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POLA PENANGANAN KONFLIK AKIBAT KONVERSI AGAMA DI KALANGAN KELUARGA CINA MUSLIM Elizabeth, Misbah Zulfa
WALISONGO Vol 21, No 1 (2013): Walisongo,Resolusi Konflik
Publisher : IAIN Walisongo Semarang

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Abstract

AbstractThis research has the purposes to reveal the patterns of conflict caused by religiousconversion among Chinese Muslim in Semarang, the patterns of conflict resolutionapplied among them, and their view on the conflict resolutions applied. Applying themethods of interviewing using structured interview guidance, participationobservation, and deep interview, it was revealed that there are five kinds of conflictcome out of conversion: indifference, teasing allusion, rude speaking, rejection, andhostile. Meanwhile there are three ways found in resolving conflict caused byreligious conversion: to let the conflict goes on and resolved by time, to explain theproblem related to Islam, and to go out from family circle. Based on the varieties inresolving the conflict, it is revealed that the community tends to approve the peaceway in solving any problem, otherwise it will break the value the community hold,harmony.***Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengungkap pola konflik yang disebabkan olehkonversi agama di kalangan Cina Muslim di Semarang, pola resolusi konflik yangditerapkan di kalangan mereka, serta pandangan mereka mengenai penyelesaianyang mereka lakukan, Dengan menggunakan metode wawancara denganpedoman wawancara terstruktur, observasi partisipasi, observasi, dan wawancaramendalam ditemukan bahwa ada lima bentuk konflik akibat konversi: tidakdipedulikan, digoda, bicara kasar, penolakan, dan permusuhan. Sementara ituditemukan tiga cara penyelesaian konflik, yaitu membiarkan masalah sehinggahilang bersama waktu, menjelaskan tentang Islam, dan keluar dari lingkupkeluarga. Berdasarkan keragaman cara penyelesaian masalah tampak bahwakomunitas Cina cenderung menggunakan cara damai dalam menyelesaikanmasalah.Keywords: konflik, resolusi konflik, konversi agama, Cina Muslim, harmoni
DISKURSUS DERADIKALISASI AGAMA: Pola Resistensi Pesantren terhadap Gerakan Radikal Muhammad, Hasyim; Anwar, Khoirul; Elizabeth, Misbah Zulfa
WALISONGO Vol 23, No 1 (2015): "PENDIDIKAN DAN DERADIKALISASI AGAMA"
Publisher : LP2M UIN Walisongo Semarang

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Abstract

Pesantren had a specific perspective related to religious radicalism and violence.The purpose of this study is to uncover the discourse of radicalism and deradicalizationin Pesantren Soko Tunggal Semarang. Applying the qualitativeresearch, it was revealed that Pesantren Soko Tunggal against all forms of violencein the name of religion. According to Pesantren Soko Tunggal radical movements inthe name of religion is a form of misunderstanding of the religion. Islamicradicalism is generally based on the Wahhabi’s understanding, so that attitudes andbehavior are influenced by the teachings of Wahhabi. In the view of Wahabismheresy in religion is a form of desecration and denial that must be fought. Pesantrenassumed that Pancasila and UUD 1945 is a form of actual enforcement of Islamiclaw due to Pesantren Soko Tunggal kept to preserve the values of moderatism anddevelop a peaceful multicultural life.***Pesantren memiliki perspektif tersendiri terhadap radikalisme agama dan kekerasan.Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengungkap wacana radikalisme danderadikalisasi di Pesantren Soko Tunggal Semarang. Dengan menggunakan pendekatankualitatif penelitian menunjukkan bahwa Pesantren Soko Tunggal menentangsegala bentuk kekerasan atas nama agama. Dalam pandangan PesantrenSoko Tunggal bahwa gerakan radikal atas nama agama merupakan bentuk kesalahpahamanagama. Islam radikal umumnya didasarkan pada pemahamanWahabi, sehingga sikap dan perilaku dipengaruhi oleh Wahabi. Menurut Wahabi,bidah dalam agama adalah bentuk penodaan dan penolakan yang harus diperangi.Pesantren menganggap bahwa Pancasila dan UUD 1945 merupakan bentukpenegakan hukum Islam yang aktual. Karena di Pesantren Soko Tunggal ini inginmempertahankan nilai-nilai moderatisme dan mengembangkan kehidupan multikulturalyang damai.
REPRODUKSI GENDER MELALUI TRANSMISI TEKS AGAMA Elizabeth, Misbah Zulfa
Jurnal THEOLOGIA Vol 23, No 1 (2012): PEMIKIRAN ISLAM
Publisher : Fakulta Ushuluddin dan Humaniora Universitas Islam Negeri Walisongo Semarang, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21580/teo.2012.23.1.1766

Abstract

The sustainability and cultural change, including gender, was associated with the delivery of value between generations. The existence of well-established interpretation of the text, which does not allow a new interpretation of the text, which is delivered to religious community make gender values remained relatively unchanged, even continuously reproduced. In this case, the transmitter of religious value, the preachers, seen in the Muslim community as the respectable and credible persons. Therefore, the doctrine they convey tend to be trusted and obeyed, without any possibility of other interpretations. The delivery model of one-direction model of messages delivery with lack of dialogue and participation of the audiences, no chance to new interpretations are another causes that led the concept of gender relatively unchanged
PENDIDIKAN AGAMA ANAK SUKU KALANG Elizabeth, Misbah Zulfa
Walisongo: Jurnal Penelitian Sosial Keagamaan Vol 19, No 2 (2011): Pendidikan Islam
Publisher : LP2M - Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Walisongo

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21580/ws.19.2.168

Abstract

This study with descriptive qualitative approach produces a fact that the context of education, the children of the Kalang community in general are also followed formal education, like other school children. They also received religious instruction as a compulsory subject. This of course has consequences for the possibility of cultural transformation through the instrument of education. Especially with religious education, the children of the Kalang community possible simultaneously and slowly will leave their teachings. Moreover, the nature of religious education itself is more of an orthodox religious values.***Kajian dengan pendekatan deskritif ini menyajikan fakta bahwa konteks pen­didikan, anak-anak suku Kalang secara umum mengikuti pendidikan formal, sebagaimana anak-anak lain pada umumnya. Mereka juga menerima pelajaran agama sebagai pelajaran wajib. Hal ini tentu saja berpengaruh terhadap kemungkinan terjadinya transformasi budaya melalui instrumen pendidikan. Khususnya terkait dengan pendidikan agama, anak-anak suku Kalang dimungkin­kan secara simultan dan perlahan akan meninggalkan ajarannya. Apalagi model pendidikan agama yang mereka terima adalah pendidikan yang lebih banyak memuat nilai-nilai ortodoks.
POLA PENANGANAN KONFLIK AKIBAT KONVERSI AGAMA DI KALANGAN KELUARGA CINA MUSLIM Elizabeth, Misbah Zulfa
Walisongo: Jurnal Penelitian Sosial Keagamaan Vol 21, No 1 (2013): Resolusi Konflik
Publisher : LP2M - Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Walisongo

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21580/ws.21.1.241

Abstract

This research has the purposes to reveal the patterns of conflict caused by religious conversion among Chinese Muslim in Semarang, the patterns of conflict resolution applied among them, and their view on the conflict resolutions applied. Applying the methods of interviewing using structured interview guidance, participation observation, and deep interview, it was revealed that there are five kinds of conflict come out of conversion: indifference, teasing allusion, rude speaking, rejection, and hostile. Meanwhile there are three ways found in resolving conflict caused by religious conversion: to let the conflict goes on and resolved by time, to explain the problem related to Islam, and to go out from family circle. Based on the varieties in resolving the conflict, it is revealed that the community tends to approve the peace way in solving any problem, otherwise it will break the value the community hold, harmony.***Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengungkap pola konflik yang disebabkan oleh konversi agama di kalangan Cina Muslim di Semarang, pola resolusi konflik yang diterapkan di kalangan mereka, serta pandangan mereka mengenai penyelesaian yang mereka lakukan, Dengan menggunakan metode wawancara dengan pedoman wawancara terstruktur, observasi partisipasi, observasi, dan wa­wan­cara mendalam ditemukan bahwa ada lima bentuk konflik akibat konversi: tidak dipedulikan, digoda, bicara kasar, penolakan, dan permusuhan. Sementara itu ditemukan tiga cara penyelesaian konflik, yaitu membiarkan masalah sehingga hilang bersama waktu, menjelaskan tentang Islam, dan keluar dari lingkup keluarga. Berdasarkan keragaman cara penyelesaian masalah tampak bahwa komunitas Cina cenderung menggunakan cara damai dalam menyelesaikan masalah.
SUNAT PADA ANAK PEREMPUAN (KHIFADZ) DAN PERLINDUNGAN ANAK PEREMPUAN DI INDONESIA: Studi Kasus di Kabupaten Demak Farida, Jauharotul; Elizabeth, Misbah Zulfa; Fauzi, Moh; Rusmadi, Rusmadi; Filasofa, Lilif Muallifatul Khorida
Sawwa: Jurnal Studi Gender Vol 12, No 3 (2017): Oktober 2017
Publisher : Pusat Studi gender dan Anak (PSGA) Universitas Islam Negeri Walisongo Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21580/sa.v12i3.2086

Abstract

Female circumcision is one of the continuing practices in some countries of Africa, Europe, Latin America, and Asia, including Indonesia. In Arab, tradition of female circumcision has been widely known before the Islamic period. While in Indonesia, some areas practicing female circumcision include Java, Madura, Sumatra, and Kalimantan. This research used qualitative-ethno­graphic method. Data were collected through in-depth interviews to the traditional birth attendants who performed circumcision and to the babys parents who sent their children for circumcision. In addition, Focus Group Discussion (FGD) involving medical personnel (doctors and midwives), traditional birth attendants, the parents, community leaders, religious leaders, academics, and government, was also conducted to explore the data. Then, the obtained data were analyzed by using descriptive analytical technique. The result shows that the practice of female circumcision in Demak Regency was done in 2 ways, namely symbolically and truly. Symbolically means that the practice of female circumcision was done by not cutting a female genital part, ie clitoris, but using substitute media, namely turmeric. On the other hand, the real meaning means that female circumcision was actually done by cutting little tip of the clitoris of a daughter. The time for practicing female circumcision in Demak regency was generally coincided with Javanese traditional ceremonies for infants / young children. The purpose for the daughters was in order to become sholihah and be able to control their lusts (not become "ngintil kakung" or hypersexual). Indeed, the motivation to practice this tradition is to preserve the ancestral tradition and to implement the religious command._________________________________________________________Sunat perempuan merupakan salah satu praktik yang saat ini masih dilakukan di beberapa negara di Afrika, Eropa, Amerika Latin, dan juga di Asia, termasuk Indonesia. Pada masyarakat Arab, tradisi sunat perempuan sudah dikenal luas sebelum periode Islam. Sementara Indonesia, beberapa wilayah yang mempraktikan sunat perempuan meliputi Jawa, Madura, Sumatera, dan Kalimantan. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode kualitatif-etnografis. Teknik pengumpulan data: Wawancara mendalam dengan dukun bayi yang melakukan sunat dan juga orang tua bayi yang mensunatkan anaknya. Focus Group Discussion (FGD) yang melibatkan tenaga medis (dokter dan bidan), dukun bayi yang melakukan sunat per­empuan, orang tua anak yang disunat, tokoh masyarakat, tokoh agama, akademisi, dan pemerintah.Teknik analisis data dilakukan secara deskriptif-analitis Pada masyarakat di Kabupaten Demak. Praktik sunat perempuan pada Kabupaten Demak dilakukan de­ngan 2 cara, yakni secara sim­bolik dan secara sesungguhnya. Yang dimaksud secara simbolik adalah praktik sunat perempuan dilaku­kan tidak dengan memotong se­bagain anggota kelamin per­empuan, yakni klitoris, melainkan menggunakan media peng­ganti, yakni kunyit. Sedangkan yang di­maksud secara sesungguhnya ada­lah bahwa sunat perempuan benar-benar dilakukan dengan cara memotong sebagian kecil ujung klitoris anak perempuan. Waktu pelaksanaan sunat perempuan di masya­rakat Kabupaten Demak pada umumnya bersamaan dengan upacara-upacara adat Jawa untuk bayi/anak kecil. Tujuan dilakukan sunat perempuan bagi masyarakat di Kabupaten Demak adalah agar anak perempuan tersebut menjadi anak shalihah dan dapat mengendali­kan nafsu syahwatnya agar tidak “ngintil kakung” (hyperseks). Motivasi men­jalankan tradisi sunat perempuan bagi masyarakat di Kabupaten Demak menjalankan tradisi leluhur dan menjalankan perintah agama.
Program Pengelolaan Kebersihan Lingkungan di Pesantren Elizabeth, Misbah Zulfa
Dimas: Jurnal Pemikiran Agama untuk Pemberdayaan Vol 17, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : LP2M of Institute for Research and Community Services - UIN Walisongo

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21580/dms.2017.171.1510

Abstract

Hygiene management is an issue that is very important for the sustainability of a healthy environment. However, people in general seem difficult to implement a clean and healthy life. The presence of plastic in conjunction with the development of manufacturing has resulted into a big problem for the environment. On the other hand,  Islam strongly encourages cleanliness and environmental management. Based on the above considerations by taking the focus of activities in Islamic boarding house, and to use “dialog warga”approach  with the ABCD method,  this program aims to change the behavior of students to be aware of the importance of hygiene, garbage sorting and understand the principle of using the principles of reuse, reduce and recycle. After the end of the program found that the process of habituation behavior of cleanliness must be preceded by changes in the knowledge system.
Struktur dan Sistem Sosial pada Aras Wacana dan Praksis Kusmanto, Thohir Yuli; Elizabeth, Misbah Zulfa
JSW: Jurnal Sosiologi Walisongo Vol 2, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik UIN Walisongo Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21580/jsw.2018.2.1.2252

Abstract

The social phenomenon that became the focus of sociology has diversity in the aspects of social life of society both as a real and practical reality as well as abstract and utopian reality. The reality is static and moves dynamically inherent in social processes in the daily life of social setting. The social process shapes reality as part of the past takes place today and becomes a hope for the future. Among the social phenomena that become part of the fundamental study of sociology are structure and social system. Social structure is a process of social interaction that lasts a long time, regularly and form a pattern. The social system is a functional social interaction of a set of elements in a group or society to defend the boundaries or unity of its parts. Both in this context are interesting to explain the process of its formation, relationships, functions, traits and changes in discourse and praxis. Applying literature study this article will explore the processes of formation, relationships, functions, traits, and changes of social structure and social system in discourse and praxis. The effort is important to strengthen the sociology repertoire on the macro and abstract level.
Perlawanan Visual Perempuan dalam Poster Elizabeth, Misbah Zulfa
JSW (Jurnal Sosiologi Walisongo) Vol 1, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik UIN Walisongo Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21580/jsw.2017.1.2.1987

Abstract

Visual expression is something un-denayable in social life because the viasuality is the expression of the social life. This article has the purpose to explore how visual expression of women resistance toward gender inequality. Applying qualitative research with the method of documentation study this article in detail analyses the interpretation of religious text as the source of inequality and gender reality in social context. It is revealed that visual expression of the poster suggesting to treat men and women respectfully is the resistance toward religious text interpretation which is inequally treat men and women.
DISKURSUS DERADIKALISASI AGAMA: POLA RESISTENSI PESANTREN TERHADAP GERAKAN RADIKAL Muhammad, Hasyim; Anwar, Khoirul; Elizabeth, Misbah Zulfa
Walisongo: Jurnal Penelitian Sosial Keagamaan Vol 23, No 1 (2015): Pendidikan dan Deradikalisasi Agama
Publisher : LP2M - Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Walisongo

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21580/ws.23.1.230

Abstract

Pesantren had a specific perspective related to religious radicalism and violence. The purpose of this study is to uncover the discourse of radicalism and de-radicalization in Pesantren Soko Tunggal Semarang. Applying the qualitative research, it was revealed that Pesantren Soko Tunggal against all forms of violence in the name of religion. According to Pesantren Soko Tunggal radical movements in the name of religion is a form of misunderstanding of the religion. Islamic radicalism is generally based on the Wahhabi’s understanding, so that attitudes and behavior are influenced by the teachings of Wahhabi. In the view of Wahabism heresy in religion is a form of desecration and denial that must be fought. Pesantren assumed that Pancasila and UUD 1945 is a form of actual enforcement of Islamic law due to Pesantren Soko Tunggal kept to preserve the values of moderatism and develop a peaceful multicultural life.***Pesantren memiliki perspektif tersendiri terhadap radikalisme agama dan ke­kerasan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengungkap wacana radikalisme dan deradikalisasi di Pesantren Soko Tunggal Semarang. Dengan menggunakan pen­dekatan kualitatif penelitian menunjukkan bahwa Pesantren Soko Tunggal me­nentang segala bentuk kekerasan atas nama agama. Dalam pandangan Pe­santren Soko Tunggal bahwa gerakan radikal atas nama agama merupakan bentuk ke­salah­­pahaman agama. Islam radikal umumnya didasarkan pada pe­mahaman Wahabi, sehingga sikap dan perilaku dipengaruhi oleh Wahabi. Menurut Wahabi, bid'ah dalam agama adalah bentuk penodaan dan penolakan yang harus diperangi. Pesantren menganggap bahwa Pancasila dan UUD 1945 merupakan bentuk penegakan hukum Islam yang aktual. Karena di Pesantren Soko Tunggal ini ingin mempertahankan nilai-nilai moderatisme dan me­ngembang­kan kehidupan multi­kultural yang damai.