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The Effect Vitamin C Enriched Pellets to Increase the Immunity of Oreochromis niloticus Wirdona, Maytra; Riauwaty, Morina; Syawal, Henni
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan Vol 6 (2019): Edisi 2 Juli s/d Desember 2019
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan

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Abstract

ABSTRACTVitamin C is a nutrient that is soluble in water and is essential for life as well as for maintaining health, enhancing immunity of fish in fighting infections and as an antioxidant. The study aims to obtain the best dose of vitamin C on total leukocytes, leukocyte differentiation, and phagocytosis activity to increase the immunity of nile tilapia towards disease attack Streptcoccosis. The method used is the experimental method by using the full random draft (RAL) One factor with five levels of treatment and the treatment is repetead three times. After the treatment was applied, namely Kn (without vitamin C enriched pellets and not challenged), Kp (pellets without vitamin C enriched and challenged), vitamin c enriched pellets at a dose of P1 (1 g/kg and challenged with Streptococcus agalactiae), P2 (1.5 g/kg and challenged with S. agalactiae), P3 (2 g/kg and challenged with S. agalactiae). Nile tilapia used in size 8-10 cm with solid tebar 1 tail/3 L water is maintained in the aquarium with a size of 40 x 30 x 30 cm with a feed enriched with vitamin C for 46 days. The fish was challenged with S. agalactiae with a density 108 CFU/mL at the dose of 0.1 mL/tail intramuscular on day 32 after that the fish re-maintained until the 46 days. Measured parameters are total leucocytes, leucocyte differentiation, phagocytic activity and survival rate of nile tilapia. The results shown that the feed enriched with vitamin C and tested with S. Agalactiae has an influence on the immunity of fish with the best treatment in P3 (the vitamin C enriched pellets at a dose of 2 g/kg and challenged) with an average total leukocytes was 8.02 x 104 cells/mm3, lymphocytes were 84.67%, neutrophils was 8.67%, monocytes were 6.66%, phagocytosis activity is 46.00% and the livelihood reaches 93.33%.Keywords : Leukocytes, Tilapia, Vitamin C, Streptococcus agalactiae, Phagocytosis 
Penambahan tepung buah mengkudu (morinda citrifolia l) pada pakan terhadap perubahan aktivitas fagositosis, total eritrosit dan hemoglobin ikan nila (oreochromis niloticus) Yunita, Irma; Syawal, Henni; Lukistyowati, Iesje
Berkala Perikanan Terubuk Vol 44, No 3 (2016): November 2016
Publisher : Fakultas Perikanan dan Kelautan, Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (199.28 KB) | DOI: 10.31258/terubuk.44.3.38 - 45

Abstract

 This research was conducted from Mei to September 2015 in the Laboratory of Parasitic Diseases of Fish Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, University of Riau. The purpose of this reseach was to knowing the addition of flour noni (Morinda citrifolia L) on feed to change the phagocytic activity, total of erythrocytes and hemoglobin of tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) infected Streptococcus iniae. This research used five treatments, 1) Kn: negative control (without a solution of addition flour noni (Morinda citrifolia L)  and without the infection of Streptococcus iniae.), 2) Kp: positive control (without giving a solution of addition of flour noni (Morinda citrifolia L) and the infection Streptococcus iniae) 3) P1: addition flour noni (Morinda citrifolia L) 3 g/kg feed) P2: addition flour noni (morinda citrifolia l) 6 g/kg feed) P3: addition flour noni (Morinda citrifolia L) 9 g/kg feed). The research shows that the addition of flour noni (Morinda citrifolia L) on feed do impact the condition of fish blood because visible from the phagocytic activity is ranged between 35,33-56,66%, total erythrocytes 1,23-2,20 x106 cell/mm3, and hemoglobin is ranged between 4,66-6,33 gr/%.
RESPON FISIOLOGIS IKAN JAMBAL SIAM (Pangasius hypopthalamus) PADA SUHU PEMELIHARAAN YANG BERBEDA Syawal, Henni; S, Yusni Ikhwan
Berkala Perikanan Terubuk Vol 39, No 1 (2011): Februari 2011
Publisher : Fakultas Perikanan dan Kelautan, Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (804.445 KB) | DOI: 10.31258/terubuk.39.1.%p

Abstract

Fish stress may be governed by change of water temperature that increaseboth chatecolamine and cortisal secretion. In high level both hormone have anegative effects on fish immune system. Increasing of cortical in blood plasmawould lead to inhibition of interleukin I and II formation. Thus, fish immunesystem dropped which cause fish suffer from infection and eventually dead.Physiological stress may stimulate increasing of cortical and glucose level ofblood plasma. As such lysozime activity would increase. Increase of bloodglucose is of a normal indicator of stressed fish. An randomized block designexperiment with one factor, have been carried out to evaluate the effect or watertemperature on blood glucose of fish. Three level of water temperature ( 24, 28.and 280C) were applied. It revealed that blood glucose level ranged from 127.23to 192,96gr/dl with maximum level of glucose appeared in fish reared in 240C (12gr/dl), and the lowest at of 32oC.. Blood hemoglobin in accordance with bloodglucose, in which maximum level found in 240C (12 gr/dl). The highesthematocrite level were appeared in treatment of 240C (39,83%). Red BloodNumber of 4.725 X 103 sel/mm3, were found in the water temperature of 240C.
PENGGUNAAN HORMON PERTUMBUHAN REKOMBINAN TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN IKAN SELAIS (Ompok hypopthalmus) Sawitri, Maulina; Tang, Usman Muhammad; Syawal, Henni
Berkala Perikanan Terubuk Vol 46, No 2 (2018): JULI 2018
Publisher : Fakultas Perikanan dan Kelautan, Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1018.473 KB) | DOI: 10.31258/terubuk.46.2.34-41

Abstract

This study was aimed to determine the best dose of recombinant growth hormone on the growth of selais fish (Ompok hypopthalmus). This study used a complete randomized desigh with one factor that is recombinant growth hormone dose and 3 repetition. The dose given were 0 mg/kg, 6 mg/kg, 12 mg/kg, 18 mg/kg and 24 mg/kg. The results showed that addition of rElGH at dose of 12 mg/kg were the best dose for selais fish growth’s parameters; absolute length growth (3,60± 0,6 cm), absolute weight growth (3,85 ± 0,46 g), daily growth rate (5,56 ± 0,32 %), food convertion ratio (1,10 ± 0,12), protein and fat retention (46,73 ± 21,34 % and 103,83 ± 21,43 %). The highest level of glycogen muscle (22,43 ± 0,61 mg/g) was found in addition of rElGH at dose of 18 mg/kg.
PEMBERIAN PAKAN BERBASIS AKTIVITAS ENZIM PENCERNAAN LARVA IKAN SELAIS (Ompok hypophthalmus Blkr) Adliana, Cici; Tang, Usman M; Syawal, Henni
Berkala Perikanan Terubuk Vol 45, No 3 (2017): November 2017
Publisher : Fakultas Perikanan dan Kelautan, Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (65.855 KB) | DOI: 10.31258/terubuk.45.3.1-9

Abstract

Are  three  main  enzymes  that  play  in  feed  digestion  that  are  protese, amylase and lipase. The activity of each enzyme develops varies depending on fish species,  feed, and environmental  factors. The aims of this study was to: 1) know the fish morphology development by the mouth opening of selais larvae (O. hypopthalmus Blkr.) 2) determine the relationship of fish larvae age and feed type. 3) determine the relationship of enzyme activity, feed type and larvae survival. 4) determine the feed consumed, digestion rate and growth rate of selais larvae. This study used Complete Randomly Design with 2 factors and 3 replications. The feed type factors are: Artemia salina, Tubifex sp, and shrimp pellet + EZ plus Nutrien Digester and Deliver. Larvae age factors are : 0-7 days, 8-15 days, 16-23 days, and 24-31 days. The result showed that different type of feed and larvae affect the larvae survival. The highest survival rate of 73-98% was found in feed type of Artemia sp. and 0-14 days age, and survival rate of 98-100% was found in feed type of Tubifex sp. and 15-31 larvae age.
PENINGKATAN PRODUKTIVITAS KOLAM LAHAN GAMBUT MELALUI TEKNIK BIOFERTILIZER DAN BAKTERI Azotobacter sp. SERTA Lumbricus Rubellus SEBAGAI ORGANISME DEKOMPOSER Pamungkas, Rhino; Syafriadiman, Syafriadiman; Syawal, Henni
Berkala Perikanan Terubuk Vol 45, No 3 (2017): November 2017
Publisher : Fakultas Perikanan dan Kelautan, Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (239.224 KB) | DOI: 10.31258/terubuk.45.3.98-111

Abstract

This research was conducted  from September  to December  2016 in the Peat Land Kualu Nenas village, Tambang Subdistrict, Kampar Regency, Riau Province. The aim of this research was to find out the influence and biofertilizer different to increase phytoplankton abudance, and water quality parameters. The method used in this study is an experimental method, using a Complete Random Design (CRD) with four treatments and three replications. The treatments used in this experimental is P0 (without biofertilizer), P1 (human fecal biofertilizer), P2 (cow fecal biofertilizer) and P3 (chicken fecal biofertilizer), the treatments gived Azotobacter and Lumbricus rubellus, 7,88 cfu ml/m2  and 1,2 kg/m2  respectualy. The measure of parameters is type and abundance of phytoplankton, water quality parameter analysis and ground peat, abundance of zooplankton, and chlorophyll-a primary productivity analysis.Result of this research shown that human fecal biofertilizer could increase of ground peat pond productivity. This experiment was prove  the  highest  abundance  total  of phytoplankton  was  113.500  cell.L-1 and chlorophyll-a was 48,859 µg/l. Human fecal biofertilizer could increasethe water quality like pH (6,8), Therm (27-320C), Dissolved Oxygen (3,0-4,83 ppm), Nitrat (4,396-14,059  ppm),  orthophospat  (2,114  – 8,915  ppm).  The analysis  of PCA (Princip   Component   Analysis) shown the physical parameter, chemichal parameter and phytoplankton abundance, the primary productivity. The biplot component was 95,11%. The first component was 75,19%   and the second component was 19,92%.
Histology of Liver and Kidney of Mystus nemurus that immersed with Curcuma xanthorrhiza, ROXB extract Lubis, Fauzi Ahmad; Riauwaty, Morina; Syawal, Henni
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan Vol 1, No 2 (2014): Wisuda Oktober Tahun 2014
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan

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Abstract

This research was carried out in November 2013 until January 2014 in the laboratory of Fish Diseases and Parasites, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science Riau University Pekanbaru. The purpose of this research was to understand the histological structure of liver and kidney of Mystus nemurus that is immersed with Curcuma xanthorrhiza ROXB extract. The method used in this study was experimental and the histologycal structure of the fish will be analyzed descriptively. The treated fish were immerse in 3 different concentration of Curcuma xanthorrhiza ROXB extract, they were (P1 (0.2 g/L), P2 (0.4 g/L, P3 (0.6 g/L). for five minutes/ day for 30 days period. The negative control were fishes that were not treated with Curcuma xanthorrhiza ROXB extract. The liver showed hemorhage, fatty degenerative and necrosis. The kidney showed necrosis and hemorhage. It was concluded that immersion of fish in Curcuma xanthorrhiza ROXB extract shown histologycal alterations in the tissue of Mystus nemurus.Key words: Mystus nemurus, Curcuma xanthorrhiza ROXB, kidney, liver
Respons Of Erythrocytes, Hematocrit And Hemoglobin River Catfish (Mystus Nemurus) Combination Fed Guava Leaves (Psidium Guajava) And Bitter (Andrographis Paniculata Ness) Susanti, Mesi; Lukystiowati, Iesje; Syawal, Henni
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan Vol 1, No 1 (2014): Wisuda Februari Tahun 2014
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan

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Abstract

This study was conducted from April-June 2013 in the Laboratory of Aquaculture and Fish Diseases and Parasites Laboratory Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Sciences University of Riau. The purpose of this study was to determine the response of erythrocytes, hematocrit, and blood hemoglobin river catfish (Mystus nemurus) fed a combination of guava leaves and bitter infected with the bacterium A. hydrophila. This study used 5 treatments of: negative control (without any solution guava, bitter and non-infected A. hydrophila fish meal), Kp: positive control (without guava leaves and a bitter and infected A. hydrophila fish meal), P1 (addition of guava leaves as much 10 g and 10 g bitter / kg of feed fish meal), P2 (addition of guava leaves and bitter as much as 20 g of 20 g / kg of feed fish meal), P3 (addition of guava leaves and bitter as much as 30 g of 30 g / kg of feed fish meal). The results showed that feeding a combination of guava leaves and bitter can not increase erythrocytes, hematocrit, and hemoglobin but it can increase endurance fish seen from passing fish alive after are infected A. hydrophila. Average erythrocytes from 0.52 to 2.90 million cells/mm3, 16.60 to 50.97% hematocrit and hemoglobin percentage from 3.62 to 5.33 g /%Key word: River catfish (Mystus nemurus), guava leaves and bitter, A. hydrophila
PROFIL HORMON ESTRADIOL 17β DAN INDUKSI HORMON OVAPRIM DALAM PEMIJAHAN BUATAN IKAN SELAIS (Ompok hypophthalmus Blkr) Ismail, Nasril; Tang, Usman M; Syawal, Henni
Berkala Perikanan Terubuk Vol 46, No 2 (2018): JULI 2018
Publisher : Fakultas Perikanan dan Kelautan, Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (946.963 KB) | DOI: 10.31258/terubuk.46.2.11-20

Abstract

The purpose of this study was analyze the amount of estradiol and tostesterone hormone in the body of the selais (O. hypophthalmus Blkr) fish the mature gonads and the number of ovaprim hormone doses used based on the amount of hormone in the fish body on ovulatory success and spawning of fish Selais. The study used a complete randomized design consisting of four treatments and three replicates consisting of controls, 0.05 mL / 100 grams of body weight, 0.07, mL / 100 gram body weight, 0.09 mL / 100 gram body weight and 0,11 mL / 100 gram body weight. The results showed that the concentrations of estradiol-17β hormone in blood ranged from 199.13 pg / mL to 236.28 pg / mL before and after ovulation of each treatment ranging from 273.97 pg / mL to 873.65 pg / mL and after ovulation ranged from 0.71 pg / mL to 1.78 pg / mL Whereas for other parameters obtained the results of the latency 11.27 ± 0.252 to 13.40 ± 1,95 hours, fecundity 1919 ± 0.546 to 3243 ± 0.420 grains, egg diameter after ovulation 1.32 ± 0.29 to 1.32 ± 0.29 mm, fertilization rate of 28.99±157 to 36.54±148 %, hatching rate of 40.79± 071 to 36.54±148 % and the survival rate 3 day 75.82 ± 047 to 84.53 ± 0.36 %.
IDENTIFICATION OF LACTIC ACID BACTERIA FROM BIOFLOK TECHNOLOGY WHICH HAS BEEN GAVE MOLLASES ON RED TILAPIA (Oreochromis sp.) AQUACULTURE Sitorus, Nelli Karolina; Lukistyowati, Iesje; Syawal, Henni; Putra, Iskandar
Berkala Perikanan Terubuk Vol 47, No 1 (2019): Februari 2019
Publisher : Fakultas Perikanan dan Kelautan, Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (397.013 KB) | DOI: 10.31258/terubuk.47.1.83-92

Abstract

The aim of this research was to  determine the types of lactic acid bacteria from biofloc technology with the addition of mollase in red tilapia aquaculture containers and to determine the optimum growth of lactic acid bacteria at pH 2, 4, and 6, and also to observe the density of bacteria in the biofloc container water during maintenance. The methods used in this research are survey and experiments by taking flok from maintenance container and then identifying the lactic acid bacteria. The results of lactic acid bacteria inoculation obtained 16 isolates isolated from floc which can only grow at pH 4 and pH 6. Identification based on physical tests, chemical tests, and biochemical tests showed that the isolates were classified into Bacillus and Streptococcus. The amount of bacterial density water from containers of biofloc technology were given mollase during research reached the highest point in the third week, which averaged 109 CFU/mL.
Co-Authors ', Adelina ', Alfian ', Roslina ', Zulaiha ., Syafriadiman Addini, Nur Adliana, Cici Afrizal Tanjung Alif, Abdul Anderson.s, Roi Andesra, Andesra Andre A Saragih, Andre A Anzila Rizki W Muharram Asmika H Simarmata Atria Martina Azaldin, Muhammad Cerlina, Maya Chandra Chandra Dian Fitria M Dicky Azwar Lubis Elza, Athif Amirah Eni Yulinda Erman, Atika Talitha Etri Nopilita, Etri Fauzi Ahmad Lubis Ginting, Kiky Dirgantara Hasibuan, Yunita Paramitha Hasugian, Sampang Hotramadi Iesje Lukistyowati Iesje Lukystiowati Iman, Khasan Nur Ipa, Adha irma yunita Irwan Irwan Iskandar Putra Ismail, Nasril Isnaini Lidya Rizki, Isnaini Lidya Jampil, Tirta Herlis Jasika H, Dinar Mey Kurniawan, Ahmad Juli Kurniawan, Ronal Laoi, Destriman Lestari, Juwita Lukstyowati, Iesje M. Riswan M. Yanda, M. Yanda Memi Martin Ilmayati, Memi Martin Mesi Susanti Morina Riauwaty Morina Riauwaty Siagian, Morina Riauwaty Muhamad Latiful Khobir, Muhamad Latiful Mulyani, Isma Natalia, Christin Novike Zullanda Selvi, Novike Zullanda Nur Asiah Nuraini Nuraini Pakpahan, Poltak Pardamean, Erikson Sahala Priska, Elfira Stefani Purba, Andre Manusun Putra, M Zaky Ditiya Putri, Atika Rahmadona, Zikra Ramadhi, Vekri Rambe, Herianti Rhino Pamungkas Riauwaty S, Morina Rinaldi Rinaldi Rini Mastuti Risman Ferdiansyah, Risman Riswan, M. S, Gunawan B Saberina Hasibuan Santa, Santa Sarah Pabiola Saragih, Sarah Pabiola Sawitri, Maulina Sinaga, Rika Siregar, Morina Riauwaty Sitorus, Nelli Karolina Suci Wulandari Sudirman, Isna Sufriyani, Fitria Switzelin H, Dea Syafriadiman, Syafriadiman Syafriadiman, Syafriadiman Syafruddin Nasution Syaieba, Mutiara Tamba, Jaya Maruli Telaumbanua, Siti Tungkup, Mariana Lumban Unggul Fitrah Heriadi, Unggul Fitrah Usman M Tang Usman M. Tang Usman Muhammad Tang Valensia, Rebeka Wijaya, Rahmat Santosa Windarti Windarti Wirdona, Maytra Yetti Elfina S Yosri, Yosri Yuharmen, Yuharmen Yuliati Yuliati Yulyawati, Yulyawati Yusni Ikhwan S Yusuf, Rabil Zebua, Ratna Dewi Zissalwa, Fricilia