Amrizal Saidi
Faculty Of Agriculture, University Of Andalas

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PERBAIKAN SIFAT FISIKO-KIMIA TANAH PSAMMENT DENGAN PEMULSAAN ORGANIK DAN OLAH TANAH KONSERVASI PADA BUDIDAYA JAGUNG Adrinal Adrinal; Amrizal Saidi; Gusmini Gusmini
Jurnal Solum Vol 9, No 1 (2012): Jurnal SOLUM
Publisher : Jurusan Tanah Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (129.557 KB) | DOI: 10.25077/js.9.1.25-35.2012

Abstract

A research about amelioration of psycho-chemical of Psamment by using organic mulch and techniques of conservation tillage on corn growth had been conducted in 2009. Field experiment was located in Korong Olo Bangau, Batang Anai, Padang Pariaman Regency. The general objective of the research was to improve fertility of Psamment and to find out the best tillage practice for corn growth based on soil and water conservation rules. The treatment consisted of two factors (3 x 5) which was designed in RBD. The first factor was tillage (No till, Minimum till, convensional till) and the second factor was mulch source (without mulch, Tithonia, Chromolaena, rice straw, and corn straw). Parameters analysed were either soil physical (moisture, BD, total pore, aggregation) or chemical (pH, N, P, and K) properties, as well as crop production. The result showed that both treatments were able to improve soil-physico-chemical properties of Psamment and corn yield. The value of BD decreased, soil organic mattere, total pore, and aggregation increased. Then, the soil pH as well as available P and K tended to increase. The highest yield (dry seeds) was found from combination between minimum tillage and tithonia mulch.Keywords: sifat fisiko-kimia, Psamment, mulksa, olah tanah konservasi, jagung.
Potential Selection of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi (AMF) Indigenous Ultisols through the Production of Glomalin Eddiwal, .; Saidi, Amrizal; Lenin, Ismon; Husin, Eti Farda; Rasyidin, Azwar
JOURNAL OF TROPICAL SOILS Vol 19, No 3: September 2014
Publisher : UNIVERSITY OF LAMPUNG

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.5400/jts.2014.v19i3.181-189

Abstract

The arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi ( AMF ) with plants able to increase the capacity of plants to absorb nutrients and water from the soil. Recently, research was indicated that AMF hyphae containing glomalin as a glycoprotein that serves to unify the dispersed soil particles. The content of glomalin in soil is positively correlated with soil aggregate stability. The research potential of AMF species indigenous of Ultisol Darmasraya District of West Sumatra and glomalin production in experimental pots of sterile sand medium has been carried out. The purpose of this study was to determine the diversity of AMF species on Ultisol and to seeking indigenous AMF isolates that had the best glomalin production capability. AMF spores were isolated and identified from the rhizosphere soil of corn in Ultisol. AMF species that had been identified experimentally were tested in culture medium pot of sand and zeolite (w / w 1:1) using corn crops. The results found nine of the AMF species indigenous of Ultisol Darmasraya, namely Acaulospora scrobiculata, Glomus etunicatum, Glomus luteum, Glomus mosseae, Glomus verruculosum, Glomus versiforme, Scutellospora gregaria, Scutellospora heterogama and Gigaspora sp. AMF species that showed better colonization ability in corn was G. luteum, G. verruculosum and G. versiforme. All three species produced glomalin significantly higher than the other species, i.e. 1.29 mg g-1; 1.17 mg g-1; 1.15 mg g-1, respectively. [How to Cite: Eddiwal, A Saidi, I Lenin, EF Husin and A Rasyidin. 2014. Potential Selection of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi (AMF) Indigenous Ultisols through the Production of Glomalin. J Trop Soils 19: 181-189. Doi: 10.5400/jts.2014.19.3.181]   
PENGARUH PEMBERIAN BAHAN HUMAT DARI EKSTRAK BATUBARA MUDA (Subbituminus) DAN PUPUK P TERHADAP SIFAT KIMIA ULTISOL SERTA PRODUKSI TANAMAN JAGUNG (Zea mays L.) Herviyanti Herviyanti; Fachri Ahmad; Riza Sofiyani; Darmawan Darmawan; Gusnidar Gusnidar; Amrizal Saidi
Jurnal Solum Vol 9, No 1 (2012): Jurnal SOLUM
Publisher : Jurusan Tanah Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (94.837 KB) | DOI: 10.25077/js.9.1.15-24.2012

Abstract

The purpose of this research is to study interaction of humic substances extracted from subbituminus coal with P fertilizer on the chemical properties of Ultisol and crop production of corn (Zea mays L.). The experiment was designed in completely randomized design having 2 factors (4 x 4) with 3 replications. The first factor was dose of humic substances (A) which consists of 4 levels (A1 = 0 ppm, A2 = 400 ppm, A3 = 800 ppm, and A4 = 1200 ppm). The second factor was level of fertilizer P (B) (B1 = 100% recommendation, B2 = 75% recommendation, B3 = 50% recommendation, and B4 = 25%). The result showed that : 1) There is no interaction between humic substances and P fertilizer on the chemical nature of Ultisol and crop production of corn (Zea mays L.) 2) Use of humic substance for 800 ppm with some level of P fertilizer could improve some chemical properties of Ultisol such as decreased in content of Al-exch by 0,38 me/100 g soil, increased in P-available by 22,16 ppm, CEC by 8,42 me/100 g soil and P nutrient by 0,10 %, as well as corn yield by 25,67 g/pot compared to soil without humic substances 3) The use of SP-36 for 50 % with some level of humic substances increased in plant height by 26,58 cm, P nutrient by 0,11 %, and the use of 75 % SP-36 increased corn yield by 5,84 g/pot compared to 25% of P recommended.Keywords : humic subtances, subbituminus coal, P fertilizer.