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Analisis Spasial Distribusi Kasus Filariasis Di Provinsi Nusa Tenggara Timur Tahun 2008-2012 RAHMAWATI, ETY; Sadukh, Johanis Jusuf Pitreyadi; Sila, Oktofianus
JURNAL INFO KESEHATAN Vol 15 No 2 (2017): JURNAL INFO KESEHATAN
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Kupang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1137.377 KB)

Abstract

Provinsi Nusa Tenggara Timur (NTT) merupakan salah satu daerah endemis dengan jumlah kasus filariasis meningkat dari tahun ke tahun. Terdapat dua jenis cacing filarial yaitu Wuchereria bancrofti, dan Brugia timori. Kasus filariasis di Provinsi NTT hingga Januari tahun 2013 sebanyak 925 kasus dengan prevalensi 0,20 ‰. Tujuan Penelitian untuk mengetahui distribusi kasus filariasis di Provinsi Nusa Tenggara Timur tahun 2008 – 2012. Jenis Penelitian Deskriptif dengan metode studi data sekunder. Data hasil penelitian dianalisis secara Deskriptif dan penyajian data dengan menggunakan tabel dan gambar peta. Hasil penelitian diharapkan dapat memberikan informasi kepada institusi pendidikan dan instansi kesehatan tentang distribusi kasus filariasis di Provinsi Nusa Tenggara Timur tahun 2008 – 2012. Hasil penelitian menunjukan terdapat 12 kabupaten (57%) yang ditemukan kasus filariasis di Provinsi Nusa Tenggara Timur tahun 2008 – 2012 dengan prevalensi 0,02‰ – 4,37‰. Umur >15 tahun merupakan penderita terbanyak (84,93%), dan laki-laki sebagai penderita terbanyak (66,31%). Kabupaten Sumba Tengah, Kabupaten Rote Ndao, dan Kabupaten Alor telah melakukan pengobatan massal secara total penduduk (100%), dan sembilan kabupaten masih dibawah 85%. Untuk meningkatkan temuan kasus klinis filariasis diperlukan peningkatan kinerja surveilans kasus antara lain dengan cara meningkatkan upaya penemuan dan konfirmasi kasus serta melakukan pelatihan/pelatihan penyegaran terhadap petugas surveilans di daerah. Pada Dinas Kesehatan Kabupaten perlu melakukan validasi data kasus yang dilaporkan.
Studi Spasial Kejadian Malaria Serta Pengaruh Kepadatan Plasmodium sp. Terhadap Anemia Dan Trombositopniapada Penderita Malaria Di Kabupaten Kepulauan Talaud Pitreyadi Johanis Jusuf Sadukh; Joy Victor Imanuel Sambuaga; Bongakaraeng Bongakaraeng
Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Vol 10 No 1 (2020): April
Publisher : POLTEKKES KEMENKES MANADO

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.47718/jkl.v10i1.1125

Abstract

Malaria affects almost all components of the blood, and thrombocytopenia is one of the haematological abnormalities encountered and has received much attention in the scientific literature. Plasmodium infection can cause abnormalities in the structure and function of platelets. This study aims to spatialize/map the spread of malaria events, locations and physical and chemical environmental conditions of breeding places of malaria vectors and analyze the effect of Plasmodium sp density on anaemia and thrombocytopenia in malaria sufferers in Talaud Islands Regency in 2018. The research sample was malaria sufferers in April. Until August, who came to check at the Community Health Center in Talaud Islands Regency to obtain data on Plasmodium sp density, anaemia and thrombocytopenia, then coordinate data on the homes of malaria sufferers and Anopheles sp habitat and the physical and chemical environmental conditions of Anopheles sp habitat that were surveyed using tools Global Positioning System (GPS) is processed using the help of Arcgis 9.3 program. To analyze the effect of plasmodium sp density on anaemia and thrombocytopenia using Chi-square test statistics. The results of the study The spread of malaria incidence and the distance of Anopheles sp habitat with malaria sufferers' homes in Talaud Islands Regency in 2018 were spelt out. Physical environmental conditions (temperature and humidity) and chemical environment (pH and salinity) in the habitat of Anopheles sp. in residential areas of malaria sufferers are Temperature 27.9 - 29.8 0c, humidity 70.5% - 80.4%, pH in the range 5.6 - 8.1 and salinity 0.04 - 1.35 ‰. The density of Plasmodium sp in 34 malaria sufferers consisted of 18 cases +, 10 cases ++, 5 cases +++ and 1 case ++++. Statistical test results have a relationship between Plasmodium sp density against anaemia and thrombocytopenia in malaria sufferers in Talaud Islands District in 2018.
Analisis Spasial Distribusi Kasus Filariasis Di Provinsi Nusa Tenggara Timur Tahun 2008-2012 ETY RAHMAWATI; Johanis Jusuf Pitreyadi Sadukh; Oktofianus Sila
JURNAL INFO KESEHATAN Vol 15 No 2 (2017): JURNAL INFO KESEHATAN
Publisher : Research and Community Service Unit, Poltekkes Kemenkes Kupang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1137.377 KB)

Abstract

East Nusa Tenggara Province (NTT) is one of the endemic areas with the number of filariasis cases increasing from year to year. There are two types of filarial worms, Wuchereria bancrofti, and Brugia timori. Filariasis cases in NTT Province up to January 2013 were as many as 925 cases with a prevalence of 0.20 ‰. Research Objectives to determine the distribution of filariasis cases in East Nusa Tenggara Province in 2008 - 2012. Types of Descriptive Research with secondary data study methods. The results of the research data were analyzed descriptively and presented the data using tables and map images. The results of the study are expected to provide information to educational institutions and health agencies regarding the distribution of filariasis cases in East Nusa Tenggara Province in 2008 - 2012. The results showed that there were 12 districts (57%) found filariasis cases in East Nusa Tenggara Province in 2008 - 2012 with a prevalence of 0.02 ‰ - 4.37 ‰. Age> 15 years are the most sufferers (84.93%), and men are the most sufferers (66.31%). Central Sumba Regency, Rote Ndao District, and Alor Regency have mass treatment in total population (100%), and nine districts are still under 85%. To improve the clinical case finding of filariasis, it is necessary to improve the surveillance performance of cases, among others by increasing the discovery and confirmation of cases and conducting refresher training/training for surveillance officers in the area. In the District Health Office, it is necessary to validate the reported case data.
Penyakit Malaria dan Faktor Risikonya Wanti Wanti; Stephani Mangi; Oktovianus Sila; Johanes P. Sadukh; Irfan Irfan
Jurnal Riset Kesehatan Vol 4, No 3 (2015): September 2015
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31983/jrk.v4i3.370

Abstract

This analytic observational research used case control study with the research variables are knowledge, attitude, practice, and breeding place distance. All of the positive malaria patients are used as case group that are 32 people and as a control group used 32 healthy people around the case group. The data were collected by applying interview and observation and then data be analysed using chi square (α 0,05) to know the relation between the independent and dependent variables. The research result shows there are relation between the malaria prevalence with attitude (ρ 0,017), practice (ρ 0,013), and breeding palce distance (ρ=0,000). The conclusion is that the good knowledge can not influence the community to have a good attitude and to apply in daily life to do malaria combating. It is important to do health promotion of malaria especially to improve the knowledge and to apply their knowledge in daily activities to combat the malaria disease.
Optimalisasi Tingkat Kesadahan Sumber Air Bersih Dengan Berbagai Prinsip Pengolahan Untuk Memperoleh Air Minum Berkategori Lunak Ferry WF Waangsir; I Gede Putu Arnawa; Johanis J. P Sadukh
Journals of Ners Community Vol 13 No 5 (2022): Jurnal of Ners Community
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Kesehatan Universitas Gresik

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.55129/jnerscommunity.v13i5.2139

Abstract

Masalah yang sering dihadapi dalam pengelolaan air tanah adalah kesadahan. Hal ini bisa terjadi dikarenakan dalam proses pengambilannya dari dalam tanah melewati berbagai lapis tanah diantaranya adalah tanah kapur yang mengandung Ca dan Mg, sehingga air tersebut menjadi sadah. Air sadah banyak dijumpai pada daerah yang lapisan tanah atas tebal dan ada pembentukan batu kapur. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengidentifikasi sumber air bersih yang dimanfaatkan masyarakat Kota Kupang, menganalisis secara spasial, memeriksa kualitas fisik dan tingkat kesadahan air bersih yang bersumber dari Sumur Bor, Sumur Gali dan Mata Air Terlindungi, menganalisis tingkat kesadahan air sumur bor setelah dilakukan pengolahan melalui metode filtrasi, koagulasi dan penambahan kapur tohor. Penelitian dilakukan dengan metode eksperimen, dan luaran penelitian berupa HAKI, jurnal publikasi dan pemodelan sederhana metode pengolahan air dalam menurunkan kesadahan. Hasil pemeriksaan terhadap kandungan rata-rata kesadahan pada sumber air baku dari Mata Air Oenesu adalah sebesar 365,33 mg/L. Setelah diberikan perlakuan menggunakan media Kapur Tohor, Tawas, Arang Aktif, Pasir Silika, Pasir Kuarsa, dan Zeolit diperoleh rata2 penurunan kesadahan tertinggi adalah untuk media Pasir Kuarsa dengan efektifitas penurunan sebesar 53,41% dan terendah untuk media Arang Aktif denan efektifitas penurunan sebesar 0,79%
Community Knowledge and Actions in Controlling Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever Dwi Pristiany; Wanti Wanti; Johanes Pitreyadi Sadukh; Oktofianus Sila; Agustina Agustina
Jurnal Ilmiah Permas: Jurnal Ilmiah STIKES Kendal Vol 12 No 2 (2022): Jurnal Ilmiah Permas: jurnal Ilmiah STIKES Kendal: Supp April 2022
Publisher : Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan Kendal

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (233.97 KB)

Abstract

Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever (DHF) is an endemic disease in Indonesia, including in NTT Province. The city of Kupang as the capital of NTT Province is also an endemic area for dengue fever and almost every year there are deaths due to dengue fever. This study aims to determine the knowledge and actions of the community in controlling DHF in Kupang City in 2020. This descriptive study was conducted in Kupang City, NTT Province with the research variables being knowledge and action in controlling DHF. The population in this study is all people who live in Kupang City, with the research sample being respondents who are willing to take online surveys and submit answers on google form, which are 111 people. Primary data was obtained by distributing online questionnaires in google form via IG, FB, WA and email. The collected data is processed and analyzed descriptively by calculating the number and percentage of respondents' answers for each research variable sought. This study found that the community's knowledge about DHF and its control was mostly in the sufficient category (67%), and knowledge about House Jumantik was mostly in the poor category (56%). There are still some DHF control measures that are still lacking, namely the use of mosquito nets during naps, installation of wire netting in home ventilation, reuse of used goods, planting of mosquito repellent plants, cleaning the yard at least once a week and spreading fish larvae eater in a water container. For this reason, there is still a need for health promotion related to DHF and its control, including when mosquitoes suck blood, as well as ways that can be done in eradicating and controlling DHF in Liliba Village, Kupang City.
Perilaku Masyarakat dan Spasial Lidia Br Tarigan; Johanis Jusuf Pitreyadi Sadukh
Jurnal Ilmiah Permas: Jurnal Ilmiah STIKES Kendal Vol 12 No 4 (2022): Jurnal Ilmiah Permas: jurnal Ilmiah STIKES Kendal: Supp Oktober 2022
Publisher : Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan Kendal

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (300.132 KB)

Abstract

Filariasis merupakan penyakit menular dan dapat menimbulkan kecacatan seumur hidup. Perilaku masyarakat dan kondisi spasial menjadi faktor dalam pencegahan dan penyebaran filariasis. Tujuan penelitian untuk mengetahui perilaku dan spasial filariasis di Kelurahan Wangkung Kabupaten Mangarai. Penelitian bersifat deskriptif dengan metode survei. Variabel penelitian, perilaku masyarakat tentang filariasis dan spasial filarisis. Sampel penelitian 54 orang. Data diperoleh melalui wawancara dan GIS. Data dianalisis secara deskriptif. Pengetahuan tentang filariasis rendah. Responden tidak mengetahui penyebab filariasis, gejala filariasis dan tidak mengetahui filariasis dapat dicegah dan diobati. Responden memiliki sikap setuju terhadap pencegahan filariasis. Tindakan pencegahan dengan menggunakan kelambu, menggunakan penangkal nyamuk, mengenakan baju berlengan panjang saat keluar rumah malam hari, minum obat pencegah filariasis. Habitat vektor filariasis yaitu sawah, sungai dan rawa-rawa. Penderita yang tinggal pada habitat sawah sebanyak 10 orang, 9 penderita berada pada zona merah dan 1 penderita pada zona hijau. Pada habitat sungai terdapat 5 penderita, berada pada zona hijau. Pada habitat rawa-rawa terdapat 6 penderita, 4 penderita pada zona merah dan 2 penderita pada zona kuning. Perilaku masyarakat tentang filariasis dengan pengetahuan rendah, sikap setuju dan melakukan tindakan pencegahan. Penderita sebahagian besar tinggal di zona merah habitat vektor filariasis.
The Use of Various Filtaritaion Media in Lowering the Level of Water Hardness Ferry WF Waangsir; Gede Putu Arnawa; Johannis JP Sadukh; Debora G. Suluh
Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan IPA Vol. 9 No. 3 (2023): March
Publisher : Postgraduate, University of Mataram

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29303/jppipa.v9i3.3086

Abstract

Hard water is common in areas with thick topsoil and limestone formations. Because the topography of Kupang City is in the form of limestone, in the rainy season rainwater passes through the limestone soil layer so that the raw water becomes hard or very hard. Identification and analysis of field parameters and levels of raw water hardness before and after treatment to calculate the effectiveness of decreasing hardness of various types of filter media. This research is an experimental study. The object of inspection is raw water from Oenesu springs that have undergone filter media treatment. The filter media consists of activated carbon, silica sand, quartz sand, and zeolite with a residence time of 60 minutes. The results of laboratory tests are displayed in the form of tables and graphs and analyzed. The field parameters tested are smell, taste, color, temperature, turbidity, TDS and pH to meet water quality standards. The level of hardness before and after treatment obtained raw water hardness of 365.33 mg/L, activated carbon media 362.85 mg/L, silica sand media 236.53 mg/L, quartz sand media 239.01 mg/L and zeolite media 296.59 mg/L. The field parameters tested meet water quality standards according to Permenkes 32 of 2017. The level of water hardness treated by the filtration process with quartz sand media is more effective in reducing the level of raw water hardness, with a decrease efficiency of 35.26%.
Efektivitas Penurunan Escherichia Coli pada Air Bersih Menggunakan Tumbuhan Kelor (Moringa Olifera) dengan Variasi Konsentrasi Ferry WF Waangsir; Debora G. Suluh; Johanis Jusuf Pitreyadi Sadukh
Jurnal Pendidikan Tambusai Vol. 6 No. 1 (2022): April 2022
Publisher : LPPM Universitas Pahlawan Tuanku Tambusai, Riau, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (370.94 KB)

Abstract

Kondisi air yang tercemar oleh E.coli dapat dilakukan pengolahan air untuk menurunkan kadarnya. Sehingga air yang tercemar dapat dikonsumsi. Pengolahan air dapat dilakukan dengan menggunakan Desinfektan (Larutan atau ekstrak tumbuhan kelor). Penelitian ini merupakan jenis penelitian eksperimen yang bertujuan untuk mendapatkan gambaran efektivitas penurunan E.coli menggunakan tumbuhan kelor (biji kelor). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan efektifitas penurunan E. coli pada konsentrasi ekstrak biji kelor 100 mg/L adalah sebesar 64,8%, pada konsentrasi ekstrak biji kelor 200 mg/L adalah sebesar 84,6% dan pada konsentrasi ekstrak biji kelor 200 mg/L adalah sebesar 97,1%. Pemanfaatan biji kelor sebagai bahan desinfektan alami yang murah dan mudah didapatkan sangat dianjurkan sehingga masyarakat dapat mengkonsumsi air yang laik dan sehat.