Salpa Hartanto
Kampus Bina Widya Jln. HR. Soebrantas KM 12.5, Pekanbaru, 28293, Indonesia

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Studi Etnobotani Famili Zingiberaceae dalam Kehidupan Masyarakat Lokal di Kecamatan Pangean Kabupaten Kuantan Singingi, Riau Hartanto, Salpa; -, Fitmawati; Sofiyanti, Nery
Biosaintifika: Journal of Biology & Biology Education Vol 6, No 2 (2014): September 2014
Publisher : Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Sciences, Semarang State University . Ro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/biosaintifika.v6i2.3105

Abstract

Kecamatan Pangean di Kabupaten Kuantan Singingi memiliki sejarah yang lama dalam pemanfaatan berbagai jenis tumbuhan dalam kehidupan sehari-hari, diantaranya sebagai bahan makanan, obat atau prosesi ritual. Penelitian ini bertujuan memperlihatkan peranan Zingiberaceae oleh Masyarakat di Kecamatan Pangean Kabupaten Kuantan Singingi dan untuk kajian botani, etnomedisin, etnoekonomi, etnofarmakologi, etnoekologi serta etnoantropologi. Pengumpulan data dihasilkan dengan menggunakan kuisioner terhadap Masyarakat yang mengetahui manfaat Zingiberaceae dalam kehidupan sehari-hari, spesimen famili Zingiberaceae dikumpulkan dari lapangan. Karakter morpologi dikoreksi untuk identifikasi spesimen. Total dari sebelas spesies yang ditemukan adalah Curcuma Domestica, Zingiber officinale, Kaemferia galanga, Alpinia galanga, Zingiber cassumunar, Curcuma xanthoriza, Zingiber argenteum, Costus spesiosus, Zingiber sp., Globba pendula dan Alpinia mutica. Secara umum, semua spesies ini berperawakan herba. Dokumentasi kajian etnomedisin yang menggunakan famili Zingiberaceae dengan tumbuhan obat lainnya untuk memperoleh dosis yang tepat. Kajian etnoekonomi memiliki nilai ekonomi yang rendah dari famili Zingiberaceae. Kajian etnoekologi menunjukkan bahwa famili Zingiberaceae lebih banyak dibudidayakan dalam penggunaannya daripada berasal dari hutan, sedangkan dalam bidang antropologi, masyarakat memanfaatkan famili ini untuk ritual tertentu. Famili ini juga memberikan efek farmakologi jika masyarakat tidak memiliki takaran dan penyajian yang tepat.Pangean District in Kuantan Singingi has long history in using variuos kinds of plant in their daily life, either for food, medicine or rituals. The study was aimed to reveal the role of Zingiberaceae by the society of Subdistrict of Pangean, District of Kuantan Singingi, Riau Province, and to study the botany, as well as the role of plants in ethnomedicine, ethnoeconomy, ethnopharmacology, ethnoecology and ethnoanthropology fields. Data collection was conducted by distributing quetionaires to people who know the use of Zingiberaceae in daily life, the Zingiberaceae specimens were collected from the field. Morphological characters were carefully examined for species identification. A total of eleven Zingiberaceae species were identified in this study i.e Curcuma Domestica, Zingiber officinale, Kaemferia galanga, Alpinia galanga, Zingiber cassumunar, Curcuma xanthoriza, Zingiber argenteum, Costus spesiosus, Zingiber sp., Globba pendula and Alpinia mutica. Generally, all of these species were herbaceous. Ethnomedicine study documented the use of Zingiberaceae with other medicinal plants to get accurate dosage. Ethnoeconomic study revealed the low economic value of Zingibeaceae. Ethnoecological study showed that the cultivated Zingiberace was more common used than wild species, while the study of ethnoanthropology showed that people used some Zingiberaceae for specific rituals. This family give farmacological effect if the people didnt use the correct dosage and preparation.
Indigenous Knowledge Degradation of Lom community, Bangka Island in identifying and using Pelawan Padang (Tristaniopsis merguensis) Walujo, Eko Baroto; Sulistyaningsih, Yohana C; Hartanto, Salpa
Biosaintifika: Journal of Biology & Biology Education Vol 10, No 3 (2018): December 2018
Publisher : Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Sciences, Semarang State University . Ro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (685.296 KB) | DOI: 10.15294/biosaintifika.v10i3.14089

Abstract

Pelawan padang (Tristaniopsis merguensis) plays an important role in providing daily needs including goods and services for Lom community in Bangka island. Recently,  modernization has an impact on the indigenous knowledge related to plants utilization in Lom community, especially pelawan padang. The aims of the study were to analyze the roles and benefits and to determine ethnobotanical knowledge changes of Lom people on the use of pelawan padang. Data were collected through interviews using a structured questionnaire. Pebble Distribution Method (PDM) was used to analyze the quantitative data, while the qualitative data were analyzed using descriptive statistic. The result showed that pelawan padang can be used for material construction, firewood, honey production, traditional medicine and material of bagan traditional stilt houses. The degradation of indigenous knowledge of Lom people related to natural resources such as pelawan padang could be assessed according to individual factors which were; age classes and occupation. More respondents aged over 40 years showed the ability in identifying and using Pelawan padang compared to the younger (25-40 years old). According to occupational group,  there was higher number of unemployed respondents and respondents working as farmers that used pelawan padang compared to respondents working as employee. No difference was found for tribal leaders and community members regarding to the knowledge of Pelawan padang benefits. This study provides the latest information about the benefits of plants from the Lom Community that can be developed through the further research, especially for the benefits pelawan padang as a drug.
Indigenous Knowledge Degradation of Lom community, Bangka Island in identifying and using Pelawan Padang (Tristaniopsis merguensis) Hartanto, Salpa; Sulistyaningsih, Yohana C; Walujo, Eko Baroto
Biosaintifika: Journal of Biology & Biology Education Vol 10, No 3 (2018): December 2018
Publisher : Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Sciences, Semarang State University . Ro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/biosaintifika.v10i3.14089

Abstract

Pelawan padang (Tristaniopsis merguensis) plays an important role in providing daily needs including goods and services for Lom community in Bangka island. Recently,  modernization has an impact on the indigenous knowledge related to plants utilization in Lom community, especially pelawan padang. The aims of the study were to analyze the roles and benefits and to determine ethnobotanical knowledge changes of Lom people on the use of pelawan padang. Data were collected through interviews using a structured questionnaire. Pebble Distribution Method (PDM) was used to analyze the quantitative data, while the qualitative data were analyzed using descriptive statistic. The result showed that pelawan padang can be used for material construction, firewood, honey production, traditional medicine and material of bagan traditional stilt houses. The degradation of indigenous knowledge of Lom people related to natural resources such as pelawan padang could be assessed according to individual factors which were; age classes and occupation. More respondents aged over 40 years showed the ability in identifying and using Pelawan padang compared to the younger (25-40 years old). According to occupational group,  there was higher number of unemployed respondents and respondents working as farmers that used pelawan padang compared to respondents working as employee. No difference was found for tribal leaders and community members regarding to the knowledge of Pelawan padang benefits. This study provides the latest information about the benefits of plants from the Lom Community that can be developed through the further research, especially for the benefits pelawan padang as a drug.
Studi Etnobotani Famili Zingiberaceae dalam Kehidupan Masyarakat Lokal di Kecamatan Pangean Kabupaten Kuantan Singingi, Riau Hartanto, Salpa; -, Fitmawati; Sofiyanti, Nery
Biosaintifika: Journal of Biology & Biology Education Vol 6, No 2 (2014): September 2014
Publisher : Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Sciences, Semarang State University . Ro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/biosaintifika.v6i2.3105

Abstract

Kecamatan Pangean di Kabupaten Kuantan Singingi memiliki sejarah yang lama dalam pemanfaatan berbagai jenis tumbuhan dalam kehidupan sehari-hari, diantaranya sebagai bahan makanan, obat atau prosesi ritual. Penelitian ini bertujuan memperlihatkan peranan Zingiberaceae oleh Masyarakat di Kecamatan Pangean Kabupaten Kuantan Singingi dan untuk kajian botani, etnomedisin, etnoekonomi, etnofarmakologi, etnoekologi serta etnoantropologi. Pengumpulan data dihasilkan dengan menggunakan kuisioner terhadap Masyarakat yang mengetahui manfaat Zingiberaceae dalam kehidupan sehari-hari, spesimen famili Zingiberaceae dikumpulkan dari lapangan. Karakter morpologi dikoreksi untuk identifikasi spesimen. Total dari sebelas spesies yang ditemukan adalah Curcuma Domestica, Zingiber officinale, Kaemferia galanga, Alpinia galanga, Zingiber cassumunar, Curcuma xanthoriza, Zingiber argenteum, Costus spesiosus, Zingiber sp., Globba pendula dan Alpinia mutica. Secara umum, semua spesies ini berperawakan herba. Dokumentasi kajian etnomedisin yang menggunakan famili Zingiberaceae dengan tumbuhan obat lainnya untuk memperoleh dosis yang tepat. Kajian etnoekonomi memiliki nilai ekonomi yang rendah dari famili Zingiberaceae. Kajian etnoekologi menunjukkan bahwa famili Zingiberaceae lebih banyak dibudidayakan dalam penggunaannya daripada berasal dari hutan, sedangkan dalam bidang antropologi, masyarakat memanfaatkan famili ini untuk ritual tertentu. Famili ini juga memberikan efek farmakologi jika masyarakat tidak memiliki takaran dan penyajian yang tepat.Pangean District in Kuantan Singingi has long history in using variuos kinds of plant in their daily life, either for food, medicine or rituals. The study was aimed to reveal the role of Zingiberaceae by the society of Subdistrict of Pangean, District of Kuantan Singingi, Riau Province, and to study the botany, as well as the role of plants in ethnomedicine, ethnoeconomy, ethnopharmacology, ethnoecology and ethnoanthropology fields. Data collection was conducted by distributing quetionaires to people who know the use of Zingiberaceae in daily life, the Zingiberaceae specimens were collected from the field. Morphological characters were carefully examined for species identification. A total of eleven Zingiberaceae species were identified in this study i.e Curcuma Domestica, Zingiber officinale, Kaemferia galanga, Alpinia galanga, Zingiber cassumunar, Curcuma xanthoriza, Zingiber argenteum, Costus spesiosus, Zingiber sp., Globba pendula and Alpinia mutica. Generally, all of these species were herbaceous. Ethnomedicine study  documented the use of Zingiberaceae with other medicinal plants to get accurate dosage. Ethnoeconomic study revealed the low economic value of Zingibeaceae. Ethnoecological study showed that the cultivated Zingiberace was more common used than wild species, while the study of  ethnoanthropology showed that people used some Zingiberaceae for specific rituals. This family give farmacological effect if the people didn’t use the correct dosage and preparation.