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Linkage of Credit on BI Rate, Funds Rate, Inflation and Government Spending on Capital Sipahutar, Mangasa Augustinus; Oktaviani, Rina; Siregar, Hermanto; Juanda, Bambang
JEJAK: Jurnal Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Vol 10, No 1 (2017): March 2017
Publisher : Semarang State University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/jejak.v10i1.9123

Abstract

Linkage of credit on BI rate, funds rate, inflation, and government spending on capital provides evidence from Indonesia.  This paper found advance explanation about banks credit as monetary transmission channel and its role on Indonesian economy.  We used credit depth as a ratio of banks credit to GDP nominal, to explain the role of credit in Indonesian economy.  We developed a VAR model to measure the response of credit to BI rate, funds rate and inflation rate, and OLS method to find out how banks credit response to government spending on capital. This paper revealed bi-direction causality between credit and BI rate, credit and funds rate, and credit and inflation.  There is trade-off between credit and BI rate, credit and funds rate, and credit and inflation, but government spending on capital promotes credit depth.  We found that Indonesian banking is bank view, allocated their credit based on their performance, not merely on the monetary policy determined by central bank.  For bank view perspectives, we analyzed the link between LDR as an indicator of credit channel mechanism to NPLs and CAR.  We found that there is no significant effect of CAR to LDR, but has a strong negatively relationship between NPLs to LDR.  This evidence indicates that commercial banks in Indonesia allocated their credit do not related to their capital but merely to the quality of their credit portfolio.
Integrasi Perdagangan dan Dinamika Ekspor Indonesia ke Timur Tengah (Studi Kasus: Turki, Tunisia, dan Maroko) Oktaviani, Rina; Widyastutik, nFN; Novianti, Tanti
Jurnal Agro Ekonomi Vol 26, No 2 (2008): Jurnal Agro Ekonomi
Publisher : Pusat Sosial Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Pertanian

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21082/jae.v26n2.2008.167-189

Abstract

EnglishEconomic development contributes to integration and trade dynamics among countries. From now on, with global economic crisis as background setting, market diversification seems to be an appropriate strategy to minimize the hazardous impact on Indonesia’s trade balance performance. It appears that the Middle East is a promising region with Turkey, Tunisia, dan Morocco as potential trade partners. An Intra Industry Trade (IIT) analysis shows that Indonesia experiences a relatively higher trade integration with Turkey compared to those with Tunisia and Morocco. In the meantime,  a Constant Market Share Analysis (CMS) analysis indicates that the existing export dynamics is convergence for potential products. These products of animal and vegetable fats and  oils, wood and wood products, and rubber and rubber products vary in decomposition effects in each trade partner. Combination of market intelligence and export product differentiation is considered as a comprehensive recommendation in first round stage for the Indonesia-Middle East FTA. IndonesianPerekonomian dunia yang berkembang pesat menyebabkan semakin tingginya integrasi dan dinamika perdagangan antarnegara. Dengan latar belakang krisis keuangan global, strategi diversifikasi pasar dianggap tepat untuk meminimisasi dampak yang merugikan bagi performa neraca perdagangan Indonesia. Komitmen strategi diversifikasi destinasi pasar memunculkan kawasan Timur Tengah sebagai kawasan yang potensial, meliputi Turki, Tunisia, dan Maroko. Analisis Intra Industry Trade (IIT) menunjukkan bahwa derajat integrasi perdagangan Indonesia–Turki lebih erat dibandingkan dengan Tunisia dan Maroko. Sementara itu, analisis Constant Market Share (CMS) mengindikasikan bahwa terdapat fenomena yang konvergen bagi dinamika ekspor Indonesia, dimana  minyak yang berasal dari tumbuhan dan hewan, kayu dan produk kayu, serta karet dan produk karet menjadi produk yang potensial dengan efek dekomposisi yang bervariasi pada setiap mitra dagang. Kombinasi penguatan market intelligence (sisi permintaan) dan diferensiasi produk ekspor (sisi penawaran) merupakan rekomendasi komprehensif bagi tahap inisiasi FTA Indonesia-Timur Tengah.
REINDUSTRIALISASI DAN DAMPAKNYA TERHADAP EKONOMI MAKRO SERTA KINERJA SEKTOR INDUSTRI DI INDONESIA Kustanto, Heru; Oktaviani, Rina; Sinaga, Bonar M; Firdaus, Muhammad
Jurnal Riset Industri Vol 6, No 1 (2012): Hilirisasi Industri Berbasis Sumber Daya Alam Lokal
Publisher : Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Industri

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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis dampak reindustrialisasi terhadap ekonomi makro dan kinerja sektor industri, termasuk  industri kecil, menengah dan besar.   Reindustrialisasi dalam  penelitian ini diukur dari peningkatan pangsa output sektor industri. Penelitian ini menggunakan model ekonomi keseimbangan umum recursive dynamic untuk mengukur dampak reindustrialisasi sebagai upaya untuk mengantisipasi faktor-faktor penyebab deindustrialisasi. Reindustrialisasi dilakukan dengan serangkaian kebijakan melalui simulasi peningkatan investasi sektor industri, peningkatan ekspor produk-produk industri, peningkatan penggunaan produksi dalam negeri untuk mengurangi jumlah impor barang-barang konsumsi, peningkatan produktivitas sektor industri, subsidi harga energi dan penqernbanqan klaster industri prioritas yaitu klaster industri agro, klaster industri basis manufaktur dan klaster industri alat angkut.  Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa keenam simulasi yang dilakukan mampu meningkatkan kinerja ekonomi makro yang diukur dari Produk Domestik Bruto (PDB) dan  pangsa output sektor  industri lebih tinggi  daripada simulasi  baseline.  Pada semua  simulasi, reindustrialisasi mampu meningkat pertumbuhan output sektor industri kecil menengah lebih tinggi dibandingkan dengan industri besar. Untuk meningkatkan pangsa output sektor industri dapat dilakukan melalui serangkaian kebijakan reindustrialisasi dengan meningkatkan investasi baik penanaman modal dalam  negeri maupun penanaman modal asing, peningkatan ekspor dan penurunan impor produk-produk industri melalui peningkatan penggunaan produksi dalam negeri, kebijakan untuk mengatur harga energi, dan peningkatan teknologi dan produktivitas sektor industri. Kata  kuncl  : Deindustrialisasi; reindustrialisasi; model ekonomi keseimbangan umum, ekonomi makro; industri kecil, menengah dan besar
REINDUSTRIALISASI DAN DAMPAKNYA TERHADAP EKONOMI MAKRO SERTA KINERJA SEKTOR INDUSTRI DI INDONESIA Kustanto, Heru; Oktaviani, Rina; Sinaga, Bonar M; Firdaus, Muhammad
Jurnal Riset Industri Vol 6, No 1 (2012): Hilirisasi Industri Berbasis Sumber Daya Alam Lokal
Publisher : Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Industri

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis dampak reindustrialisasi terhadap ekonomi makro dan kinerja sektor industri, termasuk  industri kecil, menengah dan besar.   Reindustrialisasi dalam  penelitian ini diukur dari peningkatan pangsa output sektor industri. Penelitian ini menggunakan model ekonomi keseimbangan umum recursive dynamic untuk mengukur dampak reindustrialisasi sebagai upaya untuk mengantisipasi faktor-faktor penyebab deindustrialisasi. Reindustrialisasi dilakukan dengan serangkaian kebijakan melalui simulasi peningkatan investasi sektor industri, peningkatan ekspor produk-produk industri, peningkatan penggunaan produksi dalam negeri untuk mengurangi jumlah impor barang-barang konsumsi, peningkatan produktivitas sektor industri, subsidi harga energi dan penqernbanqan klaster industri prioritas yaitu klaster industri agro, klaster industri basis manufaktur dan klaster industri alat angkut.  Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa keenam simulasi yang dilakukan mampu meningkatkan kinerja ekonomi makro yang diukur dari Produk Domestik Bruto (PDB) dan  pangsa output sektor  industri lebih tinggi  daripada simulasi  baseline.  Pada semua  simulasi, reindustrialisasi mampu meningkat pertumbuhan output sektor industri kecil menengah lebih tinggi dibandingkan dengan industri besar. Untuk meningkatkan pangsa output sektor industri dapat dilakukan melalui serangkaian kebijakan reindustrialisasi dengan meningkatkan investasi baik penanaman modal dalam  negeri maupun penanaman modal asing, peningkatan ekspor dan penurunan impor produk-produk industri melalui peningkatan penggunaan produksi dalam negeri, kebijakan untuk mengatur harga energi, dan peningkatan teknologi dan produktivitas sektor industri. Kata  kuncl  : Deindustrialisasi; reindustrialisasi; model ekonomi keseimbangan umum, ekonomi makro; industri kecil, menengah dan besar
DAMPAK KENAIKAN PRODUKTIVITAS INDUSTRI PERTANIAN TERHADAP KINERJA EKONOMI SEKTORAL, EKONOMI MAKRO DAN PENDAPATAN RUMAH TANGGA Haryono, Dwi; Tambunan, Mangara; Oktaviani, Rina; Siregar, Hermanto
Indonesian Journal of Socio Economics Desember, Jurnal Sosio Ekonomika
Publisher : Lampung University

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Abstract

This research examines impacts of agricultural industry productivity improvement on sectoral and macro economic performance and household income. The CGE-AGRINDO model combined with CGE ORANI-F, INDOF, WAYANG, and ORANIGRD were used as a main tool of analysis. The data was computed using GEMPACK program. The study used data of I-O 2003. The are three simulations being examined, i.e. (1) improvement of agro industrial productivity, (2) simulation 1 plus improvement of agricultural productivity, and (3) simulation 2 plus improvement of financial institution. The policy simulations show that the impact of productivity improvement of agricultural industry tends to increase industry output and employment, but decrease the output price. The simulation also suggestt that productivity on agroindustry increases the macro economic performance and household income.
DAMPAK KENAIKAN PRODUKTIVITAS INDUSTRI PERTANIAN TERHADAP KINERJA EKONOMI SEKTORAL, EKONOMI MAKRO DAN PENDAPATAN RUMAH TANGGA Haryono, Dwi; Tambunan, Mangara; Oktaviani, Rina; Siregar, Hermanto
Indonesian Journal of Socio Economics Desember, Jurnal Sosio Ekonomika
Publisher : Lampung University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

This research examines impacts of agricultural industry productivity improvement on sectoral and macro economic performance and household income. The CGE-AGRINDO model combined with CGE ORANI-F, INDOF, WAYANG, and ORANIGRD were used as a main tool of analysis. The data was computed using GEMPACK program. The study used data of I-O 2003. The are three simulations being examined, i.e. (1) improvement of agro industrial productivity, (2) simulation 1 plus improvement of agricultural productivity, and (3) simulation 2 plus improvement of financial institution. The policy simulations show that the impact of productivity improvement of agricultural industry tends to increase industry output and employment, but decrease the output price. The simulation also suggestt that productivity on agroindustry increases the macro economic performance and household income.
Linkage of Credit on BI Rate, Funds Rate, Inflation and Government Spending on Capital Sipahutar, Mangasa Augustinus; Oktaviani, Rina; Siregar, Hermanto; Juanda, Bambang
JEJAK: Jurnal Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Vol 10, No 1 (2017): March 2017
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/jejak.v10i1.9123

Abstract

Linkage of credit on BI rate, funds rate, inflation, and government spending on capital provides evidence from Indonesia.  This paper found advance explanation about banks credit as monetary transmission channel and its role on Indonesian economy.  We used credit depth as a ratio of banks credit to GDP nominal, to explain the role of credit in Indonesian economy.  We developed a VAR model to measure the response of credit to BI rate, funds rate and inflation rate, and OLS method to find out how banks credit response to government spending on capital. This paper revealed bi-direction causality between credit and BI rate, credit and funds rate, and credit and inflation.  There is trade-off between credit and BI rate, credit and funds rate, and credit and inflation, but government spending on capital promotes credit depth.  We found that Indonesian banking is bank view, allocated their credit based on their performance, not merely on the monetary policy determined by central bank.  For bank view perspectives, we analyzed the link between LDR as an indicator of credit channel mechanism to NPLs and CAR.  We found that there is no significant effect of CAR to LDR, but has a strong negatively relationship between NPLs to LDR.  This evidence indicates that commercial banks in Indonesia allocated their credit do not related to their capital but merely to the quality of their credit portfolio.
DAMPAK INFRASTRUKTUR JALAN TERHADAP PEREKONOMIAN PULAU JAWA-BALI DAN SUMATERA Napitupulu, Muktar; Tambunan, Mangara; Daryanto, Arief; Oktaviani, Rina
Jurnal Jalan-Jembatan Vol 28 No 1 (2011)
Publisher : Direktorat Bina Teknik Jalan dan Jembatan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (21776.452 KB)

Abstract

ABSTRAKPrasarana jalan dan jembatan berperan dalam penggunaan ekonomi bangsa, namun dampak terhadap  perekonomian belum diteliti secara cermat. Tulisan ini bermaksud menganalisis dampak ekonomi investasi jalan dan jembatan dengan model Inter-regional Social Accounting Matrix Jawa Sumatera 2007.Hasil analilsis menunjukan: (1) Investasi jalan dan jembatan di Sumatera dan Jawa-Bali paling dinikmati oleh sektor perdagangan, restoran dan hotel,dan sektor industri makanan, minuman dan tembakau namun kurang berpihak pada sektor pertanian; (2) Keterkaitan atau ketergantungan sektor-sektor produksi tehadap konstruksi jalan dan jembatan di Sumatera cukup besar; (3) Dampak limpahan sektor jalan dan jembatan dari Sumatera ke Jawa-Bali berkisar 5 kali lebih besar daripada limoahan dari Jawa-Bali ke Sumatera menyebabkan kesenjangan oendapatan Sumatera dengan Jawa-Bali semakin melebar; (4) Rumah tangga pengusaha golongan rendah di desa memperoleh pendapatan tertinggi dari investasi jalandi Sumatera sementara untuk investasi jalan di Jawa-Bali rumah tangga pengusaha golongan rendah di kota memperoleh pendapatan yang terbesar; (5) Kontribusi jalan dan jembatan terhadap pertumbuhan ekonomi Jawwa-Bali dan Sumatera terhadap tahun 2007 naik 0.17 persen tahun 2008, naik 0.20 persen 2009 dan naik 0.28 persen tahun 2010.Kata Kunci : Interegional Social Accounting Matrix, dampak limpahan, ketertarikan belakang dan kedepan, analisis penggandaan, pertumbuhan ekonomi
PENGETAHUAN WANITA USIA SUBUR TENTANG KANKER SERVIKS DI DESA MEKARJAYA KECAMATAN SUKARESMI KABUPATEN GARUT Oktaviani, Rina; Maryati, Ida; Sumarna, Umar
Jurnal Kesehatan Bakti Tunas Husada: Jurnal Ilmu-ilmu Keperawatan, Analis Kesehatan dan Farmasi Vol 21, No 1 (2021)
Publisher : STIKes Bakti Tunas Husada Tasikmalaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36465/jkbth.v21i1.676

Abstract

The Evaluation of Cooperative’s Role in Soybean Supply Chain: A Case Study on Tofu and Tempeh Cooperatives in Indonesia Susilowati, Etty; Oktaviani, Rina; Arifin, Bustanul; Arkeman, Yandra
BISNIS & BIROKRASI: Jurnal Ilmu Administrasi dan Organisasi
Publisher : UI Scholars Hub

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Abstract

This study aimed to analyze and evaluate the extent of relationship between the soybean demand in a region and the number of cooperatives in the area, as well as the extent of relationship between the number of cooperative members (tofu and tempeh producers) and the number of cooperatives in the area. This study uses a quantitative approach based on primary data, later processed using Pearson correlation method. The results of data processing show that there is no significant relationship between the number of cooperatives and the number of producers. Furthermore, there is also no significant relationship between the number of cooperatives and existing soybean demands. This indicates the low role of cooperatives in the national soybean supply chain at the present. Therefore, there are two policy options that can be made. First, a radical policy, i.e. to leave out PRIMKOPTI in soybean supply chain at all. Second, the still mainstream policy, i.e. to still involve PRIMKOPTI, thus in order to make long-term programs in soybean business administration run well, PRIMKOPTI should be institutionally empowered and strengthened to achieve its business resilience.