Arif Rohman Mansur
Child, Maternity Department, Nursing Faculty Universitas Andalas , Indonesia

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Perpetrators Of Violence Against Elementary School-Aged Children In Families In The Koto Tangah Padang City, Indonesia Meri Neherta; Lili Fajria; Arif Rohman Mansur; Aisyah Rahmadini
Jurnal Aisyah : Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Vol 8, No 3: September 2023
Publisher : Universitas Aisyah Pringsewu

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30604/jika.v8i3.2085


Violence against children in the family that is perpetrated by those closest to and well-known to the child is an iceberg phenomenon. Violence experienced by children has physical and psychological impacts that will interfere with their growth and development. This study aims to find out who is the perpetrator of violence against elementary school-age children in the family. The descriptive research design was carried out in the city of Padang in October 2022 – December 2022. The research sample was 1000 elementary school-age children, taken using the simple random sampling. Using a standardized questionnaire from the Child Abuse Screening Tool Questionnaire (ICAST-C) to measure violence against children. Presentation of data using a frequency distribution. The results showed (95.10%) psychological violence, (94.60%) physical violence, (31.60%) social violence, and (22.10%) sexual violence. Most perpetrators were mothers (80%), fathers (61.3%), grandfathers (14.8%), brothers (15.4%), and uncles (13.1%). Conclusions: (95.10%) elementary school-age children have experienced violence in the family, where the perpetrators are mothers, fathers, grandfathers, brothers, and uncles. It is recommended that all prospective brides and grooms receive health education about the basic needs of child development and the role and function of the family in creating a prosperous family. Abstrak: Kekerasan terhadap anak dalam keluarga yang dilakukan oleh orang terdekat dan dikenal baik oleh anak, merupakan fenomena gunung es. Kekerasan yang dialami anak berdampak pada fisik dan psikis yang akan mengganggu pada pertumbuhan dan perkembangannya. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui siapakah pelaku kekerasan terhadap anak usia sekolah dasar dalam keluarga. Rancangan penelitian deskriptif dilaksanakan di Kota Padang pada bulan Oktober 2022 – Desember 2022. Sampel penelitian adalah 1000 anak usia sekolah dasar, diambil dengan menggunakan simple random sampling. Memakai kuesioner baku dari Child Abuse Screening Tool Questionnaire (ICAST-C) untuk mengukur kekerasan terhadap anak. Penyajian data menggunakan distribusi frekuensi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan (95,10%) anak telah mendapatkan kekerasan psikis, (94,60%) kekerasan fisik, (31,60%) kekerasan sosial, dan (22,10%) kekerasan seksual. Pelaku terbanyak adalah ibu (80%), ayah (61,3%), kakek (14,8%), saudara laki-laki (15,4%), dan paman (13,1%). Kesimpulan: (95,10%) anak usia sekolah dasar pernah mengalami kekerasan dalam keluarga, dimana pelakunya adalah ibu, bapak, kakek, kakak, dan paman. Disarankan agar seluruh calon pengantin mendapatkan pendidikan kesehatan tentang kebutuhan dasar tumbuh kembang anak serta peran dan fungsi keluarga dalam mewujudkan keluarga sejahtera.
Enhancing Knowledge and Attitude with a Sex Educational Pop-up Book for Adolescents with Intellectual Disabilities Mansur, Arif Rohman; Sari, Ira Mulya; Deswita, Deswita; Neherta, Meri; Herien, Yelly; Farlina, Mutia; Yuni, Annisa Rahma; Sholihat, Annisa
Journal of Maternal and Child Health Vol. 8 No. 3 (2023)
Publisher : Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26911/thejmch.2023.08.03.11


Background: Adolescents with Intellectual Disabilities (ID) adolescents lack of understanding, access to information, and limited knowledge of the sexual behaviours of their peers in the general population. The need for accurate information about sex education is very important in order to stay safe and healthy. However, there is no appropriate, population-specific, and empirically validated sexual education content for individuals with intellectual disabilities. Education for Adolescents with ID requires media in concrete or real physical form and is designed in an attractive way so that they can understand the topic or theme being taught, All information about educational objects is displayed in the form of three-dimensional embossed images or commonly called pop-up books. This study aimed to analyze the effectiveness of sex education using the Pop-up Book on the knowledge and attitude of an adolescent student with an ID in Special Primary Schools (SPS) Children 1 Padang.    Subjects and Method: This is a pre-experimental design with one group pretest-posttest design conducted from April to August 2022. The target population is all students with ID in SPS 1 Padang. This study used purposive sampling, and the sample size is 21. The independent variable of this study was sexual education using the Pop-up Book while the dependent variable was knowledge and attitude were measured using a questionnaire. Data were analyzed by paired t-test. Results: The average knowledge score increased after (Mean= 11.1; SD= 2.47) given the sexual education intervention with Pop-up book media compared to before (Mean= 9.33; SD=2.13), and this result was statistically significant (p = 0.028). The average attitude score increased after (Mean= 5.86; SD= 1.24) given the sexual education intervention with Pop-up book media compared to before (Mean= 3.67; SD= 0.48), and this result was statistically significant (p<o.001). Conclusion: The pop-up book efficacy for students’ understanding of sexual education. Keywords: teenager, perspective, mental retardation, recognition, pop-up book, sexual education. Correspondence: Arif Rohman Mansur. Department of Children and Maternity, Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Andalas, Padang West Sumatera, Indonesia. Email: arifroh­manman­surphd­@nrs.­ Mo­bi­le: 085228892075.