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The Doctrine of Product Liability and Negligence Cannot Be Applied to Malware-Embedded Software Suran Ningsih, Ayup
JILS (Journal of Indonesian Legal Studies) Vol 4 No 1 (2019): Penal Policy and The Development of Criminal Law Enforcement
Publisher : Faculty of Law, Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (576.92 KB) | DOI: 10.15294/jils.v4i01.29157

Abstract

Today, the development of technology is remarkable; the world has faced the industrial era 4.0 where people are now more popular to carry out various financial transactions, both the process of buying and selling and other financial transactions through digital transactions. This digital transaction is run by an information system and is provided with special software that runs it. Damage to computer devices and software can cause all kinds of damage. This damage can cause someone to experience damage or loss due to damaged hardware or software, one or more of the following legal areas can provide recovery; such as contract law; technology law; consumer protection; and product liability. This article is to examine the doctrine of product liability and negligence cannot be applied to malware-embedded software. The approach of the research method used in this article is normative juridical. The normative juridical approach is an approach carried out based on the main legal material by examining theories, concepts, legal principles and laws and regulations related to this research.
REGULATION ON SOCIAL SECURITY SYSTEM FOR WORKERS TO ACHIEVE SAFETY AND HEALTH AT WORK; COMPARISON BETWEEN INDONESIA AND MALAYSIA LABOUR LAW Ningsih, Ayup Suran
Tadulako Law Review Vol 4, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Tadulako University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Occupational safety and health (OSH) is a human right and an integral part of people-centered agenda for development. Safe work also underpins sustainable enterprises which benefit from improved productivity, quality, and workforce motivation. A healthy workforce and safe and productive enterprises are part of successful and sustainable development strategies. The government is obliged to protect workers through the making of public policy. The Implementation of public policy in order to protect workers is the public enactment of the rules in the field of occupational safety and health. Laws and regulations that are public are made to reduce the freedom of the individual worker and workers, so worker "forced" to meet the health and safety rights of the workers responsibly. Indonesia and Malaysia have relations with foreign workers, so many Indonesian works in Malaysia until today. It is important to know and analyze the labor law within the two countries. The aim of this paper is to examine the comparison of labor law between Indonesia and Malaysia in supervision safety and health at work.
Penegakan Hukum Hak Cipta Terhadap Pembajakan Film Secara Daring Ningsih, Ayup Suran; Hediyati Maharani, Balqis
Jurnal Meta-Yuridis Vol 2, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : fakultas hukum universitas PGRI Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26877/m-y.v2i1.3440

Abstract

Hak cipta merupakan hak eksklusif pencipta yang timbul secara otomatis berdasarkan prinsip deklaratif setelah suatu ciptaan diwujudkan dalam bentuk nyata tanpa mengurangi pembatasan sesuai dengan peraturan perundang-undangan. Pelanggaran hak cipta bisa memberi dampak buruk bagi penciptanya, sering kali pelanggaran hak cipta membuat pemilik dari hak cipta mengalami kerugian ekonomi. Dalam hal ini, tentunya perlindungan hukum hak cipta harus ditegakkan. Karya sinematografi yaitu film yang seharusnya dilindungi hak penciptanya oleh Undang-Undang Hak Cipta, tetapi dalam kenyataannya banyak yang melakukan pembajakan digital dan illegal downloading dari film aslinya. Kemajuan teknologi sekarang ini membawa dampak yang baik sekaligus dampak yang buruk. Pembajakan digital di era sekarang yang semakin marak. Kurangnya kesadaran masyarakat mengenai penegakan hukum hak cipta merupakan salah satu faktor terjadinya pelanggaran hak cipta seperti download film online. Artikel ini membahas tentang bagaimana dampak buruk download film melalui cara yang tidak legal atau pembajakan digital serta penegakan hak cipta dalam menghadapi masalah illegal downloading. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode hukum normatif dengan Statute Approach.
Humanis And Responsible Childer Caring Model For Community in Ngijo Vilage, Gunungpati, Sub-District Fidiyani, Rini; Ningsih, Ayup Suran
Journal of Private and Commercial Law Vol 4, No 2 (2020): November
Publisher : Faculty of Law, Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/jpcl.v4i2.26977

Abstract

According to the report "Global Report 2017: Ending Violence in Childhood", 73.7 percent of Indonesian children aged 1 - 14 years experience physical violence and psychological aggression at home as an effort to discipline (violent discipline). Adhered to and used by parents is a contributor to psychological aggression at home and the ease of becoming victims of violence. The aim of this research is first; explore and map childcare models found in the lives of the residents of Ngijo Village, Gunungpati District; Second; evaluating and presenting a humane and responsible childcare model for the community members of the Ngijo Village, Gunungpati District. The research method used is a qualitative approach and doctrinal legal research to evaluate statutory regulations and non-doctrinal legal research. The results of the study are expected to find childcare models found at the site, in the form of authoritarian, authoritative, permissive and uninvolded models. Next, analyze from the findings of childcare models and offer childcare models according to the needs of the locations.
The Urgency of Revising the Finance Services Authority Regulation Number 77/POJK.01/2016 As an Umbrella Law in Practicing Peer to Peer Lending Based on Financial Technology in Indonesia Kamal, Ubaidillah; Ningsih, Ayup Suran
Pandecta Research Law Journal Vol 16, No 1 (2021): June
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/pandecta.v16i1.30397

Abstract

ABSTRACTThe presence of Peer to Peer Lending Based on Financial Technology (Fintech) in Indonesia is a real manifestation of a technological advancement. The advantage of technology is its simplicity, but like two sides of a coin, technological advances in financial services also cause polemics and problems. Based on complaints received by the Financial Services Authority, there are 2 things that are often complained about by borrower, it is regarding the unwise use of private data that is used as a way of collecting debt by peer to peer providers and the way they contact borrower for collecting debt. Even though it is considered controversial, the growth of fintech service providers has accelerated to 200%. These are show the urgency that the Financial Services Authority Regulation No.77/POJK.01/2016 requires revision because it is not in suitable with the current development of Fintech. The Financial Services Authority Regulation No.77/ POJK.01/2016 requires revisions regarding the restrictions on access on borrower’s device, it must be only camera, microphone, and location only, no access to contact or gallery, then related to more detailed in regulating the operations of the fintech provider company, and related regulation for the minimum capital for the fintech provider company.Keywords: Peer to Peer; Lending; Fintech; Borrower ABSTRAKHadirnya Peer to Peer Lending Berbasis Financial Technology (Fintech) di Indonesia adalah manifestasi nyata dari sebuah kemajuan teknologi. Keunggulan dari suatu teknologi adalah kemudahannya, namun ibarat 2 sisi mata uang, kemajuan teknologi dibidang jasa keuangan ini juga menimbulkan polemik serta permasalahannya. Berdasarkan pengaduan yang diterima Otoritas Jasa Keuangan terdapat 2 hal yang sering diadukan oleh peminjam, yaitu perihal penggunaan data pribadi peminjam secara tidak bijak dan cara penagihan hutang oleh perusahaan penyedia layanan yang dinilai tidak sesuai ketentuan yang berlaku. Walaupun dinilai kontroversial, namun pertumbuhan perusahaan penyedia layanan fintek melaju sangat pesat sampai 200%. Beberapa hal ini menunjukan urgensi bahwa peraturan otoritas jasa keuangan No.77/POJK.01/2016 memerlukan revisi karena sudah tidak sesuai dengan perkembangan Fintek sekarang ini. Peraturan Otoritas Jasa Keuangan No.77/POJK.01/2016 memerlukan revisi terkait pembatasan akses perusahaan penyedia layanan terhadap gawai dari peminjam, yaitu hanya kamera, mikrofon, dan lokasi saja, tidak ada akses ke kontak maupun galeri, selanjutnya terkait pengaturan yang lebih detail terhadap operasional perusahaan penyedia layanan, dan pengaturan terkait minimum modal bagi perusahaan penyedia layanan.Kata Kunci: peer to peer; lending; fintek; pinjaman
THE LEGAL PROTECTION FOR DEBTORS IN THE EXECUTION OF MORTGAGE AT THE SEMARANG STATE ASSETS AND AUCTION SERVICE OFFICE Ningsih, Ayup Suran
Jurisdictie: Jurnal Hukum dan Syariah Vol 12, No 1 (2021): Jurisdictie
Publisher : Fakultas Syariah

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18860/j.v12i1.12112

Abstract

One of the goals of national development in the field of economics and law is to create a just and prosperous society in accordance with Pancasila and the 1945 Constitution. One of the legal actions taken by the community for the smooth running of its business activities is to make loans or credit to financial institutions. The loan is accompanied by the provision of Mortgage on the collateral object. In the process of lending and borrowing activities from creditors to debtors, problems or defaults can occur in the future, making it possible for an auction process to be carried out. The purpose of this article is to find out and analyze the auction process by State Assets And Auction Service Office (KPKNL) in Semarang City based on Regulation of The Minister of Finance of The Republic of Indonesia (PMK) No. 213/PMK.06/2020 and to see whether the process is in line with the Indonesia Mortgage Rights Law and how the protection provided for the default debtor is. The writing method used by the author is an empirical juridical approach. The empirical juridical approach is to identify and conceptualize law as a real and functional social institution in a real-life system. The mortgage auction process done by the KPKNL Semarang based on the above regulations is appropriate and protects the debtor’s rights properly.Salah satu tujuan pembangunan nasional dibidang ekonomi dan hukum adalah untuk mewujudkan masyarakat yang adil dan sejahtera sesuai dengan Pancasila dan Undang-Undang Dasar 1945. Salah satu perbuatan hukum yang dilakukan oleh masyarakat demi kelancaran kegiatan usahanya adalah dengan melakukan pinjaman atau kredit ke lembaga keuangan. Pinjaman tersebut disertai dengan pemberian Hak Tanggungan atas benda jaminannya. Dalam prosesnya kegiatan pinjam meminjam dari kreditur kepada debitur ini dapat terjadi masalah atau cidera janji kedepannya, sehingga memungkinkan untuk dilakukannya proses lelang. Penulisan artikel ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui dan menganalisis proses lelang oleh Kantor Pelayanan Kekayaan Negara dan Lelang (KPKNL) di Kota Semarang berdasarkan PMK No. 213/PMK.06/2020 dan untuk melihat apakah proses tersebut sudah sejalan dengan Undang-Undang Hak Tanggungan serta bagaimana perlindungan yang diberikan bagi debitur wanprestasi tersebut. Metode penulisan yang digunakan penulis ialah pendekatan yuridis empiris. Pendekatan yuridis empiris ialah mengidentifikasi dan mengkonsepsi hukum sebagai institusi sosial yan riil dan fungsional dalam sistem kehidupan yang nyata. Proses lelang hak tanggungan yang dilakukan oleh KPKNL Semarang berdasarkan peraturan tersebut diatas sudah sesuai dan melindungi hak debitur dengan baik.
Indikasi Geografis atas Carica Dieng sebagai Strategi Penguatan Ekonomi Daerah Ningsih, Ayup Suran; Waspiah, Waspiah; Salsabilla, Selfira
Jurnal Suara Hukum Vol 1, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26740/jsh.v1n1.p105-120

Abstract

Protection of the potential of regional products is a necessity for the region. An understanding of the importance of protecting Geographical Indications for policy makers in the regions is one of the efforts to protect the peculiarities of regional products. The specificity of the product of a region can be a regional economic strength when there is protection for Geographical Indications, because the product will increase its selling value. Regional economy is a series of economic activities carried out by local communities together in accordance with the potential of existing regions to fulfill their daily needs. Geographical indications are part of Intellectual Property which is currently a concern that was initiated by the Government to each region to map as well as to provide protection for regional products that have the potential to have geographical indications. Carica Dieng is a typical product that meets the requirements for geographical indications in accordance with Law Number 20 of 2016 concerning Trademarks and Geographical Indications and Government Regulation Number 51 of 2007 concerning Geographical Indications
The Doctrine of Product Liability and Negligence Cannot Be Applied to Malware-Embedded Software Suran Ningsih, Ayup
JILS (Journal of Indonesian Legal Studies) Vol 4 No 1 (2019): Penal Policy and The Development of Criminal Law Enforcement
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/jils.v4i01.29157

Abstract

Today, the development of technology is remarkable; the world has faced the industrial era 4.0 where people are now more popular to carry out various financial transactions, both the process of buying and selling and other financial transactions through digital transactions. This digital transaction is run by an information system and is provided with special software that runs it. Damage to computer devices and software can cause all kinds of damage. This damage can cause someone to experience damage or loss due to damaged hardware or software, one or more of the following legal areas can provide recovery; such as contract law; technology law; consumer protection; and product liability. This article is to examine the doctrine of product liability and negligence cannot be applied to malware-embedded software. The approach of the research method used in this article is normative juridical. The normative juridical approach is an approach carried out based on the main legal material by examining theories, concepts, legal principles and laws and regulations related to this research.
Implikasi Undang-Undang Nomor 5 Tahun 1999 tentang Larangan Praktek Monopoli dan Persaingan Usaha Tidak Sehat pada Pelaku Usaha Mikro Kecil dan Menengah (UMKM) Ayup Suran Ningsih
Jurnal Penelitian Hukum De Jure Vol 19, No 2 (2019): Edisi Juni
Publisher : Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Hukum dan Hak Asasi Manusia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (113.058 KB) | DOI: 10.30641/dejure.2019.V19.207-215

Abstract

Undang-Undang Nomor 5 Tahun 1999 tentang Larangan Praktek Monopoli dan Persaingan Usaha Tidak Sehat (Undang-Undang Anti Monopoli) merupakan dasar kebijakan persaingan usaha di Indonesia. Undang-Undang Anti Monopoli memiliki sistem pengaturan yang khas dalam menyikapi hubungan persaingan usaha dan usaha kecil. Kebijakan dan hukum persaingan usaha di Indonesia berpihak kepada UMKM. Semua tindakan pelaku UMKM dikecualikan oleh Pasal 50 huruf h Undang-Undang Nomor 5 Tahun 1999. Undang-Undang tersebut juga melarang pelaku usaha besar untuk menggunakan kekuatan pasarnya untuk menghambat pelaku usaha lain (termasuk UMKM) ataupun melakukan praktek lain yang merugikan. Salah satu tujuan Undang-Undang ini yaitu menjamin kesempatan berusaha yang sama bagi setiap pelaku usaha. Permasalahan dalam penelitian ini yaitu bagaimana implikasi atas pengecualian tersebut terhadap pelaku usaha kecil, pelanggaran-pelanggaran apasaja yang potensial dilakukan oleh pelaku UMKM dalam hal persaingan usaha, serta bagaimana pengawasan terhadap pelaku UMKM di negara lain. Metode pendekatan yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah pendekatan sociolegal. Metode ini merupakan penelitian empiris dan pendekatan masalah melalui peraturan dan teori yang ada kemudian menghubungkannya dengan kenyataan atau fakta yang ada di lapangan (masyarakat). Hasil penelitian ini menunjukan bahwa pengecualian kepada pelaku usaha kecil tidak boleh bersifat mutlak atau absolut (absolute), harus tetap dilakukan pengawasan oleh lembaga-lembaga terkait. Pengecualian tidak menjamin pelaku usaha kecil tidak berbuat curang atau nakal dalam bersaing. Pengecualian tersebut memiliki implikasi positif yaitu bertambahnya jumlah pelaku UMKM dan implikasi negatif yaitu pelaku UMKM tidak ingin menjadi pelaku usaha besar. Pelaku UMKM berpotensi untuk melakukan pelanggaran dalam hal persaingan usaha seperti penetapan harga, boikot, pembagian wilayah, perjanjian dengan pihak luar negeri, dan perjanjian tertutup. Thailand menjadi negara yang bisa dijadikan contoh dalam pengembangan dan pengawasan UMKM. Thailand memiliki sistem pengembangan UMKM yaitu one tamboon one product. Thailand memiliki beberapa lembaga untuk UMKM seperti Office of Small and Medium Enterprises Promotion (OSMEP), Institute for Small and Medium Enterprises Development (ISMED), Competition Commission, dan Bank khusus untuk UMKM, serta pemerintah pusat dan daerah.
Breach of contract: an Indonesian experience in akad credit of sharia banking Ayup Suran Ningsih; Hari Sutra Disemadi
Ijtihad : Jurnal Wacana Hukum Islam dan Kemanusiaan Vol 19, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : State Institute of Islamic Studies (IAIN) Salatiga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18326/ijtihad.v19i1.89-102

Abstract

This research aims to determine and analyze the implementation of the concept of profit-sharing in Islamic banking credit agreements based on regulations in force in Indonesia and also to find out and analyze defaults undertaken by customers in Islamic banking credit agreements. The method used in this research is normative juridical, which is a method that puts forward secondary data in the form of primary, secondary and tertiary legal materials. The secondary data in question such as Law Number 21 of 2008 concerning Sharia Banking, related books, and legal research journals. This research is based on the high community needs for capital to achieve the objectives of a business into a separate phenomenon. The concept of muamalah on the teachings of Islam that Muslims want to adhere to is one of the reasons for the birth of the concept of Islamic banking in Indonesia. The concept of profit sharing is one of the concepts known in Islamic banking. The risk of breach of contract by the customer is a necessity.