Fauzan Muhammadi
Universitas Ahmad Dahlan

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Law, Politics, and Women: How were 'Aisyiyah's Cadres Involved in the Party? Anom Wahyu Asmorojati; Fauzan Muhammadi
Varia Justicia Vol 17 No 1 (2021): Vol 17 No 1 (2021)
Publisher : Fakultas Hukum Universitas Muhammadiyah Magelang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31603/variajusticia.v17i1.4573


The law has regulated the quota of women candidates for legislative members of at least 30%. This regulation has encouraged all political parties to seek female members. However, women who have the capacities and capabilities as members of the legislature are difficult to find. One possible reason is their low participation in political education in religious, social organizations, such as' Aisyiyah. This study aimed to analyze the cadre system of women's political education of 'Aisyiyah in the Partai Amanat Nasional (PAN). This research is a normative, empirical legal research with a qualitative phenomenological approach. The informants of this research were 'Aisyiyah cadres or activists who were PAN and the Legislature members. The results showed that the cadre system of women's political education in 'Aisyiyah was carried out naturally through a public leadership capacity-building program. The involvement of 'Aisyiyah women in PAN was not merely practical politics, but it was carried out for the sake of upholding the law in Indonesia. Therefore, they were not affiliated with one particular political party but spread to various political parties in Indonesia. Thus, the involvement of 'Aisyiyah women in PAN was not merely a political movement but a legal movement and da'wah of amar ma'ruf nahi munkar (enjoining the good and avoiding the bad).
Meta-Mortgaging: Islamic Law Review on Marhūn Issues Fauzan Muhammadi; Deslaely Putranti; Chrisna Bagus Edhita Praja; Alda Kartika Yudha
Jurnal Media Hukum Vol 29, No 2: December 2022
Publisher : Fakultas Hukum Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18196/jmh.v29i2.16959


To this date, technology has seen massive development and, it influences the economic field. The emergence of the metaverse has become an inevitable part of this progress. It serves as a digital world, wherein everyone is able carry out a vast array of activities, including economic transactions. The emergence of digital assets, that has encouraged serious discussion, is inseparable from Islamic law. One of these digital assets is the Non-Fungible Token (NFT). This digital asset is the focus of this study, specifically on for its posibility to become material guarantees. This article employs a qualitative study and presented descriptively through the perspective of Islamic law. The result of this study is that the pledged-object (marhūn) has certain primary conditions for it to be functional, namely: it is a property, it has value, it can be traded, its asset value is clearly known, and it is actually owned by the guarantor (rāhin). The concept of marhūn as a valuable object ultimately answers that NFT is included in the marhūn category. However, since NFTs do not stand alone if the transaction currency used in the metaverse is cryptocurrencies, al-rahn transactions using NFTs become less favourable considering Cyrptocurrency is deemed to be haram.
Asas Kemaslahatan dalam Penyelesaian Tindak Pidana Perundungan oleh Santri Berdasarkan MAQĀṢID SYARĪ’AH Ilham Lahiyah; Fauzan Muhammadi; Muhammad Habibi Miftakhul Marwa; Kurnia Dewi Anggraeny
JUSTISI Vol. 10 No. 1 (2024): JUSTISI: Journal of Law
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Sorong

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33506/jurnaljustisi.v10i1.2764


Apart from the main aim of Islamic boarding schools for Islamic development, carrying out Islamic boarding schools often encounters problems, for example, cases of criminal acts by students. Thus, criminal acts that occur in the Islamic boarding school environment become insignificant and normal. One of the criminal problems that often occurs in Islamic boarding schools is bullying. Islamic boarding schools in Babakan, Ciwaringin, Cirebon area have various areas, buildings, and numbers of students. Criminal cases like bullying are common to occur in the boarding school environment. Therefore, this research aims to determine the application of Islamic boarding school principles of virtue in resolving student bullying cases and to determine Islamic boarding school principles of virtue in resolving Islamic boarding school bullying cases in terms of maqāṣid syarī'ah. This research is a qualitative study using a conceptual approach and a statutory approach. This method is supported by primary and secondary data. The primary data were collected through interviews with Islamic boarding school managers and students, while the secondary data were obtained through literature studies from books, journals, articles, and else related to this research. This research found that bullying still commonly happens in Islamic boarding schools. Efforts to resolve the problems by the Islamic Boarding Schools are carried out using internal processes such as discussion or non-physical punishment in accordance with the Islamic Boarding School's internal regulations. This is considered to be in line with the Principles of Virtue as stated in the Islamic Boarding School Law. In addition, the existence of the Islamic Boarding School Law has not been widely known by the elements within the Islamic Boarding Schools. However, what the Islamic Boarding Schools implement in resolving bullying cases has accommodated the concept of protecting the soul contained in maqāṣid syarī'ah. Keywords: Pesantren; Maṣlaḥah; Bullying; Maqāṣid