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Civil Engineering Dimension
ISSN : 14109530     EISSN : 1979570X     DOI : -
Core Subject : Engineering,
The Civil Engineering Dimension (Dimensi Teknik Sipil) is a refereed journal, published twice a year, in March and September.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 7 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol. 2 No. 2 (2000): SEPTEMBER 2000" : 7 Documents clear
PENINGKATAN DAYA DUKUNG PONDASI DANGKAL DENGAN MENGGUNAKAN CERUCUK SUATU STUDI MODEL Soebianto Tjandrawibawa
Civil Engineering Dimension Vol. 2 No. 2 (2000): SEPTEMBER 2000
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (572.373 KB) | DOI: 10.9744/ced.2.2.pp. 92-95

Abstract

“Cerucuk” are widely used in foundation engineering to increase bearing capacity of the foundation and reduce the settlement. In order to study the behavior of the cerucuk some laboratory tests have been conducted on foundation model using bamboo sticks as cerucuk. Three positions of cerucuk namely, vertical, inclined and combination of vertical-inclimed are tested. Based on the test result, it is concluded that 60% increase of bearing capacity is achieved by inclined cerucuk, 37% by vertical cerucuk and 33% by combination of vertical-inclined cerucuk. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Cerucuk banyak dipakai untuk meningkatkan daya dukung pondasi dan mengurangi penurunan yang akan terjadi. Untuk mengetahui perilaku pondasi dengan cerucuk tersebut, telah dilakukan penelitian berupa test pembebanan pada suatu model pondasi dengan menggunakan “biting” bambu sebagai cerucuk. Tiga macam pemasangan cerucuk yaitu tegak, miring dan kombinasi tegak miring dilakukan pada test tersebut. Hasil percobaan menunjukkan adanya peningkatan daya dukung tanah sebesar 60% oleh cerucuk miring, 37% oleh cerucuk tegak dan 33% bila dipakai kombinasi tegak miring.
INNOVATION IN THE CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY Martino Tangkar; David Arditi
Civil Engineering Dimension Vol. 2 No. 2 (2000): SEPTEMBER 2000
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (194.633 KB) | DOI: 10.9744/ced.2.2.pp. 96-103

Abstract

In this paper%2C existing innovation models are reviewed. The influence of technology and market-driven schools of thought on the creation and diffusion of innovation is examined. Incremental vs. radical models and autonomous vs. systemic models are considered in the context of the construction industry. The concept of %93technology adoption life cycle%94 is investigated to understand better the acceptance of new technology by key parties. A new model of innovation is proposed. In this model%2C the transformation process of invention into adoption flows through a cyclical mechanism encompassing six phases%3A 1%29 need%2C 2%29 creation%2C 3%29 invention%2C 4%29 innovation%2C 5%29 diffusion%2C and 6%29 adoption. This model clearly shows the interaction of the three most influential domains%3A users%2C changes%2C and the environment. The model also takes into consideration the influence of technology and market-driven forces on the creation and diffusion of innovation. As a consequence of their particular function in the construction activity%2C construction management firms should perform as catalysts in the generation and diffusion of technological advances in the Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Innovation%2C+invention%2C+innovation+models%2C+technology+adoption+life+cycle%2C+construction+management.+
PENINJAUAN FAKTOR-FAKTOR PENENTU RUMAH-TOKO DI SURABAYA DARI SUDUT PANDANG PENGEMBANG DAN PENGGUNA Paulus Nugraha
Civil Engineering Dimension Vol. 2 No. 2 (2000): SEPTEMBER 2000
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (124.901 KB) | DOI: 10.9744/ced.2.2.pp. 111-115

Abstract

Before the Indonesian economic crisis at the end of 1997, shophouse was considered as the most attractive investment in Indonesian real estate. But the business abruptly came to a halt after the economic crisis, particularly after the news about riots and lootings in 1998. That is the reason of this research, which analyze factors which influence the shophouse characters, by accommodating the developers and the consumers' view. The developers' view was observed through the characteristics, while the consumers' view was observed through Kotler's "Four-P". The survey was done in Surabaya in April & May 1999. Results show that in general the developers considered their factors as more influencing than the consumers. The most influencing factor from the developers' view is financial, followed by market, location and physical factors. The most influencing factors from the consumers' view are price and product factors. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Sebelum krisis ekonomi melanda Indonesia pada akhir tahun 1997, Ruko (Rumah-Toko) dipandang sebagai investasi yang paling menarik dalam real estat Indonesia. Namun bisnis ini secara drastis berhenti setelah krisis ekonomi, apalagi setelah banyak berita tentang kerusuhan dan penjarahan pada tahun 1998. Dengan alasan tersebut dibuatlah penelitian ini, yang menganalisa faktor-faktor penentu yang mempengaruhi karakter ruko, melihatnya dari sudut pandang pengembang dan pengguna. Sudut pandang pengembang diamati melalui faktor-faktor karakteristiknya, sedangkan sudut pandang pengguna diamati melalui "Empat-P" dari Koetler. Survei dilakukan di Surabaya pada bulan April dan Mei 1999. Hasil memperlihatkan bahwa secara umum pengembang melihat faktor-faktornya lebih menentukan daripada sudut pandang pengguna. Faktor-faktor yang paling menentukan dari sudut pandang pengembang adalah faktor keuangan, yang kemudian diikuti oleh faktor pasar, lokasi, dan fisik. Faktor-faktor yang paling menentukan dari sudut pandang pengguna adalah faktor price dan product.
PRE DAN POST PROCESSOR UNTUK PROGRAM KOMPUTER RUAUMOKO Takim Andriono; Benjamin Lumantarna
Civil Engineering Dimension Vol. 2 No. 2 (2000): SEPTEMBER 2000
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (389.079 KB) | DOI: 10.9744/ced.2.2.pp. 116-120

Abstract

This paper introduces RUAUIN and RUAUPLOT as pre and post processors for Ruaumoko: a computer program which can be used as a tool to investigate the seismic behaviour of building structures by conducting inelastic time history analyses. The interactive menu of RUAUIN should ease data entry, while the interactive menu and graphics output of RUAUPLOT should help the user in interpreting Ruaumoko's output. These programs are written in C language, and can be run under DOS or Windows® environment.. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Makalah ini mengenalkan RUAUIN dan RUAUPLOT yang merupakan pre dan post processor untuk Ruaumoko: sebuah program komputer yang dapat dipakai sebagai alat bantu untuk memeriksa perilaku seismik struktur bangunan dengan analisa inelastis riwayat waktu. RUAUIN dengan menu-menu yang interaktif diharapkan dapat memudahkan pengisian data sedangkan RUAUPLOT dengan menu-menu interaktif serta tampilan grafis dapat memudahkan analisa keluaran Ruaumoko. Program ini ditulis dalam bahasa C, dan dapat dijalankan dalam mode DOS maupun Windows®.
A REGIONAL REFINEMENT FOR FINITE ELEMENT MESH DESIGN USING COLLAPSIBLE ELEMENT Priyo Suprobo; Tavio Tavio
Civil Engineering Dimension Vol. 2 No. 2 (2000): SEPTEMBER 2000
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (497.119 KB) | DOI: 10.9744/ced.2.2.pp. 83-91

Abstract

A practical algorithm for automated mesh design in finite element analysis is developed. A regional mixed mesh improvement procedure is introduced. The error control%2C algorithm implementation%2C code development%2C and the solution accuracy are discussed. Numerical example includes automated mesh designs for plane elastic media with singularities. The efficiency of the procedure is demonstrated. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : regional+refinement%2C+mesh+generation%2C+isoparametric+element%2C+collapsible+element
APLIKASI VISUAL UNTUK PROGRAM ELEMEN HINGGA DENGAN ELEMEN SEGITIGA DAN SEGIEMPAT SUBPARAMETRIK DAN ISOPARAMETRIK Benjamin Lumantarna
Civil Engineering Dimension Vol. 2 No. 2 (2000): SEPTEMBER 2000
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (183.175 KB) | DOI: 10.9744/ced.2.2.pp. 77-82

Abstract

This paper presents visual application of a finite element program for plane stress and plane strain problems. The elements used in this program are isoparametric triangular (three nodes) and rectangular (four nodes) and subparametric triangular (six nodes) and rectangular (eight nodes) with isotropic and orthotropic material of constant thickness. Comparison of the output with SAP90 and closed form solution, shows good agreement. The visual application, ease the use of the program considerably especially in data input and element refinement Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Makalah ini memaparkan aplikasi visual dari suatu program elemen hingga untuk masalah plane stress dan plane strain. Elemen yang digunakan dalam program ini adalah elemen isoparametrik segitiga (tiga nodes) dan segi empat (empat nodes) dan subparametrik segitiga (enam nodes) dan segiempat (delapan nodes) dengan material elastis isotropik atau orthotropik dengan tebal tetap. Perbandingan hasil perhitungan program dengan program SAP90 dan penyelesaian eksak menunjukkan hasil yang cukup baik. Pemasukan data serta pengecilan ukuran elemen secara interaktif dengan aplikasi visual sangat memudahkan penggunaan program.
THE PERFORMANCE OF THE PROJECT COALITION IN THE UK CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY A CONCEPTUAL OPTIMISATION MODEL Robby Soetanto; David G. Proverbs; Patricia Cooper
Civil Engineering Dimension Vol. 2 No. 2 (2000): SEPTEMBER 2000
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (147.051 KB) | DOI: 10.9744/ced.2.2.pp. 104-110

Abstract

The UK construction industry has long been criticised for engendering adversarial relationships among project participants. The nature of interrelationships ultimately determines overall project performance%2C in terms of finished product%2C and levels of performance and satisfaction for the participants. To investigate these interrelationships%2C the performance and satisfaction of each individual participant must be considered. Better understanding of the interrelationships should help reduce adversarialsm and improve the performance and satisfaction of each participant. The possible interrelationships that may exist are discussed based on %91soft knowledge%92 approaches%2C i.e. psychology%2C organisational behaviour and sociology. It is concluded that the performance of each participant is interdependent and essential towards project performance. Two levels of satisfaction%2C which determine the quality of working relationships between participants%2C are postulated. The first level of satisfaction %28i.e. satisfaction on achieving organisational objectives%29 is%2C to some extent%2C dependent on the second level of satisfaction %28i.e. satisfaction on the performance of the other participants%29. Therefore%2C within the construction project coalition%2C each participant has to be satisfied with the performance of the other participants if harmonious working relationships are to be sustained. Based on these%2C a conceptual model for optimising the relationships between main participants of the project coalition is presented. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Coalition+participants%2C+Interrelationships%2C+Performance%2C+Satisfaction+

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