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DEVELOPING DIGITAL MULTIMEDIA OF HUMAN ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY MATERIAL BASED ON STEM EDUCATION Hidayati, Nuril; Irmawati, Farizha
JPBI (Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi Indonesia) Vol 5, No 3 (2019): November
Publisher : University of Muhammadiyah Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22219/jpbi.v5i3.8584

Abstract

The development of multimedia based on science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) to empower students critical thinking skills has not been optimally carried out. The purpose of this research was to develop multimedia of human anatomy and physiology material based on STEM which improve students? critical thinking skills. This research and development (R&D) used 4D Thiagarajan development model which consisted of define, design, develop, and disseminate. The instruments used were interview guidelines, observation sheets, questionnaires, and test. The data obtained consisted of quantitative and qualitative data. The quantitative data was obtained from the test results and the assessments of respondents using a Likert scale, while the qualitative data in the form of experts recommendations. The results showed that the media developed were classified as valid with the scores were 96.89% (media aspects), 97.53% (usefulness), and 85.22% (readability). Furthermore, the prerequisite test results showed that the data are spread normally (p>0.05) and homogeneously (p>0.05) so that the ANACOVA test is continued. The ANACOVA test results showed that students' critical thinking skills taught with multimedia were significantly difference (sig <0.05).This study recommends the use of multimedia in learning human anatomy and physiology.
PHYSIOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS RELATED TO CARBON SEQUESTRATION OF TREE SPECIES IN HIGHLAND FOREST ECOSYSTEM OF MOUNT HALIMUN-SALAK NATIONAL PARK Hidayati, Nuril; Mansur, M.; Juhaeti, Titi
Indonesian Journal of Forestry Research Vol 9, No 2 (2012): Journal of Forestry Research
Publisher : Secretariat of Forestry Research and Development Agency

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Biological diversity can have significant contribution to reduce the build-up of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. The trees in a forest stand form an essential part in the functioning of the terrestrial biosphere, especially in the carbon cycle. Yet tree photosynthesis is far less studied than crop photosynthesis for several reasons: the large number of species; difficulty in measuring photosynthesis of entire trees or of forest stands. This research aims to assess the contribution of biological diversity in carbon sequestration by analyzing the physiological characteristics (photosynthesis, transpiration, stomatal conductance, leaf chlorophyll content) of species native to tropical highland forest ecosystem of Mount Halimun-Salak National Park. The results showed that there was a wide range of variation of CO2 assimilation rate between tree species. The overall CO2 absorption rate ranged 1.1913 - 31.3875 µmolm-2 s-1, the highest rate was reached by Lithocarpus sp. (pasang parengpeng) (31.3875 µmolm-2 s-1)followed by Litsea noronhae(huru lumlum) (21.5750 µmolm-2 s-1), Saurauia nudiflora (kilebo) (11.8175 µmolm-2 s-1), Vernonia arborea (hamirung) (6.7125 µmolm-2 s-1) and Litsea.sp. (huru bodas) (6.2725 µmolm2 s-1). The rate of CO assimilation was affected by incident radiation and thus the photon flux (Q leaf). Correlation between CO assimilation and Q leaf under certain environmental condition was considerably high. Incident radiation and Q leaf also affected stomatal conductance and thus rate of transpiration.
VARIASI SERAPAN KARBONDIOKSIDA (CO2) JENIS-JENIS POHON DI “ECOPARK”, CIBINONG DAN KAITANNYA DENGAN POTENSI MITIGASI GAS RUMAH KACA Hidayati, Nuril; Mansur, M.; Juhaeti, Titi
Buletin Kebun Raya Vol 16, No 1 (2013): Buletin Kebun Raya Vol. 16 (1) Januari 2013
Publisher : Center for Plant Conservation Bogor Botanic Garden, Indonesian Institute of Sciences

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

This research aims to assess the contribution of biological diversity in CO2 absorption by analyzing the physiological characteristics (CO2 absorption, transpiration, stomatal conductance, leaf chlorophyll content) of tree species in a conservation area of “Ecopark”, Cibinong. The results were meant to provide information on CO2 absorption of some tree species suitable for revegetation. The results showed that there was a wide range of variation of CO2 assimilation rate among tree species. The overall CO2 assimilation rate ranged from 2.86 to 16.45  µmolm-2s-1. The highest CO2 absorption was Pometia pinnata (16.45  molm-2s-1), followed by Garcinia xanthochymus (11.40 µmolm-2s-1), Syzygium polyanthum (10.99 µmolm-2s-1), Syzygium polycepaliodes (10.89 µmolm-2s-1), and Palaquium obtusifolium (10.41 µmolm-2s-1). Transpiration rate was recorded between  1.29 mmolm-2s-1 (Maniltoa grandiflora)  and 7.85 mmolm-2s-1 (Euphoria longan). The rate of CO2 assimilation was affected by solar radiation and thus the quantum leaf (Q leaf), stomatal conductance, as well as leaf chlorophyll content. Trees species that have characteristics of high CO2 absortion and efficient in maintaining water balance (low transpiration rate), are suitable for green house gas mitigation.  
PEMANFAATAN SALVINIA MOLESTA D.S. MITCHELL, AKUMULATOR MERKURI DI SAWAH TERCEMAR LIMBAH PENAMBANGAN EMAS Hidayati, Nuril; Syarif, Fauzia; Juhaeti, Titi
Jurnal Teknologi Lingkungan Vol. 10 No. 3 (2009)
Publisher : Center for Environmental Technology - Agency for Assessment and Application of Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (113.693 KB) | DOI: 10.29122/jtl.v10i3.1470

Abstract

Mercury is one of important contaminants in mine lands. One approach to remediaterisks from this metal pollutant is phytoextraction using hyperaccumulator plants. Theseremarkable plant species accumulate appreciable high concentrations of metals thando normal plants when the normal plants suffer yield reduction from metal phytotoxicity.Some plant species growing in gold mine contaminated areas indicated high toleranceand potentially effective in accumulating mercury in their roots and above groundportions. Salvinia molesta is one of them. This plant could be utilized as hyperaccumulatorfor cleaning up mercury contaminated sites. This research aim to study phytoextractionof mercury by Salvinia molesta and the effectiveness of mercury degradator bacteria onplant tolerance and mercury phytoextraction. In this study Salvinia molesta was grown inmercury contaminated liquid gold mine waste, added with Mercury (II) Chloride (HgCl2)0 ppm Hg, 10 ppm Hg, 30 ppm Hg and 50 ppm Hg. Mercury degradator bacteria wasapplied in the media. The results showed that Salvinia molesta was able to survive evenin media with high level of mercury concentration (50 ppm), although the number ofplant survival tend to decrease with the increase of mercury concentration. Variables ofsurface coverage and live plants decreased with the increase of mercury concentrationin the media. There was a close correlation between plant growth variables and mercuryconcentration in the media. The effects of mercury toxicity on plants seems to decreasein bacteria treated plants. It was indicated by the higher percentage of surface coverageand plant survival in bacteria treated plants than that of untreated plants up to 30 ppm Hg.Recovery from toxicity was shown in bacteria treated plants up to 30 ppm Hg. Mercuryaccumulation in plants tent to increase with the increase of mercury concentration inmedia. It can be concluded that plant performance was better and mercury concentrationdecreased in bacteria treated plants.
POTENSI SALVINIA MOLESTA D.S. MITCHELL, LIMNOCHARIS FLAVA (L.) BUCHENAU DAN MONOCHORIA VAGINALIS (BURM.F.) PRESL UNTUK FITOEKSTRAKSI MERKURI DI SAWAH YANG TERCEMAR MERKURI AKIBAT KEGIATAN PENAMBANG EMAS TANPA IZIN (PETI) Juhaeti, Titi; Hidayati, Nuril; Syarif, Fauzia; Hidayat, Syamsul
Jurnal Teknologi Lingkungan Vol. 11 No. 2 (2010)
Publisher : Center for Environmental Technology - Agency for Assessment and Application of Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (209.403 KB) | DOI: 10.29122/jtl.v11i2.1203

Abstract

The research were carried out to study the potency of Salvinia molesta D.S. Mitchell (Kiambang), Limnocharis flava (L.) Buchenau (Genjer) and Monochoria vaginalis (Burm.f.) Presl (Eceng) for Hg phytoextraction on paddy field contaminated with Hg from illegal mining. The plants were grown on contaminated media from paddy field in Pongkor (68.269 ppm Hg) added by NPK fertilizer (0, 3 and 6 g/pot) and ammonium thiosulphate chelating agent (0, 20 ppm). The result showed that the growth of kiambang,eceng, genjer and padi are significantly different. Chelating agent did not significantly affect the plant growth, meanwhile fertilizer significantly affected the plant growth. Thetreatments resulted in different Hg concentration in the plants. Fertilizer increased plant biomass and so plant Hg content since Hg contents is a function of total biomass and Hg concentration. It can be concluded that based on the criteria of accumulator plant,kiambang is the most potentially Hg accumulator followed by genjer and eceng.Key words: Phytoextraction, Hg, Salvinia molesta, Limnocharis flava, Monochoriavaginalis
VARIASI SERAPAN KARBONDIOKSIDA (CO2) JENIS-JENIS POHON DI “ECOPARK”, CIBINONG DAN KAITANNYA DENGAN POTENSI MITIGASI GAS RUMAH KACA Hidayati, Nuril; Mansur, M.; Juhaeti, Titi
Buletin Kebun Raya Vol 16, No 1 (2013): Buletin Kebun Raya Vol. 16 (1) January 2013
Publisher : Center for Plant Conservation Bogor Botanic Garden, Indonesian Institute of Sciences

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

This research aims to assess the contribution of biological diversity in CO2 absorption by analyzing the physiological characteristics (CO2 absorption, transpiration, stomatal conductance, leaf chlorophyll content) of tree species in a conservation area of “Ecopark”, Cibinong. The results were meant to provide information on CO2 absorption of some tree species suitable for revegetation. The results showed that there was a wide range of variation of CO2 assimilation rate among tree species. The overall CO2 assimilation rate ranged from 2.86 to 16.45  µmolm-2s-1. The highest CO2 absorption was Pometia pinnata (16.45  molm-2s-1), followed by Garcinia xanthochymus (11.40 µmolm-2s-1), Syzygium polyanthum (10.99 µmolm-2s-1), Syzygium polycepaliodes (10.89 µmolm-2s-1), and Palaquium obtusifolium (10.41 µmolm-2s-1). Transpiration rate was recorded between  1.29 mmolm-2s-1 (Maniltoa grandiflora)  and 7.85 mmolm-2s-1 (Euphoria longan). The rate of CO2 assimilation was affected by solar radiation and thus the quantum leaf (Q leaf), stomatal conductance, as well as leaf chlorophyll content. Trees species that have characteristics of high CO2 absortion and efficient in maintaining water balance (low transpiration rate), are suitable for green house gas mitigation.  
STRUKTUR DAN KOMPOSISI VEGETASI POHON SERTA ESTIMASI BIOMASSA, KANDUNGAN KARBON DAN LAJU FOTOSINTESIS DI TAMAN NASIONAL GUNUNG HALIMUN-SALAK Mansur, Muhammad; Hidayati, Nuril; Juhaeti, Titi
Jurnal Teknologi Lingkungan Vol. 12 No. 2 (2011)
Publisher : Center for Environmental Technology - Agency for Assessment and Application of Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (233.014 KB) | DOI: 10.29122/jtl.v12i2.1248

Abstract

Research the structure and composition of vegetation, biomass estimation, carbon content and the rate of photosynthesis was conducted in Citalahab Central Village,Gunung Halimun-Salak National Park, West Java, on August 2010. The purpose of research to determine the components and characteristics of each tree species at the study sites associated with biomass, the rate of CO2 assimilation and transpiration. Results showed that, the form of classified forest area of primary forest with a little disturbed. There were recorded 337 individual trees (stem diameter &gt; 10 cm) per hectare from 71 species, 50 genera and 32 families. Lauraceae, Fagaceae, Myrtaceae, Rubiaceae and Meliaceae are the 5 most common families found in the plot area, thatis dominated by Altingia excelsa, Blumeodendron elateriospermum, Ardisia zollingeri, Gordonia excelsa, Tricalysia singularis, Castanopsis acuminatissima, Knema cinerea, Laportea stimulant, Vernonia arborea and Dysoxylum excelsum. Estimated biomass recorded of 304.5 tons dry weight / ha with a carbon content of 152.3 tons / ha of basal area of 28.89 m2/ha. Quercus oidocarpa, Litsea noronhae, Saurauia nudiflora, Castanopsis argentea and Altingia excelsa has recorded the highest photosyntheticrates compared with other species. While the highest transpiration rate is owned by the Macaranga triloba, Sandoricum koetjape, Prunus arborea, Urophyllum corymbosum and Altingia excelsa.
PHYSIOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS RELATED TO CARBON SEQUESTRATION OF TREE SPECIES IN HIGHLAND FOREST ECOSYSTEM OF MOUNT HALIMUN-SALAK NATIONAL PARK Hidayati, Nuril; Mansur, M.; Juhaeti, Titi
Indonesian Journal of Forestry Research Vol 9, No 2 (2012): Journal of Forestry Research
Publisher : Secretariat of Forestry Research and Development Agency

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20886/ijfr.2012.9.2.49-61

Abstract

Biological diversity can have significant contribution to reduce the build-up of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. The trees in a forest stand form an essential part in the functioning of the terrestrial biosphere, especially in the carbon cycle. Yet tree photosynthesis is far less studied than crop photosynthesis for several reasons: the large number of species; difficulty in measuring photosynthesis of entire trees or of forest stands. This research aims to assess the contribution of biological diversity in carbon sequestration by analyzing the physiological characteristics (photosynthesis, transpiration, stomatal conductance, leaf chlorophyll content) of species native to tropical highland forest ecosystem of Mount Halimun-Salak National Park. The results showed that there was a wide range of variation of CO2 assimilation rate between tree species. The overall CO2 absorption rate ranged 1.1913 - 31.3875 µmolm-2 s-1, the highest rate was reached by Lithocarpus sp. (pasang parengpeng) (31.3875 µmolm-2 s-1)followed by Litsea noronhae(huru lumlum) (21.5750 µmolm-2 s-1), Saurauia nudiflora (kilebo) (11.8175 µmolm-2 s-1), Vernonia arborea (hamirung) (6.7125 µmolm-2 s-1) and Litsea.sp. (huru bodas) (6.2725 µmolm2 s-1). The rate of CO assimilation was affected by incident radiation and thus the photon flux (Q leaf). Correlation between CO assimilation and Q leaf under certain environmental condition was considerably high. Incident radiation and Q leaf also affected stomatal conductance and thus rate of transpiration.
Periode Kritis Tanaman Cabai Merah Besar (Capsicum nnnuum L. var. long cltilli) pada Perlakuan Cekaman Air Widiyono, W.; Hidayati, Nuril
JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA Vol 3, No 9 (2005): JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA
Publisher : Perhimpunan Biologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (513.617 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jbi.v3i9.3282

Abstract

ABSTRACTThe critical period of red chili (Capsicum annuum L. var. long chili) under water stresstreatment. The research of the effect of water stress to the morphological characters of redchili was conducted to understand the critical period of vegetative stage. The experiment wasarranged based on Randomized Complete Block Design, consist of 14 water treatments with 3replications. Stressed plants were watered 500 ml each week at stress period and no stressedplants were watered 1500 ml each week. On the first weeks all samples were watered in fieldcapacity. The treatments i.e. Control plants were watered during 1-14 weeks; Plants weretreated in stress period respectively at ages 2 weeks; 2-3 weeks; 2-4 weeks; 2-5 weeks; 2-6weeks; 2-7 weeks and continued watering; Plants were watered at field capacity during 2-7weeks, 2-6 weeks; 2-5 weeks; 2-4 weeks; 2-3 weeks and 2 weeks, and continued stressperiod treatment; Plants were treated in stress period during 2-1 4 weeks. The result showedthat (i). Water stress treatments were significantly increase roots length; reduce length andweigl~t of stem; number, area and weight of leave. (ii). Red chili plants at vegetative stagewere more resistant to water stress compared with reproductive stage according to stem andleave parameters.Keywords: Critical period, water stress, Capsicum annuum L. var. long chili
Potensi Hipertoleransi Calopogonium mucunoides, Centrosema pubescens dan Cajanus cajan yang Tumbuh pada Limbah Penambangan Emas Terkontaminasi Sianida dan Merkuri Syarif, Fauzia; Hidayati, Nuril; Juhaeti, Titi
JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA Vol 4, No 4 (2007): JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA
Publisher : Perhimpunan Biologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (3666.264 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jbi.v4i4.3251

Abstract

ABSTRACTPotency of Hypertolerance of Calopogonium mucunoides, Centrosema pubescensand Cajanus cajan . Grown on Gold Mine waste Media Contaminated by Cyanideand Mercury. Cleaning up contaminated environment by using green technology ofphytoremediation is urgently needed in the future. These plants will be utilized ashyperaccumulators for cleaning up the contaminated sites. The results of plant screeningshowed that some plant species, which grow in the contaminated areas, indicated hightolerance and potentially effective in accumulating cyanide and mercury in their rootsand above ground portions. Those plants are Calopogonium mucunoides and Centrosemapubescens. This research aims to examine the potency of three candidate plants i.eCalopogonium mucunoides, Centrosemapubescens and Cajanus cajan, that were grownunder three different media i.e tailing waste of PT ANTAM contaminated by cyanide,public mine or PET1 waste that were contaminated by mercury and non contaminated topsoil as a control. The results showed that all of the species were able to grow undercontaminated media and showed a considerable tolerance by indicated high cyanide andmercury accumulation in their shoot and root. Among those three plants, Centrosemapubescens showed the highest level of cyanide and mercury accumulation i.e 3.29 mg I- CN (in the shoot), 34.72 mg I- Hg (in the shoot) and 17.47 mg lk Hg (in the root),followed by Calopogonium mucunoides i.e 14,97 mg I- CN (in the root). Concentrationratio of CN and Hg accumulation in shoot/root of Centrosemapubescens was >I indicatingthat this plant, according to the definition can beconsidered as a hyperaccumulator.Key Words: Calopogonium mucunoides, Centrosemapubescens, Cajanus cajan, mercury,cyanide, waste