Bintang Yinke Magdalena Sinaga
Universitas Sumatera Utara

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The Correlation of Body Mass Index with Sputum Conversion Time in MDR-TB Patients Undergoing Treatment with Short Term Regimen at H. Adam Malik Medan General Hospital Diana Santy; Parluhutan Siagian; Bintang Yinke Magdalena Sinaga; Putri C Eyanoer
Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia Vol 40, No 4 (2020)
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Paru Indonesia (PDPI)/The Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36497/jri.v40i4.130

Abstract

Background: It was estimated about 10.4 million incidence of TB cases worldwide, of which 580,000 were MDR TB cases in 2015, however, only 125,000 were successfully found and treated. The World Health Organization (WHO) issued a recommendation of 9-11 month Short Term Regimen (STR) guideline that could provide satisfactory results in terms of successfull outcome, easier to control and also low-cost. The study aimed to analyze the correlation between Body Mass Index (BMI) and sputum conversion time in MDR TB patients undergoing treatment with STR and to determine the final treatment outcome using STR at H. Adam Malik Medan General Hospital, North Sumatra, Indonesia. Methods: This was a case series study of a total 76 MDR TB patients undergoing treatment using STR. Samples were obtained from medical record of the pulmonary isolation ward and MDR TB clinic at H. Adam Malik Medan General Hospital. Data were analyzed descriptively to identify the trend in sputum conversion from nine months of treatment. Results: The number of patients with normal BMI was 51.3% higher than those of low, very low and high BMI. The time to sputum conversion occured in the second month of treatment. All groups of BMI categories experienced conversions and normal BMI was higher in number. At the end of the treatment evaluation, the cure rate was 44.8%, the drop out was 28.9%, the regimen change was15.8%, died 9.2%, and moved 1.3%. Conclusion: There was a significant correlation between BMI and sputum conversion time in MDR TB patients. Good nutritional status was a predictor of treatment success.
Differences of Malondialdehyde (MDA) Levels in Blood of Pulmonary Tuberculosis Sufferers with Diabetes Mellitus, Pulmonary Tuberculosis without Diabetes Mellitus and Healthy People in Medan Eka Suhartika; Zainuddin Amir; Bintang Yinke Magdalena Sinaga; Putri C Eyanoer
Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia Vol 40, No 4 (2020)
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Paru Indonesia (PDPI)/The Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36497/jri.v40i4.124

Abstract

Background: The imbalance between oxidants and antioxidants in the body can increase Malondialdehyde (MDA) in patients with pulmonary TB and type 2 DM, which causes cell damage and worsens the disease. The body has a protective mechanism from damage caused by increased MDA through enzymatic antioxidants such as SOD and vitamin E. This study aimed to examine the difference in MDA levels in the blood of pulmonary TB patients with type 2 DM, pulmonary tuberculosis without type 2 DM and healthy people in Medan, Indonesia. Methods: This was an analytical study using a case-control approach by measuring MDA levels in pulmonary TB with type 2 DM patients, pulmonary TB patients and healthy people who were treated at H. Adam Malik General Hospital, Community Health Centers, and GP’s practice in Medan for 4 months. Blood samples were taken and examined using the ELISA kit. Data were then analyzed using the Kruskal Wallis and Mann Whitney tests. Results: There were 75 patients recruited in the study in which 45 were males (60%) and 30 were females (40%). The age group found the most was 31-40 years with normal BMI (76%). The highest MDA level was found in the TB+DM group at 12.42 nmol/ml compared to the TB patients (3.75 nmol/ml) and healthy people (3.01 nmol/ml). Conclusion: There were no statistically significant differences in MDA levels although there was a difference found in the MDA levels among the three groups with MDA level in TB+DM group was shown to be the highest.
The Association Between Vitamin D Receptor Gene FokI Polymorphism and Pulmonary Tuberculosis Dina Octafrida Marpaung; Bintang Yinke Magdalena Sinaga; Parluhutan Siagian; Erna Mutiara
Respiratory Science Vol. 2 No. 1 (2021): Respiratory Science
Publisher : Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36497/respirsci.v2i1.29

Abstract

Backgrounds: There is a wide range of individual responses to mycobacterium infection. However, the reason why certain people suffers from a disease when they are infected with mycobacterium while others remain healthy is still unknown. Genetic susceptibility is thought to be one of the important explanatory factors for individuals with the risk of developing pulmonary tuberculosis (TB). FokI polymorphism was one of the genetic variations within the vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene associated with pulmonary TB. In the present study, we investigated the association between VDR gene FokI polymorphism and pulmonary TB. Conclusion: There was no significant association between the VDR gene FokI polymorphism and pulmonary TB.
Vitamin C Supplementation Improves Pulmonary Tuberculosis Patients' Sputum Conversion During Intensive Phase Category I Treatment in Medan Elok Ariyani Safitri; Parluhutan Siagian; Bintang Yinke Magdalena Sinaga; Putri Chairani Eyanoer
Respiratory Science Vol. 2 No. 2 (2022): Respiratory Science
Publisher : Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36497/respirsci.v2i2.30

Abstract

Background: Many factors influence the success of the acceleration of Acid-Fast Bacilli (AFB) sputum conversion in the treatment of the intensive phase of pulmonary tuberculosis (TB). One of these factors is the nutritional status or nutrition of pulmonary TB patients. Through a fenton reaction, Vitamin C is known to be able to sterilize Mycobacterium tuberculosis. This study aims to determine the effect of giving vitamin C on the conversion of AFB sputum in the intensive phase of pulmonary TB treatment. Method: This study was an inferential, quasi-experimental evaluation of the acceleration of AFB sputum conversion following vitamin C supplementation in patients with category I pulmonary TB. The study group was separated into two groups: 40 TB patients getting Anti Tuberculosis Treatment (ATT) with vitamin C, and 40 TB patients receiving ATT with placebo. Every two weeks, AFB sputum was examined, and vitamin C levels were measured before and after two months of therapy. Results: Conversion of AFB occurred sooner in the vitamin C group of pulmonary TB patients, with as many as 29 patients (72.5%) experiencing conversion of AFB sputum at the end of the second week of therapy, whereas there was no conversion in the placebo group. At the end of the fourth week, all patients (100%) given vitamin C showed AFB sputum conversion, whereas only eight patients (20%) in the placebo group had conversion at the end of the fourth week of treatment. Vitamin C levels increased significantly in the group of pulmonary tuberculosis patients who received vitamin C supplementation. Conclusion: Vitamin C supplementation in the treatment of pulmonary TB can accelerate the conversion of AFB sputum, which is statistically significant.
The Comparison of Vitamin C between Pulmonary Tuberculosis and Healthy Control in Medan Rizka Helmi; Bintang Yinke Magdalena Sinaga; Parluhutan Siagian; Putri Eyenoer
Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia Vol 42, No 3 (2022)
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Paru Indonesia (PDPI)/The Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36497/jri.v42i3.364

Abstract

Background: Pulmonary tuberculosis infection is high burden especially in developed country.     Vitamin C is water soluble micronutrient contributes to immune defense by supporting various both of innate and adaptive immunity. Vitamin C protected the host from reactive oxygen and reactive nitrogen intermediates generated during Mycobacterial infection. Patient with pulmonary tuberculosis had lower vitamin C level because the Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection yield to a reactive oxygen species for replication and metabolism and because of the reduced of nutrition intake. Vitamin C as antioxidant also play role in killing Mycobacterium tuberculosis by drive fenton reaction.Method: This is a case control study of vitamin C in blood serum in pulmonary tuberculosis patient and healthy control. Vitamin C level measured with ELISA examination (Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay). Results: Total subject was 40 people, 20 people pulmonary tuberculosis as a case and 20 people healthy control. Vitamin C levels are higher in pulmonary tuberculosis patient (83,64 ± 35,99 ng/ml) than healthy control (80,22 ± 26,44 ng/ml), but not statistically significant. Vitamin C levels tend to be low in elderly and lower in man than woman. Conclusion: Vitamin C levels in pulmonary tuberculosis group lower than healthy control. Vitamin C levels in men having lower than women, elderly had low the level of vitamin C.