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INTERPERSONAL COMMUNICATION BETWEEN OPINION LEADER AND MINORITY GROUP ON SOCIAL HARMONY IN SOUTH SULAWESI Bahfiarti, Tuti; Arianto, Arianto; Fatimah, Jeanny Maria
ISJN Journal Vol 1 No 1 (2019): Volume 1 Issue 1 2019
Publisher : Indonesia Social Justice Network (ISJN)

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Abstract

Abstrak Interpersonal communication involves the exchange of verbal and non-verbal messages that can directly affect the sender and recipient of the message. The context of interpersonal communication can be applied to opinion leaders and minority groups in direct interaction. Relationship between opinion leaders and minority groups have differences in religion, beliefs, culture, and customs can be applied through open interpersonal communication, empathy, and equality. The goal is to maximize the role and opinion leader function of the majority group, namely the Toraja ethnic group in interacting with the Bugis ethnic minority group of Makassar for social harmonization in a multicultural and multiethnic society. The research method approaches the constructivism paradigm. Methods of data collection through Focuss Group Discussion, observation, and in-depth interviews. Furthermore, the data collected in the analysis uses a qualitative approach to generalize the conclusions of the results of data analysis inductively. Informants were determined through purposive sampling based on high opinion leader interaction levels with individuals or groups outside their ethnicity, with the aim that the informants interviewed had a wealth of insight and extensive knowledge about ethnic opponents, and had experience of associating with individuals or groups outside their ethnicity. 3 informants were chosen in Toraja Regency and 3 in Makassar City, and 7 Bugis Ethnic Makassar who interacted directly with opinion leaders and the community in the majority group. The results of the study found that interpersonal communication was carried out by open opinion leaders, empathy, and equal attitudes. Opinion leader applies the concept of interpersonal communication with minority groups through interpersonal communication skills, such as the ability to imitate, identification skills, and the ability of sympathy with minority groups dominated by ethnic Bugis Makassar and the majority group dominated by ethnic Toraja. The obstacle factor of interpersonal communication between opinion leaders and minority groups is first, barriers to the status effect, perceptual distorsion barriers, and barriers to cultural differences on minority groups that have different cultures, religions and social environments.    
“Menuju Persahabatan” Melalui Komunikasi Antarpribadi Mahasiswa Beda Etnis (Studi Kasus Di Fakultas Ilmu Sosial Dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Tadulako) Arianto, Arianto
KRITIS : Jurnal Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Hasanuddin Volume 1 Number 2, Dec 2015
Publisher : FISIP UNHAS

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Abstract

Abstrak : Menuju persahabatan antar mahasiswa beda etnis atau suku FISIP Universitas Tadulako melalui komunikasi antarpribadi berlangsung melalui ragam etnis asli maupun etnis dari luar kota Palu Sulawesi Tengah, seperti, Etnis Kaili dan etnis Bugis/Makassar, etnik Kaili dan Jawa dan etnik Bugis dan Jawa. Permasalahannya adalah bagaimana tahapan menuju persahabatan mahasiswa beda etnis melalui komunikasi antarpribadi di  FISIP Universitas Tadulako. Tujuannya adalah untuk menguraikan tahapan menuju persahabatan mahasiswa beda etnis melalui komunikasi antarpribadi dan menerangkan proses menuju persahabatan beda etnis mahasiswa. Untuk menemukan jawaban permasalahan penelitian tersebut digunakan metode penelitian dengan pendekatan studi kasus selanjutnya data data yang dikumpulkan melalui wawancara mendalam dan observasi dianalisis menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif. Hasil penelitian menemukan bahwa Menuju persahabatan melalui komunikasi antarpribadi mahasiswa Fisip Universitas Tadulako adalah melalui tahapan orientasi. Tahap paling awal dari komunikasi antarpribadi yang terjadi pada tingkat pribadi masing-masing. Kemudian berlanjut tahap komunikasi antarpribadi  yang lebih “tanpa beban dan santai” di mana komunikasi sering kali berjalan spontan dan individu membuat keputusan yang cepat, sering kali dengan sedikit memberikan perhatian untuk hubungan secara keseluruhan. Tahap ini ditandai munculnya hubungan persahabatan yang dekat atau hubungan antara mahasiswa, sehingga komitmen yang lebih besar dan perasaan yang lebih nyaman terhadap pihak lainnya juga menjadi ciri tahap ini. Demikian pula, perkembangan menuju persahabatan melalui komunikasi antarpribadi mahasiswa beda etnis ditandai dengan ditandai dengan adanya perilaku saling kritik, karena penggunaan bahasa daerah masing- masing, atau kesalahan interpretasi makna bahasa komunikasi masing-masing pihak. Namun, belum berpotensi mampu mengancam kelangsungan hubungan yang sudah terbina.Kata kunci : Komunikasi Antarpribadi, Perbedaan Etnis dan PersahabatanAbstract : Towards friendship between students of different ethnic or tribal FISIP Tadulako through interpersonal communication takes place through a variety of ethnicities and ethnic groups from outside the city of Palu, Central Sulawesi, such as, Kaili Ethnic and ethnic Bugis/ Makassar, Kaili and Javanese ethnicity and ethnic Bugis and Javanese. The problem is how the different stages towards friendship ethnic students through interpersonal communication in FISIP Tadulako. The aim is to outline steps towards different ethnic student friendship through interpersonal communication and explain the process towards different ethnic friendship Students. To find answers to the problems of these studies used the method to study the data further case study approach data were collected through interviews and observations were analyzed using qualitative approach. The study found that Towards friendship through interpersonal communication Tadulako Fisip students is through the stages of orientation. The earliest stages of interpersonal communication that occurs on a personal level respectively. Then progressed stage of interpersonal communication is more “carefree and relaxed” where communication often goes spontaneously and individuals make decisions quickly, often with little attention to the overall relationship. This stage marked the emergence of a close friendship relationship or the relationship between students, so that greater commitment and feeling more comfortable on the other side also characterize this stage. Similarly, progress towards friendship through interpersonal communication between personal of students ethnic differences are marked with behavior characterized by mutual criticism, because the use of local languages each, or misinterpretation of the meaning of the language of communication of each party. However, there are potentially capable of threatening the continuity of the relationship already established.Key words : Interpersonal Communication, Ethnic Differences and Friendship
Perilaku Menggosok Gigi pada Siswa Sekolah Dasar Kelas V dan VI di Kecamatan Sumberejo Arianto, Arianto; Shaluhiyah, Zahroh; Nugraha, Priyadi
Jurnal Promosi Kesehatan Indonesia Volume 9, No. 2, Agustus 2014
Publisher : Master Program of Health Promotion Faculty of Public Health Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (53.491 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jpki.9.2.127-135

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ABSTRAK Salah satu pencegahan karies gigi adalah menjaga kebersihan mulut dengan cara menggosok gigi secara baik dan benar. Usia sekolah dasar merupakan saat ideal untuk melatih kemampuan motorik seorang anak, diantaranya perilaku menggosok gigi. Tujuan penelitian untuk mengetahui faktor faktor yang berpengaruh terhadap perilaku menggosok gigi pada siswa Sekolah Dasar Kelas V dan VI di Kecamatan Sumberejo. Jenis penelitian ini adalah explanatory research dengan pendekatan cross sectional. Subyek penelitian adalah siswa sekolah dasar kelas V dan VI di Kecamatan sumberejo dengan jumlah sampel 285 siswa. Analisa data dilakukan dengan cara univariat, bivariat dengan chi square dan multivariat dengan regresi logistic. Hasil analisis bivariat variabel yang berhubungan dengan perilaku menggosok gigi adalah peran orang tua (p=0,008), peran guru (p=0,007). Hasil uji regresi logistic menunjukan variabel yang paling berpengaruh terhadap perilaku menggosok gigi pada siswa sekolah dasar kelas V dan VI di Kecamatan Sumberejo adalah peran guru (OR= 1,791) artinya peran guru yang baik mempunyai kemungkinan siswa untuk berperilaku menggosok gigi yang baik sebanyak 2 kali lebih besar dibandingkan dengan peran guru yang kurang.Kata Kunci : Perilaku, menggosok gigi, Siswa sekolah dasarABSTRACT Tooth Brushing Behavior on the Elementary School Students of Grade V and VI in Sumberejo Sub-District; One of preventions for dental caries is by keeping mouth cleanliness by brushing the teeth properly and correctly. The age of elementary school is the ideal time to train a child’s motoric ability, such as teeth brushing behavior. The aim of the research is to identify the factors influencing teeth brushing behavior on the elementary school students of grade V and VI in Sumberejo Sub-Distict, Tanggamus District. The type of this research was explanatory research with cross sectional approach. The research subjects were the elementary school students of grade V and VI in Sumberejo Sub-Distict, and the number of samples was 285 students. The data analysis was conducted in univariate, bivariate with chi square and multivariate with logistic regression. The bivariate analysis results on the variables associated with tooth brushing behavior are the parents role (p=0.008), teacher’s role (p=0.007). The results of logistic regression test show that the most influencing variable on tooth brushing behavior in the elementary school students of grade V and VI in Sumberejo Sub-Distict, is teacher’s role (OR=1.934). It means that good teacher’s role has the effect on students to have good tooth brushing behavior twice as much as poor teacher’s role.Keywords: Behavior, Tooth Brushing, Elementary School Students
Implementasi Modul Wi-Fi Pada Pengontrol Saklar Listrik Berbasis Mikrokontroler Dadi Riskiono, Sampurna; Hermana, BP. Putra; Gumilang, Rinaldy; Arianto, Arianto
CIRCUIT: Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Teknik Elektro Vol 2, No 2 (2018): Edisi Agustus 2018
Publisher : PTE FTK UIN Ar-Raniry

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Abstract

Accidents that often occur on the road are partly due to road crossers who do not pay attention to vehicles or users of vehicles that are crossing. For that we need a tool that can give a warning to motorists facing the crossing. By using this PIR sensor, if there is a human movement that passes through the PIR sensor, the sensor will detect the human presence. The PIR sensor will be connected to the microcontroller. In this study using Arduino Uno which is a microcontroller and PIR sensor as a sensor that detects the presence of objects both human and vehicle so that it can be used as a driver warning device against road crossers. From the results of the test shows the test results, the sensor can detect the presence of human movement with the maximum distance between the PIR sensor and the object which is ± 5 meters. When it detects human presence, the LED indicator will light up, followed by a buzzer notification.
Hubungan Pengetahuan dan sikap mahasiswa keperawatan gigi terhadap Menerapkan Komunikasi Teraupetik di Poliklinik Jurusan Keperawatan Gigi Arianto, Arianto
Jurnal Ilmiah Keperawatan Sai Betik Vol 13, No 1 (2017): Jurnal Keperawatan
Publisher : Jurusan Keperawatan Poltekkes Kemenkes Tanjung Karang Bandar Lampung Indonesia

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Abstract

Pelayanan yang baik akan dirasakan oleh pasien sebagai rasa percaya, rasa aman dan puas. Kualitas pelayanan bagi pemakai jasa pelayanan kesehatan akan terkait pada dimensi ketanggapan mahasiswa dalam memenuhi kebutuhan pasien dan kelancaran komunikasi mahasiswa dengan pasien. Jenis peneliitian ini adalah analitik dan metode penelitian yang di gunakan adalah metode eksplanatory reseach. Teknik pengambilan sampel dalam penelitian ini adalah total populasi yaitu semua populasi dijadikan sampel  penelitian, yaitu sebanyak 78 sampel mahasiswa tingkat II dan Ringkat III.  Uji statistik yang digunakan adalah uji Chi Square . Analisis Bivariat ini untuk melihat Hubungan Pengetahuan dan Sikap Mahasiswa Keperawatan Gigi Dalam Menerapkan Komunikasi Teraupetik. Hasil  uji Chi Square menunjukan bahwa pengetahuan mahasiswa dalam menerapkan komunikasi teraupetik dengan nilai p=0,000, sikap mahasiswa dalam menerapkan komunikasi teraupetik dengan nilai p=0,000. Dengan demikian untuk meningkatkan penerapan komunikasi terapeutik dalam pelayanan di polikklinik perlu dilakukan peningkatan pengetahuan dan sikap mahasiswa tentang komunikasi terapeutik melalui kegiatan kurikuler, ko kurikuler maupun ekstrakurikuler.
The Evaluation of Full Day School Program in SMAN 10 Singkawang Arianto, Arianto; Sukmawati, Sukmawati; Radiana, Usman
JETL (Journal Of Education, Teaching and Learning) Vol 3, No 1 (2018): Volume 3 Number 1 March 2018
Publisher : STKIP Singkawang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (111.553 KB) | DOI: 10.26737/jetl.v3i1.744

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The objectives of this study include 1) describing and analyzing evaluations on context components which include: the development of the school's vision and mission that describes the objectives of Full Day School implementation in Singkawang 10 State Senior High School (SMAN 10 Singkawang); 2) Describe and analyze evaluations on input components which include: curriculum development, educators, administrative personnel, facilities and infrastructure as well as financing in accordance with educational standards; 3) describe and analyze evaluations on process components which include: learning process, management in accordance with educational standards; 4) describe and analyze evaluations on product components which include: UN scores and graduation for the 12th year students of the current year 2016-2018. This study uses a qualitative approach with a descriptive type of research. From the data collected at the time of the research on the Evaluation of FDS Program at SMAN 10 Singkawang, the Context, Input, Process and Product evaluation obtained the following results: 1) In the evaluation of the context, the Vision and Mission of SMAN 10 Singkawang was in accordance with education. character based and government objectives in the FDS program; 2) In the Input evaluation it was concluded that the curriculum used in SMAN 10 Singkawang still refers to the KTSP and K13 curriculum, lack of teachers and TU and the lack of facilities and infrastructure available in schools; 3) In the process evaluation includes the learning process that has been carried out according to SNP standards, the teacher makes a lesson plan (RPP) as a PBM guide and is supervised by the Principal regularly and the Principal designs the school budget by arranging the RKAS within one year from the committee funding sources and BOSS; 4) Results of discussion about the results The product evaluation includes learning outcomes during the FDS implementation at SMAN 10 Singkawang can be concluded that during the 3 years running the implementation of FDS in SMAN 10 Singkawang has not improved the quality of education (seen from the UN average score data). Still below the average 6.00 (SNP standard).
Perawatan Gigi Dan Mulut Menghambat Pertumbuhan Kalkulus Andriyani, Desi; Arianto, Arianto; Sulastri, Sulastri
Malahayati Nursing Journal Volume 2 Nomor 4 Tahun 2020
Publisher : Universitas Malahayati Lampung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33024/manuju.v2i4.3127

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ABSTRACT  : DENTAL AND MOUTH TREATMENT SUSTAINS THE GROWTH OF CALCULUS Introduction : Oral and dental hygiene is very important for general health and greatly affects the quality of life. Poor oral hygiene is one of the causes of periodontal disease. The good and bad of a person's oral hygene are affected by the deposits adhering to the surface of the teeth. Dental and oral nursing care services are in the form of promotional, preventive and simple curative services. Purpose : The research objective was to determine the effect of oral health care services on calculus formation in school-age children. This type of research is analytical research. The research subjects were 155 school age children. The treatment was given to all respondents and the calculus index was measured before and after treatment with dental nursing care in the form of scaling and routine cleaning in the form of brushing teeth twice a day, after meals and before bed. Methode : Data analysis was performed using non-parametric tests, namely the Wilcoxon test. Result : The test results showed that there were 104 respondents with reduced calculus index after treatment, 18 calculus indexes increased and 33 calculus indexes had the same score. Conclusion : The results showed that dental and oral health nursing care was able to reduce the calculus index, the test results obtained p.value = 0,000, which means there is a significant decrease in the calculus index of the respondent after treatment. It is recommended that parents can motivate and assist children to be able to take advantage of existing health service facilities to carry out periodic checks, care and cleaning of tartar and always have a positive attitude in maintaining oral hygiene, brushing teeth twice a day with the right time the morning after breakfast and night before going to bed. Keywords: Care Services, calculus index       INTISARI  : PERAWATAN GIGI DAN MULUT MENGHAMBAT PERTUMBUHAN KALKULUS Latar Belakang : Kebersihan gigi dan mulut sangat penting bagi kesehatan tubuh secara umum dan sangat mempengaruhi kualitas kehidupan. Oral hyigene yang buruk merupakan salah satu penyebab terjadinya penyakit periodontal. Baik buruk oral hygene seseorang dipengaruhi oleh deposit yang melekat pada permukaan gigi. Pelayanan asuhan keperawatan gigi dan mulut berupa promotif, preventif dan kuratif sederhana.Tujuan :  penelitian untuk mengetahui pengaruh pelayanan asuhan kesehatan gigi dan mulut terhadap pembentukan kalkulus pada anak usia sekolah. Jenis penelitian ini adalah penelitian analitik. Subyek penelitian adalah anak usia sekolah sebanyak 155 responden. Perlakuan diberikan pada semua responden dan diukur indeks kalkulus sebelum dan sesudah perlakuan dengan asuhan keperawatan gigi berupa scalling dan tindakan pembersihan rutin berupa sikat gigi dua kali sehari, sesudah makan dan sebelum tidur.Metode Penelitian : Analisa data dilakukan dengan uji non parametrik, yaitu uji Wilcoxon.Hasil  : uji menunjukkan ada sebanyak 104 responden dengan indek kalkulus berkurang setelah perlakukan, 18 indeks kalkulus meningkat dan 33 orang indeks kalkulus bernilai sama.  Kesimpulan : Hasil penelitian menunjukkan pelayanan asuhan keperawatan kesehatan gigi dan mulut mampu menurunkan indeks kalkulus, hasil uji diperoleh p.value = 0,000, yang berarti ada penurunan yang bermakna indeks kalkulus pada responden setelah perlakukan. Disarankan agar orang tua dapat memotivasi dan mendampingin anak untuk dapat memanfaatkan sarana pelayanan kesehatan yang ada untuk melakukan pemeriksaan berkala, perawatan maupun  pembersihan karang gigi dan senantiasa mempunyai sikap positif dalam menjaga kebersihan gigi dan mulut, menyikat gigi 2 x sehari dengan waktu yang tepat pagi setelah sarapan pagi dan malam sebelum tidur. Kata Kunci    : Pelayanan Asuhan, indek kalkulus
Political Transtactions and Expenxive Costs on Regional Head Election Arianto, Arianto
Journal of Local Government Issues Vol 1, No 2 (2018): September
Publisher : Government Studies of Muhammadiyah Malang University/AIPPTM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (147.329 KB) | DOI: 10.22219/LOGOS.Vol1.No2.226-243

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Once the proliferation of regional head elections in Indonesia recently shows that our society many are interested to become a head of the region because there is recognition of its existence within the community so that competing both from the bureaucrats and from the private or legislative.The political costs incurred are not written so it is very difficult to identify how much each party pegs the price is not the same depending on the number of seats in the legislature or the amount of support available in the region or the networks that belong to the village will be different from the new party. Likewise, if through an independent channel, so much money must be spent to get administrative support from the community as from certain groups or individual, not to mention the cost of campaigns that must be issued by the candidate pair, almost not comparable if calculated by the salary of a regional head with the cost incurred, but it is still many who are interested to become a governor or mayor.Various studies conducted by many experts show, even though democracy is something that deserves to have aspired, it turns out that democracy produces many problems, even new problems that would not exist if not practiced democracy. Legislation has not regulated and limited the expenditures of candidates before and after the campaign, how much money is spent before and after the campaign, so it cannot be supervised. Supervision conducted by Banwaslu, PPATK and law enforcement officers is still not effective because there are still many gaps that can be done by a regional head in different ways and tactics.Key Words: Money Politics, Democracy, Political Monitoring.
DARI KAMPUNG PINGGIRAN KE KAMPUNG KOTA: TRANSFORMASI KAMPUNG MACCINI DI MAKASSAR TAHUN 1950-1990 arianto, arianto; muchlis, anna asriani
Pangadereng : Jurnal Hasil Penelitian Ilmu Sosial dan Humaniora Vol 4, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (280.93 KB) | DOI: 10.36869/pjhpish.v4i2.60

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Makalah ini menjelaskan mengenai transformasi fisik dan sosial Kampung Maccini di Makassar, yang telah mengalami pola perubahan dari kampung pinggiran ke kampung kota. Berawal dari konflik DI/TII di pedalaman hingga migrasi penduduk dari daerah ke Makassar. Tujuan dari penelitian ini ialah untuk mengetahui sejarah dan perkembangan, terutama tentang berbagai perubahan yang terjadi di Kampung Maccini dalam kurun waktu 1950-1990. Metode yang digunakan dalam tulisan ialah metode yang umum digunakan dalam penulisan sejarah, seperti heuristik, kritik sumber, interpretasi, dan historiografi. Untuk menerapkan metode di atas, maka penulis melakukan pengamatan langsung di lapangan terkait objek yang hendak diteliti. Sehingga, tulisan ini secara khusus membahas perubahan fisik serta sosial masyarakat Kampung Maccini dari kultur agraris ke budaya urban, terkait penataan awal daerah perkampungan di wilayah perkotaan sejak tahun 1950-an. Penataan wilayah ini kelak mempengaruhi pola permukiman di sana hingga 1990-an, dengan tetap memperhatikan segi geografis kampung pada masa lampau. Perubahan dan transisi kekuasaan di Sulawesi Selatan, khususnya Makassar, memunculkan berbagai problem bagi penduduk Kampung Maccini yang membuat pemerintah sulit mengatasinya, terlebih setelah perluasan wilayah kota pada tahun 1970.
PENGARUH PEMBERIAN GIBERELIN DAN BERBAGAI MEDIA TANAM TERHADAP PERKECAMBAHAN DAN PERTUMBUHAN BENIH PALA (MYRISTICA FRAGRANS HOUTT) Arianto, Arianto; Basri, Zainuddin; Wahyudi, Imam
Mitra Sains Vol 6, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Tadulako University

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Abstract

The aims of this experiment were to obtain a suitable combination of planting medium and gibberelline concentration for the germination and growth of nutmeg seeds; to obtain a suitable planting medium as well as gibberelline concentration for the germination and growth of nutmeg seeds. This experiment used Split Plot Design and was arranged in Completely Randomized Design. Two factors were tested, namely concentration of gibberelline and the type of planting media. Concentration of gibberelline was ploted as main plot, with three concentrations tested, namely 200 ppm, 250 ppm and 300 ppm. The types of planting media were ploted as subplot with three types of planting media tested, namely sand, coco peat and sawing peat. Therefore, there were nine treatment combinations which each treatment combination was repeated three times. Data was analysed by using analysis of variance and followed by HSD at 5%. Results of this experiment indicated that nutmeg seeds soaked into gibberelline solution and germinated in coco peat medium produced more root numbers and higher normal germination dry weight; and the highest number of roots as well as the highest normal germination dry weight were obtained when seeds were soaked into 250 ppm gibberelline and germinated in coco peat medium. The number of roots and dry weight of normal germination on such treatment combination were 10.67 roots and 2.01 g per germinating seed. Coco peat medium was better for the germination and growth of nutmeg seeds as indicated with the highest germination rate, growth rate, length of plumula, length of roots, total length of roots as well as the ratio of plumula length and root length. The soaking of seeds into gibberelline had a relatively similar effect on the germination and growth of nutmeg seeds, except if the seeds were soaked into 250 ppm gibberelline and germinated in coco peat medium which produced the highest number of roots and the highest normal germination dry wieght.