studies, Faculty of Cultural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/poetika.v10i1.69221

Abstract

Syair (Islamic hymn) is one form of oral literature which, in general, has a certain place in the cultural pattern of society. The current situation of the COVID-19 pandemic has had a major impact on various aspects of human life. This pandemic has a global and personal impact, one of which is the impact on human psychology. Salawat Thibbil Qulub is a salawat that contains a prayer addressed to Allah SWT. Several interviews with mosque congregation reciting Islamic hymns in Surakarta have revealed that Thibbil Qulub is one of the most frequently recited types of Islamic hymns. On the basis of this phenomenon, we look into a number of underlying assumptions about the verses in Thibbil Qulub whose role are providing peace of mind for muslims in the midst of a pandemic situation. This study uses descriptive qualitative method to investigate and describe the meaning of the verses of “Thibbil Qulub”. This study employs Riffaterre's semiotic approach for the textual analysis of the verses. The findings lead to the conclusion that the verses of Thibbil Qulub are indeed full of divine values and a relevant means of restoring or maintaining inner peace for muslims in the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic.
AMBIVALENCE IN MOHAMMED KAMICI EL-HASSANI’S LE MOUCHOIR Ida Bagus Putra Ananta Sidhiswara
POETIKA Vol 10, No 1 (2022): Issue 1
Publisher : Literary Studies, Faculty of Cultural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/poetika.v10i1.70440

Abstract

The present study discusses the ambivalent behavior found in the character(s) in a francophone novel written by a third world writer. This ambivalence is represented by the attitude of the East that is against the colonialists on the one hand, but admires them and imitates their identities and attitudes on the other. This ambivalent discourse is widely represented in a francophone work entitled Le Mouchoir (1987) by Mohamed Kacimi El-Hassani. This novel satirically tells about Algeria in the post-colonial period and the narrator’s efforts to oppose colonialism. Textual citations and pieces of evidence from the novel that are used to support the analysis are those that are related to postcolonial and ambivalence issues. The analysis is also supported by historical evidence of French colonialists’ behavior towards indigenous Maghreb. The interpretation of the findings is supported by Homi Bhabha's ambivalence theory. Moreover, this study was conducted using Fairclough's critical discourse analysis methodology with which the textual analysis of the novel follows three levels of discourse, namely micro, meso, and macro levels. This study found that the hypocritical nature of the characters such as that demonstrated by the narrator and Mahfoud reflects the postcolonial nature of "ambivalence". This characteristic places Algerians in a "liminal space" of contestation between the narrator and Mahfoud and between Algeria and France.
ECOLOGICAL LAMENTATION AND ADVOCACY IN EKA BUDIANTA’S SELECTED POEMS Novita Dewi
POETIKA Vol 10, No 1 (2022): Issue 1
Publisher : Literary Studies, Faculty of Cultural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/poetika.v10i1.74114

Abstract

Writing about environmental issues before and after climate change and other human-made ecological damages, Eka Budianta has continually taken up environmental topics in his oeuvre. The study presented in the present article aims to scrutinize 6 (six) selected poems by Eka Budianta to see how the poet has dealt with ecological debate throughout the years. The study draws insights from criticisms within Environmental Humanities framework and uses a qualitative-interpretative method. The six poems comprise four poems written in 1984, i.e., “River Notes”, “The Yearning of the Wind”, “Song for Tiom”, and “Song of a Townsman”; a poem written in 2012 titled “Setelah Sudaraku Tenggelam”; and the most recent one, written in 2020, “Sungai Sejati”. The lines and stanzas of each poem are read and interpreted according to their respective themes, poetic devices, and contents to see if they demonstrate the principles of Ecopoetry. The study results in the following findings. First the lamentation for the loss of nature is present in “River Notes”, “The Yearning of the Wind”, and “Song of a Townsman”. Second, “Song for Tiom” and “Setelah Saudaraku Tenggelam” are elegies for, respectively, ecological destruction in Papua and the Situ Gintung Lake tragedy. Third, optimistic tone is palpable in Eka Budianta’s newest poem “Sungai Sejati”. Fourth, the inclusion of non-human agency like landscape, plants, and animals helps reinforce the green messages the poet seeks to express. This study concurs that literature can partake in exposing global climate change as well as advocating sustainable living in a way often ignored in ecological praxis that only celebrates concrete results.

Page 1 of 15 | Total Record : 141