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PEMANFAATAN Baringtonia asiatica DAN Annona muricata TERHADAP SERANGGA VEKTOR PENYAKIT PADA TANAMAN CABAI Salaki, Christina L.; Pelealu, Jantje
EUGENIA Vol 18, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/eug.18.1.2012.4144

Abstract

ABSTRACT   Insect vectors disease is a major problem for chilli crop production in North Sulawesi. The effect is significant in decreasing crop production. The use of plant-derived insecticide is potential and environmentally friendly way in controlling the insect, as a form of integrated pest management. Seeds of Bitung (Barringtonia asiatica) and seeds of soursop (Annona muricata) plants can be used as an organic insectiside to control the several types of insect vectors  in pepper crop. The purpose of this study was to determine effects of the application of extracts of B. asiatica and A. muricata on the growth of insect vector (Aphis gossypii) in pepper and and determine the extracts’s lethal level.  This research was conducted in the Green House of Plant Pests and Diseases Department of the Faculty of Agriculture Unsrat Manado, for 6 months time. The research used a complete randomized design consisting of 6 treatments;  each treatment was consisted of three replications. The results showed that the percentage of dead insects assay (Aphis gossypii) increased as the concentration of the extract used increased. This study found that the concentration of soursop seed extract at 50 g / l and a concentration of 1.75% Bitung seed extract was the best to be used as a botanical insecticide in controlling the insect population vector (Aphis gossypii) in laboratory conditions. It has an effective lethal concentration for 93, 67% and 90.0% of all test insect population. Overall bioactivity increased the effectiveness of soursop Bitung seed extract as botanical insecticides. Keywords: Barringtonia asiatica, Annona muricata, Aphis gossypii, chilli plants ABSTRAK   Serangga vektor penyakit merupakan masalah utama bagi produksi tanaman cabai di Sulawesi Utara karena dapat menurunkan produksi. Salah satu sarana pengendalian yang memiliki peluang baik untuk dikembangkan dalam menunjang penerapan PHT adalah pemanfaatan bahan insektisida yang berasal tumbuhan. Buah bitung (Barringtonia asiatica) dan biji sirsak (Annona muricata) adalah jenis tumbuhan yang berpotensi untuk dikembangkan dan efektif terhadap beberapa jenis serangga vektor pada tanaman cabai. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui pengaruh ekstrak B. asiatica dan A. muricata terhadap perkembangan dan daya bunuh terhadap serangga vektor (Aphis gossypii) pada tanaman cabai. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di Green House Jurusan Hama dan Penyakit Tumbuhan Fakultas Pertanian Unsrat Manado, selama kurang lebih 6 bulan. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah Rancangan Acak Lengkap yang terdiri dari 6 perlakuan dan tiap perlakuan terdiri dari 3 ulangan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa persentase kematian serangga uji (Aphis gossypii) meningkat seiring dengan meningkatnya konsentrasi ekstrak yang digunakan. Dalam penelitian ini didapati bahwa konsentrasi ekstrak biji sirsak sebesar 50 g/l dan konsentrasi ekstrak biji bitung 1,75 % sangat baik digunakan sebagai insektisida botani dalam mengendalikan populasi serangga vektor (Aphis gossypii) pada kondisi laboratorium, karena konsentrasi ini efektif mematikan sebesar 93,67 % dan 90,0 % seluruh populasi serangga uji. Keseluruhan bioaktivitas tersebut menambah keefektifan ekstrak biji sirsak dan buah bitung sebagai insektisida botani.  Eugenia Volume 18 No. 1  April 2012 Kata Kunci : Barringtonia asiatica, Annona muricata, Aphis gossypii, tanaman cabai
POPULASI DAN INTENSITAS SERANGAN Paraeucosmetus pallicornis PADA TANAMAN PADI DI KABUPATEN MINAHASA SELATAN Kaparang, Christian L.; Pelealu, Jantje; Salaki, Christina L.
EUGENIA Vol 17, No 3 (2011)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/eug.17.3.2011.3540

Abstract

ABSTRACT   The study aimed  to determine the population and attacking intensity of Paraeucosmetus pallicornis on rice based on the altitude in South Minahasa regency. Stratified sampling method was conducted  consisting of three strata namely 0-300 meters above sea level, >300-600 meters above sea level, and >600 meters above sea level. Sampling was collected by taking the diagonal of each 10 clump at different levels of plant age. The results showed that the highest average populations density of P. pallicornis was found  at altitude >600 m above sea level.  That was equal to 6.46 individuals per clump. In the altitude of  0-300 meters above sea level, average populations density was 6.07 individuals per clump. The lowest population was detected  at altitude >300-600 meters above sea level which was 6.03 individuals per clump. The attacking intensity of P. pallicornis was the highest at an altitude of 0-300 meters above sea level that is equal to 25.87 % per clump, followed by the altitude  >300-600 meters above sea level which was 24.12 % per clump.  The lowest was an altitude of >600 meters above sea level 23.77 % which was per clump. Keywords: rice, Paraeucosmetus pallicornis
POPULASI HAMA KEPINDING TANAH (SCOTINOPHARA COARTATA F.) PADA TANAMAN PADI SAWAH DI KECAMATAN DUMOGA UTARA KABUPATEN BOLAANG MONGONDOW Moonik, Jandrio H.; Pelealu, Jantje; Makal, Henny V.G.; Rimbing, Jimmy
COCOS Vol 6, No 5 (2015)
Publisher : COCOS

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Abstract

ABSTRACTRice crops (Oryza sativa L.) is a crops that produce rice which is used as staple food of about 90% of Indonesia's population consumes rice. Pest is any organism that can interfere with the growth and development of plants so that the plants become damaged, stunted growth, and or death. Bedbug soil pest (Scotinophara coartata F.) is one of major pests that attacks rice crops and spread on planting rice in Sulawesi, Sumatra, Kalimantan and Java. This research aims to find out pest population S. coarctata in rice plants by plant age in some villages in the sub-district of North Dumoga, regency of Bolaang Mongondow. The research took place in sub-district of North Dumoga, regency of Bolaang Mongondow, which was in three villages, that is North Dondomon, South Mopuya and South Mopuya I, and the execution time was from October to Desember 2014. This research uses survey method with direct observation technique. Each village was taken three observation plot, and determined of five sub observation plot to be observed. The materials and tools used were rice crops planting, meter, plastic rope, bamboo poles, scissors, cameras and stationery. The research result shows that the population of soil bedbug (S. coartata F.) on the rice crops in sub-district of North Dumoga based on the age of the plant, the highest pest population was found in the age 42 hst is 4,15 tails, then in the age 28 hst is 2,81 tails and the lowest in the age 14 hst is 1,35 tails, and based on the location, the highest in the village of South Mopuya ie 3,07 tail, followed by the village of North Dondomon is, 2.67 tails and lowest in the village of South Mopuya I is 2,56 tail.Keyword: rice plants, soil bedbug, population
SERANGGA HAMA YANG BERASOSIASI PADA TANAMAN PEPAYA (Carica papaya L.) DI DESA TALAWAAN KECAMATAN TALAWAAN KABUPATEN MINAHASA UTARA Sigarlaki, Feybra S.; Pelealu, Jantje; Kaligis, James B.; Senewe, Emmy
COCOS Vol 4, No 6 (2014)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/cocos.v4i6.4854

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ABSTRACTFeybra S. Sigarlaki. Pest Insects Associated on Plants Papaya (Carica Papaya L.) in the Village Talawaan, District Talawaan, Regency Minahasa Utara. Under Guidence Prof. Dr. Ir. Jantje Pelealu, MS as chairman, Ir. James B. Kaligis, M.Si and Ir. Emmy Senewe, M.Si as member.The study aimed to determine the association of insect pests on crop Papaya in Village Talawaan, District Talawaan, regency Minahasa Utara. Research conducted surveys using methods purporsive sampling. At planting area observed insects found in papaya plants. Sampling was done by catching insects directly and observe the plants in the form of stems, leaves, and fruit are infested by insects. Insect samples were obtained from the direct retrieval, collected and grouped then taken to the laboratory for identification and documentation. Insect samples were taken on three varieties of papaya, the varieties of Bangkok, Thailand and California. Each set of 20 varieties of trees as a place of observation. The total number of papaya plants sampled 60 trees. Sampling was carried out four times at intervals of two weeks. Things that are observed insects collected on various varieties of papaya.The results of the study found four types of insects that are associated to the papaya plant in the Village Talawaan, District Talawaan. Types of insect pests, namely Aleurodicus sp. (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) and Paracoccus sp. (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) and their natural enemies, the Coccinellidae (Coleoptera) and Forficulidae (Dermaptera).Keywords : Carica papaya, Minahasa Utara
SERANGAN HAMA PENGGEREK BATANG Ostrinia furnacalis Guenee (LEPIDOPTERA: PYRALIDAE) PADA VARIETAS JAGUNG DI KABUPATEN MINAHASA SELATAN Pangumpia, Inday; Pelealu, Jantje; Kaligis, James B.
COCOS Vol 1, No 5 (2019)
Publisher : COCOS

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Abstract

Abstract The aim of this study was to determine the difference between O. furnacalis maize borer infestation on Pioneer 27 and Bisi 16 varieties in Kapitu, Amurang Barat, Tawaang, Tenga, Tenga, South Minahasa. The time for conducting the research is five months from February to June 2018. This study uses a survey research method with direct observation in farmers' plantations. Each farm is determined by one ha of corn plantations and then divided by five observation subplots that are spread diagonally and 40 subplots are taken.  Based on the results of the study, the percentage of O. furnacalis attacks on maize plants in Kapitu and Tawaang villages, South Minahasa regency, showed that based on varieties, the highest attack on maize variety was 27. P40, 0.40 percent, and Bisi 16 was only 0.23 percent. Percentage of attacks based on plant age shows that the corn bisi variety 16 at the age of plants 37 days after planting (HST) of 0.10%, 44 DAP of 0.25%, 51 DAP of 0.15%, 58 DAP of 0.27 % and 65 days after 0.39%. Furthermore, the percentage of attack of maize pioneer variety 27, namely 37 dap for 0.17%, 44 dap for 0.40%, 51 dap for 0.15%, 58 dap for 0.54% and 65 dap for 0.77%. The difference in O. furnacalis attack on varieties of corn plants, allegedly caused by eating and physical plants.
KETERTARIKAN HAMA Sitophilus oryzae PADA BERAS, JAGUNG PIPILAN KACANG TANAH, KACANG KEDELAI, DAN KOPRA Manueke, J.; Pelealu, Jantje
EUGENIA Vol 21, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/eug.21.2.2015.9706

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ABSTRACT   The purpose of research is to know the preferences of Sitophilus oryzae in rice, corn, peanut, soybeans, and copra. Experiments using observational and substitutional methods with research objeck is the interest of S. oryzae in some kind of postharvest material. Parameters measured were population density of pests, feeding damage caused by pests, and the relationship between population densty of pests and postharvest material damage caused by pests feed of S. oryzae. The results showed that S. oryzae choose food according to its main host. Population density are highest at 20.8 tail in rice, corn followed by14.0 tail, 8.2 tail in peanuts, 7,0 tail in soybeans and the lowest in copra is 4.0 tail. The results of feeding test showed that S. oryzae can not live in peanut, soybeans, and copra. Damage to feed straight to the population density S.oryzae. The amount of damage depends on the amount of feed that is higher pest populations, the greater damage in flicted on feed. Key words: preferences, Sitophylusoryzae, rice, corn, peanut, peanut soya, copra
BIOPESTISIDA DARI EKSTRAK DAUN PANGI (Pangium sp.) TERHADAP SERANGGA Plutella xylostella DI SULAWESI UTARA Salaki, Christina L.; Paendong, Evie; Pelealu, Jantje
EUGENIA Vol 18, No 3 (2012)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/eug.18.3.2012.4092

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ABSTRACT   Searching the plants in which can produce biopesticides, such as antifeedant to control the insect pests, it attracted the attention of worldwide researches. It is due to in the crop protection, the compounds of antifeedant do not kill, repel or entrap insects, but just inhibit the insect's appetite, so that the food crops or the commodity can be protected. Plutella xylostella (L) is the insect pests which is cosmopolitantly distributed in. Its attacks could damage vegetables resulting in loss of quantitative and qualitative. To overcome these problems, need to develop a means of pest control, which are effective but environmental friendly. North Sulawesi has a lot of plants, which is potentially developed as a source of botanical insecticides. Pangi Plant (Pangium sp.) is a plant species which potentially developed and effective against several types of insect pests, but testing by using crude extract can give varies results depending on the type of extract used, the test insects and environment factors. The purpose of this study was to determine the potential of leaf extracts pangi (Pangium sp.) as antifeedant against Plutella xylostella. The method used is the method of Qin et al. (2004). To determine the class of active compounds to extract the thick antifeedant have done by taking each extract to make a concentrations of 1% (w / v), 5% (w / v), and 10% (w / v). Data were analyzed by Analysis of Variance (One-way ANOVA). The results showed that, the leaf extract of condensed pangi were able to inhibit the feeding activity of the larvae of P. xylostella. Keywords : biopesticide, Pangium sp., Plutella xylostella ABSTRAK   Penelusuran tumbuh-tumbuhan yang dapat menghasilkan biopestisida, seperti anti makan (antifeedant) untuk mengendalikan hama serangga, sangat menarik perhatian para peneliti di seluruh dunia. Hal ini disebabkan karena dalam perlindungan tanaman, senyawa anti makan tidak membunuh, mengusir atau menjerat serangga hama, tetapi hanya menghambat selera makan dari serangga tersebut, sehingga tanaman pangan atau komoditi dapat terlindungi. Plutella xylostella (L) merupakan serangga hama yang penyebarannya bersifat kosmopolitan. Serangan ini dapat merusak tanaman sayuran mengakibatkan kehilangan hasil secara kuantitatif maupun kualitatif. Untuk mengatasi permasalahan tersebut, perlu dikembangkan sarana pengendalian hama yang efektif tetapi ramah lingkungan. Sulawesi Utara memiliki banyak tumbuhan yang berpotensi untuk dikembangkan sebagai sumber insektisida botani. Tanaman pangi (Pangium sp.) adalah  jenis tumbuhan yang berpotensi untuk dikembangkan dan efektif terhadap beberapa jenis serangga hama, namun pengujian dengan menggunakan ekstrak kasar dapat memberikan hasil yang beragam tergantung dari jenis ekstrak yang digunakan, faktor serangga uji dan lingkungan. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui potensi ekstrak daun pangi (Pangium sp.) sebagai anti makan terhadap P. xylostella. Metode yang digunakan adalah  metode Qin et al. (2004). Untuk mengetahui golongan senyawa aktif anti makan terhadap ekstrak kental dilakukan dengan mengambil masing-masing ekstrak untuk dibuat konsentrasi 1 % (b/v), 5 % (b/v), dan 10 % (b/v). Data dianalisa dengan analisis varians (One-way Anova). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa Ekstrak kental daun pangi mampu menghambat aktivitas makan dari larva P. xylostella.  Eugenia Volume 18  No. 3  Desember 2012 Kata Kunci : biopestisida, Pangium sp., Plutella xylostella
IDENTIFIKASI DAN POPULASI LALAT BUAH Bactrocera spp. PADA AREAL TANAMAN CABE, TOMAT, DAN LABU SIAM Kaurow, Hetsi A.; Tulung, Max; Pelealu, Jantje
EUGENIA Vol 21, No 3 (2015)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/eug.21.3.2015.9692

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ABSTRACT Improvements to the identification techniques adapted to the latest determination key, requires socialization, so that the farmer can determine which plant pests have damaged many crops and causing losses. This study were conducted to determine species of fruit fly Bactrocera spp. and to determine the population of Bactrocera spp. attacking commodities chili, tomato and pumpkin siam. Research carried out by direct surveys on the area which is the center of the fruit and vegetable crops in Tomohon. Each stretch of the plants fruit vegetable crops of chili, tomato and pumpkin siam was laid trap.  The number of traps on each observation plots of vegetables or fruit per plant commodities were 5 (five) traps. The bottle trap was placed in the middle of planting vegetables fruit by a diagonal way. Traps of steiner models made of plastic bottles of 1.5 liters of mineral water and a perforated plastic funnel fitted as entrance fruit flies was used in this experiment. The tool is also equipped with a wire as a binder between the traps and wood enforcement to be put in planting fruit vegetables. Cotton was rolled with a diameter of about 3 cm and then tied with thread and put Methyl Eugenol (ME) of 0.25 ml and Cue-Lure (CL) as much as 0.25 ml by using the syringe and then hung in the middle of the bottle trap. Keywords : identification, population, Methyl Eugenol, Cue-Lure
POPULASI SERANGGA PADA TANAMAN CABAI (Capsicum annuum varlongum) DENGAN MENGGUNAKAN PUPUK ORGANIK DAN ANORGANIK DI DESA TONSEWER KECAMATAN TOMPASO DUA Samba, Natalia; Pelealu, Jantje; Salaki, Christina; Makal, Henny V.G.
COCOS Vol 5, No 3 (2014)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/cocos.v5i3.5960

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ABSTRACTThe research was conducted in the village of Subdistrict Tonsewer Tompaso Two for three months ie from July to October 2013. Laboratory studies conducted at the Laboratory of Entomology, Faculty of Agriculture and Plant Pests and field Unsrat Manado which is in District Tompaso. Land used for the observation that the land already planted chili farmers. The land area is used for observation of 15 x 3 m plots consisting of 6 which is then divided by three beds for the treatment of organic fertilizer and inorganic fertilizer plots 3 and 3 Plots for chemical fertilizers and each plot containing 22 tress chili plants. . In studies conducted at the plant chili with organic and inorganic fertilizer use are the following pests: Insects that bersosiasi on pepper plants that use organic and inorganic fertilizers, namely the Order Hymenoptera (vespidae family, Family: ichneuimonidae), Arachnida Order (family Araneidae), the Order Diptera (family Tephridae), Order Hemiptera (family: Alydidae), Order Coleopteran (family: Scarabidae) Order Homoptera (family: Aleyrodidae), Order Lepidoptera (family: Noctuidae), Aphids and Insects-Insects that dominate the area pepper plants that use organic fertilizers and inorganic fertilizers are Diptera (family Tepridae), Aphids (Family Aphididae) and Coleoptera (family Scarabidae). In this study there are enemies - namely natural enemies encountered spiders, and seranga - Insects such as Bemisia tabaci vectorKeywords : insect populations, chilli, Organic And Inorganic Fertilizers .
Inventarisasi Parasitoid Hama Tanaman Padi Sawah di Kabupaten Minahasa Utara Siwu, Ariyane O.S.; Pelealu, Jantje; Salaki, Christina L.; Wanta, Noni N.
COCOS Vol 2, No 3 (2013)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/cocos.v2i3.1513

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ABSTRACTInsect parasitoids are small or as large as the host to parasite and off the host. The research was conducted in lowland rice planting area in North Minahasa regency. Research purposes to determine the type and parasitoid populations on rice crop pests in sub Kauditan, Talawaan, and Dimembe. The research was done by sweeping using insect net swing of 20 times on the location of paddy rice crops, sampling is done three times at intervals of two weeks representing all phases of rice growth was identified in the laboratory and then analyzed descriptively. The results showed that the insect parasitoid found was of the Order Hymenoptera and Diptera and in different types and each sub-population, namely, District Kauditan there are 19 types, 19 types Talawaan, and Dimembe13 types. Parasitoids Telenomus spp. average of 6.5 tail in Kauditan, Dimembe 4.5 tail, while the tail Talawaan 3.6 Apanteles sp. average of 6.5 in sub Dimembe tail, Talawaan 6 tails, and tails Kauditan 3.8.Keywords :Parasitoids, Hymenoptera, Diptera, Rice plants