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PENGGUNAAN METHYL EUGENOL TERHADAP SERANGAN LALAT BUAH (Bactrocera sp.) PADA TANAMAN CABAI KERITING (Capsicum annum L.) DI KOTA TOMOHON Dondo, Karni Frastika; Rimbing, Jimmy; Rante, Caroulus
COCOS Vol 1, No 4 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/cocos.v1i4.21177

Abstract

ABSTRACT  Curly chili (Capsicum annum L.) is one of the many horticultural commodities needed in daily life so that its needs continue to increase along with population growth and technological progress. One of the main pest species that attacks fruits and vegetables in Indonesia is Bactrocera sp. Methyl eugenol is reported sp to be able to control fruit flies in mango, guava, starfruit, melon, jackfruit, guava, tomato, red pepper and bitter melon. The aim of this study was to determine the level of fruit damage by Bactrocera sp. Fruit flies. in the use of methyl eugenol in curly chili plants in Tomohon City, especially in the villages of Kinilow, Kakaskasen, and Matani. The duration of the study lasted for three (months), namely from February to April 2018. This research was carried out by survey method or by direct observation at the research location. Results of research on percentage of Bactrocera sp. in the land of methyl eugenol from the first and second weeks of 21.53% and 20.78%, while in the third week, the percentage of attacks was 18.86% followed by the observation of the fourth and fifth weeks increased by 24.34% and 33.86%. While the land of farmers experienced a decrease in the percentage of attacks from the first week, the second was 16.19% and 15.78%, then followed in the third, fourth and fifth weeks, the percentage of attacks increased by 17.47%, 18.54% and 18.7% . Whereas on land that is left to attack Bactrocera sp. from the first week of 16.09%, the second week was 21.9%, and in the third and fourth weeks the attack rate increased by 25.38% and 26.52%, followed by the fifth week of the attack level which increased to 30.56%.  Keywords: Percentage, Bactrocera sp. Curly chili
POPULASI HAMA KEPINDING TANAH (SCOTINOPHARA COARTATA F.) PADA TANAMAN PADI SAWAH DI KECAMATAN DUMOGA UTARA KABUPATEN BOLAANG MONGONDOW Moonik, Jandrio H.; Pelealu, Jantje; Makal, Henny V.G.; Rimbing, Jimmy
COCOS Vol 6, No 5 (2015)
Publisher : COCOS

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Abstract

ABSTRACTRice crops (Oryza sativa L.) is a crops that produce rice which is used as staple food of about 90% of Indonesia's population consumes rice. Pest is any organism that can interfere with the growth and development of plants so that the plants become damaged, stunted growth, and or death. Bedbug soil pest (Scotinophara coartata F.) is one of major pests that attacks rice crops and spread on planting rice in Sulawesi, Sumatra, Kalimantan and Java. This research aims to find out pest population S. coarctata in rice plants by plant age in some villages in the sub-district of North Dumoga, regency of Bolaang Mongondow. The research took place in sub-district of North Dumoga, regency of Bolaang Mongondow, which was in three villages, that is North Dondomon, South Mopuya and South Mopuya I, and the execution time was from October to Desember 2014. This research uses survey method with direct observation technique. Each village was taken three observation plot, and determined of five sub observation plot to be observed. The materials and tools used were rice crops planting, meter, plastic rope, bamboo poles, scissors, cameras and stationery. The research result shows that the population of soil bedbug (S. coartata F.) on the rice crops in sub-district of North Dumoga based on the age of the plant, the highest pest population was found in the age 42 hst is 4,15 tails, then in the age 28 hst is 2,81 tails and the lowest in the age 14 hst is 1,35 tails, and based on the location, the highest in the village of South Mopuya ie 3,07 tail, followed by the village of North Dondomon is, 2.67 tails and lowest in the village of South Mopuya I is 2,56 tail.Keyword: rice plants, soil bedbug, population
PENGGUNAAN MEDIA PAKAN KACANG-KACANGAN TERHADAP POPULASI CORCYRA CEPHALONICA (LEPIDOPTERA:PYRALIDAE) Roba, Yocindi; Rimbing, Jimmy; Kaligis, James B.
COCOS Vol 1, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : COCOS

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Abstract

ABSTRACT Beanshave been known as a complementary source of protein with whole grains, such as rice and wheat. As the age of agricultural commodities grows there are serious problems that have been found, namely pests of diseases in agricultural crops. Disease pest attacks not only during growing process, but also after harvest. One of the warehouse pests that cause damage to the food commodity that is stored is Corcyra cephalonica. The aim of this research is to know the development of C.cephalonica population of Beans. The study was conducted at the Plant Pest and Disease Laboratory from March to July 2017. The observations were made after the eggs hatched and become imago. It has been counted every day of the population from C.cephalonica until it finished which is about 11 days of observation. The results showed that the red bean flour medium had the lowest average imago C. cephalonica population which is 7.28 individuals followed by green bean flour medium that was 8.36 individuals on average. Then on soybean flour media that is 9.52 individuals and on the highest peanut flour media is 9.8 individuals. Keywords : Beans, C. cephalonica
POPULASI Corcyra cephalonica (LEPIDOPTERA;PYRALIDAE) PADA BEBERAPA KETEBALAN MEDIA TEPUNG JAGUNG Laoh, Sandy J.; Kandowangko, Daysi; Rimbing, Jimmy
COCOS Vol 1, No 3 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/cocos.v1i3.15025

Abstract

ABSTRACT This research was conducted at the Laboratory of Plant Pests and Diseases Faculty of Agriculture, University of Sam Ratulangi. Research time is less than four months from September until December, 2016. This research use corn flour as feed for C. cephalonica. The research compiled in a completely randomized design (CRD) and as treatment is the thickness of corn flour as feed for C. cephalonica. This experiment consisted of four treatment, which is 2 cm, 4 cm, 6 cm and 8 cm. each treatment was repeated of five times.  The result showed that thickness media of corn flour 8 cm had an average population imago of C. cephalonica most low at 54.2 individuals, while the population is high was found in media thickness of corn flour 2 cm with an average of 60.6 individuals, then at the media thickness of 6 cm and 4 cm on average the population is almost the same individuals 80.2 and 80.0 individuals to a thickness of 4 cm.
POPULASI DAN SERANGAN LARVA Batocera hercules Boisduv (COLEOPTERA: CERAMBYCIDAE) PADA TANAMAN PALA DI KECAMATAN KAUDITAN KABUPATEN MINAHASA UTARA Mamonto, Ruknindi D.L Mamonto D.L; Dien, Moulwy Frits; Rimbing, Jimmy
COCOS Vol 1, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/cocos.v1i1.19300

Abstract

ABSTRACTNutmeg plant is a superior plant of plantation sub-sector of North Sulawesi Province. Basically nutmeg plants are still a source of income farmers at the center of nutmeg production in North Sulawesi. In the development of plants Pala problem faced by farmers is borer stem borer Batocera Hercules. This study aims to determine the population and attack of B. hercules, on nutmeg plants in Kauditan District of North Minahasa Regency. The research used survey method on nutmeg plantation in Kauditan District of North Minahasa Regency. Servey result set three villages as sample location that is Karagesan village, Treman village and Watudambo village.Determination of sample plants was done randomly by selecting each of 20 trees in each village. Observation and sampling is done 4 times with interval once a week. Thus, the total sample crop at each sample/village location is 80 trees. To avoid double observation, the observed plants are marked at the base of the stem and are not observed again.The results showed that from 80 sample plants observed in each village in Kauditan District of North Minahasa Regency, the largest larvae population was found in the Karegesan village ie as many as 38 heads, then Treman village 7 and Watudambo Village 2. The highest percentage of affected plants was found in Keregesan Village which reached an average of 60.00%, then Treman village 26.25% and Watudambo Village 15.00%. The highest level of damage to the crop was found at the site of Karegesan village which reached an average of 2.11 holes / trees, Treman village averaged 0.37 hole / tree, Watudambo village on average 0.16 hole / tree.Keywords : Plant Nutmeg, Population of larva, Batocera hercules
POPULASI DAN PEJEBARAN CENDAWAN Beauveria bassiana PADA HAMA PADI Leptocorisa acuta DI KABUPATEN BOLAAN MONGONDOW Tairas, Robert William; Rimbing, Jimmy; Assa, Berty
JURNAL LPPM BIDANG SAINS DAN TEKNOLOGI Vol 5, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : JURNAL LPPM BIDANG SAINS DAN TEKNOLOGI

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Abstract

Leptocorisa acuta.merupakan hama utama pada tanaman padi sawah di Sulawesi Utara. Kerusakan L. acuta menghisap isi malai/gabah menyebabkan gabah menjadi kosong atau hampa. Untuk menekan populasi L. acuta petani masih tergantung pada insektisida, karena belum ada cara lain yang mampu menurunkan populasi hama L. acuta secara nyata.. Tujuan penelitian adalah mempelajari padat populasi hama dan penyebaran cendawan Beauveri bassiana pada hama padi L. acuta di Kabupaten Bolaang Mongondow. Lokasi pengambilan contoh pada tanaman padi hama L. acuta dilakukan di Kecamatan Poigar, Lolayan, dan Dumoga. Manfaat dari Penelitian ini diharapkan dapat memberikan informasi mengenai padat populasi serta penyebaran cendawan Beauveria bassiana. Hasil yang diperoleh menunjukan bahwa padat populasi hama walang sangit L. acuta telah menyebar pada pertanaman padi di tiga Kecamatan Poigar, Lolayan, dan Dumoga. Populasi tertinggi ditemukan pada Kecamatan Poigar yaitu 33 ekor/ 10 kali ayunan kemudian diikuti oleh Kecamatan Dumoga 30.67 ekor/ 10 kali ayunan dan Kecamatan Lolayan 13.67 ekor/ 10 kali ayunan. Untuk penyebaran Cendawan Beauveria bassiana ditemukan pada tiga Kecamatan yaitu Poigar, Lolayan dan Dumoga. _____________________________________________________________________________Kata kunci: Tanaman Padi, Leptocorisa acuta, Beauveria bassiana
POPULASI DAN PERSENTASE SERANGAN HAMA PENGGEREK BATANG (Ostrinia furnacalis Guenee) PADA TANAMAN JAGUNG MANIS (Zea mays saccharata Sturt) DI KECAMATAN TOMOHON UTARA KOTA TOMOHON Pratama, Sigit A.; Kaligis, James B.; Rimbing, Jimmy
COCOS Vol 6, No 11 (2015)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/cocos.v6i11.8425

Abstract

ABSTRACT In Indonesia, corn is the second important food crops after rice. Corn is also used as food, are also used as animal feed. Pests that attack sweet corn crop is pest O. furnacalis.  This study aims to determine the percentage of the population and O. furnacalis pests on crops of sweet corn in North Tomohon Tomohon sub district were housed in three villages, namely Village Wailan, Kakaskasen and Kakaskasen III.  The timing of the study for four months starting from the month of November 2014 to February 2015.  This study uses survey research and data collection population and the percentage of larvae attack O. furnacalis. Each village determined the sweet corn crop plots measuring approximately 0,5 ha then divided by five sub plots scattered observations diagonally and taken as many as 40 plants. Larval population data retrieval is done on old plants 54 days after planting (dat), 61 dat, dat 68 and dat 75 with an interval of seven days.  The results showed an average population of O. furnacalis found in sweet corn planting in the village Wailan is 9,35 individuals, followed by Village Kakaskasen 9,00 individuals and in the Village Kakaskasen III 6,85 individuals , The observation of the plants aged 54 to 75 dat O. furnacalis pest larvae attack sweet corn plants in North Tomohon sub district, but still relatively small percentage of attacks. The average percentage of attacks O. furnacalis highest in Sub Kakaskasen ie 11,12%, followed by Sub Wailan 8,50 % and 7,62% in Kakaskasen III. Keywords: Population, Percentage, O. furnacalis, Sweet Corn
Keanekaragaman dan Perbedaan Jenis Kupu-kupu (Ordo Lepidoptera) Berdasarkan Topografi pada Tiga Lokasi Hutan di Sulawesi Utara Diversity and Differences type of Butterfly species (Order Lepidoptera) based on the topography of the three forest location in Gosal, Lidyana Maya; Memah, Ventje; Rimbing, Jimmy
JURNAL BIOS LOGOS Vol 6, No 2 (2016): JURNAL BIOSLOGOS
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35799/jbl.6.2.2016.13791

Abstract

Abstrak   Kupu-kupu merupakan salah satu bagian dari ekosistem yang fungsinya mempertahankan keseimbangan ekosistem dan memperkaya keanekaragaman hayati. Tujuan penelitian yaitu untuk menganalisis kekayaan, kelimpahan, keanekaragaman dan kemerataan spesies di hutan Danowudu, Masarang dan Kawatak, juga membandingkan jenis kupu-kupu berdasarkan topografi pada ketiga lokasi hutan tersebut. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di hutan Danowudu, Masarang dan Kawatak dan dilanjutkan di laboratorium dari bulan Maret-Juli 2016. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode transek dan rute dibuat sepanjang 1000 m untuk setiap transek. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kelimpahan, kekayaan dan keanekaragaman spesies kupu-kupu tertinggi di hutan Danowudu. Kemerataan spesies tertinggi di hutan Masarang. Spesies kupu-kupu yang hanya dapat ditemukan di hutan Danowudu (200-240 mdpl) terdiri dari 13 spesies. Spesies kupu-kupu yang hanya dapat ditemukan di hutan kawatak (827-938 mdpl) terdiri dari 7 spesies. Spesies kupu-kupu yang hanya dapat ditemukan di hutan Masarang (1084-1194 mdpl) terdiri dari 3 spesies. Kata kunci: keanekaragaman, kupu-kupu, Lepidoptera, Sulawesi Utara   Abstract   Butterfly is part of an ecosystem and has function to maintain ecosystem stability and enrich biodiversity. This research aimed to analyze the richness, abundance, diversity and evenness of species in Danowudu, Masarang and Kawatak forest as well as to compare the species of butterflies based on the topography of the three locations of the forest. This research was conducted in Danowudu, Masarang and Kawatak forest and the continued in the laboratory from March to July 2016. This study used a transect method and the route was made as long as 1000 m for each transect. The results showed that the highest abundance, richness and diversity of butterfly species were in Danowudu forest. The highest evenness of species was in the Masarang forest. Butterfly species that was only found in Danowudu forest (200-240 masl) consisted of 13 species. Butterfly species that was only found in Kawatak forest (827-938 masl) included 7 species. Butterfly species that was only found in Masarang forest (1084-1194 masl) comprised 3 species. Keywords: butterfly, diversity, Lepidoptera, North Sulawesi
PENYEBARAN HAMA KEPINDING TANAH DAN MUSUH ALAMINYA PADA PERTANAMAN PADI SAWAH DI SULAWESI UTARA Paendong, Evi; Pelealu, Jantje; Rimbing, Jimmy
EUGENIA Vol 17, No 3 (2011)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/eug.17.3.2011.3541

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ABSTRACT   Bedbug is the major pest in paddy fields in North Sulawesi. The pest attacks on vegetative and generative phase of rice . The species  of pest  attacking on  paddy fields in North Sulawesi is unknown. The study aimed to evaluate  the spread of bedbug ground pests, to identify the pest species as well as natural enemies of the pest at  the ecosystem of paddy fields in North Sulawesi. The result showed that the pest had spread to paddy field in Bolaang Mongondow, South Minahasa and Southeast Minahasa. In Minahasa regency, the pest had not been detected. In terms of population density of pest bugs , the highest was  found in  Bolaang Mongondow which was 14.67 individual per 20 times of swinging  followed by South Minahasa which was 10.33 individual. The lowest was found in Southeastern Minahasa which was 0.67 individuals. There were eight types of natural enemies of the pest  in  soil ecosystem of paddy fields in North Sulawesi. The eight types of natural enemies of the pest were  seven  predator and one parasitoid. The one parasitoid was Telenomus sp. The  seven predator were  Micraspis crocea, Methioche sp, Anaxipha sp, Oxyopes javanus, Tetragnatha sp, Lycosa sp and Chilomenes sp. Keywords: bedbug spread of soil, its natural enemies
JENIS DAN POPULASI LALAT BUAH (Bactrocera sp.) PADA TANAMAN CABAI KERITING (Capsicum annuum L.) DI KOTA TOMOHON Manoi, Erionata; Rimbing, Jimmy; Memah, Ventje
COCOS Vol 7, No 6 (2016)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/cocos.v7i6.13894

Abstract

SUMMARYThe study aims to determine the type and population of Bactrocera sp. in pepper curls inTomohon. Results are expected to be used as consideration in the preparation of pest controlstrategies Bactrocera sp. in pepper curls in the future akang come. The experiment was conducted incropping chilli curls on three Subdistrict namely Rurukan, Kakaskasen and Wailan. Research wasconducted during ± 3 months, ie April to June 2016. The study used survey methods at severalcenters planting chilli curls in Tomohon, then set the three villages as a location for research or as asampling. Criteria for the study site by the presence of old crop curly chili fruitful. Sampling usingMethod Diagonal slices are laid randomly trap fruit flies in each sub - sampling sites. Sampling wasdone by taking the imago Bactrocera sp. trapped, then the sample was collected in a bottlecontaining pure alcohol. Samples are labeled according to location and time of uptake, then taken tothe Laboratory of Entomology and Pest Plants, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Sam Ratulangi.Sampling was performed 5 times with intervals of 6 days. The results showed that there are twotypes and pest populations Bactrocera sp. at various research sites that Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel)and Bactrocera umbrosa (Fabricus) with a total population of 4484 individuals.Key word : Cabai Keriting, Bactrocera sp.