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ANALISIS STRATEGI KEBIJAKAN MUTU DAN STANDAR PRODUK KAYU LAPIS DALAM RANGKA MENINGKATKAN DAYA SAING EKSPOR Widyastutik, Widyastutik; Arianti, Reni Kristina
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia Vol 2, No 1 (2014): JAI Vol 2 No 1 Juni 2014
Publisher : Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia

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Abstract

Developed countries use a standard as instrument to conduct trade barriers. The issues about quality and standard are also applicated to Indonesian plywood exports. Consumer countries led to the requirements of the international timber legality, for example USA with Amandemen Lacey Act, Uni Eropa with EU Timber Regulation, Australia with Prohibition Bill, and Japan with Green Konyuho. Standard is a main instrument to increase of competitiveness. The aims of this study are: (1) to analyze the competitiveness of Indonesia plywood in the major export destinations, (2) to analyze strategy of policies to improve the quality and standard of plywood in order to increase competitiveness. The analytical methods used in this study are Revealed Comparative Advantage and Analytical Hierarchy Process. The result of study shows that an average value RCA between Indonesia and UK is high. According to AHP, government should facilitate exporter to solve the problem in the cost of certificate of plywood legalcy (SVLK).
Analisis Dampak Implementasi Komitmen Indonesia di Sektor Jasa Konstruksi dalam Kerangka AFAS Widyastutik, Widyastutik; Puspitawati, Eka; Fawaiq, Muhammad
Jurnal Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Indonesia Vol 15 No 1 (2014): Juli
Publisher : Department of Economics-FEB UI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21002/jepi.v15i1.446

Abstract

The implication of ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) in 2015 is free mobilization of goods, services, labours, and capital among the member countries. This encourages Indonesia to strengthen its commitments on the construction service sector. This study aims to map Indonesia's commitments in the construction service sector under the ASEAN Framework Agreement on Services (AFAS) with Hoekman Index and investigates the impacts on the macroeconomic and sector performances. The GTAP model analysis shows that Indonesia does not gain from the service liberalization, there is only slight increase of macroeconomic and sector performance. A 50% or full liberalization cause few increase on the real GDP. Positive impact of liberalization is only seen in the construction sector itself.AbstrakImplikasi terbentuknya Masyarakat Ekonomi ASEAN tahun 2015 adalah kawasan ASEAN akan menjadi suatu kawasan bebas mobilisasi barang, jasa, investasi, tenaga kerja, dan arus modal. Kondisi ini mendorong peningkatan komitmen Indonesia, salah satunya di sektor jasa konstruksi. Studi ini bertujuan memetakan posisi komitmen sektor jasa konstruksi Indonesia di AFAS berdasarkan indeks Hoekman dan menganalisis dampak peningkatan komitmen tersebut. Hasil analisis GTAP menunjukkan bahwa Indonesia belum memperoleh manfaat dari adanya implementasi komitmen tersebut. Hal ini ditunjukkan dengan peningkatan yang relatif kecil terhadap indikator ekonomi makro dan sektoral Indonesia. Liberalisasi 50% maupun penuh hanya menyebabkan peningkatan PDB riil yang kecil. Dampak sektoral hanya tampak pada peningkatan di sektor konstruksi sendiri.
PENGARUH KETERBUKAAN EKONOMI DAN TRANSFORMASI STRUKTURAL TERHADAP KETIMPANGAN PENDAPATAN DI INDONESIA Kuntoro, Eri; Anggraeni, Lukytawati; Widyastutik, Widyastutik
Proceeding SENDI_U 2020: SEMINAR NASIONAL MULTI DISIPLIN ILMU DAN CALL FOR PAPERS
Publisher : Proceeding SENDI_U

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Abstract

Ketimpangan pendapatan di Indonesia mengalami peningkatan sejak tahun 2000. Hal ini terjadi karenakelompok 20% penduduk terkaya lebih menikmati pertumbuhan ekonomi dibandingkan kelompok yang lain.Beberapa studi menghubungkan fenomena ini dengan booming komoditas yang terjadi pada tahun 2000-an. Padaperiode yang bersamaan juga terjadi lompatan transformasi struktural dari sektor pertanian menuju sektor jasapada saat sektor industri belum matang. Penelitian ini berusaha untuk menganalisis pengaruh transformasistruktural dan keterbukaan ekonomi dalam bentuk keterbukaan perdagangan dan investasi terhadap ketimpanganpendapatan. Dengan menggunakan model panel dinamis yang melibatkan data 33 provinsi selama periode 2007-2016, dapat identifikasi bahwa keterbukaan perdagangan mempunyai pengaruh signifikan terhadap penguranganketimpangan tetapi pengaruhnya cenderung mengecil pada masa booming komoditas di provinsi-provinsipengekspor bahan mentah. Pengaruh yang sama juga terjadi pada transformasi pertanian-jasa yang signifikanmengurangi ketimpangan. Pengaruh transformasi pertanian-jasa cenderung mengecil pada daerah perkotaan.
Dampak free trade arrangements (FTA) terhadap ekonomi makro, sektoral, regional, dan distribusi pendapatan di Indonesia Rina Oktaviani; . Widyastutik; Syarifah Amaliah
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol. 15 No. 3 (2010): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

Indonesia's commitment to be involved in the scheme of Free Trade Agreement (FTA) is expected to bring a multiplier effect for the Indonesian economy, including sectoral, regional, and household distributional impact. The study was conducted using recursive dynamic Computable General Equilibrium Model (CGE) with further extension on top-down regional features. In the short term, the impact of the FTA has not seemed to significantly increase the national and regional GOP of each province. Trade liberalization scheme could potentially reduce the real income of households, the largest decline in low-income households in rural areas. Increased household income disparities need to be accounted with a serious community empowerment program to avoid social and economic conflicts. Increased competitiveness on regional and sectoral level is necessary. Improvement on market access is mandatory for several advantageous commodities. By increasing competitiveness, quality of infrastructures, and access to export markets, the export performance can beimproved. From the internal side, an efficient supply chain management is also crucial to meet the desires of consumers with quality, time, price and the right amount.
FASILITASI PERDAGANGAN, KINERJA EKSPOR, DAN KETIMPANGAN PENDAPATAN DI NEGARA-NEGARA RCEP Raiyatu Imadidin; Dominicus Savio Priyarsono; Widyastutik Widyastutik
JURNAL EKONOMI DAN KEBIJAKAN PEMBANGUNAN Vol 6 No 2 (2017): Jurnal Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Pembangunan
Publisher : IPB University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (972.088 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/jekp.6.2.2017.32-46

Abstract

The growth of global economic integration has added pressure for countries to reduce trade cost to make trades more profitable and to encourage their further development. As tariffs have progressively fallen, efforts in trimming trade costs have focused increasingly on non tariff measures, which have a detrimental impact on the free flow of international trade, as such trade facilitation is considered an important complement to trade liberalization efforts aimed at fostering economic integration. Trade is expected to increase overall national income. The increase in national income can be used to improve welfare by increasing household income which translates into inequality alleviation. Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) is a form of cooperation between 16 countries in the Association of Southeast Asian Nation and other major trading partner countries. This study uses a simultaneous panel method to identify the trade facilitation, export performance, and income inequality by using 12 countries in the RCEP region during 2011-2015 period. The results show that the advantages of trade facilitation in RCEP associated with export performance to decrease inequality in RCEP region and RCEP developing countries, but increase increase in RCEP developed countries. Keywords: Export performance, Inequality, RCEP, Trade facilitation
Ekuivalen Tarif dan Determinan Impor Jasa Telekomunikasi di Negara APEC: Institut Pertanian Bogor Nisrina Rofifah; Widyastutik
JURNAL EKONOMI DAN KEBIJAKAN PEMBANGUNAN Vol 8 No 1 (2019): Jurnal Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Pembangunan
Publisher : IPB University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29244/jekp.8.1.2019.75-83

Abstract

APEC (Asia-Pacific Economic Co-operation) is an economic cooperation among 21 member countries that was formed in 1989 with the aim of strengthening the economic growth in the region. Trade in services is one of the focuses in the APEC cooperation. One of the service sectors that has an important role as a set backbone in the economy is the telecommunication sector. This study aims to analyze the determinants of the import in the telecommunications services sector and estimate the tariff equivalent in each APEC country by using panel data model. The results show that the factors that significantly influenced the import value of telecommunications services in APEC countries are real GDP, distance, common language, and similarity in colonial history. The real GDP of importing and exporting countries has a positive impact on import, as well as the language and colonial history. Meanwhile, distance has a negative effect on the value of imports of telecommunications services in APEC countries. Estimated tariff equivalents suggest that Mexico, the Philippines, Peru and New Zealand are the countries with the highest trade barriers, while Singapore has the lowest average equivalent value among APEC countries.
Strategi Peningkatan Daya Saing Sektor Jasa Konstruksi Di Indonesia: Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kementrian Perdagangan Sri Retno Wahyu Nugraheni; Widyastutik; Syarifah Amaliah; Iskandar Panjaitan; Ika Yulisyawati; Florika Malau
JURNAL EKONOMI DAN KEBIJAKAN PEMBANGUNAN Vol 10 No 2 (2021): Jurnal Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Pembangunan
Publisher : IPB University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29244/jekp.10.2.2021.176-200

Abstract

The service sector is often associated with a countries economic's progress, where the more advanced a country, the greater its role in the service sector. Construction service is one of Indonesia's service sectors which has more than one forward and backward linkage value and shows that construction services are a key sector. However, the average growth of Indonesia's construction services exports during 2015-2020 was only 5.47 percent and still has the potential to be increased. Therefore, it is necessary to know the performance, comparative advantage, and competitive advantage of the construction services sector, which in turn needs to be formulated to increase the competitiveness of the sector. By using primary and secondary data, this study was analyzed using descriptive analysis, Export Product Dynamic (EPD), and Structural Equation Model (SEM). The results of the analysis show that the Indonesian construction services sector still has the opportunity to be developed as seen from the occurrence of excess demand, which indicates that the Indonesian construction market has not been fully exploited. The potential for developing exports of construction services with partner countries can be carried out by Indonesia with Australia, New Zealand, Japan, China, Korea, and several countries in Southeast Asia. The competitiveness of Indonesia's construction services sector is strongly affected by aspects of opportunity, regulation, and demand from partner countries. Therefore, several strategies that need to be carried out by Indonesia to increase the competitiveness of the construction services sector are determining priority partner countries, creating conducive conditions for political, security, economic, and business climate, strengthening and collaboration with Indonesian certification agency with the world of education, as well as strengthening business actors engaged in the service sector to be able to compete with competitors.
KEBIJAKAN PUNGUTAN EKSPOR CRUDE PALM OIL KELAPA SAWIT: PERKEMBANGAN DAN MEKANISME PEMUNGUTANNYA Eka Intan Kumala Putri; Widyastutik Widyastutik; Amzul Rifin; Sri Hartoyo; Heny Daryanto
Jurnal Agribisnis dan Ekonomi Pertanian Vol. 2 No. 1 (2008): Agribusiness and Agricultural Economics Journal
Publisher : Departemen Agribisnis, FEM-IPB

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The rise of export tax of oil palm from 1.5% to 5.5% in the period of 2004-2006 was due to (a) the scarcity of cooking oil in the market; (b) the rise of cooking oil price in the domestic market; and (c) the scarcity of availability of domestic crude palm oil. The export tax of crude palm oil policy has long been a fiscal policy issued by the government of Indonesia since 1994. The export tax of crude palm oil has fluctuated, following the demand of crude palm oil in the international market. There is a pro and contra between farmers and the government in determining export tax of crude palm oil. In one hand, the farmers wish to have a very low level of export tax, while in the other hand the government wants to push the export tax at the highest level. This conflict of interest can no longer be solved so far by the crude palm oil stakeholders.
ANALISIS FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMENGARUHI PENGEMBANGAN KLASTER UMKM ALAS KAKI DI KOTA BOGOR YANG BERDAYA SAING Widyastutik Widyastutik; Heti Mulyati; Eka I. K. Putri
Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis Vol. 7 No. 1 (2010): Vol. 7 No. 1 Maret 2010
Publisher : School of Business, Bogor Agricultural University (SB-IPB)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (646.117 KB) | DOI: 10.17358/jma.7.1.16-26

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Klaster UMKM alas kaki merupakan klaster yang potensial dikembangkan di Kota Bogor. Pendekatan klaster dianggap strategis untuk proses penumbuhan kembali modal sosial, peningkatan kapasitas internal UMKM, serta menghadapi tantangan eksternal secara bersama-sama. Tujuan penelitian adalah menganalisis karakteristik Klaster UMKM alas kaki  dan menganalisis faktor-faktor yang memengaruhi pengembangan Klaster UMKM alas kaki di Kota Bogor.   Jenis data yang digunakan adalah data primer dan data sekunder. Data diolah dan dianalisis dengan analisis deskriptif  dan analisis multivariat yaitu analisis komponen utama. Klaster yang berada di Kota Bogor termasuk ke dalam klaster tidak aktif. Hal ini dicirikan dengan kurangnya interaksi antar anggota yang intensif dan  keterkaitan antara industri terkait maupun industri pendukung masih rendah. Responden sekitar 85% menginginkan  proses pembentukan klaster industri sebaiknya terbentuk dengan sendirinya, misalnya karena kesamaan jenis usaha, atau kesamaan bahan baku yang dibutuhkan.  Jenis kemitraan yang dilakukan hanyalah sebatas kerjasama perdagangan umum. Faktor-faktor yang berpengaruh signifikan terhadap pengembangan klaster UMKM adalah modal sosial (X5) dan kondisi permintaan (X2).
USAHA KECIL LIDAH BUAYA DI KABUPATEN BOGOR: SEBUAH ANALISIS SOSIAL, EKONOMI DAN LINGKUNGAN Hermanto Siregar; Widyastutik Widyastutik; Heti Mulyati
Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis Vol. 5 No. 1 (2008): Vol. 5 No. 1 Maret 2008
Publisher : School of Business, Bogor Agricultural University (SB-IPB)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (372.268 KB) | DOI: 10.17358/jma.5.1.33-39

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Aloe vera’s industry is an important plant for the development of social, economy and environment. Bogor sub province is one of the area target for improving aloe vera small enterprise in Indonesia. The objective of his study is to analyze the impact of aloe vera enterprises on the social, economy and environment. The results showed that 14 desa in 9 kecamatan has potency to development of aloe vera’s enterprises. There are Kecamatan Kemang, Rancabungur, Bojong Gede, Pamijahan, Cibungbulang, Parung, Darmaga, Cijeruk dan Caringin. The sex of 91,30persen respondent is male, the background of education is dominated by Senior high school (38,89persen). The area of planting is 0.25 - 5 Ha. Theeffect of social is labor absorbent to reduce unemployment. The worker of Aloe vera was domitaned by the worker from outer family. The other effect improves earning distribution, saving and consumption community. The downstream industry of aloe vera were harvest and post harvest tools/machines andfertilizers. The upstream industry were aloe drinks, aloe foods, the raw materials for cosmetics and pharmacies. 85persen of Aloe planting produced solid wastes but it can be degradable and used for fertilizers.
Co-Authors . Hariyono A. Anditta Adawiya Taufani Ahmad Zaenal Ashiqin Alfian Helmi Almasyhari, Abdul Kharis Almuttaqin Almuttaqin Amzul Rifin Arien Rosetika Arif Satria Arno Nugroho Astari Ayuwangi Aulia Keiko Hubbansyah Birka Septy Meliany Birka Septy Meliany Br Sembiring BUSTANUL ARIFIN Citra Shabira Deden Djaenudin Dedi Budiman Hakim Dedi Budiman Hakim Dennis Indah Indra Putri Dewi Setyawati Dewi Sukmawati Dian Verawati Panjaitan Diese Septia Gifarani Djamester Simarmata Dominicus Savio Priyarsono Dwiki Cacala Gumelar Adhimandala Eka I. K. Putri Eka Intan Kumala Putri Eka Puspitawati Endang Sari Simanullang Ervina Mela Dewi, Yandra Arkeman, Erliza Noor, Noer Azam Achsani Eva Anggraini Fahmi Salam Ahmad Farida Ratna Dewi Fasya Miftah Akbar Fitria Yuliani Florika Malau Florika Malau Ghina Saarah Nibras Guntur Riyanto Hafid Raharjo Harianto Heny Daryanto Hermanto Siregar Hermanto Siregar Hermanto Siregar Heti Mulyati Hotsawadi Harahap I Dewa Gede Bagus Biantara Ika Yulisyawati Iskandar Panjaitan Iskandar Panjaitan Iwan Hermawan Kartika Rahma Sari Krisnamurthi, Bayu Kuntoro, Eri Kurniawan Khristianto Kurniawan Khristianto Lina Yanti Lukytawati Anggraeni Masbantar Sangadji Meidah Azhari Miko Novri Amandra Miko Novri Amandra Mimin Aminah Muhammad Aja Fajrian Muhammad Fawaiq, Muhammad Muhammad Findi Alexandi muhammad Firdaus Muhammad Iqbal Alqodri Muhammad Ivan Vadilaksono Nadiah Hidayati Nimmi Zulbainarni Nimmi Zulbainarni Nisrina Rofifah Nunung Kusnadi Nunung Kusnadi Nunung Nuryartono Raditya Anggoro Raiyatu Imadidin Ranti Wiliasih Reni Kristina Arianti Reni Kristina Arianti Reni Kristina Arianti Rina Oktaviani Rina Oktaviani Rizal Rahman H. Teapon Rizky Savitri Sahara Salahuddin El Ayyubi Sri Amanda Fitriani Sri Hartoyo Sri Hartoyo Sri Retno Wahyu Nugraheni Sri Retno Wahyu Nugraheni Sri Retno Wahyu Nugraheni Suahasil Nazara Syarifah Amaliah Syarifah Amaliah Syarifah Amaliah Syarifah Amaliah Trian Maulana Ucik Indrawati Yenni Nur 'Aini Yenni Nur’aini Youshy Fahreiza Yusman Syaukat Yusman Syaukat Yusuf Yusuf