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Hubungan antara Self Efficacy dan Self Care Behavior pada Lansia dengan Hipertensi Wimar Anugrah Romadhon; Joni Haryanto; Makhfudli Makhfudli; Setho Hadisuyatmana
Jurnal Penelitian Kesehatan SUARA FORIKES Vol 11, No 4 (2020): Oktober
Publisher : FORIKES

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33846/sf11414


Background: The incidence of hypertension in the elderly continues to increase every year and the problems that often occur in elderly hypertension are non-compliance with therapy or treatment, lifestyle changes, self care behavior that is less than optimal and the complications due to hypertension. This is influenced by beliefs (self-efficacy) that the elderly have to change their behavior, which is self care behavior which is not good. Purpose: to observe the relationship between self efficacy and self care behavior in the elderly with hypertension. Method: This study used a descriptive correlation design with a cross sectional approach. Overall, the samples obtained were 252 elderly with hypertension in the Surabaya Public Health Center area through cluster random sampling. Data were analyzed using the Spearman Rank test. Results: The elderly with hypertension have a self efficacy of 40.9% in the low category and 59.1% in the good category and have a self care behavior of 31.7% in the less category, 39.3% in category enough, 29% in the good category. This study shows a significant relationship between self efficacy and self care behavior with a value of p = 0,000
Cutaneus Stimulation: Slow-Stroke Back Massage Reduces the Intensity of Osteoartritis Pain of Elderly Mira Triharini; Mardliyah Mardliyah; Setho Hadisuyatmana
Jurnal Ners Vol. 5 No. 1 (2010): April 2010
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (208.778 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/jn.v5i1.3928


Introduction: Osteoarthritis disease is the result of both mechanical and biological process which lead come to unstable degradation and synthesis of condrozyte cartilage and extracellular matrix. The risk factor of this instability is aging process. The aging process stimulates osteophytes formation and degradation of cartilage, and emerged pain as primary clinical symptom. One of the non pharmacological ways to cope this pain is by applying cutaneus stimulation through slow-stroke back massage method. The objective of this study was to analyze the effect of applying cutaneus stimulation with slow-stroke back massage method to osteoarthritis’s pain intensity.Methods: Pre experimental design with one group pre test-post test approach was used in this study. The subject of this study were elderly above 50 years old living in Panti Werdha Hargo Dedali Surabaya, 15 participants were involved using purpose sampling technique. This study started on January 29th until February 6th, 2010. Data were collected by interview and observation and analyzed by WIlcoxcon Signed Rank Test α = 0.05, p value <α.Results: The Result showed that the message intervention was significantly affect the elder’s level of osteoarthritis pain in Panti Werdha Hargo Dedali Surabaya (p = 0.003).Conclusion: It can be concluded that gives stimulation cutaneus: slow-stroke back massage reduce osteoathritis pain intensity. Slow-stroke back massage increase level of endorphin, so that pain reduction and individual pain perception will decrease.
Factors Influencing Mothers’ Intention to Immunize Children Younger than Five Years of Age in West Borneo: a Cross-Sectional Study Setho Hadisuyatmana; Ilya Krisnana; Muhammad Adil Sipahutar
Jurnal Ners Vol. 14 No. 1 (2019): APRIL 2019
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (256.939 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/jn.v14i1.9406


Introduction: Immunisations for BCG, DTP, Poliomyelitis, Hepatitis, and MMR are compulsory for children under 5 years old in Indonesia and government-provided free services. However, the available records indicated that adherence to the program remains a challenge. This study aimed to investigate factors associated with mothers’ intention to comply with the immunization program, particularly among those who had children of younger than one year old.Methods: The study was conducted through a cross-sectional analysis. Fourty-six mothers self-registered them selves as participants of this study. The data were collected through check-listed interviews, to investigate the correlations between social factors, information factors, attitude toward behaviour, subjective norm, perceived behavioural control, and intention to adhere to the compulsory immunization program. The data were then analysed using logistic regression and spearman rank test with significance level of α=0.05.Results: Mothers’ attitude, subjective norm, perceived behavioral control, and knowledge have significant correlations with the intention in completing the immunisation program for their children (respectively p = 0.009; 0.014; 0.025; 0.038). Their intention positively correlated with adherence to complete the program (p=0,002). However, other factors studied did not correlate either with mothers’ intention to adherence to the program.Conclusion: This study suggests that mothers’ intention is influenced by family members suggestions, indicating that their capacity in decision making was limited and relying to other member. Further investigation is required to unveil the underlying reasons of being non-adherence.
International Journal of Nursing and Health Services (IJNHS) Vol. 2 No. 4 (2019): International Journal of Nursing and Health Services (IJHNS)
Publisher : Alta Dharma Publisher

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (198.744 KB) | DOI: 10.35654/ijnhs.v2i4.160


Disease with high stigma, leprosy has a totality effect in patient life. Families are components that a higher risk of contracting leprosy. Purpose of study to get prevention strategies for family caregiver that caring for leprosy patient based on culture in sampang district. A qualitative with phenomenology approach was applied in this study. We conducted the in-depth interview, group discussion forum and expert discussion to explore themes. Using the Collaizi analysis, 15 participants based on the saturation data were selected in this study. The results showed those 2 themes and 4 sub-themes in the study. The first themes such as discipline treatment with sub themes were medication adherence and prohibition during treatment. The second theme such as disease course with sub themes were perceived symptoms and treatment experience. Prevention family caregiver based in culture approach is needed for nurses and family caregiver, improve caring for leprosy patients’ ability. Keywords: Family caregiver, Transcultural Nursing, Leprosy, Phenomenology Study
Description Preparedness of Health Workers in Disaster Managementin Public Health Center Disaster Vulnerable Area Arsi Susilawati; Ferry Efendi; Setho Hadisuyatmana
Indonesian Journal of Community Health Nursing Vol. 4 No. 1 (2019): FEBRUARI 2019
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/ijchn.v4i1.12395


Pendahuluan : Manajemen bencana merupakan faktor yang sangat penting untuk mengurangi dampak dari kejadian bencana. Sejauh ini, kesiapan tenaga kesehatan dalam manajemen bencana di puskesmas rawan bencana di kabupaten Sumbawa Barat belum pernah dievaluasi. Penelitian ini bermaksud mengeksplorasi faktor sosiodemografi serta menggambarkan kesiapan tenaga kesehatan dalam manajemen bencana.Metode : Penelitian ini menggunakan desain cross sectional. Populasi penelitian ini adalah tenaga kesehatan yaitu dokter, perawat, dan bidan di puskesmas di Kabupaten Sumbawa Barat. Besar sampel adalah 211 sampel yang dipilih random di 9 puskesmas, dengan cara mengambil kertas yang berisi nomor urut sesuai dengan daftar nama tenaga kesehatan di setiap puskesmas. Variabel dependen adalah pengetahuan dalam manajemen bencana, sedangkan variabel independen adalah faktor sosiodemografi. Data dikumpulkan menggunakan kuisioner elektronik KAP DM Questionnaire yang mencakup 7 pertanyaan terkait data sosiodemografi dan 17 pertanyaan terkait pengetahuan tentang manajemen bencana. Data kemudian dianalisis menggunakan uji statistik Chi-Square.Hasil : Sebagian besar tenaga kesehatan memiliki pengetahuan yang baik dalam manajemen bencana. Diantara faktor sosiodemografi yang dipelajari, tingkat pendidikan,  tempat bekerja, dan pengalaman terlibat dalam kegiatan tanggap darurat bencana secara signifikan berhubungan dengan pengetahuan dalam manajemen bencana.Kesimpulan: Dengan keragaman latar belakang, responden menunjukkan pengetahuan yang baik. Peningkatan pendidikan terkait  manajemen bencana dan peningkatan kapasitas tempat bekerja perlu ditingkatkan untuk memperbaiki pengetahuan tenaga kesehatan di puskesmas.
Prevention of TB Transmission Behavior with Health Promotion Model Astin Thamar Genakama; Laily Hidayati; Setho Hadisuyatmana
Indonesian Journal of Community Health Nursing Vol. 4 No. 2 (2019): AGUSTUS 2019
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/ijchn.v4i2.13056


Pendahuluan: Tuberkulosis (Tb) termasuk dalam 10 penyebab kematian diseluruh dunia. Indonesia menempati posisi ke-tiga diseluruh dunia hal ini menandakan perilaku pencegahan penularan yang dilakukan oleh penderita Tb belum maksimal. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah mengidentifikasi faktor perilaku pencegahan penularan TB berdasarkan teori Health Promotion Model.Metode: Penelitian ini menggunakan desain deskriptif analitik dengan pendekatan cross-sectional. Jumlah responden108 penderita Tb secara random dilibatkan dalam penelitian. Variabel penelitian yaitu perilaku sebelum sakit, pengetahuan tentang Tb, persepsi tentang manfaat tindakan, presepsi tentang hambatan tindakan, self efficacy, sikap yang berhubungan dengan aktifitas pencegahan penularan, dukungan keluarga dan pengaruh lingkungan dilibatkan sebagai predictor perilaku pencegahan penularan Tb paru. Data didapatkan dengan kuisioner dan dianalisis menggunakan Spearman’s Rho dengan signifikansi 95%.Hasil: Hasil menunjukan ada hubungan yang signifikan antara perilaku sebelum sakit (r=0.239), pengetahuan tentang TB (r=0.261), persepsi tentang manfaat tindakan (r=0.371), dukungan keluarga (r=0.284) dengan perilaku pencegahan penularan TB paru. persepsi tentang hambatan tindakan (r=-.113), self efficacy (r=0,160), sikap yang berhubungan dengan aktifitas pencegahan penularan (r=-.097), pengaruh lingkungan (r=0.034) tidak memiliki hubungan yang signifikan dengan perilaku pencegahan Tb.Kesimpulan: Terdapat hubungan antara faktor perilaku sebelum sakit, pengetahuan tentang Tb, persepsi tentang manfaat tindakan serta dukungan keluarga dengan perilaku pencegahan Tb. Petugas puskemas yang terlibat dalam program Tb lebih memperhatikan perilaku pencegahan Tb paru dan juga lebih menganjurkan untuk penggunaan masker pada penderita Tb paru.
Males’ Supports and Perspectives on Using and Selecting Long-Term Contraceptive Aids: A Descriptive Inquiries Lilik Choiriyah; Ni Ketut Alit Armini; Setho Hadisuyatmana
Indonesian Journal of Community Health Nursing Vol. 5 No. 2 (2020): AGUSTUS 2020
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/ijchn.v5i2.18481


Pendahuluan: Program Kependudukan, Keluarga Berencana dan Pembangunan Keluarga (KKBPK) menganjurkan penggunaan Metode Kontrasepsi Jangka Panjang (MKJP), seperti Intra Uterine Device (IUD), implant, Metode Operasi Pria (MOP), dan Metode Operasi Wanita (MOW). Pertimbangan dalam pemilihan MKJP diidentifikasi berhubungan dengan beberapa faktor diantaranya adalah dukungan suami. Namun, Dukungan suami dalam kepesertaan KeluargaBerencana khususnya kontrasepsi jangka panjang belum pernah dieksplorasi sebelumnya. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memahami secara mendalam dukungan suami terhadap pemilihan kontrasepsi jangka panjang.Metode: Penelitian deskriptif kualitatif dengan metode wawancara mendalam dan observasi langsung pada 16 partisipan pria pasangan usia subur. Partisipan dalam penelitian ini diperoleh dari teknik purposive sampling dengan kriteria, merupakan suami dari istri pengguna MKJP yang berusia 30-49 tahun dan bisa baca tulis. Penelitian dilaksanakan di desa Tlogopojok dengan tenik wawancara terbuka dan analisis ColaiziHasil: Terdapat 5 tema yaitu MKJP lebih mudah dan praktis, Pemilihan jenis MKJP menjadi keputusan bersama, MKJP memberikan pengalaman yang positif, MKJP pilihan yang aman dan menenangkan, dan dukungan suami dalam penggunaan MKJP.Kesimpulan: Penggunaan MKJP dipengaruhi oleh peran suami dalam pengambilan keputusan dan dukungan suami. Penelitian ini menemukan dukungan yang diberikan suami yaitu dalam bentuk transportasi, informasi dan diskusi bersama. Selain itu MKJP juga dinilai ungguluntuk menunda atau mencegah kehamilanyang tidak diinginkan dan aman untuk kesehatan.
Tingkat Kecemasan dan Stabilitas Tanda Vital pada Pasien Pra Operasi Paska Sensory Motor Body Therapy Cipta Perdana Wijaya; Nursalam Nursalam; Setho Hadisuyatmana
Critical Medical and Surgical Nursing Journal (CMSNJ) Vol. 1 No. 1 (2012): Oktober 2012
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (183.883 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/cmsnj.v1i1.11974


Introduction:.Anxiety arises from physical, psychological and other pressure of threats. Anxiety may occure in patients who are planned for surgery, from mild untill severe anxiety, that also involving changes in vital signs. One of the techniques used to reduce the anxiety is sensory motor body therapy. Nevertheless, this therapy has not been proven yet reduce an anxiety of elective surgery patients. Therefore, this study was aimed to investigate the effect of sensory motor body therapy on anxiety level and vital sign of pra operation patients.Method:The research was`used a quasy experiment (pre and post with control group). Sample on this study were 26 respondents which divided into 2 groups, the control and treatment group. The independent variable was sensory motor body therapy whereas the dependent variables were blood pressure, heart rate and respiration rate. The data were collected using Zung self-rating anxiety scale (SAS/ SRAS) and vital signs observation and were then tested using Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test, Mann Whitney Test, Paired t-Test and Independent t-Test with significant level of p<0.05.Result:Sensory motor body therapy has been an effect in anxiety level (p=0.001), systole pressure (p=0.020) and respiration rate (p=0.001). But, it has not been an effect in diastole pressure (p=0.316) and heart rate (p=0.481) because of most patients were in the normal boundary.Discussion:Based on the reseach results, we can conclude that sensory motor body therapy in pra operation have a significant role in controling patients anxiety level, systole pressure and respiration rate. For further study, next researcher can improve a new method of sensory motor body therapy on anxiety in pra operation patient.
PIJAT PERUT MENURUNKAN TINGKAT KONSTIPASI PADA LANJUT USIA Erna Dwi Wahyuni; Silvia Lusiana Suwandi; Setho Hadisuyatmana
Critical Medical and Surgical Nursing Journal (CMSNJ) Vol. 6 No. 2 (2018): APRIL 2018
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (211.627 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/cmsnj.v6i2.12833


Introduction: Constipation is one of the results of decreased body structure and function in the elderly. One way that can be used to prevent constipation is by doing abdominal massage. The purpose of this research was to determine the influence of abdominal massage on prevention of constipation for elderly. Method: This research used Quasy experiment method by using pre-test-post-test with control group design. The study population was elderly at the nursing home which had risk of constipation amounted to 38 respondents. The sample was 30 respondents with sample random sampling technique. Independentvariables were abdominal massage and the dependent variable was constipation level. Data were collected using Constipation Assessment Scale. Data were analyzed using the Wilcoxon sign rank test and Mann-Whitney test.Result: The results showed statistic test using Wilcoxon in the treatment group showed there was a decrease of constipation level before and after receiving an abdominal massage, with p-value = 0.001 and in the control group there was no difference of constipation level with p-value = 0.057. The results of MannWhitney, showed a difference in abdominal massages to prevent constipation in the elderly with a value of p = 0.033.Discussion: Stimulation from the outside with abdominal massage can help stimulate the parasympathetic nerve in the intestine and accelerate blood circulation, so that weakened bowel peristaltic becomes increased. In this study, abdominal massage was statistically significant against the prevention of constipation in the elderly but clinicallynot too significant.