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Relationship Between Gender, Age, Duration And Frequency Of Hemodialysis Therapy With The Creatinine Level reduction Of Pre And Post Hemodialysis Anny Thuraidah; Misbawati Misbawati; Nurlailah Nurlailah; Haitami Haitami
Medical Laboratory Technology Journal Vol 5, No 1 (2019): June
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Banjarmasin Jurusan Analis Kesehatan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (278.302 KB) | DOI: 10.31964/mltj.v5i1.222

Abstract

The kidneys are organs of the body that function to regulate water balance in the body, the concentration of electrolytes in the blood and acid-base balance and secretion of waste material. If the kidney fails to function, the patient will need immediate treatment and even undergo hemodialysis (HD) therapy. A critical indicator in determining whether a person with impaired kidney function requires HD therapy is to know the creatinine level. The study aimed to ascertain the differences in creatinine levels pre and post HD also study the relationship between the age, gender, duration and frequency of HD therapy of respondents with the decrease of creatinine levels pre and post. Type of research detailed survey with a cross-sectional design. The sample was taken using a total sampling technique of 35 respondents from H BadaruddinKasimHospitalin Tanjung with a sample examination technique using the Jaffe method. The examination results of creatinine levels average for pre and post hemodialysis was11,36 and 5,58 mg/dl, which decreased 51%. The analysis statistically used Paired T-Test has a p-value = 0,000, indicating a significant difference for creatinine levels pre and post HD. Relationship between Age, Gender, Duration, and Frequency of HD Therapy with the decrease of creatinine levels pre and post HD was analyzed with Spearmen correlation and had p values more than 0,05. It means there was no relation between them. Conclusion there were significant differences in creatinine levels reduction pre and post HD while the relationship between the four of respondent characteristics to the magnitude of creatinine reduction show that there was no significant relationship.
Biolarvasides of Cananga odorata Flower and Zyzygium polyanthum Leaves Ethanol Extract on Aedes aegypti Larva Nurlailah Nurlailah; Anny Thuraidah
Medical Laboratory Technology Journal Vol 6, No 1 (2020): June
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Banjarmasin Jurusan Analis Kesehatan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31964/mltj.v6i1.304

Abstract

Dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) is one of the diseases caused by Aedes Aegypti mosquitoes. DHF is still a public health problem, including in Indonesia, due to the high mortality rate caused by this mosquito. The risk caused by the bite of the Aedes sp mosquito is quite dangerous, including acute fever, bleeding, shock, and even death, so that efforts are needed to control it. One of the natural ingredients that can use to eradicate Aedes Aegypti mosquitoes without causing negative impacts on the environment is the Cananga flower and Zyzigium Leaves. This study purposes of determining the optimum concentration of Cananga Flowers and Zyzigium Leaves Ethanol extract of which was having biolarvaside effect to Aedes Aegypti larvae. The method used a simple experiment with Posttest Only With Control Group Design. The data result of the research analyzed with Logit and Wilcoxon test. Achievement of those tests was LC50 Zyzigium leaf extract on contact for 24 hours was 0.609-0.935, and LC99 was between 1.064-1.973 while Cananga flower extract obtained LC50 of 0.228-0.261 and the LC99 was 0.446 to 0.558. Wilcoxon test for compared bioalarvaside effect results between Cananga Flower and Zyzigium Leaf received a significance value less than α (0.001
Daya Bunuh Ekstrak Air Daun Salam (Syzygium polyanthum) terhadap Larva Aedes sp Ratih Dewi Dwiyanti; Rion Dediq; Anny Thuraidah
Medical Laboratory Technology Journal Vol 3, No 1 (2017): June
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Banjarmasin Jurusan Analis Kesehatan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (659.122 KB) | DOI: 10.31964/mltj.v3i1.151

Abstract

edes sp is known as a mosquito that transmits various diseases. In addition to spreading dengue fever and chikungunya, these mosquitoes also spread the virus zika is quite dangerous. One of the effort to controlling these diseases is to eradicate the vector by using materials that can be taken from plants one of them is bay leaf (Syzygium polyanthum). The purpose of this study is to determine the kills power of Syzygium polyanthum water extract against Aedes sp larvae. This research uses true experiment with Posttest Only With Control Group Design design. Data were obtained from the number of larval deaths in the Syzygium polyanthum extract in each control group and treatment group for 24 hours. The results showed that the percentage of bayleaf water extract which has the largest number of larval deaths was at 32% concentration with 55% death percentage. It was concluded that each concentration of aqueous bay leaf water extract given had a killing power against Aedes sp larvae with the lowest percentage of 2.5% and the highest 55%. Based on the result of Kruskal-Wallis test showed that water extract of the bay leaf was able to kill Aedes sp larvae at each treatment with the value of sig 0,001. Suggestion for the next researcher to test the power of killing the water extract of Syzygium polyanthum to Aedes sp larvae by increasing the concentration of salted bay water extract.
Potention of Active Charcoal from Musa Paradisiaca and Manihot Utilissima Shell in Degrading River Contamination Nurlailah Nurlailah; Anny Thuraidah; Yayuk Kustiningsih
Medical Laboratory Technology Journal Vol 4, No 1 (2018): June
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Banjarmasin Jurusan Analis Kesehatan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (835.29 KB) | DOI: 10.31964/mltj.v4i1.180

Abstract

River water is one of type water surface which is a lot of finding in South Kalimantan. Generally, this water used by the citizen for cooking and bathing. But along with era growth, this river becomes as disposal of various industrial waste. The contamination of heavy metal like Fe, Mn, Pb, Cd, and turbidity enhance progressively and degrade the water quality. Some natural substance which can be used to improve river water quality is active charcoal from Musa paradisiaca and Manihot utilissima shell which is easy to get. Target research is determined to find optimum dose of active charcoal from Musa paradisiaca and Manihot utilissima shell that capable to degrade heavy metal contamination and turbidity in water river. It used experimentally with pretest and post-test with control group design. A result of research showed the optimum dose of active charcoal Musa paradisiaca shell was 15 gram , it could absorb Pb 28,8% and Mn 24,6%, but 10 gram can degrade turbidity until 83,8 %, while the optimum dose of Manihot utilissima shell to 25,4% Pb and degraded 77,5% of turbidity was 15 gram. Statistical test result with Kruskal Wallis got the p-value less than 0,05 it meant there was a difference between the treatment of active charcoal from Musa paradisiaca and Manihot utilissima shell in degrading the contamination. A conclusion is those active charcoal having a potential to enhance the water river quality. Suggested to use another activator to the potential like stirring, time of contact and the different mass.
Pengaruh Kalsium Klorida (CaCl2) dan Lama Penyimpanan terhadap Kadar Vitamin C Anggur (Vitisvinifera) Anny Thuraidah; haitami haitami; Akhmad Dairobi
Medical Laboratory Technology Journal Vol 1, No 2 (2015): December
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Banjarmasin Jurusan Analis Kesehatan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (905.923 KB) | DOI: 10.31964/mltj.v1i2.18

Abstract

Vitisvinifera is one of the perishable fruit and not durable when stored at room temperature. To maintain the levels of vitamin C wine then used treatment using calcium chloride (CaCl2). This study aims to determine the effect of treatment Calcium chloride (CaCl2) and duration of storage of the vitamin C content of Vitisvinifera This type of research uses experimental methods actual (true experiment) in the form of draft posttest only control group design. Wine and CaCl2 research materials. Data were obtained by performing assays using titration iodometry vitamin C in grapes. Results of statistical analysis to test multiple linear regression R2 values ​​obtained showed no effect of treatment 0.578 Calcium chloride (CaCl2) and storage time for blood levels of vitamin C Vitisvinifera. From Duncan statistical test obtained significant value for all subsets of the 2 treatment groups of more than 0.05, the most optimal levels of vitamin C in maintaining the Vitisvinifera is a CaCl2 concentration of 0.05 M for 4 days of storage. Therefore, this study suggested as alternative preservation for merchants and producers / grape growers in order to maintain the vitamin C content of wine so as to improve the quality and the quality of the fruit.
Kulit Pisang Kepok (Musa paradisiaca L.) untuk Menurunkan Kadar Mangan Air Sumur Anny Thuraidah; jasmadi Joko Kartiko; Lailan Febry Ariyani
Medical Laboratory Technology Journal Vol 1, No 1 (2015): June
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Banjarmasin Jurusan Analis Kesehatan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (892.129 KB) | DOI: 10.31964/mltj.v1i1.3

Abstract

Abstract: Water is an essential requirement. Part of Indonesian people still using well as the source of water Resulting from the increased of human activity and industries, the well water maybe contaminated by manganese ( Mn). That is needed processing to make well water usefull for mankind. One of the type for processing water is the absorbtion methode .Banana shell was kitchen waste and the dried of Kepok Banana (Musa paradisiaca) Shell was used as adsobent to reduce Manganese level in water. This study aimed to determine the reduce of Manganese level in water. This research was real experiment pretest and posttest study design with a control group. Persulfate research instruments colorimetric and spectrophotometric measurements. The addition of the dose banana shell were 0,06 ; 0,07; 0,08; 0,09; 0,1 gram . By those dose cumulatively decreased to 0; 21,84; 32,34; 44,56; and 52,92%. The Manganese maximum reduced by 0,1 gram dried banana shell in 100 cc well water in 30 minutes. Stastically , the significan value was 0,000 less than 0,05(α) , it was meant that the variety dose of dried Kepok banana shell influence to decrease Manganese level in water. These decreased way can be used as an alternative to increase the water quality.
Anemia dan Lama Konsumsi Obat Anti Tuberculosis Anny Thuraidah; Rima Agnes Widya Astuti; Dinna Rakhmina
Medical Laboratory Technology Journal Vol 3, No 2 (2017): December
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Banjarmasin Jurusan Analis Kesehatan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (841.815 KB) | DOI: 10.31964/mltj.v3i2.157

Abstract

Tuberculosis is an infectious disease due to Mycobacterium tuberculosis germ that can infect several organs, including the lungs, kidneys, and bones. The goal of treatment of tuberculosis is tuberculosis bacilli destroy quickly and prevent recurrence. First category treatment of tuberculosis is isoniazid, rifampin, streptomycin, ethambutol, and pyrazinamide. Although the most anti-tuberculosis drug is acceptable in therapy, but have potentially toxic effects hematologic reactions such as agranulocytosis, eosinophilia, thrombocytopenia, and anemia. This research aims to know the correlation between anti-tuberculosis drug consumption in pulmonary TB patients against anemia. Method of this research was Analytical Survey with a Cross-Sectional design. The average results of red blood cell count for 0 months 5,16 106/uL, 2 months 4,39 106/uL and 6 months 4,61 106/uL, haemoglobin levels for 0 month 15,17 g/dL, 2 months 12,73 g/dL and 6 months 13,28 g/dL as well as hematocrit value for 0 month 44,26 %, 2 months 38,24 % and 6 months 39,04 %. From Spearman statistics analytical was obtained significant of red blood cell count 0.004 < α (0.05), levels of hemoglobin 0.007 < α (0.05) and the value of hematocrit 0.015 < α (0.05), it was concluded there was correlation between long consumption of anti-tuberculosis drug with anemia and the value of the correlation coefficient count of red blood cells -0.531, levels of hemoglobin-0.479 as well as the value of hematocrit -0.440 means has the power correlations are medium. Further research is recommended to use different parameters such as the number of platelets, AST/ALT levels and should use the same patient sample or from 0 months up to 6 months
Uji Efektivitas Air Perasan Daun Jeruk Limau Kuit ( Citrus hystrix ) Sebagai Insektisida Nabati Terhadap Mortalitas Kutu Rambut Pediculus humanus capitis Secara In Vitro Nidha Pusvita; Anny Thuraidah; Rifqoh Rifqoh; Dinna Rakhmina
Jaringan Laboratorium Medis Vol 4, No 2 (2022)
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31983/jlm.v4i2.8579

Abstract

Lemongrass leaves are a typical plant of South Kalimantan which contain anti-insecticide, namely secondary metabolites such as alkaloids, saponins, tannins, steroids and triterpenoids. Pediculosis is a disease caused by a tick infection which is still neglected and becomes a health problem. One way to get rid of head lice is to use natural ingredients that contain anti-insecticide substances. This study aims to examine the possibility of using natural ingredients in lime leaves as vegetable insecticides against head lice mortality. The research method used is experimental, with a research design that is a post-test only control group, which measures and compares the mortality variable of Pediculus humanus capitis after being treated with lime leaf juice with concentrations of 10%, 30%, 60%, 100% during 1, 6, 12 and 24 hours and compared them with the negative control group with aquadest and the positive control with pemethrin. The sample of this study was lime leaf extract which was extracted by the method of squeezing using water. From the results of the study obtained the highest percentage of death at 12 and 24 hours with 100% mortality at a concentration of 100%. Based on the results of statistical tests using mortality observation data, the LC99 values were obtained within 1 hour (197.678%), 6 hours (126.055%), 12 hours (89.847%), and 24 hours (60.758%). Based on the results of the analysis of the data obtained, it can be concluded that there is effectiveness of lime leaf juice (Citrus hystrix) on the mortality of head lice (Pediculus humanus capitis) in vitro. Then the juice of lime leaves can be used as an alternative to getting rid of head lice with natural ingredients.