Sri Hajati
Faculty Of Law, Universitas Airlangga, Indonesia

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DIVISION OF LAND SERVICES BASED ON LOCAL GOVERNMENT AUTHORITY Sri Winarsi; Sri Hajati; Oemar Moechthar
Jurnal Dinamika Hukum Vol 18, No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Faculty of Law, Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20884/1.jdh.2018.18.3.1892

Abstract

After the issuance of Law Number 23 Year 2014 jo. Law Number 9 Year 2015 on Regional Government, the affairs of local government in the field of land services, especially agriculture and plantations have shifted the authority of regulation which is different from the regulation in Law Number 32 Year 2004. The presence of the regional autonomy-based regulation had established the land agency in the provinces, districts/municipalities which were given authority to hold land affairs. Land affairs was originally the authority of the National Land Agency. These developments cause problems including overlapping authority. If the conflict is not well regulated, in legal perspective, it will emerge the problem of legal uncertainty while in management perspective, it causes inefficiency. Due to the shifting of this land affairs basis, it is necessary to harmonize the land affairs related to regional autonomy so that the authority overlapping is not done simultaneously between the central government and local government. The method used in this research is statute, conceptual and case approach. The research concluded to propose a model of improving land services in agriculture and plantation sectors between central and local government. Keywords: conflict of authority, land service, local government.
THE EXISTENCE OF ADAT LAND POST-ENACTMENT OF LAW NUMBER 6 OF 2014 ON VILLAGE Sri Hajati; Oemar Mochthar; Sri Winarsi
Jurnal Dinamika Hukum Vol 16, No 3 (2016)
Publisher : Faculty of Law, Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20884/1.jdh.2016.16.3.707

Abstract

Post-Enactment of Law No. 6 Year 2014 on village, a village is divided into two: villages and adat villages. Adat village may have adat land assets. The law will not be explained in more detail, in addition to the Regulation of the State Minister of Agrarian/Head of National Land Agency No. 5 Year 1999 which was repealed in 2015 resulting in a legal vacuum in the regulation of traditional dispute resolution. This research apllied statute and conceptual approach while the analysis was conducted qualitatively, by pointing to the principles and procedural law as well as analyzing the various factors of social, economic and political process and procedural subtantive resolution of cases. The causal factors do not explain the existence of adat land which is not accommodated by local regulations as an obligation for local governments to undertake research and data collection ulayat lands in their area, as mandated by Law No. 23 Year 2014 which was confirmed by Regulation No. 38 of 2007 and Law No. 6 Year 2014.Keywords: Village Government, Ulayat Land Rights, Society
5C Principles in Profit and Loss Sharing Financing on Baitul Maal Wattamwil as Islamic Micro Finance In Indonesia Prawitra Thalib; Sri Hajati; Faizal Kurniawan; Komari Aldiansyah
Susbtantive Justice International Journal of Law Vol 3 No 2 (2020): Substantive Justice International Journal of Law
Publisher : Faculty of Law, Universitas Muslim Indonesia, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33096/substantivejustice.v3i2.76

Abstract

Baitul Maal wat Tamwil is a financial institution with a sharia concept that was born as a choice that changes the concept of maal and tamwil in one institution. The concept of maal was born and became part of the lives of Muslim communities in terms of collecting and distributing funds for zakat, infaq and shadaqah) productively. While the Tamwil concept was born for purely business activities to benefit from the middle to micro sectors of society. One of the financing activities carried out by BMT is financing based on profit sharing principles. Profit sharing is done by two types with mudharabah and musyarakah contracts. musyarakah is derived from the word syirkah, also called syarikah, which means a cooperation agreement between two or more parties for certain businesses, each party providing the assistance fund, and will be borne together in accordance with the aid fund, or mutual agreement. The methods used in the writing of this article are normative research using a statute approach and a conceptual approach.the result of this research indicates distribution of funds or financing must pay attention to various matters relating to caution both from within and from outside the Islamic Financial Institutions of Islamic Banks and Non-Islamic Banks. Matters issued from internships are in the form of Legal Lending Limit (LLL), financing guidelines, operational aspects. Aside from internal, things that are of caution are also excluded from the external supported by 5C analysis (Character, Condition, Capacity, Capital, Guarantee) and sharia compliance). This analysis must be considered in channeling financing to avoid elements forbidden in Islam.
Application of Agreement Principles in Land Procurement for Development Public Interest Sri Hajati
Yuridika Vol. 34 No. 2 (2019): Volume 34 No 2 May 2019
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (260.685 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ydk.v34i2.12641

Abstract

The legal issues of this research consist of the application of the consensualism principle in land procurement for development for the sake of public interest. The method of this research is normative legal research by applying statute approach, conceptual approach. The results of this research: there is deviation in the enforcement of the consensualism principle in Article 66 paragraph (4) of Act Number 2 of 2012 which determines that deliberation towards consensus is not only in a form of compensation, is contrary to Article 37 paragraph (1) and (2) of Act Number 2 of 2012 - which stipulates that deliberation is conducted in determining the form and/or the amount of compensation. The provision on consignment or deposit of the compensation at the court is contrary to the consensualism principle because it is conducted without the basis of mutual agreement, and it is against the essence of deliberation which requires consensus.
THE URGENCE REGULATION OF BUSINESS ACTIVITIES ON ISLAMIC MICROFINANCE INSTITUTION ACCORDING LAW NO. 1 YEAR 2013 OF MICROFINANCE INSTITUTIONS Prawitra Thalib; Sri Hajati; Faizal Kurniawan; Komari Aldiansyah
Arena Hukum Vol. 14 No. 2 (2021)
Publisher : Arena Hukum

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21776/ub.arenahukum.2021.01402.1

Abstract

AbstractMicrofinance Institutions (hereinafter referred to as MFIs) are financial institutions that function as intermediary institutions that aim not only to seek profit, but have another goal, namely social goals whose activities are more community development. MFIs in conducting business activities can be carried out conventionally or based on Sharia Principles. The business activities carried out by MFIs include trading activities, namely in the service sector. In carrying out Shariah MFI business activities, it must be based on Sharia Principles. The method used in writing this article is normative research with a statutory and conceptual approach. The results of the study show that the Sharia Principles in this context are guided by the basic principles of Muamalah. The important objective in this research is the regulation in the laws and regulations regarding this matter whether it is in accordance with sharia principles. Harmonization between legislation as positive law in Indonesia with sharia principles sourced from the Qur'an and Hadith as the main legal sources of Islamic law is absolutely necessary to ensure legal certainty.AbstrakLembaga Keuangan Mikro (selanjutnya disebut LKM) merupakan lembaga keuangan yang berfungsi sebagai lembaga intermediary yang bertujuan tidak hanya semata-mata mencari keuntungan (profit motive) saja, tetapi mempunyai tujuan lain yakni tujuan sosial (social motive) yang kegiatannya lebih bersifat community development.  LKM dalam melakukan kegiatan usaha bisa dilakukan secara konvensional atau berbasis pada Prinsip Syariah. Kegiatan usaha yang dilakukan LKM termasuk dalam kegiatan perdagangan yakni dalam bidang jasa. Dalam menjalankan kegiatan usahanya LKM Syariah harus berdasarkan Prinsip Syariah. Metode yang digunakan dalam penulisan artikel ini adalah penelitian normatif dengan pendekatan peraturan perundang-undangan dan pendekatan konseptual. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan Prinsip Syariah dalam konteks ini berpedoman pada Prinsip dasar Muamalah. Tujuan dalam penelitian ini yang penting yaitu pengaturan dalam peraturan perundang-undangan terkait hal ini apakah sudah sesuai dengan prinsip syariah. Harmonisasi antara peraturan perundang-undangan sebagai hukum positif di Indonesia dengan prinsip-prinsip syariah yang bersumber pada Al-quran dan Hadist sebagai sumber hokum utama hokum islam mutlak diperlukan adanya untuk menjamin kepastian hukum.