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Perbandingan Tingkat Kemampuan Mekanisme Koping Sebelum dan Sesudah Pemberian Bimbingan Individu pada Mahasiswa Profesi di Rumah Sakit Jiwa Mustikasari Mustikasari
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 10, No 2 (2006): September
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v10i2.173

Abstract

AbstrakPenelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui peningkatan kemampuan mekanisme koping dalam berinteraksi mahasiswa program profesi Keperawatan Jiwa sebelum dan sesudah pemberian bimbingan individu di Rumah Sakit Jiwa. Jenis penelitian adalah penelitian deskriptif dengan rancangan cross sectional. Populasi penelitian adalah total populasi mahasiswa program profesi Keperawatan Jiwa laki-laki dan perempuan. Data primer diperoleh dari 60 responden dengan menggunakan kuesioner. Hasil penelitian didapatkan ada peningkatan kemampuan koping mahasiswa program profesi dari menghindar untuk berinteraksi (sebelum diberikan bimbingan individu) hingga dapat berinteraksi dengan klien gangguan jiwa (setelah diberikan bimbingan individu) dengan peningkatan nilai mean sebesar 5,15. Sedangkan hasil uji statistik didapatkan ada peningkatan yang signifikan kemampuan mekanisme koping mahasiswa sebelum dan sesudah pemberian bimbingan individu (p value 0.003). Kesimpulan penelitian adalah mahasiswa yang akan praktik di RS Jiwa diharapkan mempersiapkan diri terlebih dahulu dengan cara mempelajari pengetahuan dalam merawat klien gangguan jiwa melalui studi literatur, studi lapangan, dan diskusi dengan pembimbing juga kemampuan analisis diri dalam berinteraksi dengan klien gangguan jiwa. Sedangkan pembimbing diharapkan dapat melakukan pendampingan pada mahasiswa berupa bimbingan individu (bedside teaching) dalam berinteraksi dengan klien gangguan jiwa secara terjadual. AbstractThe aim of thus research is to know about increasment in ability of coping mechanism and interaction of the student’s in psychiatric nursing programme on clinical studies, before and after the bedside teaching. The descriptive research with cross sectional method is used in this research. The research population is both female and male students in psychiatric nursing programme on clinical studies. Primary data was got from 60 respondences using questioner. The result of study found that there is an increase of coping ability of proffession programe students from avoid to inteeact to be come able to interact with psychiatric client (after the students is given the beside teaching), with an increase of mean score about 5.15. Where as the result of statistical analysis found tjat there is a significant rise of students coping mecanism ability before and after the beside teaching is given (p value 0.003). The summary of this study is the student should prepare themselfbefore going to the psychiatric hospital by learning how to take care the psychiatric client through literature study, field study, and in interaction with psychiatric client. Likewise/meanwhile the facililator should be able to accompany the student like beside teaching when interact with psychiatric client using a schedule.
Pengaruh Model Terapi Aktivitas Kelompok Sosialisasi (TAKS) terhadap Kemampuan Komunikasi Verbal dan Non Verbal Pada Klien Menarik Diri di Rumah sakit Jiwa Budi Anna Keliat; Ria Utami Panjaitan; Mustikasari Mustikasari; Novy Helena C.D.
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 2, No 8 (1999): December
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v2i8.95

Abstract

Penelitian ini ertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh terapi aktivitas kelompok: sosialisasi (TAKS) khususnya terhadap emampuan komunikasi verbal dan non verbal pada klien menari diri. Sampel terdiri dari 36 orang klien menarik diri di RSJP Jakarta dan 76 orang di RSJP Bogor. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa bila dibandingkan dengan standar kemampuan yang diharapkan yaitu 75%, maka kemampuan kelompok intervensi melebihi standar sedang kelompok non intervensi kurang dari standar tersebut. Perbandingan kenaikan kemampuan komunikasi antarakelompok intervensi TAKS dan non TAKS berbeda bermaksa dengan p = 0,0001. The purpose of the research was to examine the influence of activity group therapy: socialization, particularly on the ability of verbal and non-verbal communication, to withdrawal clients. This study involved 36 withdrawal clients from RSJP Jakarta and 76 withdrawal clients from RSJP Bogor. Findings from this study revealed that compare to the standard of ability (75%), the ability of intervention group was higher than standard whilst the non-intervention group was less than standard. The achievement of communication skill’s between the intervention and non-intervention group was significantly different with p = 0,0001.
Pengalaman Keluarga Merawat Pasien Halusinasi Pendengaran di Rumah Sakit Jiwa Jambi Vevi Suryenti Putri; Mustikasari Mustikasari; Renidayati Renidayati
Jurnal Ilmiah Universitas Batanghari Jambi Vol 19, No 3 (2019): Oktober
Publisher : Universitas Batanghari Jambi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (588.824 KB) | DOI: 10.33087/jiubj.v19i3.717

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine the experience of families caring for auditory hallucinations in Jambi Mental Hospital. This type of research is a qualitative research with a descriptive phenomenological study. Participants in this study were nuclear family members who cared for their families suffering from auditory hallucinations that had been selected according to predetermined criteria, totaling 7 participants. The sampling method was purposive sampling with Colaizzi method data analysis. Test data using credibility with member check, transferability, dependability, confirmation. The study obtained the results of four themes, namely: 1) Types of family care at home, 2) Findings of families in caring, 3) Types of problem solving in families 4) Services received
Tinjauan Kasus : Klien Menarik Diri Novy Helena CD; Mustikasari Mustikasari; Ria Utami P
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 1, No 3 (1997): December
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v1i3.83

Abstract

Menarik diri adalah suatu pola tingkah laku menghindari kontak dengan orang, situasi atau lingkungan yang penuh dengan stress yang dapat menyebabkan kecemasan fisik dan psikologis. Individu yang menarik diri cenderung untuk menghindari hubungan interpersonal dan dalam menghadapi realitas. Dampak dari perilaku menarik diri adalah gangguan perawatan diri, gangguan penampilan dii dan potensial terjadinya halusinasi bahkan keinginan untuk bunuh diri. Mengingat dampak tersebut maka diperlukan asuhan keperawatan yang komprehensif dan intensif khususnya untuk menarik diri. Withdrawal is a pattern of behavior to avoid contact with others, stressful situation and environment which can cause the physical and psychological distress. The individual who withdrawal tends to avoid interpersonal relationship, and face the reality. The withdrawal behavior can lead to problems related to self care and personal appearance and potential hallucination even attempted suicide. Considering the impact of withdrawal behaviors on individual, comprehensive and intensive nursing care specifically planned for client with withdrawal are acquired.
Bladder Training Modifikasi Cara Kozier Pada Pasien Pasca Bedah Ortopedi yang Terpasang Kateter Urin Bayhakki Bayhakki; Krisna Yetti; Mustikasari Mustikasari
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 12, No 1 (2008): March
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v12i1.193

Abstract

AbstrakPenelitian kuasi-eksperimen dengan post-test only with control group ini bertujuan mengetahui dampak bladder training menggunakan metode konvensional dan menggunakan modifikasi cara Kozier, dilihat dari pola, keluhan, dan lama waktu berkemih kembali seperti sebelum operasi ortopedi. Pengambilan sampel pada penelitian ini menggunakan metode probability sampling dengan cara simple random sampling pasien pascabedah ortopedi yang terpasang kateter urin di sebuah rumah sakit di Jakarta. Uji chi square digunakan untuk mengetahui perbedaan pola berkemih dan keluhan berkemih antara kelompok intervensi dan kelompok kontrol. Independent t test untuk mengetahui perbedaan lama waktu pada kelompok intervensi dan kontrol. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan tidak ada perbedaan pola berkemih (p = 1,00) dan keluhan berkemih (p =1,00) antara kelompok intervensi dan kelompok kontrol. Namun, ada perbedaan signifikan antara lama waktu untuk berkemih kembali normal pada kelompok intervensi dan kelompok kontrol (p = 0,05) dengan α = 0,05. Institusi pelayanan perlu membuat prosedur tetap untuk tindakan bladder training dan perawat perlu melakukan bladder training dengan modifikasi cara Kozier sebelum kateter urin pasien dilepaskan. AbstractThis quasy-experimental post-test only with control group study was aimed to examine the effect of bladder training using conventional method and modification of Kozier’s method which was viewed from pattern of voiding, complaint of voiding and the time needed to make voiding back to normal. The participants were taken randomly from the patients with urinary catheter that hospitalized in orthopaedic surgery ward in a hospital in Jakarta. Probability sampling with simple random sampling was used in this study. Chi-square test was employed to examine the different between pattern of voiding and complaint of voiding of treatment group and control group. Independent t test was used to examine the different of time needed in order to void back normally between treatment and control group. With alpha 0,01 for pattern of voiding and 1,00 for complaint of voiding, the result showed that there was no difference of voiding pattern and complaint between treatment and control group. However, there was a significant difference of time needed in order to void back normally between treatment group and control group, with α = 0,05. Therefore, health care institution should have a standard procedure of bladder training and nurses should conduct Kozier modified bladder training method before removing the urinary catheter.
Persepsi Pasien Dan Suami Tentang Pengaruh Mastektomi Terhadap Citra Tubuh dan Fungsi Seksual Achir Yani S. Hamid; Agung Waluyo; Mustikasari Mustikasari
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 6, No 2 (2002): September
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v6i2.119

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menggali secara mendalam persepsi isteri dan persepsi suami tentang pengaruh mastektomi terhadap citra tubuh dan fungsi seksual. Penelitian ini menggunakan rancangan deskriptif eksploratif (descriptive explorative design) dengan metode riset kualitatif. Lima pasien kanker payudara yang menjalani mastektomi dan suaminya diwawancara mulai dari satu minggu sebelum mastektomi hingga sebulan setelah mastektomi. Temuan penelitian ini adalah: 1) persepsi istri dan persepsi suami tentang pengaruh mastektomi terhadap citra tubuh dan fungsi seksual dalam perkawinan memberikan gambaran fenomena yang tidak terpisah tetapi merupakan interaksi dari berbagai faktor; 2) terdapat perbedaan persepsi istri dan persepsi suami terhadap citra tubuh dan fungsi seksual, istri merasa suami tidak tertarik pada penampilannya, sedangkan suami merasa takut menyakiti isterinya jika berhubungan seksual; 3) pengaruh mastektomi terhadap citra tubuh sudah dipersepsikan pasien bahkan sejak sebelum mastektomi dilakukan; 4) upaya mencari dukungan sudah dilakukan sejak sebelum mastektomi, meliputi dukungan spiritual, dukungan social, dan dukungan professional; 5) tem alai yang muncul yaitu beban lain psikologik, stigma social, dan financial yang dipersepsikan oleh pasangan; 6) besarnya pengaruh mastektomi terhadapa citra tubuh dan fungsi seksual dalam perkawinan ditentukan oleh kualitas hubungan perkawinan khususnya komunikasi. Rekomendasi: 1) mengembangkan program pelatihan Bimbingan Antisipatif bagi perawat; 2) memfasilitasi komunikasi yang lebih terbuka antara pasien dan suaminya; 3) mengembangkan program self help group yang terdiri dari pasien dan suaminya; 4) menyediakan informasi tentang sumber bantuan yang tersedia di fasilitas kesehatan maupun masyarakat; 5) mempertahankan kesinambungan asuhan keperawatan; dan 6) melakukan penelitian lanjutan menggunakan pendekatan antropologis dan sosiologis. The purpose of the study was to explore the perception of breast cancer patients and their husband on the influence of mastectomy towards body image and sexual functioning. A descriptive explorative design with qualitative method of research was used. Five selected breast cancer patients and their husbands meeting criteria were interviewed from the first week after diagnose until one month after mastectomy. The findings were: 1) the influence of mastectomy on body image and sexual functioning as perceived by wives and their revealed the contributions   of multi factors and dimensions; 2) there were different perceptions between the patients and their husband on the influence of mastectomy towards body image and sexual functioning, patients felt their husband were not attracted to them anymore while their husbands were afraid to hurt the patients if they had sexual relationship; 3) the influence of the mastectomy on body image had been perceived by the patients even before the mastectomy; 4) both patients and husbands had seeking for spiritual, social and professional supports before mastectomy; 5) other theme revealed were: psychological, social stigma, and financial burdens; 6) the extent of mastectomy had influence body image and sexual functioning was determined by the quality of marriage, particularly the openness of communication. Recommendations were: 1) to develop anticipatory guidance training program for nurse; 2) facilitate open communication between patients and their husband; 3) to develop self group program for patients and their husbands; 4) to provide information on resource available in the community; 5) to sustains continuity of care for patients and family; 6) to conduct further research using anthropological and social approaches.
PENGEMBANGAN SOAL-SOAL OPEN-ENDED POKOK BAHASAN BILANGAN PECAHAN DI SEKOLAH MENENGAH PERTAMA Mustikasari Mustikasari; Zulkardi Zulkardi; Nyimas Aisyah
Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika Vol 4, No 2 (2010)
Publisher : Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22342/jpm.4.2.820.

Abstract

The research is aimed to: (1) Get the set of open-ended problems which are valid and practical about fraction number in the Junior High School. (2) Find out the potential effects of open ended problems in relation to students’achievement in solving open-ended problems at Junior High School. This research is a developmental research. The respondence of this research are 37 students of seventh grade at SMP Negeri 6 Sekayu. The instrument used for this research is test of open ended problems. All data have been collected was analysed qualitatively. The results show that: (1) This research produces open ended problem about fraction number for students of VII grade which are valid and practical. The validity was judged  by validator, where the all validators state that the instrument have been valid based on the content, construct and face. The validity was also judge by validator in the small group. The practicality was shown by the result of validators, which most of students could solve the open-ended problems. (2) The prototype of open-ended problems which were developed has positive potential effect to the result of student achievement, and that is shown by the variety of students’answers, and the average students’positive category of 2 tests were 79,8%.   Keywords: Development Research, Open-Ended Problem, Fraction Number
THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN FAMILY KNOWLEDGE AND THE CLIENT SOCIALIZATION ABILITY IN THE CITIZEN OF NANGKAAN SUB DISTRIC BONDOWOSO EAST JAVA Achir Yani; Hamid Hamid; Mustikasari Mustikasari
Jurnal Keperawatan Vol. 2 No. 2 (2011): Juli
Publisher : University of Muhammadiyah Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22219/jk.v2i2.622

Abstract

Mental disorder, especially a psychotic (schizophrenia) is chronic condition that the clients have deterioration on their daily activity and social relationship (social isolation). The clients try to keep away from other interaction. This research aim was to identify the relationship between family knowledge and the client socialization ability. The design was a descriptive correlation with cross sectional. The samples were 78 families determined by total sampling. The inclusion criteria were thecitizen of Nangkaan sub distric, and accord as a respondent, having mental health disorders family member with social isolation, age between 18-60 years, and educational background at least Elementary School. The result shown that a significant relationship between family knowledge with the client socialization ability (value p < 0,05). Based on the result, it is recommended that the community nurse knowledge about social isolation client and family psycho education should beimproved.
Pengaruh Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) terhadap Pasien Gagal Ginjal Kronik di Unit Hemodialisa Rumah Sakit Husada Jakarta Tri Setyaningsih; Mustikasari Mustikasari; Tuti Nuraini
Jurnal Kesehatan Holistic Vol 2 No 1 (2018): Jurnal Kesehatan Holistic Volume 2/Nomor 1/Januari 2018
Publisher : Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan RS Husada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33377/jkh.v2i1.33

Abstract

Chronic renal failure (GGK) or end-stage renal disease (PGTA), is one of the major diseases in the world. In addition to difficult to cure because it is irreversible can also cause psychososil disorders. This research was conducted on 27 respondents, using quasi experimental design pre-post test without control group. The results showed that there was a significant effect of CBT therapy on self-esteem level both cognitive and behavioral in patients with CRF (p value <0,000) and the opportunity to increase self-esteem in terms of behavior with CBT therapy was 43,9%. The conclusion of this study is that CBT therapy can improve the self-esteem of GGK patients undergoing hemodialysis therapy in he Husbandry Hemodialysis unit Jakarta.
EFEKTIFITAS TERAPI PERILAKU”TOKEN EKONOMI”DAN PSIKOEDUKASI KELUARGA PADA PASIEN DENGAN DEFISIT PERAWATAN DIRI DI RW 08 DAN RW 13 BARANANGSIANG BOGOR TIMUR Anny Rosiana Masithoh; Budi Anna keliat; Mustikasari Mustikasari
Jurnal Ilmu Keperawatan dan Kebidanan Vol 3, No 1 (2012): JURNAL ILMU KEPERAWATAN DAN KEBIDANAN
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Kudus

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Defisit perawatan diri merupakan diagnosa perawatan jiwa yang terjadi pada semua pasien gangguan jiwa. Tujuannya untuk menggambarkan efektifitas Terapi spesialis terapi perilaku “Token Ekonomi” dan Psikoedukasi Keluarga terhadap pasien Defisit Perawatan Diri di RW 08 dan RW 13 Kelurahan Baranangsiang Bogor Timur dengan pendekatan model Self Care Orem. Terapi Perilaku”token ekonomi” adalah bentuk dari reinforcement positif yang digunakan baik secara individu maupun kelompok pasien di ruang psikiatri atau dimasyarakat. Reward diberikan secara konsisten terhadap pasien misalnya dengan tanda, poin atau tiket. Terapi perilaku ini dapat mengubah perilaku yang ditargetkan, seperti perawatan diri. Psikoedukasi keluarga adalah untuk mencegah kekambuhan pasien gangguan jiwa, dan untuk mempermudah kembalinya pasien ke lingkungan keluarga dan masyarakat dengan memberikan penghargaan terhadap fungsi sosial dan okupasi pasien gangguan jiwa.Analisa dilakukan dengan menggunakan pendekatan model Self Care dari Orem. Hasil penulisan ini adalah Terapi Perilaku”Token Ekonomi” dan Psikoedukasi Keluarga efektif untuk meningkatkan kemampuan perawatan diri pada pasien dengan defisit perawatan diri.