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Viral and bacterial infection among hospitalized-suspected influenza A/H5N1 patients in Indonesia, 2008-2009 Agustiningsih, Agustiningsih; Herman, Reni; Ramadhany, Ririn; Pratiwi, Eka; Puspa, Kartika D.; Setiawaty, Vivi
Medical Journal of Indonesia Vol 21, No 2 (2012): May
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (470.157 KB) | DOI: 10.13181/mji.v21i2.485

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Background: Since a lot of suspected H5N1 cases with severe ARI manifestation were hospitalized and negative for H5N1, it raised a concern to investigate the other etiologies among hospitalized-suspected H5N1 cases. The aim of present study is to investigate the other respiratory pathogens of hospitalized-suspected H5N1 cases in which will provide valuable insight in the etiologies and epidemiology data of ARI.Methods: We tested the archived respiratory clinical specimens (nasal or throat swab, tracheal aspirate and bronchoalveolar lavage) that were already confirmed as negative H5N1 for 16 viruses and 8 bacteria existence by Multiplex PCR and Real-Time PCR from 230 hospitalized-suspected H5N1 cases received in July 2008 to June 2009.Results: Of the 230 hospitalized-suspected H5N1 cases, Klebsiella pneumoniae was the most dominant bacterial pathogen in children and adult. Moreover, the common viral pathogens in children was influenza A (non H5), while it was varied in adults as influenza A (non H5), Enterovirus, HRV A/B, Coronavirus 229E/NL63 were found very low. Bacterial mix infection of Klebsiella pneumoniae, Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophillus influenzae mainly occurred in children while co-infections of Klebsiella pneumoniae and Streptococcus pneumoniae were frequently found in adults. In addition, the major bacterial-viral mix infection found among children was influenza A and Klebsiella pneumoniae.Conclusion: From all of the samples tested, bacterial infections remain the most common etiologies of ARI in adults and children although there were infections caused by viruses. Mix infection of bacterial and viral also found among adults and children. (Med J Indones. 2012;21:77-82)Keywords: Acute respiratory infection, H5N1, PCR
Sintesis TiO2 terdoping Fe3+ untuk Degradasi Rhodamin B Secara Fotokatalisis dengan Bantuan Sinar Tampak Pratiwi, Eka; Harlia, Harlia; Aritonang, Anthoni Batahan
POSITRON Vol 10, No 1 (2020): Vol. 10 No. 1 Edition
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam, Univetsitas Tanjungpura

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26418/positron.v10i1.37739

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Fotokatalis TiO2 terdoping Fe3+ telah disintesis menggunakan titanium tetraisopropoksida (TTIP) sebagai prekursor serta dopan Fe3+ dari Fe(NO3)3 dengan metode sol-gel. Fotokatalis TiO2 didoping menggunakan Fe3+ bertujuan untuk memperlebar serapan dari sinar Ultra Violet (UV) hingga sinar tampak pada berbagai variasi persentase Fe3+ 0,05%; 0,125%; 0,25% (b/v). karakterisasi fotokatalis dilakukan dengan metode spektrofotometri UV-Vis/DRS, FT-IR, XRD  dan diuji aktivitasnya terhadap degradasi rhodamin B. Hasil pengukuran UV-Vis/DRS dari setiap variasi memberikan energi celah pita (Eg) masing-masing sebesar 1,33 eV, 2,11 eV, 2,53 eV. Spektra Infra merah (FT-IR) menunjukkan serapan Fe-O yang merupakan interaksi antara TiO2 dengan dopan Fe3+ dalam struktur TiO2. Hasil pengukuran x-ray difraction (XRD) Fe-TiO2 memberikan difragtogram pada 2θ 25,4773°, 37,9223°, 48,0159° mengindikasikan bahwa Fe3+ telah tersubsitusi kedalam struktur TiO2. Dopan Fe3+ yang telah tersubsitusi juga dapat dibuktikan dari penurunan ukuran rata-rata kristalit dan jarak antar kisi. Hasil Uji Aktivitas konsentrasi dopan Fe3+ 0,125% memiliki aktivitas tertinggi yaitu sebesar 25,605%. Hasil penelitian tersebut menunjukkan bahwa Fe-TiO2 memiliki potensi dalam mendegradasi rhodamin B menggunakan sinar tampak.
Koreografi Lingkungan’ Masyarakat Plempoh, Prambanan, Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta Martono, Hendro; Pujiastuti, Susanti; Pratiwi, Eka; Chrysandi, Georgie
Journal of Urban Societys Arts Vol 13, No 2 (2013): Oktober 2013
Publisher : Institut Seni Indonesia Yogyakarta

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Abstract

Desa Plempoh, yang berada di wilayah Prambanan Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta,diharapkan sebagai penyangga pariwisata situs purbakala candi Boko. Akan tetapi,kenyataannya desa yang terletak di lereng bukit Boko menjelang masuk area candi,tidak menampilkan wujud sebagaimana yang diharapkan. Untuk itu, penulisdan sekaligus koreografer menawarkan alternatif solusi yang dapat memenuhikepentingan masyarakat. Masyarakat diberdayakan dalam pelatihan seni tari,nyanyi, dan teater. Metode yang digunakan adalah ‘Koreografi Lingkungan’,yaitu sebuah proses kreatif bekerja bersama antara tim perancangan seni denganmasyarakat untuk mewujudkan sebuah tari rakyat yang mengangkat legendasetempat, yaitu Jonggrang. Koreografinya mengungkapkan kearifan lokal denganpendekatan masa kini dan menggunakan versi rakyat yang membedakannya dengansendratari Rara Jonggrang yang sudah seringkali ditampilkan selama ini. Environmental Choreography of Plempoh society, Prambanan, Yogyakarta.Plempoh village, located in the region of Prambanan Yogyakarta, is expected as a bufferof Boko temple archaeological tourism sites. However, the fact that the village is locatedon the hillside of the entrance of the temple area, does not display the form as it isexpected. Therefore, the writer, also a choreographer, offers an alternative solution to meetthe interests of the community. The people of this society were empowered by the trainingsof dancing, singing, and theater. The method used in the research was ‘EnvironmentalChoreography’ which was a creative process of group working between the design teamand the society to create a public art with a folk dance which raised the local legend,Jonggrang. The choreography revealed the local wisdom with the present approach, andused the version distinguishing people with Rara Jonggrang ballet that has often beenshown lately.
PARTISIPASI POLITIK MASYARAKAT PERBATASAN NEGARA DALAM PILKADA SERENTAK DI KABUPATEN MALINAU Risal, Semuel; Pratiwi, Eka
DIA: Jurnal Administrasi Publik Vol 17 No 2 (2019): PEMBANGUNAN
Publisher : Program Studi Doktor Ilmu Administrasi, FISIP, Universitas 17 Agustus 1945 Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (238.721 KB) | DOI: 10.30996/dia.v17i2.3010

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The purpose of this study is to describe and analyze the low level of political participation of state border communities as an evaluation of the implementation of the elections held by the Malinau Regional Election Commission in 2015. There is a tendency that border communities do not care about democratic parties (elections) being held, because they feel ostracized by the government, even most of their basic needs depend on neighboring countries, namely Malaysia. While the Indonesian government seems to be ignoring border communities with high living costs and low welfare levels. Giving the impression that the election results also did not have an impact on the lives of the people of the country's borders. Whereas one of the objectives of the implementation of the elections is to produce elections that have clean, honest and fair integrity in order to be able to produce qualified leaders to develop community welfare. The results showed that social, economic, geographical, administrative and community apathy conditions affected the level of political participation of people at the border. Community apathy and geographical conditions have a considerable impact, so the development of border communities needs to be an important concern of the government so that the people trust the government. Thus, the awareness of the people of the national borders to build their participation in determining their leaders in the future elections.
KUANTIFIKASI HASIL EKSTRAKSI GEN SEBAGAI FAKTOR KRITIS UNTUK KEBERHASILAN PEMERIKSAAN RT PCR Pratiwi, Eka; Widodo, Lovendo Ilham
Indonesian Journal for Health Sciences Vol 4, No 1 (2020): March
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Ponorogo

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (269.886 KB) | DOI: 10.24269/ijhs.v4i1.2293

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Infeksi virus dan bakteri menjadi penyebab terbanyak infeksi saluran pernafasan di negara berkembang. Influenza Like Illness (ILI) merupakan kelompok penyakit yang komplek dan heterogen yang disebabkan oleh berbagai etiologi. Etiologi ILI terdiri dari kurang lebih 300 jenis virus, bakteri, riketsia dan jamur. Deteksi penyebab kasus ILI saat ini mengalami beberapa kesulitan yaitu dalam menentukan etiologi ILI dari spesimen. Tahap awal dari metode Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) dimulai dengan melakukan ekstraksi, yaitu  memisahkan asam nukleat dari komponen sel lainnya, sehingga asam nukleat yang diperoleh dapat dianalisis atau dimodifikasi lebih lanjut dengan teknik biologi molekular lainnya. Setelah ekstraksi, dilakukan kuantifikasi meliputi pengukuran konsentrasi asam nukleat menggunakan alat Qubit fluorometric didapatkan beberapa sampel  RNA nya < 20 ng/mL sehingga tidak dapat terukur alat ini dan hasil pengukuran DNA nya bervariasi dengan range 4,99 – 99,2 ng/mL. Alat  Nanovue Plus juga digunakan untuk pengukuran konsentrasi asam nukleat dan kemurnian, untuk nilai RNA didapatkan range 0,0564 – 0,1396ng/mL lalu konsentrasi DNA berada di kisaran 0,0875 – 0,1365 ng/mL. Pada pengukuran kemurnian menggunakan Nanovue Plus tidak didapatkan DNA yang murni dengan nilai >1,80 dan pengukuran RNA didapat beberapa sampel yang mempunyai kemurnian dengan nilai >2,00.
PENINGKATAN KEMAMPUAN BERBICARA DENGAN MENGGUNAKAN MEDIA GAMBAR BERSERI PADA PEMBELAJARAN BAHASA INDONESIA KELAS I SD Pratiwi, Eka; Halidjah, Siti; Salimi, Asmayani
Jurnal Pendidikan dan Pembelajaran Khatulistiwa Vol 2, No 12 (2013): Desember 2013
Publisher : Jurnal Pendidikan dan Pembelajaran Khatulistiwa

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Abstrak: Penelitian bertujuan untuk meningkatkan kemampuan berbicara siswa pada aspek kebahasaan dan pada aspek nonkebahasaan dengan menggunakan media gambar berseri di kelas I SDN 04 Pontianak Timur. Metode yang digunakan adalah metode deskriptif. Bentuk penelitian yang digunakan adalah penelitian tindakan kelas. Penelitian ini dilakukan dalam 2 siklus dengan hasil akhir penelitian yang diperoleh yaitu aspek kebahasaan (44,5%) pada siklus I, (67,5%) pada siklus II, aspek nonkebahasaan (22%) pada siklus I, dan (68%) pada siklus II. Dari data yang telah diperoleh dapat disimpulkan terjadi peningkatan kemampuan berbicara siswa pada aspek kebahasaan yaitu (23%) dan non kebahasaan sebesar (46%). Maka dapat disimpulkan penggunaan media gambar berseri dapat meningkatkan kemampuan berbicara siswa di Kelas I SDN 04 Pontianak Timur. Kata Kunci: Peningkatan, Kemampuan Berbicara, Media Gambar Berseri. Abstract: This research is aims to increase student ability in speaking at language aspect and on non-language aspect with using series picture media at Grade one SDN 04 Pontianak Timur. The Method that used is a description method. The research form that used is a classroom action research. This research was done on two cycles with the final result of this research that obtain from on the language aspect was (44,5%) in the first cycle, (67,5%) in the second cycle, on the non-language aspect was (22%) in the first cycle, and (68%) in the second cycle. Based on the data can conclude that it has increasing students ability in speaking at language aspect was (23%) and on the non-language aspect was (46%). Its means that using series picture media can increasing students ability in speaking at grade one on SDN 04 Pontianak Timur. Keywords: Increasing, Speaking Ability, Series Picture Media.
PENANAMAN NILAI DALAM PENGUATAN PENDIDIKAN KARAKTER DI SMP NEGERI 8 YOGYAKARTA Pratiwi, Eka
Spektrum Analisis Kebijakan Pendidikan Vol 10, No 1 (2021): Spektrum Analisis Kebijakan Pendidikan
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Pendidikan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21831/sakp.v10i1.17353

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The purpose of this research is to describe the inculcating value in strengthening character education in SMP Negeri 8 Yogyakarta. This research is a descriptive qualitative research. The subjects in this research were the principal, educators, students and parents/ guardians of students. Data collection techniques were using observation, interviews, and documentation. The data analysis technique used the Milles and Huberman model, namely using the data condensation step, presenting the data, and drawing conclusions. Test the validity of the data in this research using triangulation. The research results showed that: (1) Guidelines in inculcating values with the 2013 curriculum, syllabus and document books (rules of conduct). (2) The process of inculcating character values at SMP Negeri 8 Yogyakarta uses three ways, namely by providing understanding / knowledge, through habits, and through good examples conducted by school principals and educators. (3) The values implanted are religious, nationalist, independent, mutual assistance and integrity values. (4) The supporting factors are the culture of the school, facilities and infrastructure, good relationship with the school community. The inhibiting factor is the understanding of different school members about character education, so it takes patience and hard work from the school in an effort to equalize perceptions so that the implementation of character education is as expected, educators who have not maximally provided understanding, and low parental understanding.   Keywords: Inculcating Value, PPK
Pengaruh Pelatihan, Kemampuan Kerja Dan Lingkungan Kerja Terhadap Kinerja Tenaga Kerja Indonesia (Studi Pada Dinas Tenaga Kerja, Tranmigrasi Dan Sosial Kota Semarang) Millan, Alston; Pratiwi, Eka; Sirante, Yohanis
JEMI is managed and published by the Management Study Program, Faculty of Economics and Business, Kutai Kartanegara University. Institutional legality is reflected in the ISSN number: 1411-9560 published by LIPI in 2003 as a manifestation of the comm Vol 19 No 1 (2019)
Publisher : FAKULTAS EKONOMI DAN BISNIS UNIKARTA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (203.519 KB) | DOI: 10.53640/jemi.v19i1.592

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Abstract:The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of training, work ability and work environment on the performance of Indonesian workers abroad. In this study data was collected by means of observations, interviews and questionnaires on 50 respondents. The analysis used includes test data instruments (validity test, and reliability test), multiple linear regression analysis, classic assumption test (normality test, multicollinearity test, heteroscedasticity test), and hypothesis testing (f test, t test, coefficient of determination). From the results of the analysis using regression, it can be seen that training variables, work ability and work environment, all have a positive effect on the performance of Indonesian workers. From the t-test results obtained from training, work ability and work environment, all have a significant effect on the performance of Indonesian workers.Keywords: Training, Work Ability, Work Environment And Workforce Performance Indonesia
Estimasi Ketidakpastian Nilai Acuan Kobalt Dan Mangan Dalam Matriks Air Minum Kemasan Elishian, Christine; Komalasari, Isna; Mardika Handayani, Eka; Zuas, Oman; Hamim, Nuryatini; Hindayani, Ayu; Styarini, Dyah; Pratiwi, Eka
Jurnal Teknologi Vol 14 No 1 (2021): Jurnal Teknologi
Publisher : Jurnal Teknologi, Fakultas Teknologi Industri, Institut Sains & Teknologi AKPRIND Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.34151/jurtek.v14i1.3542

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Ketidakpastian merupakan salah satu bagian penting dari nilai acuan suatu bahan acuan bersertifikat. Pada penelitian ini, komponen – komponen ketidakpastian pada penentuan nilai acuan kobalt (Co) dan Mangan (Mn) dalam bahan acuan matriks Air Minum Kemasan (AMK) telah berhasil diidentifikasi dan ditentukan dengan mengacu pada ISO/Guide 35:2017. Komponen yang berkontribusi pada nilai acuan Co dan Mn yaitu komponen ketidakpastian yang bersumber dari homogenitas sampel, ketidakpastian asal stabilitas jangka panjang penyimpanan dan ketidakpastian yang bersumber dari karakterisasi. Proses karakterisasi nilai acuan dilakukan dengan perbandingan dua metode yaitu ICP-MS dan ICP-OES menggunakan internal standar Ytrium dan kalibrasi eksternal. Nilai acuan logam Co dan Mn beserta ketidakpastiannya yaitu 14,8 ± 2,7 µg Kg-1 dan 41,6 ± 7,5 µg Kg-1 pada tingkat kepercayaan 95% dengan faktor cakupan 2. Adapun sumber kontributor terbesar ketidakpastian nilai acuan ditemukan berasal dari komponen stabilitas jangka panjang yaitu sebesar 1,17 µg Kg-1 (8%) dan 3,59 µg Kg-1 (9%) masing-masing untuk Co dan Mn.