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Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Melalui Sistem Pertanian Terpadu di Desa Cibodas Kecamatan Pasirjambu, Kabupaten Bandung Ratnaningsih Ruhiyat; Dwi Indrawati; Etty Indrawati; Lailatus Siami
Agrokreatif: Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Vol. 6 No. 2 (2020): Agrokreatif Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29244/agrokreatif.6.2.97-105

Abstract

Integrated farming System (IFS) is a system that combines agricultural activities, farms, and other sciences related to agriculture in one land, so it is expected to be one of the solutions to increase land productivity, and environmental conservation. In implementing the field of IFS implementation to the community, especially farmers and ranchers require guidance and mentoring, so as to perform the IFS run continuously. Empowering the community through Village partnership Development Program (PPDM) aims to improve community empowerment in corn farming, dairy cattle, and make use of waste in Injeman Sub-village, Cibodas Village, Pasirjambu Subistrict, Bandung District. The methods of implementation include counseling, training, focus group discussion, mentoring, as well as the development of land examples IFS. By implementing IFS, then the environment of cow cage becomes cleaner, increased livestock feed from fermented corn waste (silage), the production of organic fertilizer, the existence of renewable energy from cow dung (biogas), and the emergence of Employment from the organic fertilizer business. But in the implementation of the empowerment activities are experienced several obstacles, such as farmers who are not accustomed to use organic fertilizer and ranches who are not accustomed to use silage as livestock feed. Thus it is necessary to mentoring and suppervision both farmers and ranches on the implementation at the following year.
TINJAUAN SOSIOEKONOMI PEMANFAATAN FESES SAPI DENGAN TEKNOLOGI VERMICOMPOSTING Ratnaningsih Ruhiyat; Dwi Indrawati; Etty Indrawati; Lailautsiami Lailautsiami
Journal of Environmental Engineering and Waste Management Vol 3, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : President University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (820.095 KB) | DOI: 10.33021/jenv.v3i2.463

Abstract

The Cibodas village is located in Pasir Jambu subdistrict at Bandung Regency, majority community livelihood edged is dairy cattle and agriculture. The problem of waste management in terms of cattle manure that could potentially produce methane (CH4) as one of the greenhouse gases (GRK), and when the cattle manure dumped into the River then it can pollute the rivers directly. The purpose of this study is to see how big the benefits of social and economic aspects of the utilization of cattle manure at the farmer scale. A series of Research include : 1) collect opinions and responses to ranchers, livestock farmers and administrators, by filling the questionnaire against the management of the cattle manure, 2) Observations of operational  at the process of vermicomposting  in two locations, namely in kampong Papak Manggu and kampong Injeman Cibodas village, during the activities of Demontration plot. The observed data covering 1) production process of vermicomposting (worm production and the weight of the raw materials, daily activities, results of casting, mass balance and quality of organic fertilizer) 2) Required total working hour of process of vermicomposting 3) Space and facilities requirement 4) cost and price analysis. The research show that vermicompost is suitable to be implemented in processing cattle manure, base on the following reason : a) cleaning of the environment b) minimum labor requirement c) providing  additional income d)  availability of organic fertilizer.
Upaya Meningkatkan Partisipasi Masyarakat dalam Pengelolaan Sampah Berbasis 3R di Desa Cibodas Kecamatan Pasirjambu Kabupaten Bandung Dwi Indrawati; Ratnaningsih Ruhiyat; Etty Indrawati; Lailatus Siami
J-Dinamika : Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat Vol 6 No 1 (2021): June
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25047/j-dinamika.v6i1.2336

Abstract

Hingga saat ini upaya pengelolaan sampah di beberapa daerah di Indonesia belum menunjukkan hasil yang optimal, termasuk salah satunya adalah upaya pengelolaan sampah yang ada di Desa Cibodas, Kecamatan Pasirjambu, Kabupaten Bandung. Sampah masih dianggap barang yang tidak memiliki nilai ekonomi dan belum menerapkan prinsip 3R, seperti pengurangan, penggunaan kembali serta melakukan daur ulang, sehingga berpotensi menimbulkan pencemaran lingkungan. Untuk membangun sistem pengelolaan sampah berbasis masyarakat yang ramah lingkungan di Desa Cibodas, upaya yang dijalankan meliputi: membentuk kelompok penggerak, membangkitkan minat dan kesadaran masyakarat, memetakan potensi, meningkatkan pengetahuan dan pemahaman masyarakat, serta merencanakan Tempat Pengolahan Sampah (TPS)-3R sebagai unit percontohan. Atas inisiatif masyarakat desa, kelompok penggerak dipilih kelompok karang taruna desa. Kelompok karang taruna ini selain melakukan pengawasan pelaksanaan pemilahan sampah di tingkat warga, juga dilibatkan dalam menentukan jenis teknologi pengolahan sampah yang akan diterapkan di TPS-3R
Pemanfaatan Koagulan Biji Asam Jawa Guna Memperbaiki Parameter BOD, COD, dan TSS Limbah Cair Industri Tahu Andi Mohamad Yusuf; Ratnaningsih Ruhiyat; Rositayanti Hadisoebroto
Jurnal Ekologi, Masyarakat dan Sains Vol 3 No 2 (2022): Jul-Des 2022
Publisher : ECOTAS

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.55448/ems.v3i2.66

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of tamarind seeds in removing pollutant parameters in tofu wastewater produced in the process of making tofu. The parameters to be reduced are BOD, COD, TSS, and turbidity. Variations in coagulant doses used in this study were: 2g/L, 3g/L, 4g/L, and 5g/L. With a coagulation speed of 200 rpm for 3 minutes and a flocculation speed of 120 rpm for 14 minutes with a settling time of 60 minutes. The results showed that tamarind seeds were able to reduce BOD, COD, TSS, and turbidity at a dose of 4 g/L with a pH of 8. The results showed a decrease in turbidity parameters with an initial value of 950 NTU to 151 NTU with an efficiency of 84% removal, TSS parameter with initial value of 662 mg/L becomes 143 mg/L with 78% removal efficiency, COD parameter with initial value of 2987 mg/L becomes 533 mg/L with 82% removal efficiency, and BOD parameter with initial value of 1994 mg/L to 361 mg/L with a removal efficiency of 82%. These results indicate that COD and BOD are still above the quality standards set by the government and further research is needed.
Efektivitas Penguraian Sampah Organik Pasar Menggunakan Larva Black Soldier Fly Asri Triwandani; Pramiati Purwaningrum; Ratnaningsih Ruhiyat
Jurnal Serambi Engineering Vol 8, No 2 (2023): April 2023
Publisher : Fakultas Teknik

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32672/jse.v8i2.6003

Abstract

Organic waste dominates the waste sourced from the market so it needs to be processed before it goes to the TPA. Utilization of BSF larvae is an effort to process organic waste in reducing the volume of waste that will be disposed of in the TPA. The purpose of this study was to determine the ability of BSF larvae to reduce organic waste on the market. The composition of the type of waste used consisted of fruit, vegetable, food waste and mixtures (50% fruit waste: 40% vegetable waste: 10% food waste waste) with a variation of feeding rate of 40, 60 and 80 mg/larvae/day. The number of larvae included in each reactor was 4000 individuals (70 grams) using 5-day larvae (5-DOL) with a composting duration of 18 days. The results showed that BSF larvae were able to reduce organic waste under optimum pH conditions ranging from 7.5- 8.3 with an average temperature of around 31⁰C and humidity ranging from 56-88%. The reduction results obtained in this study were 78% for various vegetables with a feeding rate of 60 mg/larvae/day. The best results of laboratory analysis based on SNI 19-7030-2004 are mixed sample variations with a feeding rate of 80 mg/larvae/day which have a C-Organic content of 32.55%, a C/N ratio of 17%, a moisture content of 12.89%, N total 1.88%, P2O5 2.22% and K2O 2.68%.
Operasional Bank Sampah Dalam Meningkatkan Pengurangan Sampah di Kecamatan Duren Sawit Viery Ardiansyah; Pramiati Purwaningrum; Ratnaningsih Ruhiyat
Jurnal Serambi Engineering Vol 8, No 2 (2023): April 2023
Publisher : Fakultas Teknik

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32672/jse.v8i2.6002

Abstract

Waste Bank is one of the options to reduce solid waste in solid waste management. The planning purposes is to plan waste reduction through the Waste Bank with the 3R concept to support solid waste management in Duren Sawit District. The method used for sampling the generation rate and composition of waste in Duren Sawit Subdistrict is in accordance with SNI 19-3964-1994; making observations to obtain data on waste management at the Waste Bank; and conducting interviews both verbally and with questionnaires regarding community participation. Based on the results of the study, the waste generation rate in Duren Sawit District is 0.6 kg/person/day with a composition of 70% organic waste and 30% inorganic waste. The potential for waste recycling that can be done in Duren Sawit District is 27%. By the end of the planning year, the Waste Bank has the potential to reduce waste by 37% of waste generation. To achieve this reduction, the Waste Bank needs to improve services and community participation as customers and non�customers. The Waste Bank will be optimized in stages according to the percentage growth of Waste Bank customers in each kelurahan. In the first stage, the optimization of the Waste Bank is targeted to reach 50% of the total households in the Duren Sawit Sub-district. In long-term planning, the Waste Bank plays an important role in the aspect of waste management.
Pembuatan Eco Enzym Untuk Keberlangsungan Hidup Lingkungan Pesantren Yang Harmonis Tiena Amran; Ratnaningsih Ruhiyat; Richard Rambung; Emelia Sari; Ari Saputro
Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat Tapis Berseri (JPMTB) Vol. 2 No. 2 (2023): Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat Tapis Berseri (JPMTB) (Edisi Oktober)
Publisher : Pusat Studi Teknologi Informasi Fakultas Ilmu Komputer Universitas Bandar Lampung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36448/jpmtb.v2i2.61

Abstract

Masalah sampah, khususnya sampah organik di Tempat Pembuangan Akhir (TPA), menjadi ancaman serius terhadap keseimbangan ekosistem. Dalam konteks ini, 70 persen sampah organik di TPA menyebabkan aroma tak sedap. Masyarakat umumnya menganggap sampah padat dari rumah tangga atau industri sebagai sesuatu yang tak berguna atau tanpa nilai ekonomis. Kegiatan Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat bertujuan memberikan edukasi dan pelatihan tentang pemanfaatan sampah organik serta proses pembuatan eco-enzyme. Eco-enzyme ini dapat menjadi solusi untuk mengurangi sampah rumah tangga, terutama sampah organik. Keunggulan eco-enzyme melibatkan proses fermentasi yang tidak memerlukan tempat luas dan menggunakan botol air mineral bekas sebagai wadah. Selain manfaat lingkungan, kegiatan ini diharapkan meningkatkan kesadaran masyarakat terhadap masalah sampah organik, memperluas pengetahuan mereka, dan mendorong aplikasi solusi terhadap permasalahan tersebut.