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Orientation Use of Houses in Rural - Urban (A Case Study in the Eastern District of Kartasura, Sukoharjo 2001) Musiyam, Muhammad; Amin, Choirul; Dilahur, Dilahur
Forum Geografi Vol 14, No 2 (2000)
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/forgeo.v14i2.445

Abstract

Kartasura, seen formspace point of view, has special position because it is located in the corridor intersection between Semarang – Surakarta – Yogyakarta. Which becomes three central developing cities in central part of Java. This study is carried out in border town area in east part of Kartasura, which consist of four village – Pabelan, Gonilan, Gumpang, and Makamhaji. That are growing fast due to the effect of urban characteristic from Surakarta. The orientation phenomena of the use of house (OPR), the urban population that led to the commercial use is an interesting fact dealing with the influence of urban activities in those areas. The goal of this study is to know the kindsand the spread of the space of OPR population in east part of Kartasura and the factors, which is studied, is the houses in the research areas and the respondents are the owner of the houses. The sampling uses systematic proportional random sampling. The location of house sample (UMS, UNS, Islamic Boarding Shcool of Assalam), health services (RSIS and RSO), and commercial services (ALFA, UMS stores). All of them are located in Pabelan and Makamhaji. While industrial center consist of PT Tyfountex and small industries around it in Gumpang. Every central activities is divided into two cluster based on the relative distance from central activities (far and near), so as a whole there are four clusters which made up of two clusters in service center and the other in industrial center. Sample at every cluster is taken proportional about 2,5% based on homogenity consideration, whether the selecction of house sampling is taken randomly. The numbers of samples as a whole 175 respondents. The collected data are prensented in the form of frequency and cross table. Qualitative data analysis uses logical thought, deductive induccctive, analogy and comparison, while quantitative data analysis is done using frequency table analysis and cross table. The use of both analysis is sadapted with the data and goal of the study. The result of this  study shows that 1) OPR population in east part of Kartasura consist of three kinds, commercial OPR, non commercial, and combination. While the spreading space of the kind of OPR follows the concept of distance decay principle – the nearer relative distance of the house to the center of activities, the more commercial orientation the use of the house is. 2) External factor, which influence OPR, is the developing urban activities such industry, commerce, education, and health instrument. While the internal factor which influence to OPR is the size of land ownership.
Urbanization and Slum Residential Area in Cities: a Theoretical Review Muhammad Musiyam
Forum Geografi Vol 5, No 1 (1991): July 1991
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/forgeo.v5i1.527

Abstract

This paper aims to explain the inter relationship between urbanization and slum and squatter settlement phenomena in urban areas, focusing on two cases in Jakarta and Yogyakarta. Marginality theory and dependence theory are to explain the two phenomena above, because these theories have different assumption and different explanations about slum areas. Thus, the solutions offered are different too. The result of Tadjuddin and Taylor research into the slum and squatter settlement in Yogyakarta and Jakarta suggest that the phenomena of the slum settlement in this cities could not be explained by a single theory, either marginality theory or dependence theory.
Urbanization and Slum Residential Area in Cities: a Theoretical Review Musiyam, Muhammad
Forum Geografi Vol 5, No 1 (1991): July 1991
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/forgeo.v5i1.527

Abstract

This paper aims to explain the inter relationship between urbanization and slum and squatter settlement phenomena in urban areas, focusing on two cases in Jakarta and Yogyakarta. Marginality theory and dependence theory are to explain the two phenomena above, because these theories have different assumption and different explanations about slum areas. Thus, the solutions offered are different too. The result of Tadjuddin and Taylor research into the slum and squatter settlement in Yogyakarta and Jakarta suggest that the phenomena of the slum settlement in this cities could not be explained by a single theory, either marginality theory or dependence theory.
Development and Poverty: Critical Review of the Poverty Reduction Strategy Shift of Economic Growth to Empowerment Musiyam, Muhammad
Forum Geografi Vol 12, No 2 (1998)
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/forgeo.v12i2.472

Abstract

There had been some changes of poverty preventation strategy for the government of the New Order. In the development process, the change of the strategy from economy growth method to the implementation of “Presidential Decree of Underdeveloped Territorial Program (IDT) “actually emphasized on the increased attention to the poor. It was proved that the combination of various programs could decrease the poverty rate both quantitatively and significantly. However, because the pattern of the top-down and the feature of the charity remained to dominate on the overall strategy, the poor could not have develop significantly independent. Thus, poverty preventation strategy in the future must emphasize on the development of the poor’s creativity, initiative, and capability based on the mobilization of the local resources, so it can make the poor develop and grow independently. In such a way, ontinual development will reasonably run. A change of strategy needs the reshuffle of political structure to democracy.
Development and Poverty: Critical Review of the Poverty Reduction Strategy Shift of Economic Growth to Empowerment Musiyam, Muhammad
Forum Geografi Vol 12, No 2 (1998)
Publisher : Forum Geografi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

There had been some changes of poverty preventation strategy for the government of the New Order. In the development process, the change of the strategy from economy growth method to the implementation of “Presidential Decree of Underdeveloped Territorial Program (IDT) “actually emphasized on the increased attention to the poor. It was proved that the combination of various programs could decrease the poverty rate both quantitatively and significantly. However, because the pattern of the top-down and the feature of the charity remained to dominate on the overall strategy, the poor could not have develop significantly independent. Thus, poverty preventation strategy in the future must emphasize on the development of the poor’s creativity, initiative, and capability based on the mobilization of the local resources, so it can make the poor develop and grow independently. In such a way, ontinual development will reasonably run. A change of strategy needs the reshuffle of political structure to democracy.
Urbanization and Slum Residential Area in Cities: a Theoretical Review Musiyam, Muhammad
Forum Geografi Vol 4, No 2 (1990)
Publisher : Forum Geografi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

This paper aims to explain the inter relationship between urbanization and slum and squatter settlement phenomena in urban areas, focusing on two cases in Jakarta and Yogyakarta. Marginality theory and dependence theory are to explain the two phenomena above, because these theories have different assumption and different explanations about slum areas. Thus, the solutions offered are different too. The result of Tadjuddin and Taylor research into the slum and squatter settlement in Yogyakarta and Jakarta suggest that the phenomena of the slum settlement in this cities could not be explained by a single theory, either marginality theory or dependence theory.
Orientation Use of Houses in Rural - Urban (A Case Study in the Eastern District of Kartasura, Sukoharjo 2001) Musiyam, Muhammad; Dilahur, Dilahur; Amin, Choirul
Forum Geografi Vol 14, No 2 (2000)
Publisher : Forum Geografi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Kartasura, seen formspace point of view, has special position because it is located in the corridor intersection between Semarang – Surakarta – Yogyakarta. Which becomes three central developing cities in central part of Java. This study is carried out in border town area in east part of Kartasura, which consist of four village – Pabelan, Gonilan, Gumpang, and Makamhaji. That are growing fast due to the effect of urban characteristic from Surakarta. The orientation phenomena of the use of house (OPR), the urban population that led to the commercial use is an interesting fact dealing with the influence of urban activities in those areas. The goal of this study is to know the kindsand the spread of the space of OPR population in east part of Kartasura and the factors, which is studied, is the houses in the research areas and the respondents are the owner of the houses. The sampling uses systematic proportional random sampling. The location of house sample (UMS, UNS, Islamic Boarding Shcool of Assalam), health services (RSIS and RSO), and commercial services (ALFA, UMS stores). All of them are located in Pabelan and Makamhaji. While industrial center consist of PT Tyfountex and small industries around it in Gumpang. Every central activities is divided into two cluster based on the relative distance from central activities (far and near), so as a whole there are four clusters which made up of two clusters in service center and the other in industrial center. Sample at every cluster is taken proportional about 2,5% based on homogenity consideration, whether the selecction of house sampling is taken randomly. The numbers of samples as a whole 175 respondents. The collected data are prensented in the form of frequency and cross table. Qualitative data analysis uses logical thought, deductive induccctive, analogy and comparison, while quantitative data analysis is done using frequency table analysis and cross table. The use of both analysis is sadapted with the data and goal of the study. The result of this  study shows that 1) OPR population in east part of Kartasura consist of three kinds, commercial OPR, non commercial, and combination. While the spreading space of the kind of OPR follows the concept of distance decay principle – the nearer relative distance of the house to the center of activities, the more commercial orientation the use of the house is. 2) External factor, which influence OPR, is the developing urban activities such industry, commerce, education, and health instrument. While the internal factor which influence to OPR is the size of land ownership.
Mengkaji Rational Comprehensive Planning Theory dalam Konteks Indonesia Musiyam, Muhammad
Forum Geografi Vol 10, No 1 (1996)
Publisher : Forum Geografi

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Abstract

Akhir-akhir ini, setidaknya sejak lima tahun terakhir banyak kalangan yang menyangsikan relevansi dan keandalan teori dan praktik perencanaan kota konvensional (Rational Comprehensif Planning/ Prosedural Planning) yang selama ini dianut. Diperkirakan tidak lebih dari 30 persen dari materi yang tertuang dalam rencanaa-rencana kota di Indonesia yang dapat diimplementasikan. Tulisan ini dimaksudkan untuk mengkaji teori dan praktik Rational Comprehensif Planning dalam konteks Indonesia. Rational Comprehensif Planning (RCP) merupakan model perencanaan yang sangat dipengaruhi oleh Classical Scientific Method yang dilandasi oleh pendangan postivisme dan Cartesian – Newtonian. RCP ditegakkan atas asas rasionalitas. Dalam lingkup perencanaan identik dengan menggunakan pendekatan keilmuan (scientific approach) di dalam proses penganalisaan dan cara pemecahan masalah. Dengan demikian, rasionalitas menuntut dasar pertimbangan yang sistematik dan evaluasi yang tepat terhadap berbagai alternatif cara untuk mencapai tujuan. Untuk dapat menerapkan rasionalitas dalam proses perencanaan maka di samping diperlukan perencanaan yang ‘serba tahu’ dan mampu mensintesiskan semua persoalan yang muncul, juga dibutuhkan informasi yang lengkap dan menyeluruh dalam cakupan perencanaan. Di Barat RCP sudah mengalami fase krisis, di Indonesia model perencanaan ini sedang mengalami masa puncak dengan RUTRK-nya. Di sini terlihat bahwa kita tertinggal cukup jauh dalam hal perkembangan pemikiran tentang perencanaan. Sejak lima tahun terakhir muncul berkembang beberapa paradigma lain yang lebih berorientasi pada kkomitmen kerakyatan, sebagai akibat ketidakpuasannya terhadap RCP yang dianggap kurang berhasil menyelesaikan konflik tata ruang di kota yang cenderung intensitasnya semakin meningkat.
Spatial Function Diversity in Kampung Sangkrah, Surakarta City Musiyam, Muhammad
Forum Geografi Vol 13, No 2 (1999)
Publisher : Forum Geografi

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Abstract

The objective of this article is to understand the variety of space functions and the values underlying them, in kampung Sangkrah, Surakarta municipality. The study uses the inductive analysis based on the naturalistic method research. The result of the research shows that space in the kampung Sangkrah is multifunctional. The multifunction of space is resulted from the dialetical relationship between the relatively strong social relations and the limited space available to aommodate the various ativities of the kampung inhabitants. This dialetical relationship creates common norms called space tolerance, which the result in the variety of space function.
The Poverty in Indonesia: Concept, Approach, and the Reduction Strategies Musiyam, Muhammad
Forum Geografi Vol 5, No 1 (1991)
Publisher : Forum Geografi

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Abstract

Apparently, the policy of raise poverly in Indonesia start to change. In PJPT I, the strategy to raise the poverly acupied the position “Side stream of development” only. That is, the effort to raise the poverly only applied the components of macro economic policy to maintain the growth of the economy in high position. In PJPT II this effort occupy the position “main stream of development”. That is, not only does the effort depend on “trickle down effect’, but also through direct attack that concern to destitude people. The poverly phenomenon is complex problem and multidimensional, that’s not merely concern with welfare aspect (materially). Therefore, in order to the raising of poverly run effectively, we have to look the dimension of poverly as a whole. Complexity of poverly problems vary from place to place. Therefore, it is needed an accurate strategy and it must consider the characteristic of poverly and the potency that suitable to be developed.