Dian Verawati Panjaitan
Departemen Ilmu Ekonomi, Fakultas Ekonomi Dan Manajemen, Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Analisis Disparitas Harga dan Korelasi terhadap Dana Desa: Studi Kasus Bawang Merah dan Cabai Merah: Institut Pertanian Bogor Dian Verawati Panjaitan; Tanti Novianti; Muhammad Fazri; Sri Retno Wahyu Nugraheni
JURNAL EKONOMI DAN KEBIJAKAN PEMBANGUNAN Vol 8 No 1 (2019): Jurnal Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Pembangunan
Publisher : IPB University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29244/jekp.8.1.2019.1-19


Price disparity is a crucial issue for Indonesia due to transportation cost and production cost. The prices of chili and shallot are rellatively fluctuating between times and between regions. Both of them have an important role to consume and use in both food and non-food industries. The government has implemented several policies to reduce price disparity between regions such as sea toll and infrastructure: rood, bridge, and irrigation systems which used village funds. This study examines the impact of village funds to the price disparity in chili and shallot market at provincial lavel. The findings show that price disparities between provinces still occur, especially in the eastern and western regions. Papua is a province with the highest prices in both commodities. The study also found no correlation between the village funds and the price of chili and shallot.
Faktor-Faktor yang Memengaruhi Partisipasi Tenaga Kerja dalam Program Kartu Prakerja : Institut Pertanian Bogor Dian Verawati Panjaitan; Nunung Nuryartono; Lukytawati Anggraeni
JURNAL EKONOMI DAN KEBIJAKAN PEMBANGUNAN Vol 10 No 1 (2021): Jurnal Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Pembangunan
Publisher : IPB University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29244/jekp.10.1.2021.20-43


The initial objective of the Pre-Employment Card (Program KP) is to improve skills and prepare the workforce to be able to compete in the world of work. With the Covid-19 pandemic, the goal is to help people affected by the pandemic and reduce unemployment. After a year of implementing this program, it is necessary to conduct an analysis that aims to determine public sentiment towards the program and analyze the factors that influence a person's decision to register. Data from Drone Emprit Academic Open, Sakernas and the logit method were used to answer the objectives. The results show that the community gives negative sentiments related to the type of training and requirements. The factors that influence a person's decision to apply are the number of hours worked, income, age, training, job status, using the internet. Other factors are preparing for a new business, changes in income and working hours, and education level. The negative sentiment still arises in several issues related to the type of training and enrollment. PMO needs to improve how information is disseminated on requirements and registration. The training can be cheaper to allow more training attended and reach more recipients within the available budget.
Analisis Dampak Export Restriction Komoditi Pertanian Terhadap Indonesia Dian Verawati Panjaitan; Steven Raja Ingot; Arie Mardiansyah; Leo M. Christoffel
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia (Journal of Indonesian Agribusiness) Vol. 8 No. 1 (2020): Juni 2020 (Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia)
Publisher : Departmen of Agribusiness, Economics and Management Faculty, Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29244/jai.2020.8.1.1-16


The discussion on Restrictions on Agricultural Exports (ER) in the World Trade Organization (WTO), which is a mechanism to temporarily stop the export of agricultural products aimed at preventing food shortages in exporting countries has been intensively negotiated. However, as a net importer of agricultural products and a member of the G33 countries, Indonesia must overcome the ER policy because it might have the potential to increase prices and threaten food security in the Indonesian domestic market. This study uses descriptive qualitative statistical analysis to determine the Import Dependency Ratio (IDR) and Independence Ratio (SSR) for five of Indonesia's main import agricultural products such as rice, corn, soybeans, wheat, and horticulture. Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) analysis using GTAP ver.9 is also used to analyze the impact of restrictions on exports of agricultural products for the five products analyzed on macroeconomic and sectoral indicators. Based on IDR and SSR it can be concluded that almost all G33 countries are highly dependent on wheat imports, as many as 36 countries are dependent on imported wheat with IDR values ​​varying between 70% - 215%. The analysis shows that export restrictions will harm Indonesia's macroeconomic. However, by sector, Indonesian farmers and producers can take advantage of the impact of the export restriction policy as an opportunity to increase their production in the context of meeting domestic demand as a result of declining demand for imported food products in the country.
Analisis Cost Benefit Pemupukan Berimbang Dalam Rangka Pemenuhan Unsur Hara Optimal: Pendekatan RIA: Institut Pertanian Bogor Widyastutik; Muhammad Firdaus; Mimin Aminah; Dian Verawati Panjaitan
JURNAL EKONOMI DAN KEBIJAKAN PEMBANGUNAN Vol 11 No 1 (2022): Jurnal Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Pembangunan
Publisher : IPB University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29244/jekp.11.1.2022.35-55


The government prepares recommendations for optimal fertilization according to plant needs, optimum for increasing production, increasing fertilization efficiency, soil fertility, and avoiding environmental pollution. However, the condition of agricultural land in Indonesia shows an excess of P and K nutrients from NPK 15-15-15. As a result, the soil becomes saturated, wasteful, and import costs are high in the long term. For this reason, the government reformulated from NPK 15-15-15 to 15 10 12. So the purpose of this research is to find out the benefits and costs of changing this formulation using the RIA (Regulatory Impact Assessment) method with three scenarios. Based on calculating the benefits and costs of the NPK fertilizer formulation that provides the most benefits, scenario 3 uses the NPK 15 10 12 formula with straw immersion innovation and soil and plant test equipment. The total benefit obtained is Rp. 323,988,364.65. Straw as a source of Potassium (K), Silica (Si), and microelements and a source of energy for soil microorganisms are recommended to be returned to paddy fields to increase fertilization efficiency soil fertility, improve, and maintain soil health and environmental quality. The effectiveness of the reformulation policy of NPK 15 15 15 to NPK 15 10 12 needs to be supported by advocacy to farmers regarding the benefits that will be obtained when implementing balanced fertilizers to get optimal crop yields. Lessons from farmers who successfully buried straw that impact rice production and productivity must be disseminated to other farmers.
Diversifikasi Pasar Ekspor CPO: Antisipasi Black Campaign Sri Mulatsih; Nilam Cahyani Br. Laoli; Dian Verawati Panjaitan
Policy Brief Pertanian, Kelautan, dan Biosains Tropika Vol 5 No 3 (2023): Policy Brief Pertanian, Kelautan dan Biosains Tropika
Publisher : Direktorat Kajian Strategis dan Reputasi Akademik IPB University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29244/agro-maritim.5.3.701-704


Berdasarkan hasil kajian direkomendasikan hak-hak berikut. 1) Ekspor CPO ke India dan China sebagai pasar optimis, perlu dipertahankan, sementara di pasar malaysia dan Singapura yang berstatus pasar potensial perlu ditingkatkan daya saingnya. 2) Ekspor RPO perlu dipertahankan dan ditingkatkan di pasar China, India, Pakistan, Mesir, Amerika Serikat, Rusia, Afrika Selatan, dan Turki yang memiliki pengembangan pasar optimis. 3) Daya saing CPO yang cenderung menurun dan RPO yang meningkat, maka perlu meningkatkan hilirisasi CPO dengan memberikan insentif bagi investor pada industri pengolahan CPO menjadi RPO.