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Pengaruh Ekstrak Etanolik Bekatul Beras Hitam (Oryza sativa L. Cv Woja Laka) terhadap Berat Badan Tikus Putih (Rattus norvegicus Berkenhout, 1769) Diabetik Rahmat Budi Nugroho; Rinda Binugraheni; Rizal Maarif Rukmana
Biomedika Vol 10 No 1 (2017): Jurnal Biomedika
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Kesehatan Universitas Setia Budi Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (485.461 KB) | DOI: 10.31001/biomedika.v10i1.225

Abstract

Diabetes melitus merupakan suatu penyakit metabolik dengan karakteristik hiperglikemia yang terjadi karena kelainan sekresi insulin, kerja insulin atau keduanya. Beberapa gejala dari penyakit diabet adalah: banyak minum, banyak kencing dan berat badan menurun. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui konsentrasi ekstrak etanolik bekatul beras hitam (Oryza sativa L. cv Woja Laka) yang paling baik dalam meningkatkan berat badan tikus putih jantan (Rattus norvegicus Berkenhout, 1769) yang menderita diabetik. Manfaat dari penelitian ini adalah memberikan informasi terkait tanaman fungsional yang dapat meningkatkan berat badan pada penderita diabetik. Metode ekstraksi bekatul beras hitam dengan maserasi. Rancangan penelitian dengan Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL) dengan enam perlakuan dan empat ulangan. Perlakuan terdiri dari kelompok kontrol normal, kontrol negatif, kontrol positif, 3 kelompok uji ekstrak bekatul beras hitam masing-masing dengan dosis 75 mg/200 g BB, 150 mg/200 g BB dan 225 mg/200 g BB. Semua kelompok perlakuan diinduksi aloksan kecuali kelompok kontrol normal. Ekstrak bekatul diberikan selama 21 hari terakhirmasa penelitian. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ekstrak etanolik bekatul beras hitam mampu meningkatkan berat badan tikus putih yang menderita diabet. Kosentrasi yang paling baik untuk meningkatkan berat badan tikus putih jantanyang menderita diabet adalah 225 mg/ 200 g BB.
Deteksi Bakteri Salmonella sp. pada Mie Basah Yang Dijual di Pasar Gede Surakarta Rinda Binugraheni; Rahmat Budi Nugroho
Biomedika Vol 9 No 1 (2016): Jurnal Biomedika
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Kesehatan Universitas Setia Budi Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (464.675 KB) | DOI: 10.31001/biomedika.v9i1.264

Abstract

Mie basah merupakan makanan yang populer di Indonesia. Makanan yang terkontaminasi oleh mikroorganisme seperti halnya bakteri Salmonella sp, dapat menyebabkan terjadinya keracunan dan penyakit-penyakit bawaan makanan yang dapat mengganggu kesehatan manusia. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode isolasi yang menggunakan media buffer pepton, selenith borth, KIA, SIM, LIA dan Citrat. Sampel yang digunakan adalah mie basah sebanyak 6 jenis yang diambil dari beberapa pedagang mie basah di Pasar Gede Surakarta. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa tidak terdeteksi adanya bakteri Salmonella pada mie basah yang dijual di Pasar Gede Surakarta.
Pemeriksaan Kimia Darah (Glukosa Darah, Kolesterol dan Asam Urat) Menggunakan Metode Stick Test dan Metode Spektrofotometri dari Sampel Darah Masyarakat RW 22 Kelurahan Nusukan Kecamatan Banjarsari Kota Surakarta Rinda Binugraheni; Susan Primadevi; Rahmat Budi Nugroho; Dian Kresnadipayana; Gregorius Indra Budianto
Journal of Health (JoH) Vol 3 No 2 (2016): Journal of Health - July 2016
Publisher : LPPM STIKES Guna Bangsa

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (118.612 KB) | DOI: 10.30590/vol3-no2-p114-117

Abstract

Nusukan is one village with a tendency for people who prefer to consume fast food and lack of attention to a healthy lifestyle. This causes a lot of society are affected by diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidemia and uric acid. Nusukan society RW 22 who are not aware that they have the disease. For it is necessary to check blood glucose levels, cholesterol and uric acid that can be detected early. The purpose of this program is to provide education on the dangers and prevention of diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidemia, and uric acid. It is also to help people to detect diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidemia and uric acid using stick test and spektropothometry method. Of the 30 people there were seven people who are abnormal blood glucose levels or diabetes mellitus, according stated test stick method, whereas in spectrophotometric methods there are 2 people. Uric acid test of RW 22, there are 7 people who exceed the normal limits, whereas cholesterol levels there are 22 people who exceed normal cholesterol levels (hyperlipidemia) with a test stick method, whereas in sprektropothometry there are 18 people who hyperlipidemia. Methods stick test results show higher levels compared to the spectrophotometric method.
Uji Aktivitas Antibakteri Ekstrak Etanolik Daun Kecombrang (Nicolaia Speciosa) Terhadap Staphylococcus Aureus Rinda Binugraheni; Ndaru Trisni Larasati
Journal of Health (JoH) Vol 7 No 2 (2020): Journal of Health - July 2020
Publisher : LPPM STIKES Guna Bangsa

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (197.078 KB) | DOI: 10.30590/joh.v7i2.187

Abstract

Infectious diseases that often occur in humans are skin infections. One of the bacteria that cause infection in humans is Staphylococcus aureus. One of the plants used as an ingredient in traditional medicine and used as an anti-bacterial is a kecombrang plant. This research aims to test the antibacterial activity of leaf extract of kecombrang against Staphylococcus aureus. Kecombrang leaf obtained from Pandeglang Banten. Kecombrang leaves extracted with a maceration method using 96% ethanol solvent. Extracts of leaves are made in a various concentrations (100%, 75%, 50%, and 25%). The antibacterial activity test was performed by using the diffusion method to find out the large zone of diameter are formed to inhibiting Staphylococcus aureus bacteria.The results of the antibacterial activity of the leaves extract of kecombrang to Staphylococcus aureus at 25%, 50%, 75% and 100% concentrations respectively were 12.67 mm, 14.33 mm, 15.33 mm, and 17.00 mm. The data result showed, that leaf extract of kecombrang with 100% concentration had the largest inhibiting zone diameter of 17.00 mm, among other concentrations. This suggests that kecombrang leaf extract have antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus.
Uji Aktivitas Antibakteri Ekstrak Etanolik Kayu Secang (Caesalpinia sappan L.) terhadap Staphylococcus aureus Diah Mukti Cahyaningtyas; Nony Puspawati; Rinda Binugraheni
Biomedika Vol 12 No 2 (2019): Jurnal Biomedika
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Kesehatan Universitas Setia Budi Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (458.559 KB) | DOI: 10.31001/biomedika.v12i2.614

Abstract

Piogenic infection is an infection characterized by the occurrence of severe local inflammation with pus formation (pus). Generally caused by piogenic germs, one of the most common is Staphylococcus aureus. One of the plants used as an ingredient in traditional medicine and used as an anti-bacterial is a secang plant. This study aims to determine the anti-bacterial activity of ethanolic extract of secang wood (Caesalpinia sappan L.) on pure cultivation Staphylococcus aureus Laboratory and isolates pus Hospital patients and find out the difference in inhibition between the two bacterias.300 grams of secang wood powder was extracted by maceration method using 70% ethanol (1:10). Maserate was used to test the anti-bacterial activity of Staphylococcus aureus from pure cultivation laboratory and isolates of pus patients in hospital using diffusion and dilution methods. Then, the results of the diffusion test were analyzed using a two-way Anova test.The results of the study showed that ethanolic extracts of wood have anti-bacterial activity. Result of dilution method showed the value of KBM at a concentration of 3% for Staphylococcus aureus cultivation Laboratory and a concentration of 4% for Staphylococcus aureus isolates pus patients of the Hospital. The statistical analysis of diffusion test results showed that the best concentration in inhibiting the growth of these two bacterias were the concentration of 25% and the sensitivity of Staphylococcus aureus from Laboratory pure cultivation and the Pus patients isolate of the Hospital toward extracts were the same.
Uji Aktivitas Larvasida Ekstrak Etanolik Daun Serai Wangi (Cymbopogon nardus L.) terhadap Larva Culex sp. Instar III Eka Cahya Nugraha; Tri Mulyowati; Rinda Binugraheni
Biomedika Vol 12 No 2 (2019): Jurnal Biomedika
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Kesehatan Universitas Setia Budi Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (265.513 KB) | DOI: 10.31001/biomedika.v12i2.620

Abstract

Culex sp. larvae is a vector of filariasis. The prevention effort is by controlling the presence of Culex sp. Citronella grass is known to contain secondary metabolite which is useful as plant-based insecticides. This research was conducted to determine the toxicity of the ethanolic extract of citronella grass on the mortality of Culex sp. III instar.The research method used was an experimental method with a completely randomized design (CRD) research design, the treatment that was tried was reagent control; negative control; 250 ppm; 353 ppm; 498 ppm; 702 ppm; 991 ppm; 1397 ppm; 1970 ppm, three replications for each treatment. Variables observed were larvae mortality in various concentrations. Larvae mortality was calculated after 24 hours. The data obtained were analyzed using the kruskal wallis test and the man whitney test with SPSS 21 application to determine the LC50value using probit analysis.The results indicate that the ethanolic extract of citronella grass functioned as larvasideonCulex sp. larvae III instar. The higher the concentration of citronella grass extract used, the greater the mortality percentage of Culex sp. larvae. III instar. The concentration of 991 ppm was the most effective concentration and the LC50value was 1036,54 ppm. The conclusion of this research is the ethanolic extract of citronella grass (Cymbopogonnardus L.) has larvicidal activity on Culex sp. larvae. III instar.
Pengaruh Pemberian Bubuk Kakao (Theobroma cacao L) Fermentasi Terhadap Profil Lipid Tikus Putih (Rattus norvegicus Berkenhout, 1769) Hiperlipidemia Rinda Binugraheni; Nastiti Wijayanti
Biomedika Vol 8 No 1 (2015): Jurnal Biomedika
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Kesehatan Universitas Setia Budi Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (109.333 KB) | DOI: 10.31001/biomedika.v8i1.189

Abstract

Kakao (Theobroma cacao L) merupakan salah satu komoditas perkebunan yang besar di Indonesia. Penelitian-penelitian yang telah dilakukan menunjukan bahwa kakao (Theobroma cacao L) mengandung senyawa polifenol antara lain katekin, epikatekin, proantosianidin, dan antosianin yang berpotensi sebagai senyawa antioksidan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh pemberian bubuk kakao (Theobroma cacao L) fermentasi terhadap profil lipid tikus hiperlipidemia. Penelitian menggunakan Rancangan Acak Lengkap dengan lima perlakuan dan tiga ulangan. Perlakuan terdiri dari kelompok normal, kontrol positif, 3 kelompok uji bubuk kakao fermentasi masing-masing dengan dosis 0,2, 0,4, dan 0,8 gram /200 gram BB. Tikus diberi diet tinggi lemak selama 8 minggu, dan larutan bubuk kakao diberikan 4 minggu terakhir masa penelitian. Pengukuran uji profil lipid darah dilakukan pada minggu ke-0, 4 dan 8. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa pemberian bubuk kakao fermentasi secara oral mampu menurunkan kadar kolesterol total, trigliserida, LDL, serta meningkatkan kadar HDL.
KEPADATAN JENTIK Aedes aegypti SEBAGAI VEKTOR DEMAM BERDARAH DENGUE (DBD) DI DESA KALIANCAR WONOGIRI Rinda Binugraheni; Leona Dwiyan Marahema
Klinikal Sains : Jurnal Analis Kesehatan Vol 9 No 2 (2021): Desember
Publisher : LPPM Universitas Abdurrab

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36341/klinikal_sains.v9i2.2074

Abstract

Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) is a disease caused by the dengue virus which is transmitted through the bite of the Aedes sp. These mosquitoes are found throughout the world and their breeding is quite fast. Density of larvae found in breeding sites in an area. This density can be measured by entomological indicators. This larval density measurement can indicate the potential for larvae in Kaliancar Village, Selogiri District, Wonogiri Regency. This research is an observational study (survey) with cross sectional. The sampling technique used is simple random sampling with single larvae method. The samples of this study were 100 houses of residents of Kaliancar Village RW 01, RW 03, RW 04 and RW 05. The results showed that the HI value was 20%, CI 7,22%, BI 20%, ABJ 80% and DF 3,66. The conclusion of this study is that the larval density in Kaliancar Village, Selogiri District, Wonogiri Regency is classified as moderate because the DF value is on a scale of 3 to 4 with an average of 3,66.
HUBUNGAN PERSONAL HIGIENE DENGAN KEJADIAN PEDICULOSIS CAPITIS PADA SANTRIWATI DI PONDOK PESANTREN ROHMATUL QUR’AN MEJOBO KUDUS Erna Setiyani; Tri Mulyowati; Rinda Binugraheni
Jurnal Labora Medika Vol 5, No 2 (2021): Jurnal Labora Medika
Publisher : Program Studi Teknologi Laboratorium Medik

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (232.742 KB) | DOI: 10.26714/jlabmed.5.2.2021.34-38

Abstract

Pediculosis is an infectious disease caused by the parasite Pediculus humanus capitis. In Yogyakarta, the prevalence of pediculosis incidence is 19.6%. The priority for handling cases of Pediculosis capitis is very low and is considered not life-threatening. Pediculosis capitis is often related to personal hygiene. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between personal hygiene and the incidence of Pediculosis capitis at the Rohmatul Qur'an Islamic Boarding School Mejobo Kudus. The examination used a direct method with descriptive research type to describe the relationship of personal hygiene with the incidence of Pediculosis. This study uses a cross-sectional approach, namely data collection to measure the independent and dependent variables at the same time. The sample used is the entire population of 63 respondents. The results of the examination of 63 female students, 44 (69.8%) female students at the Rohmatul Qur'an Islamic Boarding School were positive for Pediculosis capitis. The personal hygiene of the female students at the Rohmatul Qur'an Islamic Boarding School in Mejobo Kudus was mostly not good as many as 39 (61.9%) personal hygiene was good 24 (38.1%). The conclusion of this study is that there is a relationship between personal hygiene and the incidence of Pediculosis capitis at the Rohmatul Qur'an Islamic Boarding School Mejobo Kudus with a P-value of 0.033 (α; 0.05).
Potensi Antioksidan pada Bubuk Kakao (Theobroma cacao L) Fermentasi Dan Non Fermentasi terhadap Kadar Malondialdehid (MDA) Tikus Putih (Rattus norvegicus Berkenhout, 1769) Hiperlipidemia Rinda Binugraheni; Nastiti Wijayanti
Biomedika Vol 7 No 2 (2014): Jurnal Biomedika
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Kesehatan Universitas Setia Budi Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (101.846 KB) | DOI: 10.31001/biomedika.v7i2.179

Abstract

Indonesia merupakan negara penghasil kakao terbesar ketiga di dunia. Penelitian-penelitian yang telah dilakukan menunjukan bahwa kakao (Theobroma cacao L) mengandung senyawa polifenol antara lain katekin, epikatekin, proantosianidin, dan antosianin yang berpotensi sebagai senyawa antioksidan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mempelajari potensi antioksidan bubuk kakao (Theobroma cacao L) fermentasi dan non fermentasi terhadap kadar malondialdehid (MDA) tikus putih. Penelitian menggunakan Rancangan Acak Lengkap faktorial dengan delapan perlakuan dan tiga ulangan. Perlakuan terdiri dari kelompok normal, kontrol positif, 3 kelompok uji bubuk kakao fermentasi dan 3 kelompok uji bubuk kakao non fermentasi masing-masing dengan dosis 0,2, 0,4, dan 0,8 gram /200 gram BB. Tikus diberi diet tinggi lemak selama 8 minggu, dan larutan bubuk kakao diberikan 4 minggu terakhir masa penelitian. Pengukuran kadar Malondialdehid (MDA) diukur pada minggu ke-4 dan 8 masa penelitian. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa kandungan total fenol bubuk kakao fermentasi lebih besar dari pada bubuk kakao non fermentasi. Pemberian bubuk kakao fermentasi secara oral mampu menurunkan kadar MDA, sedangkan bubuk kakao non fermentasi belum dapat menurunkan kadar MDA.