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Sosialisasi Bencana Geologi dan Mitigasinya di Sekolah Dasar Islam Terpadu (SDIT) Ar-Rahmah Makassar Meutia Farida; Ilham Alimuddin; Adi Maulana; Ulva Ria Irfan; Asri Jaya; Sultan -; Kaharuddin -; Agustinus -
JURNAL TEPAT : Teknologi Terapan untuk Pengabdian Masyarakat Vol 2 No 2 (2019): Aplikasi Teknologi untuk Hidup Masyarakat yang Lebih Baik
Publisher : Faculty of Engineering UNHAS

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (968.391 KB) | DOI: 10.25042/jurnal_tepat.v2i2.83

Abstract

Disaster-prone conditions in Indonesia cause a large number of impacts experienced such as casualties, damage to infrastructure and other vital facilities. With this impact, people's knowledge and understanding of geological natural disasters and mitigation efforts need to be educated early on. Mitigation is a series of activities carried out to reduce disaster risk and is included in the initial stages of natural disaster management. Of course the activity of providing geological disaster information and its mitigation is one of our responsibilities as geologists in academia to provide knowledge and understanding to the community, and one of the targets is early childhood or elementary school students. The output of this activity is to increase the capacity of the community, especially elementary school students, to understand early on the importance of disaster mitigation in efforts to reduce or minimize losses due to geological disasters. This activity was carried out by lecturing and simulation methods of a number of geological disaster events, the introduction of prepared disaster bags including the introduction of K3 (Occupational, Safety and Health).
Sosialisasi Pemanfaatan Air Tanah Untuk Lahan Pertanian dengan Metode JIAT Daerah Pallantikang, Kabupaten Bantaeng Adi Tonggiroh; Bahrul Hidayah; Baso rezki maulana; Adi Maulana; andi muhammad imran; Asri jaya; Meutia Farida; Jamal Rauf Husein; Rohaya Langkoke; Ratna Husain; Sultan -; Hendra Pachri; Syafruddin -; Muhammad Sulhuzair Burhanuddin
JURNAL TEPAT : Teknologi Terapan untuk Pengabdian Masyarakat Vol 3 No 2 (2020): Penguatan Aplikasi Teknologi untuk Masyarakat pada Masa Pandemi
Publisher : Faculty of Engineering UNHAS

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25042/jurnal_tepat.v3i2.142

Abstract

Water as a natural resource is the most important part for humans to continue their life. One example of the vital role of water resources for human activities is to fulfill food through agriculture and plantations. The availability of water needs for agricultural productivity is certainly an important study to maintain supply capacity and avoid crises in agricultural and plantation foodstuffs. As mandated by the Water Resources Law, the utilization of water resources is aimed at sustainably utilizing water resources by prioritizing the fulfillment of the basic needs of the community fairly. For the sake of the continuity of human life, water resources must be managed properly by paying attention to and protecting the environment. Almost not all the agricultural and plantation areas in the Planting area have irrigation channels that utilize surface water. Consequently, agricultural production does not reach maximum results, because its water needs are very dependent on rainwater. On the other hand, even though there is an irrigation network, there are areas where the availability of water is not sufficient, so that farming activities of farmers cannot get maximum results. This limitation causes farmers to depend on surface water supply, especially during the rainy season so that problems such as prolonged drought can have fatal consequences. One of the efforts to improve agricultural irrigation is to create a groundwater irrigation network by taking water from bore wells.
STUDI IKLIM PURBA PADA FORMASI TONASA BERDASARKAN FORAMINIFERA PLANKTONIK LINTASAN SUNGAI PALAKKA DAN KARAMA B, SULAWESI SELATAN Meutia Farida; Asri Jaya; Ilham Alimuddin; Safruddim Safruddim; Asmita Ahmad
Jurnal Meteorologi dan Geofisika Vol 23, No 2 (2022)
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan BMKG

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1259.934 KB) | DOI: 10.31172/jmg.v23i2.839

Abstract

Foraminifera planktonik adalah salah satu proxy dalam penentukan iklim, termasuk iklim purba. Organisme ini memiliki sebaran geografi yang luas, dan beberapa spesies hidup pada kondisi iklim tertentu, sehingga keberadaan fosil ini sangat baik digunakan untuk interpretasi perubahan iklim dari masa ke masa. Formasi Tonasa memiliki sebaran yang luas di Sulawesi Selatan. Formasi ini disusun oleh batuan karbonat yang terbentuk dari mineral karbonat dan organisme laut diantaranya adalah foraminifera, yang dapat merekam kondisi iklim ketika batuan ini terendapkan. Pengambilan data singkapan menggunakan metode Stratigrafi Terukur pada perselingan napal dan batugamping di Barru (Lintasan Sungai Palakka) dan Jeneponto (Lintasan Karama B). Aktivitas selanjutnya adalah preparasi sampel, observasi, identifikasi dan determinasi umur berdasarkan pemunculan awal dan kemunculan akhir spesies. Hasil identifikasi foraminifera planktonik di daerah Barru diperoleh sebanyak 12 spesies: Globigerina senni, Globigerina ampliapertura, Globigerina soldadoensis, Globigerina yeguaensis, Globorotalia centralis, Globorotalia aragonensis, Globorotalia aspensis, Globorotalia bolivariana, Globigerina collactea, Hantkenina dumblei, dan Hantkenina brevispina, Globigerapsis index. Di Karama B sebanyak 6 (enam) spesies: Globigerina ampliapertura, Globigerina yeguaensis, Globorotalia kugleri, Catapsydrax dissimilis, Globorotalia siakensis, Globigerinoides immaturus, dan 1 sub-spesies Globorotalia opima opima. Analisis biostratigrafi Lintasan Sungai Palakka berumur P.9 – P.16 (Eosen Awal – Eosen Akhir), sedangkan Lintasan Karama B, berumur N.1 – N.7 (Oligosen Tengah – Miosen Awal). Hasil studi awal iklim purba menunjukkan bahwa beberapa genus/spesies di daerah Palakka dan Karama B hidup pada kondisi iklim Tropis – Subtropis, Sungai Palakka hangat (warm), sedangkan Karama B (cooling – warm). Berkurangnya variasi genus/spesies pada transisi umur Eosen ke Oligosen diakibatkan oleh perubahan iklim yang signifikan dari hangat ke dingin (cooling).
Analisis Spasial Tekstur Tanah Terhadap Penilaian Risiko Bencana Hidrometeorologi di Kecamatan Rumbia-Kelara, Kabupaten Jeneponto Asmita Ahmad; Meutia Farida; Nirmala Juita
Jurnal Wilayah dan Lingkungan Vol 10, No 1 (2022): April 2022 (Article in Progress)
Publisher : Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14710/jwl.10.1.%p

Abstract

Tekstur tanah dapat menjadi salah satu kunci dalam menjawab berbagai permasalahan kerentanan tanah terhadap kejadian bencana hidrometeorologi di Sulawesi Selatan. Beberapa hasil penelitian menunjukkan respon positif terkait hubungan tekstur tanah dengan kejadian bencana alam hidrometeorologi, tetapi bagaimana pola penyebaran tekstur tanah secara spasial belum banyak dikaitkan terhadap kejadian bencana hidrometeorologi. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk melakukan analisis spasial terkait peranan tekstur tanah terhadap kejadian bencana hidrometeorologi (longsor dan banjir bandang), dengan mengambil studi kasus pada Daerah Aliran Sungai (DAS) Kelara di Kecamatan Rumbia-Kelara, Kabupaten Jeneponto. Sampel tanah diambil secara purposive sampling pada wilayah DAS Kelara pada lapisan top soil dan subsoil. Analisis tekstur dilakukan dengan metode hydrometer, model penyebaran fraksi tekstur tanah dengan metode inverse distance weighting, dan penilaian resiko bencana dilakukan dengan metode pembobotan dengan field calculator. Penggunaan lahan dominan adalah pertanian lahan kering campuran pada kelas lereng 25-45%. Tekstur tanah didominasi lempung liat berdebu sampai liat berdebu. Penyebaran fraksi liat dominan pada bagian hulu DAS Kelara sebesar 37,15-49,71%, sehingga memiliki daya ekspansi tanah yang cukup tinggi serta dapat meningkatkan aliran permukaan. Fraksi debu tersebar merata pada bagian hulu dan tengah wilayah DAS Kelara sebesar 48,49-59,71%, mengakibatkan tanah mudah terdispersi dan memicu kejadian longsor dan banjir bandang. Tingkat kerawanan terjadinya bencana hidrometerologi di wilayah DAS Kelara memiliki kelas sangat rawan sebesar 63,21% dari total luas wilayah DAS, yang menunjukkan tingginya potensi terjadinya longsor-banjir bandang pada intensitas curah hujan tinggi. Potensi ini memerlukan tindakan mitigasi untuk meminimalkan kejadian bencana serta perlu tindakan yang tegas dari pihak pemerintah daerah dan pusat untuk perlindungan dan pemanfaatan daerah-daerah hulu DAS agar dapat keberlanjutan.
Implementasi Student Centered Learning (SCL) Materi Olimpiade Sains Nasional (OSN) Kebumian Di SMA Negeri 8 Gowa, Sulawesi Selatan Ulva Ria Irvan; Ilham Alimuddin; Meutia Farida; Adi Maulana; Asri Jaya; Haerany Sirajuddin; Adi Tonggiroh; Busthan Azikin; Sahabuddin -
JURNAL TEPAT : Teknologi Terapan untuk Pengabdian Masyarakat Vol 2 No 2 (2019): Aplikasi Teknologi untuk Hidup Masyarakat yang Lebih Baik
Publisher : Faculty of Engineering UNHAS

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (676.305 KB) | DOI: 10.25042/jurnal_tepat.v2i2.89

Abstract

The development of scientific subjects in geography at the secondary school level has an impact on knowledge about geology, including rocks and their formation processes, the origin of the earth, to how to plan urban planning in a geographic information system. Geography books generally refer to the international earth science curriculum, making it very difficult for high school students to understand it. The main problem revealed by teachers and students who are interested in OSN in the field of earth is that the material being contested is quite complex. The basic problems of geology, spatial planning and disaster become national and even global issues. Through the Community Service Program activities, the Faculty of Engineering in this case is represented by a team of lecturers from the Geological Engineering Study Program offering Student Centered Learning methods to facilitate understanding of the National Science Olympiad material in the field of Earth Sciences. Besides that, it can also motivate and competitiveness to take part in competitions, especially for students of SMA Negeri 8 Gowa. The purpose of community service activities is to: a) Provide basic geological knowledge as part of earth science; b) Providing knowledge of Indonesian geology; c) Provide material tested in the national earth science olympiad; d) Provide the practice of identifying minerals and rocks, geological structures, fossils, and topographic map readings.
REKONSTRUKSI BATIMETRI DAN IKLIM PURBA BERDASARKAN FORAMINIFERA DAERAH RALLA BARRU, SULAWESI SELATAN INDONESIA Meutia Farida; Tati Fitriana; Jimmi Nugraha
Jurnal Meteorologi dan Geofisika Vol 17, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan BMKG

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (21096.308 KB) | DOI: 10.31172/jmg.v17i2.443

Abstract

Daerah Ralla terletak di Kabupaten Barru Provinsi Sulawesi Selatan, tersusun atas batuan karbonat dan vulkanik. Salah satu komponen utama penyusun batuan ini adalah kandungan fosil foraminifera baik planktonik maupun bentonik yang jumlahnya melimpah. Penentuan umur dan lingkungan pengendapan purba (paleobathymetry), menggunakan foraminifera sebagai proksi iklim purba (paleoclimate) yang baik. Pengambilan sampel dilakukan dengan metode Penampang Stratigrafi Terukur (Measuring Section) pada singkapan napal dan batugamping dengan ketebalan mencapai 748,16 sentimeter yang terdiri dari 23 lapisan batuan. Hasil identifikasi dan determinasi fosil foraminifera menunjukkan bahwa pada sampel terdapat 46 spesies bentonik dan 28 spesies planktonik, dengan kisaran umur batuan adalah Eosen Bawah bagian atas (P9) – Eosen Tengah bagian tengah (P11), perubahan batimetri dengan siklus pengendapan inner neritic – upper bathyal - outer neritic. Jumlah spesies yang beragam dan sangat melimpah serta ukuran fosil yang besar menunjukkan nutrisi pada saat itu sangat berlimpah, dengan temperatur 0⁰– 27⁰C sebagai kondisi iklim hangat (warm water). Ralla area is located in Barru District, South Sulawesi Province which consisted of carbonate and volcanic rocks. One of the main components of these rocks is foraminifera fossils, include planktonic and bentonic which founded to be abundance. In determining the age and depositional environment (paleobathymetry), foraminifera fossils could be used as a good paleoclimate proxy. The research was conducted by Stratigraphy Measured (Measuring Section) method in marl and limestone outcrop with a thickness of up to 748.16 centimeters which consists of 23 rock layers. Identification and determination of foraminifera fossils suggests that there are 46 bentonic and 28 planktonic species on samples, which are estimated the age of the rocks range from the end of lower Eocene (P9) till the middle of Middle Eocene (P11), bathymetry changes with cycle from inner neritic – upper bathyal – outer neritic. The abundant and diverse species and large-size fossils suggest that the nutrient was abundant with temperature 0⁰ – 27⁰C as a warm climate condition (warm water).
Sosialisasi Status Tingkat Trofik Sungai Je’neberang Kabupaten Gowa Sulawesi Selatan Meinarni Thamrin; Ulva Ria Irfan .; Meutia Farida .; Kaharuddin .; Rohaya Langkoke .; Ratna Husain .; M. Fauzi Arifin .; Haerany Sirajuddin .; Asri Jaya .; Adi Maulana .; Sahabuddin .; M. Zulhuzair B .; Baso Resky Maulana .
JURNAL TEPAT : Teknologi Terapan untuk Pengabdian Masyarakat Vol 5 No 1 (2022): Kebersamaan dalam Membangun Masyarakat Tangguh dan Gesit
Publisher : Faculty of Engineering UNHAS

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25042/jurnal_tepat.v5i1.254

Abstract

The Je'neberang River supports the lives of the people of Gowa and Makassar both ecologically and economically. Therefore, this river must be conserved starting from the upstream, downstream to the estuary, one of which is by assessing its trophic status. Trophic status is an indicator of the fertility level of water that can be measured from nutrients, chlorophyll-a content, brightness levels, and other biological activities that occur in an aquatic environment. This research-based community service aims to determine the trophic level status of the Je'neberang River which has been socialized to the community. Based on the output of data analysis obtained, this service activity is focused on educating partners, which is part of socialization. The method is divided into two stages, namely the stage of data collection and testing and the stage of socialization to partners. Socialization to partners is divided into four stages, namely preparation or pre-activity, preparation of socialization materials, implementation of socialization, and evaluation of the sustainability of activities. Socialization activities at the crossing location between Mallengkeri (Makassar) sub-district to the Taeng area in Gowa Regency. Socialization is in the form of countermeasures so that the rate of trophic level can be slowed down naturally, by not using the Je'neberang River as a waste disposal site. The condition of oligotrophic status on the Je'neberang River has been socialized to the community around river users, how important it is to maintain balance or nutritional conditions in the river to preserve the biota/organisms that live in the river.