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KAJIAN SPASIAL DAMPAK PERUBAHAN IKLIM TERHADAP PRODUKSI PERTANIAN Harini, Rika; Susilo, Bowo
AGRIPITA JOURNAL Vol 1 No 1 (2017): Jurnal Agribisnis dan Pembangunan Pertanian
Publisher : Agripita Publisher

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Abstract

One of the pillars studies in sustainable development at the global level (SDGs) is a development environment. This pillar examines food security, sustainable consumption patterns and climate change. Climate change will affect agricultural activities. Climate change often causes experienced farmers crop failure because excessive rain or long summer season. The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of climate change on agricultural production. This study uses secondary data, that is rainfall data and agricultural production data as a baseline. This study examined descriptive statistics using maps, tables and graphs. The results showed a trend towards a decrease in agricultural production in all districts/cities. Based on regression analysis of the decline inagricultural production, namely cereals (rice, corn, cassava and sweet potato) is significantly influenced by changes in rainfall in all regions of the Province North Kalimantan except Tana Tindung Distict.
NILAI EKONOMI TOTAL KONVERSI LAHAN PERTANIAN DI KABUPATEN SLEMAN Harini, Rika; Yunus, Hadi Sabari; Kasto, Kasto; Hartono, Slamet
Jurnal Manusia dan Lingkungan (Journal of People and Environment) Vol 20, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Pusat Studi Lingkungan Hidup Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

Konversi lahan pertanian untuk  penggunaan non pertanian  merupakan suatu  fenomena yang tidak dapat dihindarkan. Penilaian secara ekonomi maupun lingkungan perlu dilakukan untuk mengetahui tingkat keuntungan secara finansial maupun kelingkungan dari kegiatan  pertanian. Penelitian dilakukan di Kabupaten Sleman  melalui metode survai dengan 90  responden  sebagai sampel penelitian. Wilayah kajian didasarkan pada tingkat konversi lahan pertanian selama  kurun waktu 17 tahun. Melalui Citra Landsat TM 1992, 2000 dan Citra Alos 2009  dapat diketahui luas konversi lahan pertanian  di semua wilayah di Kabupaten Sleman. Analisis data  dilakukan secara  deskriptif  kualitatif maupun kuantitatif dengan  uji statistik melalui model uji Seemingly Unrelated Regression (SUR) dan juga model Total Economic Value (TEV). Hasil kajian menunjukkan bahwa terjadi variasi tingkat konversi lahan pertanian  di wilayah Kabupaten Sleman. Hasil perhitungan  dengan metode TEV menunjukkan bahwa pada wilayah zone 1 nilai ekonomi usahatani lahan  sawah lebih rendah dibandingkan dengan wilayah zone 2, sedangkan pada zone 3 nilai ekonomi dari usahatani lahan sawah paling tinggi. Tingkat pencemaran akibat adanya konversi lahan pertanian berdampak pada hasil kegiatan usahatani lahan sawah. Pencemaran yang dianggap paling tinggi oleh petani untuk saat ini adalah pencemaran air, sedangkan untuk pencemaran tanah dan udara belum dirasakan. Konversi lahan juga berdampak terhadap  produksi hasil komoditi lahan sawah. Meskipun hasil produksi komoditas pertanian juga dipengaruhi oleh luas lahan sawah, konversi, teknologi dan produktivitas pada setiap zone wilayah kajian.
IMPACTS OF ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AND POPULATION GROWTH ON AGRICULTURAL LAND CONVERSION IN JOGJAKARTA: A DYNAMIC ANALYSIS Agustin, Nur K.; Harini, Rika; Mariyono, Joko
Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan: Kajian Masalah Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Vol 8, No 1 (2007) : JEP Juni 2007
Publisher : Universitas Muhammdaiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/jep.v8i1.3937

Abstract

Luas lahan pertanian cenderung berkurang karena dialihfungsikan untuk keperluan lain sebagai akibat dari pembangunan ekonomi regional. Kajian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis alih fungsi lahan di Jogjakarta dengan menggunakan model dinamis dengan memasukkan variabel ekonomi, demografi dan infrastruktur. Panel data yang digunakan dalam kajian ini dikumpulkan dari lima wilayah selama kurun waktu 1979-2000.Estimasi dilakukan dengan panel regresi. Hasilnya menunjukkan bahwa lahan pertanian di Jogjakarta berubah secara dinamis dan menuju pada keadaan yang stabil. Lahan sawah akan tetap ada, sedangkan lahan kering kemungkinan akan dikonversi ke lahan sawah dan untuk kepentingan lainnya. Lahan sawah akan dicetak sebagai akibat naiknya pendapatan daerah. Tekanan penduduk terhadap lahan kering jauh lebih besar daripada terhadap lahan sawah.
The Survival Strategy of Households Affected by Tidal Floods: The Cases of Two Villages in the Pekalongan Coastal Area Susilo, Bowo; Harini, Rika; Sarastika, Tiara; Supriyati, S; Satriagasa, M C; Ariani, Rina Dwi
Forum Geografi Vol 31, No 1 (2017): July 2017
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/forgeo.v31i1.4259

Abstract

Pekalongan is one of the coastal areas of Java Island that is affected by tidal floods. Tidal floods have various impacts on the social and economic conditions of the community, thus affecting their livelihoods. The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of a tidal flood, the socioeconomic characteristics of the community and the survival approach of coastal communities in Pekalongan. This study was conducted using a purposive sampling method in two villages in Pekalongan Regency, namely Jeruksari Village and Tegaldowo Village, because these two areas are affected by tidal floods. The study was conducted by using in-depth interviews and focus group discussions (FGDs), as well as structured interviews. The structured interview sample consisted of 60 respondents who were selected at random using quota sampling. The analysis was using qualitative-descriptive and quantitative methods. The gathered data were then presented in tables, diagrams and maps. The results showed that tidal floods resulted in physical, economic, sociocultural, health, educational, and environmental damages to the communities in both villages. The majority of the community members only have an elementary school education and primarily work as labourers. There is a difference in the amount of family income between the two villages, where the average family in Jeruksari Village has a higher income (IDR 3,465,300 per month) than the average family in Tegaldowo Village with total household income of about IDR 2 million per month. The most frequently used approach for survival in both villages is what is known as the survival strategy, i.e. a strategy to meet the needs of life at a minimum level to survive.
Livelihood Strategies as Responses to Water Availability in Pusur Subwatershed, Bengawan Solo Wijayanti, Rathna; Baiquni, Muhammad; Harini, Rika
Forum Geografi Vol 30, No 2 (2016): December 2016
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/forgeo.v30i2.2618

Abstract

Water availability has a significant role on human life, particularly for the rural, agrarian communities. This study aimed to investigate the diverse conditions of water availability in Pusur sub-watershed, Bengawan Solo watershed, and the livelihood strategies of the local community in responding to the water availability. The study used both quantitative and qualitative methods of data analysis, and the data was collected through questionnaire, in-depth interview, and observation. On the water availability, the study used the following variables: (1) quality, (2) quantity, (3) spatial and temporal distribution, (4) access, (5) social-economy, and (5) institutional aspect. On the livelihood strategies, it uses: (1) reaction and (2) anticipation for water deficit. In term of sampling methods, the study used area and purposive sampling, by splitting the study site into the upper, middle, and lower area. The analysis of this study indicates that the level of water availability in the upper area is considered low. The community living in the upper area depends upon rainwater for its agricultural sector, and upon the water supply distributed by pipelines and tanker trucks for its household. The study also indicates that the middle area has abundant water supply, but the quality has been declined due to pollution, poor sanitation system, and potential conflict among the community members. Meanwhile, in the lower area, particularly in the dry season, irrigation water has been inadequate. Responding to the diverse water availability, the community has applied the following livelihood strategies: (1) leaving the agricultural land uncultivated in the upper area, and (2) pumping wells and rivers in the middle and lower areas. In addition, as part of its precautions actions, the community has applied: (1) agroforestry system at the upper area, (2) improved the irrigation system of the middle area, and (3) creating wells and using water pumps in the lower area. 
Spatial Analysis and Visualization of Geographic Access to Food in the Capital Area of Bulungan Regency, North Kalimantan Province Harini, Rika; Susilo, Bowo
Forum Geografi Vol 32, No 2 (2018): December 2018
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/forgeo.v32i2.7070

Abstract

Recently, food security becomes a priority for many governments particularly in developing countries. Food security has four dimensions i.e. availability, accessibility, stability, and utilization. This study examined food accessibility in term of geographic access i.e. the contribution of the geographic environment to food choices and consumption. The study located in Tanjung Selor Subdistrict, the capital region of Bulungan Regency as well as North Kalimantan Province. Geographic access to food was analyzed based on spatial distribution of food stores, settlement, and availability of transportation network. Spatial analysis, i.e. coverage, density, and network analysis, as well as the spatial visualization were performed using tools available in GIS software. This study revealed some circumstance related to geographical access to food in the study area. Geographical access to food for non-motorized people is limited. Non-motorized people have to walk more than 1 km to the nearest food store. Access to food for motorized people is somewhat different. Their geographical access, in general, were categorized as easy to moderate. This situation indicates that the availability of public transport or vehicle ownership is necessary to improve access to food.
Analisis Potensi Ekonomi Sektor Pertanian dan Sektor Pariwisata di Provinsi Bali Menggunakan Teknik Analisis Regional Yuendini, Emy Puspita; Rachmi, Isfi Nurafifa; Aini, Novanda Nurul; Harini, Rika; Alfana, Muhammad Arif Fahruddin
Jurnal Geografi : Media Informasi Pengembangan dan Profesi Kegeografian Vol 16, No 2 (2019): July
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/jg.v16i2.20831

Abstract

Provinsi Bali mempunyai peran yang strategis dalam pembangunan Indonesia, khususnya sektor pariwisata dan masih mengandalkan sektor pertanian sebagai mata pencahariannya. Kedua sektor ini merupakan sektor yang diandalkan dalam sumber pendapatan Provinsi Bali. Analisis regional diperlukan sebagai upaya untuk mengidentifikasi dan menganalisis potensi unggulan setiap kabupaten di Provinsi Bali. Metode yang digunakan adalah Location Quotient, Shift Share, Indeks Spesialisasi Regional, dan Tipologi Klassen. Data yang digunakan berupa data Pendapatan Domestik Regional Bruto (PDRB) atas dasar harga konstan 2010 dan data PDRB per kapita tahun 2015-2017. Keberadaan dua sektor basis dan unggulan memperlihatkan bahwa sektor pariwisata yang ditopang oleh Badung, Buleleng, Denpasar, dan Gianyar memiliki peran yang tinggi terhadap pendapatan kabupaten/kota tersebut dan Provinsi Bali secara keseluruhan. Analisis Shift-Share menunjukkan kontribusi PDRB terbesar adalah sektor pariwisata dan tidak terspesialisasi di setiap daerah. Hasil analisis tipologi Klassen menunjukkan adanya kesenjangan antara kabupaten/kota yang menjadi basis pariwisata dengan kabupaten/kota yang bukan menjadi basis pariwisata.The Province of Bali has a strategic role in Indonesia’s development, particularly the tourism sector and still relies on the agricultural sector as its livelihood. Both of these sectors are sectors that are relied upon in the sources of income of the Province of Bali. Regional analysis is needed as an effort to identify and analyze the superior potential of each district in Bali Province. The methods used are Location Quotient, Shift Share, Regional Specialization Index, and Klassen Typology. The data used in the form of GRDP data based on constant 2010 prices and GRDP data per capita in 2015-2017. The existence of two basic and superior sectors shows that the tourism sector supported by Badung, Buleleng, Denpasar and Gianyar has a high role in the revenue of the regency / city and the Province of Bali as a whole. Shift-Share analysis shows that the biggest PDRB contribution is the tourism sector and is not specialized in each region. Klassen’s typology analysis results show a gap between the districts / cities that are the basis of tourism and the districts that are not the basis of tourism.
Analisis Ketersediaan dan Kebutuhan Beras di Indonesia Tahun 2018 Pratama, Armandha Redo; Sudrajat, Sudrajat; Harini, Rika
Media Komunikasi Geografi Vol 20, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Universitas Pendidikan Ganesha

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23887/mkg.v20i2.19256

Abstract

Berdasarkan publikasi World Bank (2018) saat ini Indonesia menduduki peringkat ke-4 sebagai negara dengan jumlah penduduk paling besar di dunia, hal ini mengakibatkan konsumsi beras di Indonesia juga besar. Tujuan penelitian ini ialah untuk menganalisis ketersediaan dan kebutuhan berasdi Indonesia. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini ialah metode studi literatur dan analisis data sekunder. Hasil analisis dalam penelitian ini ialah Kondisi geografis di Indonesia yang sebagian besar cocok sebagai lahan sawah menyebabkan ketersediaan beras di Indonesia cukup besar. hal ini dibuktikan dengan persentase wilayah surplus beras di Indonesia lebih besar dibandingkan dengan wilayah defisit berasnya, yaitu sebesar 52,94% :  47,06 %. Sebagian besar Provinsi dengan klasifikasi defisit beras berada di Indonesia bagian timur, seperti Provinsi Papua, Maluku, NTT dan NTB, sedangkan provinsi dengan klasifikasi surplus beras dominan berada di Pulau Jawa, Pulau Sumatera dan Pulau Sulawesi. Jadi secara umum pada tahun 2018 sebagian besar provinsi di Indonesia merupakan wilayah surplus beras dengan sentra beras berada di Pulau Jawa, Pulau Sumatera dan Pulau Sulawesi.Kata Kunci : Ketersediaan; Kebutuhan; Beras; Surplus; Defisit
Strategi Ketahanan Pangan Beras berdasarkan Pendekatan Food Miles Pratama, Armandha Redo; Sudrajat, Sudrajat; Harini, Rika; Hindayani, Purna
Media Komunikasi Geografi Vol 22, No 2 (2021)
Publisher : Universitas Pendidikan Ganesha

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23887/mkg.v22i2.37518

Abstract

Indonesia merupakan salah satu negara kepulauan terbesar di dunia. Luas wilayah perairannya lebih luas dibandingkan dengan daratannya. Kondisi ini mengakibatkan faktor distribusi menjadi hal prioritas untuk dapat mencapai ketahanan beras di seluruh wilayah Indonesia. Kegiatan distribusi beras di negara kepulauan memiliki tantangan tersendiri, sehingga diperlukan strategi khusus berdasarkan karakteristik wilayahnya untuk mencapai ketahanan beras. Berdasarkan analisis data dapat diklasifikasikan wilayah berdasarkan ketersediaan dan kebutuhan beras, serta jarak tempuh pemenuhan berasnya. Berdasarkan analisis menggunakan metode transportasi linier programing dan SWOT dapat diperoleh hasil masing-masing kategori tersebut memiliki strategi yang berbeda, yaitu strategi distributif, defensif, protektif, revolutif, progresif dan variatif. Kajian ini diharapkan mampu menjadi salah satu kajian yang dapat menjadi rekomendasi dalam menentukan kebijakan ketahanan pangan beras dari aspek distribusi.
Analisis Potensi Ekonomi Sektor Pertanian dan Sektor Pariwisata di Provinsi Bali Menggunakan Teknik Analisis Regional Yuendini, Emy Puspita; Rachmi, Isfi Nurafifa; Aini, Novanda Nurul; Harini, Rika; Alfana, Muhammad Arif Fahruddin
Jurnal Geografi : Media Informasi Pengembangan dan Profesi Kegeografian Vol 16, No 2 (2019): July 2019
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/jg.v16i2.20831

Abstract

Provinsi Bali mempunyai peran yang strategis dalam pembangunan Indonesia, khususnya sektor pariwisata dan masih mengandalkan sektor pertanian sebagai mata pencahariannya. Kedua sektor ini merupakan sektor yang diandalkan dalam sumber pendapatan Provinsi Bali. Analisis regional diperlukan sebagai upaya untuk mengidentifikasi dan menganalisis potensi unggulan setiap kabupaten di Provinsi Bali. Metode yang digunakan adalah Location Quotient, Shift Share, Indeks Spesialisasi Regional, dan Tipologi Klassen. Data yang digunakan berupa data Pendapatan Domestik Regional Bruto (PDRB) atas dasar harga konstan 2010 dan data PDRB per kapita tahun 2015-2017. Keberadaan dua sektor basis dan unggulan memperlihatkan bahwa sektor pariwisata yang ditopang oleh Badung, Buleleng, Denpasar, dan Gianyar memiliki peran yang tinggi terhadap pendapatan kabupaten/kota tersebut dan Provinsi Bali secara keseluruhan. Analisis Shift-Share menunjukkan kontribusi PDRB terbesar adalah sektor pariwisata dan tidak terspesialisasi di setiap daerah. Hasil analisis tipologi Klassen menunjukkan adanya kesenjangan antara kabupaten/kota yang menjadi basis pariwisata dengan kabupaten/kota yang bukan menjadi basis pariwisata.The Province of Bali has a strategic role in Indonesia’s development, particularly the tourism sector and still relies on the agricultural sector as its livelihood. Both of these sectors are sectors that are relied upon in the sources of income of the Province of Bali. Regional analysis is needed as an effort to identify and analyze the superior potential of each district in Bali Province. The methods used are Location Quotient, Shift Share, Regional Specialization Index, and Klassen Typology. The data used in the form of GRDP data based on constant 2010 prices and GRDP data per capita in 2015-2017. The existence of two basic and superior sectors shows that the tourism sector supported by Badung, Buleleng, Denpasar and Gianyar has a high role in the revenue of the regency / city and the Province of Bali as a whole. Shift-Share analysis shows that the biggest PDRB contribution is the tourism sector and is not specialized in each region. Klassen’s typology analysis results show a gap between the districts / cities that are the basis of tourism and the districts that are not the basis of tourism.