Agus Dwi Susanto
Universitas Indonesia

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Lung Function and Respiratory Symptoms of Petrol Station Attendants in Central and North Jakarta and Its Contributing Factors Putri Suci Ramadhany; Faisal Yunus; Agus Dwi Susanto
Respiratory Science Vol. 1 No. 1 (2020): Respiratory Science
Publisher : Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36497/respirsci.v1i1.7

Abstract

Background: To satisfy growing needs of petrol consumption in big city many new petrol stations has been built. Petrol station attendant is considered to have high risk exposure to dangerous pollutant from motor vehicle emission and petrol fumes, especially while filling up petrol tanks. Combination of those exhaust and petrol fumes is suspected to cause the reduction of lung function. Methods: This research is a cross sectional study in petrol station in Central Jakarta and North Jakarta region between August 2017 and February 2018. A total of 97 petrol station attendants were taken in this research using consecutive sampling technique. The subjects were interviewed with questionnaires, spirometry and chest radiograph. Measurements of sulfur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), carbon monoxide (CO), ozone (O3), particulate matter 2,5 (PM 2,5) and steam gasoline (benzene) concentrations were performed at the study sites. Results: In this study, 56.7% normal spirometry results, 42.3% abnormalities in the form of restriction, 1% obstruction and none of which experienced mixed disorders of restriction and obstruction. Most subjects (84.6%) did not experience respiratory complaints, 10.3% had a dry cough and 5.1% complained of cough with phlegm. There was a statistically significant association between peak expiratory flow and duration of work (p=0.011), but no significant association with other parameters such as forced vital capacity (FVC), %FVC, forced expiratory volume in the first second (FEV1), %FEV1 and the ratio of FEV1/FVC. Conclusion: Prevalence of lung function abnormalities of petrol station attendant is 43,3% and respiratory symptoms at 15,4% subject.
Exhaled Carbon Monoxide Levels of Scavengers in Bantar Gebang Landfill, Bekasi Agus Dwi Susanto; Dita Kurnia Sanie; Fahrial Harahap
Jurnal Respirasi Vol. 6 No. 1 (2020): January 2020
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jr.v6-I.1.2020.1-4

Abstract

Background: Scavengers in landfills have high risk to pollution exposure. Carbon monoxide (CO) is one of important pollutants produced by burning process. Exhaled CO levels in scavengers is predicted to increase, caused by pollution exposure in workplace area. There has been no data on exhaled CO levels in scavengers, especially in Bantar Gebang, Bekasi.Methods: This study used cross-sectional design to the scavengers who work and live in Ciketing Udik, Bantar Gebang, Bekasi. This study was conducted in January - March 2015, by doing interviews and giving questionnaires, and conducted exhaled CO test.Results: Total sample was 108 subjects. Exhaled CO test result was 46 subjects (42.6%) had exhaled CO 5-10 ppm, 36 subjects (33.3%) > 10 ppm, and 26 subjects (24.1%) ≤ 4 ppm. Multivariate analysis between exhaled CO levels with characteristics of the subjects found smoking habits were significantly correlated with CO exhalation levels (p=0,000).Conclusion: There were 33.3% scavengers who had exhaled CO > 10 ppm. Smoking habits were the only factor that significantly correlated with CO in scavengers’ exhalation.
The Association of Working Duration with Lung Function and Chest X-Ray Results in Ceramic Industry Workers of Company X, Mabar Medan Marini Puspita Sari; Amira P Tarigan; Nuryunita Nainggolan; Putri C Eyanoer; Agus Dwi Susanto; Erlangga Samoedro; Caecilia Marliana
Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia Vol 41, No 1 (2021)
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Paru Indonesia (PDPI)/The Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36497/jri.v41i1.158

Abstract

Background: Ceramics industry workers are often exposed to silica materials from ceramics. The aim of this study was to determine the association between silica exposure withlung function test and chest x-ray (CXR) results of the workers. Methods: This was an analytical study with cross-sectional design conducted in the Ceramic Industry X in Mabar, Medan City. The dust level in the work station was measured using Personal Dust Sampler. Lung function was measured by spirometry and CXR was evaluated using the ILO interpretations. Results: About 35 male workers were included as subjects, divided into 3 working stations namely precompression section of 11 subjects (31.4%), compression section of 13 subjects (37.1%) and 11 subjects (31.4%) in the sintering section. Dust levels in each work location are 24.8, 29.2, and 6.11 respectively. Of all subjects, 9 (25.7%) had respiratory symptoms, 21 (60%) had restriction in lung function and 8 (22.8%) had abnormal CXR (6 pneumoconiosis and 2 tuberculosis). There were no association between dust levels with lung function and CXR (P>0.05), but there was a significant correlation between duration of work with lung function. The FEV1 and FVC values of subjects working
Problems of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) Among Workers Agus Dwi Susanto
Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia Vol 41, No 1 (2021)
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Paru Indonesia (PDPI)/The Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36497/jri.v41i1.148

Abstract

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a common, preventable and treatable disease that is characterized by persistent respiratory symptoms and airflow limitation that is due to airway and/or alveolar abnormalities usually caused by significant exposure to noxious particles or gases. Occupational exposure as a one of important risk factor that contribute for COPD on nonsmoker patients. Several studies at population consistent showed that COPD correlated with hazards exposure at work place. COPD among workers can decrease quality of life, increase of work impairment, work disability and hospitalitation also increase of abstinentia from work and decrease of work productivity. Prevention were major action to prevent incident and morbidity of COPD among workers. Prevention programs including primary, secondary and tertiary prevention.
Basic Principal for Reading of Chest X Ray Acording to International Labour Organization (ILO) Classification for Pneumoconiosis Agus Dwi Susanto
Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia Vol 39, No 4 (2019)
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Paru Indonesia (PDPI)/The Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36497/jri.v39i4.72

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Pneumoconiosis is disease that caused by deposition of dust in lung parenchymal with fibrosis was result of it’s reaction. Usually pneumoconiosis diagnose and classified by conventional chest x ray. The International Labour Organization (ILO) described standard system for classified radiograph abnormality of pneumoconiosis based on parenchymal and pleural abnormality. Parenchymal abnormality divided into 2 categories that is small opacities and large opacities. Description steps of chest X ray reading based on ILO classification was technical quality, parenchymal abnormality (shape and size, affected zone and profusion), pleural abnormality (localized, width, extent and severity of calcification) and other abnormality with recorded by symbols (J Respir Indo. 2019; 39: 272-9)
Urinary Cotinine and Expired CO Concentrations in Women Exposed to Environmental Tobacco Smoke at Home Herman Suryatama; Feni Fitriani; Sita Andarini; Agus Dwi Susanto; Achmad Hudoyo
Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia Vol 39, No 3 (2019)
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Paru Indonesia (PDPI)/The Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1128.972 KB) | DOI: 10.36497/jri.v39i3.68

Abstract

Introduction: The health effects of exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) using cotinine was a nicotine metabolite detected in urine. This should be recommended as a quantitative measurement of nicotine intake and as biomarker for ETS exposure in humans. Method: We performed a cross-sectional study to 60 ETS-exposed and 58 non ETS exposed adult women in Pasar Rebo area, Jakarta. The urinary cotinine concentrations were measured and analyzed using ELISA method, other informations were collected such as expired CO data, questionnaire regarding smoking habits of the subjects’ family members at home and respiratory health effects occured to subjects. Results: Median of urinary cotinine concentrations in ETS-exposed group were 24.65 ng/ml and 7.30 ng/ml in non-exposed group (P=0.0001). Median of expired CO in ETS-exposed group were 5.00 ppm and 3.00 ppm in non-exposed to ETS group (P=0.0001). Total amount of time (hours/day) in women exposed to ETS in their house was significantly correlated to urinary cotinine concentrations (P=0.037). The respiratory symptoms showed significant correlation with ETS exposure status (P=0.01). Time duration of last exposed to ETS had significant correlation with expired CO (P=0.004). The urinary cotinine concentrations cut-off point was 14.4 ng/ml (sensitivity=75%, specificity=74%, P=0.0001). The expired CO cut-off point was 3.5 ppm (sensitivity=75%, specificity=81%, p=0.0001). Strong and significant correlation was found between expired CO and urinary cotinine (r=0.641, P=0.0001). Conclusion: The urinary cotinine and expired CO concentration were significantly higher in women exposed to tobacco smoke at home than the non-exposed group. Urinary cotinine measurement was a sensitive, non-invasive and effective method to correlate with ETS exposure. (J Respir Indo. 2019; 39(3):140-53)
Breath Failure in Obesity Wirya Sastra Amran; Putri Suci; Nina Aspiah; Menaldi Rasmin; Prasenohadi Prasenohadi; Agus Dwi Susanto
Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia Vol 38, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Paru Indonesia (PDPI)/The Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36497/jri.v38i2.167

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Based on calculations of over one million people in the world weighing excessively or known as obesity with body mass index (IMT) 25 kg / m2 or more. Obesity is the cause of morbidity, as is the case in the population of the United States an estimated 400,000 deaths caused due to obesity. Obesity especially abdominal obesity is a significant risk factor for cardiovascular diseases, type 2 diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis and cancer. The relationship between obesity and chronic respiratory illness began to increase and began to be recognized. The World Health Organization (WHO) predicts about 10% of the global population will be obese by 2015. (J Respir Indo 2018; 38(2): 123-33)
The Surfactant Protein D (SP-D) Serum Levels in Limestone Mining Worker Sita Laksmi Andarini; Anna Yusrika; Sri Wening Pamungkasningsih; Farhan Hilmi Taufikulhakim; Ahmad Hudoyo; Widhy Yudistira Nalapraya; Agus Dwi Susanto
Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia Vol 42, No 2 (2022)
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Paru Indonesia (PDPI)/The Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36497/jri.v42i2.301

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Background: Limestone is sedimentation rocks consist of minerals calcite and aragonite, often contains silica, and fossils, commonly used in building materials. Limestone mining workers are at high risk to pneumoconiosis. Surfactant protein D(SP-D) is part of collectin family, and served as innate immune system of pathogen recognition receptor (PRR). SP-D level were usually increased in fibrotic lung disease. In this study, we sought the serum level of SP-D as marker for early pneumoconiosis in limestone worker in Indonesia.Method: This study was cross-sectional observational study. Participant of the study were 65 limestone workers, willing to participate in this study by signing informed consent, were questionnaire, and blood sample were collected to measure SP-D level by ELISA.Results: This study found that characteristic subjects dominated by male with the median of age was 42 years old and last education mostly elementary school. Majority duration of working <6 years and time working in a day >8 hours per day. The limestone mining workers mostly did not wear mask and had normal weight group. Majority limestone mining workers ever smoker, mean SP-D level in limestone workers was (66.3±5.5ng/mL), slightly higher than normal subject. Smoking status, gender, working hour were correlated with higher SP-D level.Conclusion: Although not statistically significant, the SP-D serum levels in limestone mining workers might be used as monitoring for early screening for pneumoconiosis in limestone workers.
Calculation of Pleural Fluid Estimation Using Ultrasonography Adityo Wibowo; Mia Elhidsi; Agus Dwi Susanto
Respiratory Science Vol. 2 No. 3 (2022): Respiratory Science
Publisher : Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36497/respirsci.v2i3.51

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Pleural effusion is an abnormal accumulation of fluid in the pleural space due to an imbalance in increased pleural fluid production and decreased absorption. An ultrasound device can be used to guide the procedure to evacuate the pleural effusion fluid, increasing the procedure's accuracy and lowering the risk of complications. Several calculation methods can be used to calculate the volume of fluid in both an upright sitting position and a supine position. Ultrasound is nearly 100% more accurate than chest X-ray in detecting pleural fluid.