Claim Missing Document

Found 8 Documents

Keadilan Substantif Dalam Proses Asset Recovery Hasil Tindak Pidana Korupsi Ade Mahmud; Chepi Ali Firman Z; Husni Syawali; Rizki Amrulloh; Weganisa
Jurnal Suara Hukum Vol. 3 No. 2 (2021): Jurnal Suara Hukum
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26740/jsh.v3n2.p227-250


The problem of returning assets in cases of corruption act still displays the face of procedural justice and is far from substantive justice, because the value of state losses in many cases are not returned in full and the perpetrator is punished with minor crimes. This study uses a normative juridical approach using secondary data which is analyzed qualitatively because it does not use mathematical formulas and numbers. The urgency of returning assets resulting from criminal acts of corruption is based on the reasons for preventing assets from being used to commit other crimes in the future, the reasonableness that morally the perpetrators of the crime do not deserve to control assets illegally acquired, the priority reasons are based on the valuation of assets controlled by the perpetrator. social rights and reasons of ownership that the state has an interest in taking assets controlled by the perpetrator against the law. The progressive legal model for expropriation of asset recovery takes the form of (a) tracing assets and freezing and confiscating assets of the perpetrator regardless of whether or not they are related to the criminal act of corruption. (b) the application of the burden of proof is reversed. (c) the judge imposes a verdict in the form of a penalty of substitute money without being subject to imprisonment, this decision is based on a guarantee for repayment of replacement money for the assets that have been confiscated. Keywords: Substantive Justice, Asset Recovery. Corruption.
Criminal Response Formulation Policy Distribution News (Hoax) through Social Media Hendral Veno; Chepi Ali Firman; Dey Ravena; Aji Mulyana
Journal La Sociale Vol. 2 No. 6 (2021): Journal La Sociale
Publisher : Borong Newinera Publisher

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.37899/journal-la-sociale.v2i6.495


The spread of fake news (hoax) is increasingly prevalent nowadays. Hoax is fake news that often appears on the internet and aims to spread panic and mass fear. Many irresponsible individuals carried out an activity to achieve a goal that can cause unrest, chaos, and disrupt state security. The research objective is to understand the criminal provisions in the ITE Law into conditions that follow the development of the criminal act of spreading hoaxes—knowing the policy formulation in handling the spread of fake news (hoax) through social media in Indonesia in the future. The approach method used in this research is a normative juridical approach. The types of data used in this study are secondary data and primary data. This research is classified as a kind of qualitative research. The results of this study indicate that: The provisions that follow the development of the criminal act of spreading fake news (hoax) are seen from several aspects. First, the factory itself, the second legal factor of law enforcement officers, the third is facilities and infrastructure, fourth, the community factor. In terms of this aspect, the formulation of criminal law in dealing with fake news in the future looks better and more complete, especially in the concept of the Criminal Code, which regulates things that can be convicted regarding fake news and hate speech, the form of fake news and hate speech in cyberspace. The current criminal law policy still has shortcomings, especially in terms of policy formulation.
Sexual Needs Of Indonesian Prisoners In The Aim Of Punishment Perspective Chepi Ali Firman; Dey Ravena; Dwidja Priyatno; Emaliawati Emaliawati; Aji Mulyana
MIMBAR (Jurnal Sosial dan Pembangunan) Volume 38, No. 1, (June, 2022) [Accredited Sinta 2] No 10/E/KPT/2019]
Publisher : Universitas Islam Bandung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (431.407 KB) | DOI: 10.29313/mimbar.v0i0.9327


Biological needs are primary needs for everyone. Likewise, he is an ordinary human being who has the right to biological needs, which requires more attention from the government in terms of regulations or policies that regulate the needs of a biologist.The first problem is regarding government policies related to prisoners’ sexual needs. The second one is the fulfilment of sexual needs in the perspective of the aim of punishment. This research method uses a normative juridical method, namely by analyzing the data qualitatively, meaning that the data obtained which leads to a theoretical study in the form of principles, legal doctrines and the contents of legal rules are first described systematically. This policy regarding imprisonment is still the alternative that is most often applied by law enforcers, which results in correctional institutions becoming over-capacity/overcrowded so that the sentencing process is not optimal, one of which is regarding the fulfillment of biological rights and creates a sense of lack of justice in it, in order to achieve a social policies, criminal policies, and law enforcement policies that are optimal and just, must be oriented to the aspired values. So the policy needs synergy between law enforcement officials and the community, for the sake of realizing justice.
Interdental Jurnal Kedokteran Gigi (IJKG) Vol. 18 No. 1 (2022): Interdental Jurnal Kedokteran Gigi (IJKG)
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi, Universitas Mahasaraswati Denpasar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.46862/interdental.v18i1.4306


Informed Consent as a legal implication of the general agreement regulated in Article 1320 BW is the embodiment of a therapeutic agreement which is included in the law of engagement, specifically a legal relationship between a number of legal subjects who bind themselves to do or not do something to another party. Therapeutic agreement is an agreement formed because of the legal relationship between doctor and patient. Legal relationship is the relationship between legal subjects or between legal subjects and legal objects, which are regulated by law. The conditions for the occurrence of a legal relationship are the existence of a legal basis, namely the legal regulations governing the relationship and the existence of legal events, namely events that have consequences regulated by law. Before giving medical treatment to the patient, based on Law no. 36 of 2009 concerning Health, Law no. 29 of 2004 concerning Medical Practice and Menistry of Health No. 585/Menkes/Per/IX/1989 concerning Approval of Medical Action which was later changed to Menistry of Health No. 290/Menkes/Per/III/2008 Regarding Medical Action Approval, doctors must obtain informed consent from their patients for medical treatment, since without that doctors can be legally blamed for their actions. This paper was made to know and understand that the informed consent is a form of therapeutic agreement in the effort of health services.
Pemberian Remisi terhadap Narapidana yang Melakukan Tindak Pidana Korupsi di Lapas Sukamiskin dihubungkan dengan Asas Non Diskriminasi dan Persamaan di Muka Hukum dikaitkan dengan Undang-undang Nomor 12 Tahun 1995 tentang Pemasyarakatan Muhammad Akbar; Chepi Ali Firman Z
Jurnal Riset Ilmu Hukum Volume 1, No. 2, Desember 2021, Jurnal Riset Ilmu Hukum (JRIH)
Publisher : UPT Publikasi Ilmiah Unisba

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (321.04 KB) | DOI: 10.29313/jrih.v1i2.447


Abstract. The crime of corruption in Indonesia has become increasingly widespread among thepeople. Law NUMBER 12/1995 explains that prisoners must receive the same treatment but with theestablishment of PP. 99 of 2012 granting remissions to convicts in corruption cases and otherextraordinary crime cases has additional requirements compared to general criminal convicts. Theestablishment of this PP has tightened certain conditions and criteria in granting remissions, thecontents of which must obtain a letter that convicts have collaborated with law enforcement (justicecollaborators) to help dismantle criminal cases committed during investigation. getting difficult.Therefore, the problems studied are directed at identifying the following problems: (1) What are theconsequences of punishment for corruption convicts from the application of granting remissions tocorruption convicts on the principles of non-discrimination and equality before the law; (2) How tofulfill the principle of non-discrimination and equality in the law towards granting remissions forcorruption convicts. Methods This research uses normative juridical research. The researchspecification uses descriptive analysis. Library study data collection techniques, carried out bycollecting secondary data. As well as the analytical method using normative qualitative to connectrelated regulations and legal principles. The result of this research is PP No. 99 of 2012 has tightened,the form of tightening the granting of this remission, is contained in the terms and procedures forgranting it, in which the condition is a willingness to cooperate with law enforcement to dismantle thecriminal case he committed. In article 1 and article 14 which states that one of the rights of prisonersis to get the right to reduce their criminal period, then this should be given to prisoners withoutdiscrimination because prisoners are human beings who have the same rights in the eyes of the lawand the government, including those convicted of corruption cases so that the system punishment inIndonesia is in accordance with the due process of law and does not conflict with human rights. Abstrak. Tindak pidana korupsi di Indonesia sudah semakin meluas di kalangan masyarakat. UUNOMOR 12 Tahun 1995 menjelaskan bahwa narapidana harus mendapatkan perlakuan yang samanamun dengan dibentuknya PP No. 99 Tahun 2012 pemberian remisi untuk napi kasus korupsi dankasus extraordinary crime lainnya memiliki persyaratan tambahan dibandingkan napi pidana umum.Dibentuknya PP ini telah melakukan pengetatan dengan syarat dan kriteria tertentu dalam pemberianremisi yang isi dari PP tersebut harus mendapatkan surat bahwa narapidana telah bekerjasama denganpenegak hukum (justice collaborator) untuk membantu membongkar perkara tindak pidana yangdilakukannya pada saat penyidikan.. Sedangkan prosedur pemberiannya, semakin sulit. Oleh karenaitu permasalahan yang dikaji diarahkan kepada identifikasi masalah sebagai berikut: (1) Apa akibatkukum terpidana korupsi dari penerapan pemberian remisi terhadap narapidana korupsi dengan asasnon diskriminasi dan persamaan dimuka hukum; (2) Bagaimana pemenuhan asas non diskriminasidan persamaan di dalam hukum terhadap pemberian remisi narapidana korupsi. Metode Penelitian inimenggunakan penelitian yuridis normatif. Spesifikasi penelitian menggunakan deskriptif analisis.Teknik pengumpulan data studi kepustakaan, dilakukan dengan cara mengumpulkan data sekunder.Serta metode analisis menggunakan kualitatif normatif untuk menghubungkan peraturan-peraturanmaupun asas-asas hukum yang terkait. Hasil dari penelitian ini adalah PP No. 99 Tahun 2012 telahmelakukan pengetatan, bentuk dari pengetatan pemberian remisi ini, terdapat dalam syarat maupunprosedur pemberiannya, yang mana syarat tersebut adalah kesediaan untuk bekerjasama denganpenegak hukum untuk membongkar perkara tindak pidana yang dilakukannya. Dalam pasal 1 danpasal 14 yang menyatakan salah satu hak narapidana adalah mendapatkan hak pengurangan masapidana, maka hal tersebut sudah sepatutnya diberikan kepada narapidana tanpa diskriminasi karenanarapidana adalah manusia yang memiliki hak yang sama dimata hukum dan pemerintah, termasukpara terpidana kasus korupsi sehingga sistem pemidanaan di indonesia telah sesuai dengan dueprocces of law dan tidak bertentangan dengan Hak asasi Manusia
Analisis Putusan Hakim Penggelapan di PT. X Dihubungkan dengan KUHP Bunga Tania Putri; Chepi Ali Firman Zakaria
Jurnal Riset Ilmu Hukum Volume 2, No. 1, Juli 2022, Jurnal Riset Ilmu Hukum (JRIH)
Publisher : UPT Publikasi Ilmiah Unisba

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (97.928 KB) | DOI: 10.29313/jrih.v2i1.956


Abstract. Acts of embezzlement always exist and even tend to increase and develop in society as the times progress. In developing countries meeting the economic needs of the community also develops, the higher it is, the higher the risk of crime. Article 372 of the Criminal Code (Criminal Code) on The Crime of Embezzlement seems to still lack to make perpetrators afraid and make them deterrent. The method used in this research is a juridical-empirical research method by conducting sociological legal research and can also be called field research, which is to examine the provisions of applicable law and what happens in reality in society using primary, secondary and tertiary legal material research sources. Therefore, the results of the study showed that in the ruling the judge mistakenly sentenced the defendants by using the provisions in article 374 of the Criminal Code (Criminal Code) while the article more relevant to the case was article 372 of the Criminal Code (Criminal Code) on The Crime of Embezzlement. Therefore, the purpose of the law in fulfilling the elements of justice, expediency and legal certainty has not been fully realized in this case. Abstrak. Perbuatan penggelapan selalu ada bahkan cenderung meningkat dan berkembang di dalam masyarakat seiring kemajuan zaman. Dalam Negara berkembang pemenuhan kebutuhan ekonomi masyarakat ikut berkembang, semakin tingginya itu maka semakin tinggi pula resiko terjadinya kejahatan. Pasal 372 Kitab Undang–Undang Hukum Pidana (KUHP) tentang Tindak Pidana Penggelapan nampaknya masih kurang untuk membuat pelaku menjadi takut dan membuat mereka jera. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode penelitian Yuridis-Empiris dengan melakukan penelitian hukum sosiologis dan dapat disebut pula dengan penelitian lapangan, yaitu mengkaji ketentuan hukum yang berlaku serta apa yang terjadi dalam kenyataan di masyarakat dengan menggunakan sumber-sumber penelitian bahan hukum primer, sekunder dan tersier. Maka dari itu hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa dalam putusan tersebut hakim keliru menjatuhkan hukuman kepada para terdakwa dengan menggunakan ketentuan pada pasal 374 Kitab Undang–Undang Hukum Pidana (KUHP) sedangkan pasal yang lebih relevan dengan kasusnya adalah pasal 372 Kitab Undang–Undang Hukum Pidana (KUHP) tentang Tindak Pidana Penggelapan. Oleh karena itu tujuan hukum dalam pemenuhan unsur keadilan, kemanfaatan serta kepastian hukum belum terwujud sepenuhnya dalam kasus ini.
Penghentian Penuntutan Tindak Pidana Ringan melalui Penerapan Restorative Justice Dihubungkan dengan Tujuan Pemidanaan Namira Gupita Rakasiwi Aria; Chepi Ali Firman Zakaria
Bandung Conference Series: Law Studies Vol. 3 No. 1 (2023): Bandung Conference Series: Law Studies
Publisher : UNISBA Press

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29313/bcsls.v3i1.5043


Abstract. Prison sanctions are excellent for law enforcement officials and problems in law enforcement in West Java, as a result of which the state budget swells for prisoners and the overcapacity of prison residents in the West Java region is a problem that needs to be addressed, this is in order to reconstruct new thinking in order to realize the goal of a more humanist punishment. The author examines the termination of prosecution of minor crimes through the application of restorative justice linked to the purpose of punishment with the aim of knowing and analyzing considerations for the application of restorative justice in minor crimes based on criminal law and to find out and analyze the juridical implications of restorative justice in Attorney General Regulation Number 15 of 2020 concerning Termination of Prosecution Based on Restorative Justice in the West Java High Prosecutor's Office. To achieve the above objectives, the author conducts descriptive research, which is to analyze and describe systematically, factually, and accurately the provisions related to Juridical implications regarding the termination of prosecution of minor criminal acts through the application of restorative justice. The type of research used is normative juridical using a statute approach. Data are obtained through the study of documents and analyzed using qualitative normative methods. Based on the results of the study, it is known that the consideration of stopping the prosecution of minor criminal cases in the West Java High Prosecutor's Office is a legal breakthrough in an effort to resolve criminal cases effectively based on the principles of balance, sense of justice, the principle of benefits and creating social welfare, The public prosecutor has the authority to stop prosecutions for the benefit of the victim and other protected legal interests in order to avoid negative stigma, avoidance of reprisals, response and harmony of society, and decency and public order by taking into account the principle of salus populi suprema lex which is meaningful "people's safety is the highest law" so the application of Restorative Justice is one of the appropriate solutions to reduce the capacity of prisoners from prisons in West Java. And the juridical implications of stopping the prosecution of minor criminal cases based on restorative justice show that the implementation mechanism has fulfilled the objectives of protecting human rights, the West Java High Prosecutor's Office And the juridical implications of stopping the prosecution of minor criminal cases based on restorative justice show that the implementation mechanism has fulfilled the objectives of protecting human rights, the West Java High Prosecutor's Office with its application puts forward the concept of restorative houses as a place for the peace process as well as a means of socialization to provide legal understanding to the community, Prosecutors have a strategic position and role in the law enforcement process within the framework of an integrated criminal justice system as a master of process or dominus litis whose one function is to screen a criminal case and determine whether or not a criminal case should be forwarded to the judiciary taking into account the purpose of the law. The paradigm of successful criminal law enforcement is no longer oriented as a means of retaliation, but rather the restoration of justice that does not focus on punishment. Abstrak. Sanksi pidana penjara menjadi primadona bagi aparat penegak hukum dan problematika dalam penegakan hukum (law enforcement) di Jawa Barat, akibatnya anggaran negara membengkak untuk narapidana dan over kapasitas penghuni lembaga pemasyarakatan di wilayah Jawa Barat menjadi permasalahan yang perlu ditanggulangi, hal ini dalam rangka merekonstruksi pemikiran baru guna mewujudkan tujuan pemidanaan yang lebih bersifat humanis. Penulis meneliti penghentian penuntutan tindak pidana ringan melalui penerapan restorative justice dihubungkan dengan tujuan pemidanaan dengan tujuan untuk mengetahui dan menganalisis pertimbangan penerapan restorative justice dalam tindak pidana ringan berdasarkan hukum pidana serta untuk mengetahui dan menganalisis Implikasi yuridis restorative justice dalam Peraturan Jaksa Agung Nomor 15 Tahun 2020 tentang Penghentian Penuntutan Berdasarkan Keadilan Restoratif di Kejaksaan Tinggi Jawa Barat. Untuk mencapai tujuan di atas, penulis melakukan penelitian deskriptif, yaitu menganalisis dan menggambarkan secara sistematis, faktual, dan akurat ketentuan yang terkait Implikasi yuridis mengenai penghentian penuntutan tindak pidana ringan melalui penerapan keadilan restoratif. Jenis penelitian yang digunakan adalah yuridis normatif dengan menggunakan pendekatan perundang-undangan (statute approach). Data diperoleh melalui studi dokumen dan dianalisis dengan menggunakan metode normatif kualitatif. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian, diketahui bahwa pertimbangan penghentian penuntutan perkara tindak pidana ringan di Kejaksaan Tinggi Jawa Barat merupakan terobosan hukum dalam upaya penyelesaian perkara pidana yang efektif berlandaskan asas keseimbangan, rasa keadilan, asas manfaat dan menciptakan kesejahteraan sosial, penuntut umum berwenang menghentikan penuntutan demi kepentingan korban dan kepentingan hukum lain yang dilindungi demi menghindari stigma negatif, penghindaran pembalasan, respon dan keharmonisan masyarakat, serta kesusilaan dan ketertiban umum dengan memperhatikan asas salus populi suprema lex yang bermakna “keselamatan rakyat merupakan hukum tertinggi” maka penerapan Restorative Justice merupakan salah satu solusi yang tepat guna mengurangi jumlah kapasitas narapidana dari Lapas di Jawa Barat. Dan Implikasi yuridis penghentian penuntutan perkara tindak pidana ringan berdasarkan keadilan restoratif menunjukan bahwa mekanisme pelaksanaannya telah memenuhi tujuan perlindungan Hak Asasi Manusia, Kejaksaan Tinggi Jawa Barat dengan penerapannya mengedepankan konsep rumah restoratif sebagai tempat proses perdamaian sekaligus sarana sosialisasi untuk memberikan pemahaman hukum kepada masyarakat, Jaksa memiliki posisi dan peran strategis dalam proses penegakan hukum dalam bingkai sistem peradilan pidana terpadu sebagai master of process atau dominus litis yang salah satu fungsinya menyaring sebuah perkara pidana dan menentukan perlu tidaknya sebuah perkara pidana diteruskan kepersidangan dengan mempertimbangkan tujuan hukum. Paradigma keberhasilan penegakan hukum pidana tidak lagi berorientasi sebagai sarana pembalasan, melainkan pemulihan keadilan yang tidak menitik beratkan pada penghukuman.
Pertimbangan Hakim dalam Menjatuhkan Putusan Terhadap Eksploitasi Seksual Komersial Anak Dihubungkan dengan Asas Keadilan Alfiyanti Lestari Alyayudinda; Chepi Ali Firman Zakaria
Bandung Conference Series: Law Studies Vol. 3 No. 1 (2023): Bandung Conference Series: Law Studies
Publisher : UNISBA Press

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29313/bcsls.v3i1.5063


Abstract. Law is used as a social control tool that can determine or regulate the behavior of society so as not to deviate from the rule of law. Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children is a new type of crime that is receiving attention in the world today, one of which is prostituted children defined as the use of girls and/or boys in sexual activities paid in cash or in kind. Law enforcers and the government have tried to deal with the crime of Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children through the rule of law and its enforcement, such as judges who are required to be skilled in applying the law and dare to take progressive actions to realize justice. The rise of child prostitution cases which ultimately need to be studied more comprehensively, such as what happened in Tangerang, as stated in the Tangerang District Court Decision Number 1145/Pid.Sus/2021/PN.Tng and the appeal decision of the Banten High Court Number 7/Pid.Sus/2022/PT.Btn, can be said to be correct and not wrong in applying the law as stipulated in Article 193 Paragraph (1) of Criminal Code Procedure. However, when compared to the Padang District Court Decision Number 354/Pid.Sus/2018/PN.Pdg, the two decisions above in their considerations have ignored the legal principle of Lex Specialis Derogat Legi Generalis, so that justice in the judge's decision has not been oriented towards legal justice, moral justice, and social justice. Abstrak. Hukum dijadikan sebagai alat kontrol sosial (social control) yang dapat menetapkan atau mengatur tingkah laku masyarakat agar tidak menyimpang dari aturan hukum. Eksploitasi Seksual Komersial Anak (ESKA) merupakan suatu jenis kejahatan model baru yang sedang mendapat perhatian didunia saat ini, salah satunya prostitusi atau pelacuran anak didefinisikan sebagai pemakaian anak perempuan dan/atau anak laki-laki dalam kegiatan seksual yang dibayar dengan uang tunai atau dalam bentuk barang. Penegak hukum dan Pemerintah telah berupaya menangangani kejahatan Eksploitasi Seksual Komersial Anak melalui aturan hukum serta penegakannya, seperti Hakim yang dituntut terampil dalam menerapkan undang-undang dan berani melakukan tindakan progresif untuk mewujudkan keadilan. Masih maraknya kasus prostitusi anak yang pada akhirnya perlu dikaji lebih komperhensif seperti halnya yang terjadi di Tangerang, sebagaimana tercantum dalam putusan Pengadilan Negeri Tangerang Nomor 1145/Pid.Sus/2021/PN.Tng dan putusan banding Pengadilan Tinggi Banten Nomor 7/Pid.Sus/2022/PT.Btn, dapat dikatakan sudah tepat dan tidak salah dalam menerapkan hukum sebagaimana ketentuan hukum dalam Pasal 193 Ayat (1) Kitab Undang-Undang Hukum Acara Pidana. Namun, apabila dibandingkan dengan putusan Pengadilan Negeri Padang Nomor 354/Pid.Sus/2018/PN.Pdg bahwa kedua putusan diatas dalam pertimbangannya telah mengabaikan asas hukum Lex Specialis Derogat Legi Generalis, sehingga keadilan dalam putusan hakim belum berorientasi pada pada keadilan hukum, keadilan moral, dan keadilan sosial.