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The Intension of Students Entrepreneurship in State Polytechnic of Padang Rusmadi, Rusmadi
AT-TALIM Vol 21, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri Imam Bonjol Padang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (116.651 KB) | DOI: 10.15548/jt.v21i2.89

Abstract

The objectives of this research were to identify the relationship between entrepreneur intention (Y) and information of entrepreneur intention (X1), model of parents guidance to entrepreneur intention (X2), and the attitude of entrepreneur cooperation to entrepreneur intention (X3) in them. Besides, the study also seeks the correlation between information of entrepreneur intention (X1), model of parents’ guidance to entrepreneur intention (X2), and attitude of entrepreneur intention (X3). Questionnaires were used to investigate the model of parents guidance, and attitude of entrepreneur cooperation to entrepreneur intention. The result showed that there were significant linear regression of entrepreneur information to entrepreneur intention (26,7%) and significant linear correlation among variables that are information, model of parents guidance, and attitude of entrepreneur cooperation with entrepreneur intention (5,8%).
PENGARUSUTAMAAN GENDER DALAM KEBIJAKAN PERUBAHAN IKLIM DI INDONESIA Rusmadi, Rusmadi
Sawwa: Jurnal Studi Gender Vol 12, No 1 (2016): Oktober 2016
Publisher : Pusat Studi gender dan Anak (PSGA) Universitas Islam Negeri Walisongo Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21580/sa.v12i1.1470

Abstract

Perubahan iklim menjadi persoalan serius yang dihadapi oleh masya­rakat global saat ini. Persoalan yang muncul tidak hanya menyangkut keberlanjutan lingkungan, tetapi juga sosial, seperti ketidakadilan gender. Penyebanya, karena perubahan iklim dirasakan berbeda dam­pak­nya antara laki-laki dan perempuan. Perempuan dan anak-anak adalah kelompok yang paling rentan pada saat terpapar dampak perubahan iklim. Pada saat yang sama, perempuan tidak memiliki kapasitas adaptasi yang cukup perempuan dalam meng­hadapi ben­cana iklim akibat minimnya akses, control, dan partisipasi dalam kebijakan perubahan iklim. Tulisan ini menyajikan pentingnya pengarusutamaan gender (PUG) dalam kebijakan perubahan iklim. Melalui PUG, dimaksudkan agar perempuan tidak mengalami ke­rentanan lebih akibat kebijakan perubahan iklim yang kurang res­ponsif gender. Pada saat yang sama, juga akan meningkatkan kualitas kebijakan perubahan iklim, baik di tingkat nasional maupun di tingkat lokal. Semakin tinggi level kesadaran gender yang dimiliki, maka semakin tinggi pula kualitas kebijakan perubahan iklim yang di­hasilkan.
SUNAT PADA ANAK PEREMPUAN (KHIFADZ) DAN PERLINDUNGAN ANAK PEREMPUAN DI INDONESIA: Studi Kasus di Kabupaten Demak Farida, Jauharotul; Elizabeth, Misbah Zulfa; Fauzi, Moh; Rusmadi, Rusmadi; Filasofa, Lilif Muallifatul Khorida
Sawwa: Jurnal Studi Gender Vol 12, No 3 (2017): Oktober 2017
Publisher : Pusat Studi gender dan Anak (PSGA) Universitas Islam Negeri Walisongo Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21580/sa.v12i3.2086

Abstract

Female circumcision is one of the continuing practices in some countries of Africa, Europe, Latin America, and Asia, including Indonesia. In Arab, tradition of female circumcision has been widely known before the Islamic period. While in Indonesia, some areas practicing female circumcision include Java, Madura, Sumatra, and Kalimantan. This research used qualitative-ethno­graphic method. Data were collected through in-depth interviews to the traditional birth attendants who performed circumcision and to the babys parents who sent their children for circumcision. In addition, Focus Group Discussion (FGD) involving medical personnel (doctors and midwives), traditional birth attendants, the parents, community leaders, religious leaders, academics, and government, was also conducted to explore the data. Then, the obtained data were analyzed by using descriptive analytical technique. The result shows that the practice of female circumcision in Demak Regency was done in 2 ways, namely symbolically and truly. Symbolically means that the practice of female circumcision was done by not cutting a female genital part, ie clitoris, but using substitute media, namely turmeric. On the other hand, the real meaning means that female circumcision was actually done by cutting little tip of the clitoris of a daughter. The time for practicing female circumcision in Demak regency was generally coincided with Javanese traditional ceremonies for infants / young children. The purpose for the daughters was in order to become sholihah and be able to control their lusts (not become "ngintil kakung" or hypersexual). Indeed, the motivation to practice this tradition is to preserve the ancestral tradition and to implement the religious command._________________________________________________________Sunat perempuan merupakan salah satu praktik yang saat ini masih dilakukan di beberapa negara di Afrika, Eropa, Amerika Latin, dan juga di Asia, termasuk Indonesia. Pada masyarakat Arab, tradisi sunat perempuan sudah dikenal luas sebelum periode Islam. Sementara Indonesia, beberapa wilayah yang mempraktikan sunat perempuan meliputi Jawa, Madura, Sumatera, dan Kalimantan. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode kualitatif-etnografis. Teknik pengumpulan data: Wawancara mendalam dengan dukun bayi yang melakukan sunat dan juga orang tua bayi yang mensunatkan anaknya. Focus Group Discussion (FGD) yang melibatkan tenaga medis (dokter dan bidan), dukun bayi yang melakukan sunat per­empuan, orang tua anak yang disunat, tokoh masyarakat, tokoh agama, akademisi, dan pemerintah.Teknik analisis data dilakukan secara deskriptif-analitis Pada masyarakat di Kabupaten Demak. Praktik sunat perempuan pada Kabupaten Demak dilakukan de­ngan 2 cara, yakni secara sim­bolik dan secara sesungguhnya. Yang dimaksud secara simbolik adalah praktik sunat perempuan dilaku­kan tidak dengan memotong se­bagain anggota kelamin per­empuan, yakni klitoris, melainkan menggunakan media peng­ganti, yakni kunyit. Sedangkan yang di­maksud secara sesungguhnya ada­lah bahwa sunat perempuan benar-benar dilakukan dengan cara memotong sebagian kecil ujung klitoris anak perempuan. Waktu pelaksanaan sunat perempuan di masya­rakat Kabupaten Demak pada umumnya bersamaan dengan upacara-upacara adat Jawa untuk bayi/anak kecil. Tujuan dilakukan sunat perempuan bagi masyarakat di Kabupaten Demak adalah agar anak perempuan tersebut menjadi anak shalihah dan dapat mengendali­kan nafsu syahwatnya agar tidak “ngintil kakung” (hyperseks). Motivasi men­jalankan tradisi sunat perempuan bagi masyarakat di Kabupaten Demak menjalankan tradisi leluhur dan menjalankan perintah agama.
Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Melalui Pemanfaatan Tanah Pekarangan (PTP) untuk Konservasi dan Wirausaha Agribisnis di Kelurahan Kedung Pane Kota Semarang Sugiarso, Sugiarso; Riyadi, Agus; Rusmadi, Rusmadi
Dimas: Jurnal Pemikiran Agama untuk Pemberdayaan Vol 17, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : LP2M of Institute for Research and Community Services - UIN Walisongo

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21580/dms.2017.172.2433

Abstract

Community empowerment activity through Lecturer Dedication Program (KPD) utilization of yard for conservation and agribusiness this is the first step to stimulate the growth of spirit of self-help and community participation. KPD program is a step to build the foundation for a social change that led to empowering society (empowering society). Some changes that have been achieved through this KPD program are: 1) The occurrence of mental attitude changes and mindset (mindset) and entrepreneurial spirit on the subject of assistance, so that they are aware of the local potential around him that can be developed into a high value commodity. 2) The occurrence of changes and the creation of habituation of the working patterns of the targeted subjects which put forward the concept of hard and intelligent work, which in the end is expected to increase productivity. 3) The birth of assisted subjects who have a set of knowledge and skills (life skills) to develop local potentials into commodities of production with higher selling value. Kegiatan pemberdayaan masyarakat melalui program Karya Pengabdian Dosen (KPD) pemanfaatan pekarangan untuk konservasi dan agribisnis ini merupakan langkah awal untuk merangsang tumbuhnya semangat swadaya dan partisipasi masyarakat. Program KPD merupakan tahapan untuk membangun pondasi bagi sebuah perubahan sosial yang berujung pada pemberdayaan masyarakat (empowering society). Beberapa perubahan yang sudah dicapai melalui program KPD ini adalah: 1) Terjadinya perubahan sikap mental dan pola pikir (mindset) dan jiwa entrepreneur pada subyek dampingan, sehingga mereka sadar akan adanya potensi lokal di sekelilingnya yang bisa dikembangkan menjadi komuditas yang bernilai jual tinggi. 2) Terjadinya perubahan dan terciptanya habituasi pola kerja subyek dampingan yang mengedepankan konsep kerja keras dan cerdas, yang pada akhirnya diharapkan dapat meningkatkan produktifitas. 3) Lahirnya subyek dampingan yang memiliki seperangkat pengetahuan dan ketrampilan (life skill) untuk mengembangkan potensi lokal menjadi komoditas hasil produksi yang memiliki nilai jual lebih tinggi.
Pengaruh Kepadatan Medium MS0 terhadap Perkecambahan Biji Jagung (Zea mays L., Var.” Lokal”) secara In Vitro Istiqhomah, Saniatul; Mukaromah, Arnia Sari; Rusmadi, Rusmadi
Al-Hayat: Journal of Biology and Applied Biology Vol 2, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Fakultas Sains dan Teknologi, UIN Walisongo Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21580/ah.v2i2.4664

Abstract

This study aims to determine the effect of MS0 medium density on maize in vitro seed germination. The sample used in this study is corn kernels from local variety (Zea mays L. var. ?Lokal?). This research was an experimental research with a quantitative method approach. The study used a Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL) with one treatment factor that is medium density MS0 with a degree of agar concentration are 4 gram, 6 gram, 8 gram and 10 gram each concentration repeated 3 times. Data analysis uses the One Way Analysis of Variant (ANOVA) test and if it shows significant results, test continued to BNJ test (Beda Nyata Jujur). The best growth results occur at low level medium density (agar 4 gram) based on parameters days of emerged buds, plant height, number of roots, number of leaves and wet weight of corn plantlets. Uji ANOVA showed that  F value calculated 41.333 bigger than F value table that is 4.07 with significance level 0,05. This result shows that H0 is rejected and Ha is accepted. The results are continued with the BNJ test. BNJ test obtained significantly different results on germination of corn kernels in all treatments. The wet weight of corn plantlets has a high influence on the organs (roots, stems and leaves) of plants. If the wet weight is high, the plant growth is significant and vice versa.
Consumers Satisfaction in Marketing Management: A Conceptual Study Rusmadi, Rusmadi
International Journal for Educational and Vocational Studies Vol 2, No 4 (2020): April 2020
Publisher : Universitas Malikussaleh

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29103/ijevs.v2i4.2546

Abstract

Every business must be attention to customer satisfaction, because satisfaction will have an impact on the sustainability of the business or business. The problem often faced by companies is that companies may not be able to provide maximum satisfaction in accordance with the expectations of consumers or customers. Consumer satisfaction is a major concern for most companies. If the product performance is lower than expectations, the customer will be disappointed; if it turns out as expected, the customer will be satisfied; if it exceeds expectations, the buyer will be very satisfied. This satisfaction will build loyal customers to the product. Every business actor must pay attention to customer satisfaction, because satisfaction will have an impact on the sustainability of the business or business. The problem often faced by companies is that the company may not be able to provide maximum satisfaction in accordance with the expectations of consumers or customers. Consumer satisfaction is a major concern for most companies. If the product performance is lower than expectations, the customer will be disappointed; if it turns out as expected, the customer will be satisfied; if it exceeds expectations, the buyer will be very satisfied. This satisfaction will build loyal customers to the product.
PENGARUSUTAMAAN GENDER DALAM KEBIJAKAN PERUBAHAN IKLIM DI INDONESIA Rusmadi, Rusmadi
Sawwa: Jurnal Studi Gender Vol 12, No 1 (2016): Oktober 2016
Publisher : Pusat Studi gender dan Anak (PSGA) Universitas Islam Negeri Walisongo Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21580/sa.v12i1.1470

Abstract

Perubahan iklim menjadi persoalan serius yang dihadapi oleh masya­rakat global saat ini. Persoalan yang muncul tidak hanya menyangkut keberlanjutan lingkungan, tetapi juga sosial, seperti ketidakadilan gender. Penyebanya, karena perubahan iklim dirasakan berbeda dam­pak­nya antara laki-laki dan perempuan. Perempuan dan anak-anak adalah kelompok yang paling rentan pada saat terpapar dampak perubahan iklim. Pada saat yang sama, perempuan tidak memiliki kapasitas adaptasi yang cukup perempuan dalam meng­hadapi ben­cana iklim akibat minimnya akses, control, dan partisipasi dalam kebijakan perubahan iklim. Tulisan ini menyajikan pentingnya pengarusutamaan gender (PUG) dalam kebijakan perubahan iklim. Melalui PUG, dimaksudkan agar perempuan tidak mengalami ke­rentanan lebih akibat kebijakan perubahan iklim yang kurang res­ponsif gender. Pada saat yang sama, juga akan meningkatkan kualitas kebijakan perubahan iklim, baik di tingkat nasional maupun di tingkat lokal. Semakin tinggi level kesadaran gender yang dimiliki, maka semakin tinggi pula kualitas kebijakan perubahan iklim yang di­hasilkan.
SUNAT PADA ANAK PEREMPUAN (KHIFADZ) DAN PERLINDUNGAN ANAK PEREMPUAN DI INDONESIA: Studi Kasus di Kabupaten Demak Farida, Jauharotul; Elizabeth, Misbah Zulfa; Fauzi, Moh; Rusmadi, Rusmadi; Filasofa, Lilif Muallifatul Khorida
Sawwa: Jurnal Studi Gender Vol 12, No 3 (2017): Oktober 2017
Publisher : Pusat Studi gender dan Anak (PSGA) Universitas Islam Negeri Walisongo Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21580/sa.v12i3.2086

Abstract

Female circumcision is one of the continuing practices in some countries of Africa, Europe, Latin America, and Asia, including Indonesia. In Arab, tradition of female circumcision has been widely known before the Islamic period. While in Indonesia, some areas practicing female circumcision include Java, Madura, Sumatra, and Kalimantan. This research used qualitative-ethno­graphic method. Data were collected through in-depth interviews to the traditional birth attendants who performed circumcision and to the baby's parents who sent their children for circumcision. In addition, Focus Group Discussion (FGD) involving medical personnel (doctors and midwives), traditional birth attendants, the parents, community leaders, religious leaders, academics, and government, was also conducted to explore the data. Then, the obtained data were analyzed by using descriptive analytical technique. The result shows that the practice of female circumcision in Demak Regency was done in 2 ways, namely symbolically and truly. Symbolically means that the practice of female circumcision was done by not cutting a female genital part, ie clitoris, but using substitute media, namely turmeric. On the other hand, the real meaning means that female circumcision was actually done by cutting little tip of the clitoris of a daughter. The time for practicing female circumcision in Demak regency was generally coincided with Javanese traditional ceremonies for infants / young children. The purpose for the daughters was in order to become sholihah and be able to control their lusts (not become "ngintil kakung" or hypersexual). Indeed, the motivation to practice this tradition is to preserve the ancestral tradition and to implement the religious command._________________________________________________________Sunat perempuan merupakan salah satu praktik yang saat ini masih dilakukan di beberapa negara di Afrika, Eropa, Amerika Latin, dan juga di Asia, termasuk Indonesia. Pada masyarakat Arab, tradisi sunat perempuan sudah dikenal luas sebelum periode Islam. Sementara Indonesia, beberapa wilayah yang mempraktikan sunat perempuan meliputi Jawa, Madura, Sumatera, dan Kalimantan. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode kualitatif-etnografis. Teknik pengumpulan data: Wawancara mendalam dengan dukun bayi yang melakukan sunat dan juga orang tua bayi yang mensunatkan anaknya. Focus Group Discussion (FGD) yang melibatkan tenaga medis (dokter dan bidan), dukun bayi yang melakukan sunat per­empuan, orang tua anak yang disunat, tokoh masyarakat, tokoh agama, akademisi, dan pemerintah.Teknik analisis data dilakukan secara deskriptif-analitis Pada masyarakat di Kabupaten Demak. Praktik sunat perempuan pada Kabupaten Demak dilakukan de­ngan 2 cara, yakni secara sim­bolik dan secara sesungguhnya. Yang dimaksud secara simbolik adalah praktik sunat perempuan dilaku­kan tidak dengan memotong se­bagain anggota kelamin per­empuan, yakni klitoris, melainkan menggunakan media peng­ganti, yakni kunyit. Sedangkan yang di­maksud secara sesungguhnya ada­lah bahwa sunat perempuan benar-benar dilakukan dengan cara memotong sebagian kecil ujung klitoris anak perempuan. Waktu pelaksanaan sunat perempuan di masya­rakat Kabupaten Demak pada umumnya bersamaan dengan upacara-upacara adat Jawa untuk bayi/anak kecil. Tujuan dilakukan sunat perempuan bagi masyarakat di Kabupaten Demak adalah agar anak perempuan tersebut menjadi anak shalihah dan dapat mengendali­kan nafsu syahwatnya agar tidak “ngintil kakung” (hyperseks). Motivasi men­jalankan tradisi sunat perempuan bagi masyarakat di Kabupaten Demak menjalankan tradisi leluhur dan menjalankan perintah agama.
Simple Feasibility Analysis Of Nitrogen-Fixing Cereals Project Rahmani, Tara Puri Ducha; Kumalawati, Dian Aruni; Tyas, Dian Ayuning; Armanda, Dian Triastari; Rusmadi, Rusmadi
Al-Hayat: Journal of Biology and Applied Biology Vol 3, No 2 (2020)
Publisher : Fakultas Sains dan Teknologi, UIN Walisongo Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21580/ah.v3i2.6082

Abstract

Nitrogen does not directly have advantages in human physiology system, but it holds one of the most critical roles in plants’ life cycle and productivity. Even though Nitrogen is the most abundant elements in the atmosphere, it is also the most deficient essential nutrients in plants. The proposed idea of the nitrogen-fixing GM crops, particularly wheat, is aimed to overcome those stated cons of the traditional diculture and nitrogen fertilizer. This analysis focus on the overview as well as the pro and cons of the genetically modified nitrogen-fixing plants in providing a better agricultural method. The genetically modifying method to generate a nitrogen-fixing non-legumes carries a significant chance of failure results and hindrance. The multilevel implication occurs when we need to modify the plants that not normally produce nodules in their roots to form the nodules and to modify the Nitrogen-fixing microbes to live in the nodules of non-legumes, which are not their natural dwelling places.In conclusion, the genetically modified crops project to fix their Nitrogen is feasible, but the difficulties and the funds needed still outweigh the benefits obtained in the future. With all of those limitations, the target goal to erase famine in 2050 just by funding the nitrogen-fixing wheat alone seems to be too high to be reached. The funds and efforts should be better spent on other factors and farming methods.